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as indeed was his best course, to bring his life to a fitting close. He offered sacrifice to the gods, called his friends together, and, having taken leave of them, drank bull's blood, according to the most common tradition, but according to others, some quickly-operating poison, and died at Magneriz in the sixty-fifth year of a life almost entirely spent in great political and military employments.

The King of Persia, when he heard of tho manner of his death and his reasons for dying, admired him more than ever, and continued to treat his family and friends with kindness.

XXXII. Themistokles loft five children, Neokles, Diokles, Archeptolis, Polyeuktus, Kleophantus, by his first wife Archippe, who was the daughter of Lysander, of the township of Alopekai. Of theso Kleophantus is mentioned by Plato tho philosopher as being an excellent horseman, but otherwise worthless. Of the elder oncs, Ncokles was Litten by a horso and dicd while still a child, and Diokles was adopted by his grandfather Lysandor. He also had several daughters by his sccond wifo, of whom Mncsiptolema married Archeptolis, her father's half-brother; Italia married Panthoides of tho island of Chios, and Sybaris married Nikoncdes, an Athenian. After Themise tokles's death, his nephew Phrasikles sailed to Magnesia, and with her brothor's consent married Nicomache, and also took charge of the youngest child, who was named Asia.

The people of Magnesia show a splendid tomb of Themistokles in their market-place; but with regard to the fato of his remains we must pay no attention to Andokides, who in his address to his friends, tells us that the Athenians stole them and tore them to pieces, because he would tell any falsehood to excite the hatred of the nobles against the people. Phylarchus, too, writes his history in such dramatio form that he all but resorts to the actual machinery of the stage, bringing forward one Neoklos, and Demopolis as the children of Themistokles to make a touching scene, which anyone can see is untrue. Diodorus the topographer, in his treatise On Tombs' says, more as & conjecture than as knowing it for a fact, that in the great harbour of Peiræus a kind of elbow juts out from

the promontory of Alkimus, and that when one sails past this, going inwards, where the sca is most sheltered, there is a large foundation, and upon it the tomb of Themistokles, shaped liko an altar. It is thought that the comio poot Plato alludes to this in the following verses :

"By the sca's margin, by the watery stmod,

Thy monument, Themistokles, shall stand;
By this directed to thy nativo shore
The merchant shall convey his freighted store ;
And when nur flocts are summoned to the fight,

Athens shall conquer with thiy tomb in siglat." Tho descendants of Thomistokles are given cortain privileges at Magnesia even to the present day, for I know that Themistoklcs, an Athenian, my friend and fellow. student in the school of Ammonius the pkilosopher, enjoyed thane


I. The strangest fact in the lifo of Furius Camillus is that, although he was a most successful general and won great victories, though he was five times appointed dictator, triumphed four times, and was called the second founder of Rome, yet he never once was consul. Tho reason of this is to be found in the political condition of Rome at that time; for the people, being at varianco with the Benatç, refused to elect consuls, and choso military tribunes instead, who, although they had full consular powers, yet on account of their number were leas offensivo to the people than consuls. To have affairs managed by six men instead of two appears to have been a consolation to those who had suffered from the arbitrary rule of a few. It was during this period that Camillus reached the height of power and glory, and yet he would not becomo consul against the will of the peoplo, although several occasions occurred when he might liavo breu elected, but in his various appointments he always contrived, ovon when he had solo command, to share his power with others, while even when he had colleagues he kept all the glory for himself. His moderation provented any one from grudging liim power, while his successes weru duo to his genius, in which ho confcsscdly surpassed all his countrymen:

II. Tho family of the Furii was not a very illustrious one before Camillus gained glory in the great battle with the Æqui and Volsci, where he served under the dictator Postumius Tubertus. Riding out before the rest of the army, he was struck in tho thigh by a dart, but tore it out, assailed the bravest of the enemy, and put them to flight. After this, amongst other honours he was appointed censor, an office of great dignity at that time.


One admirable measure is recorded of his censorship, that by arguments and threatening them with fincs ho persuaded tho unmarried citizons to marry tho widow women, whose number was very great on account of the wars. Another measure to which ho was forced was that of taxing orphans, who had hitherto been exempt from taxation. This was rendered necessary by tho constant campaigns which were carried on at a great expenso, and more especially by tho sicgo of Voii. Somo call tho inhabitants of this city Vcientani. It was the bulwark of Etruria, possessing as many fighting men as Rome itself; the citizens woro rich, luxurious, and extravagant in their habits, and fought bravely many times for honour and for power against the Romans. At this period, having been defeated in several great battles, the people of Veii had given up any schemes of conquest, but had built strong and high walls, filled their city with arms and provisions, and all kinds of inatorial of war, and fearlessly endured a siege, which was long, no doubt, but which becamo no liss irksomo and dillicult to the besiegers. Accustomed as the Romans had been to make short campaigns in summer weather, and to spend their winters at home, they wero now for the first time compelled by their tribunes to establish forts and entrench their camp, and pass buth summer and winter in the enemy's country for seven years in succession. generals were complained of, and as they seemed to be carrying on the siege remissly, they were removed, and others appointed, among them Camillus, who was then tribune for the second time. But ho eflected nothing in the siege at that time, because he was sent to fight tho Faliscans and Capenates, who had insulted the Roman territory throughout the war with Vcii, when the Roman army was engaged clsewhere, but wero now driven by Camillus with great loss to the shelter of their city walls.

III. After this, while the war was at its height, much alarm was caused by tho strange phenomenon scen at the Alban lake, which could not be accounted for on ordinary physical principles. The season was autumn, and tho summer had not been remarkable for rain or for moist winds, so that many of the streams and marshes in Italy


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