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it seems was anciently called Thermodon, but now is called Hæmon, about which we have treaicd in the life of Demosthenes. It would appear that the Amazons did not evon got across Thessaly without troublo, for graves of them aro shown to this day at Skotussa and Kynoskephalx.
XXVIII. The above is all that is worthy of mention about tho Amazons ; for, as to tho story which the author of tho‘Thcscid' rolates about this attack of tho Amazons being brought about by Antiope to rovengo herself upon Theseus for his marriago with Phedra, and how sho and her Amazons fought, and how IIerakles slow them, all this is clearly fabulous. After the dcath of Antiopo, Thescus married Phædra, having a son by Antiopo named Ilippolytus, or Demophoon, according to l'indar. As for his inisfortunes with this wife and son, as tho account given by historians docs not differ from that which appears in the plays of the tragic pocts
, we must bclicvo them to have happened as all thcso writors say. Theseus' marriago which have never appeared on the stage, which have neither a creditable beginning nor a one Anaxo, a Trcomenian girl, and after slaying Sinis and prosperous termination : for it is said that he carried off Kerkyon ho forced their daughters, and that ho married Periboca the mother of Ajax and also l'herebca and lope the daughter of Iphikles : and, as has been told already, Panopeus that he deserted Ariadne, which was a shameful
And in addition to all this ho is charged with carrying off Ilclen, which brought war upon Attica, and exilo and destruction on himself; about which wo shall speak presently. But, though many Herodorus is of opinion that I'herous took no part in any adventures were undertaken by tho heroes of thoso times, of them, except with tho Lapitha in their fight with tho Centaurs; though other writers say that ho went to Kolchis with Jason and took part with Molcager in the out Theseus ;" also be by himself without any comradeo From these legends ariscs tho proverb, “Not with
and discreditablo action.
hunt of the Kalydonian boar.
performed many glorious dccds, from which the saying camo into vogue, " This is another IIerakles.”
Theseus, together with Adrastus, effected the recovery of the bodies of thoso who foll under the walls of the Cadmca at Thebes, not after conquering the Thobans, as Euripiiles puts it in his play, but by a truco and convention, according to most writers. Philochorus even states that this was the first occasion on which a truco was made for the recovery of thoso slain in battle. But wo havo shown in our Lifo of llerakles' that ho was the first to restore the corpses of the slain to the enemy. The tombs of tho rank and filo are to bo scen at Eleutheræ, but those of the chiefs at Elousis, by favour of Theseus to Adrastis Euripides's play of tho Suppliants' is contradicted by that of Aschylus, the Eleusinians,' in which Theseus i introduce giving orilers for this to be dono.
XXX. llis friendship for leirithous is said to has arisen in the following manner : lIo add a great reput tion for strength and courage; l'uirithous, wishing make trial of these, drove his cattle away froin the plain Marathon, and when ho learned that Theseus was pure ing them, armad, he did not retire, but turncil and fac liin. Each man then admiring the beauty and courage his opponent, rufrained from battlo, and first Peirith holding out his hand bailo Theseuis himself assess damages of his raid upon tho cattle, saying that ho liin vould willingly subinit to whatever penalty tho o might inflict. Theseus thonght no more of their qua and invited him to become luis friend and comrado ; they ratifiel their compact of friendship by an JIercupon, leirithous, who was about to marry Deidar Legyei Thoncus to como and visit his country and tho Lapitha. Ilo also had invitel tho Contuurs to banquet; and as they in their drunken insolenco hands upon the women, the Lapitha attacked Some of them they slow, and the rest they overcamo afterwards, with the assistanco of TheC118, banished their country. Ierodorus, however, says that this how thcso ovents took placo, but thint the war was on, and that Thescus went to help tho Lapithw and on his way thither first behold Ilorakles, whom he point of visiting at Trachis, whore he was resting aftor his labours and wanderings; and that thoy met with many compliments and much good feeling on both sides. Bilt ono would moro inclino to thoso writors who toll us that thoy often met, and that IIerakles was initiatod by Tlıcscus's desiro, and was also purified before initiation at his instance, which ceremony was necessary because of Bolno reckless action.
XXXI. Theseus was fifty years old, according to Hellanikus, when ho curriod off llolon, who wns a moro child. For this reason somo who wish to clear hiin of this, the heaviest of all the charges against him, suy that it was not ho who carried off llulon, but that Ioliis and Lynkens carried hor wr and dopositod hor in his kooping. Afterwards the Twin Brotliron camo and demanded her lack, but ho would not givo hor up; or ovon it is said that Tyndarous himsole Landod hor" ovor to hiin, kccanso lo fuorod that Enarsphorus tho ton of Hippocoon would tuko her by forco, showing ouly n chill at tho timo. But the most probablo story and that which most writers Pirithous, camo to Sparta, seized tho mailon, who was
in is tho following: Tho two friends, Thesons and dancing in the templo of Artomis Orthin, and carrical her they folt no "alarm, but leisurely travelled through
As the pursuers followed no further than Toges, Peloponnesus, and made a compact that whichever of thom should win Helen by lot was to havo her to wifo, but innst help the other to a marriage. They cast lots on this understanding, and Thescus won.
As tho maiden was not yet ripo for marriago ho took hor with him to her into the charge of his friend Aphidnus, bidding hin Aphidnæ, and thero placing his mother with her gavo watch over her and keop hor presenco secret. IIo himself journoy with him to Epiris to obtain the daughter of Aidoneus the king of tho Molossians, who called his wifo Persephone, his daughter Koro, and his dog Cerberus. fight this dog, and the victor was to receivo her hand.
wero bidden by him to However, as he learned that Peirithous and his friend Wero como, not as wovers, but as ravishers, ho cast them
All the suitors of his daughter
into prison. IIo put an ond to Peirithous at onco, by means of his dog, but only guardod Thescus strictly.
XXXII. Now at this poriod Mnesthous, tho son of Petous, who was the son of Orneus, who was tho son of Erechthcus, first of all mankind thoy eny took to tho arts of a demagoguo, and to currying favour with tho peoplo. This man formod a league of tho nobles, who had long borno Thesong a grudgo for having destroyed tho local jurisdiction and priviloges of each of tho Lupatrids by collecting them all together into tho capital, whoro thoy woro no moro than his subjects and slaves ; and ho also excited tho common pcoplo by tolling thom that although they wero onjoying a fancied frecilom they really had boun dopirivcıl of thoir ancestral privilegon and sacrod ritcs, and mino to enduro tho rulo of ono foreign despot, instoad of that of many good kings of their own blood.
Whilo ho was thus busily omployod, the invasion of Attica by tho sons of Tyndaruus greatly assisted his rovolutionnry schomo; so that somo say that it was ho who invited them to coino. At first thoy nbatnino from violonco, and confined thomselves to asking that their sister lclen should bo givon up to them; but whon thoy wero told by tho citizens that sho was not in their hands, and that they know not where sho was, they proceeded to warlike mcasures.
Akademus, who had by somo mcans discovered that sho was concealed at Aphidnu, now told them whcro sho was; for which causo ho was honoured by the song of Tyndarcus during his life, and also tho Laceddiurnonians, though they often invaded the country and ravaged it unsparingly, yet never touched tho place called tho Akademcia, for Akademus's sake. Dikaarchus Hays that Echemus and Marathus, two Arcadians, tools part in that war with the sons of Tyndarous; and that from the first the placo now called Akademcia was then named Echedomia, and that from tho second tho township of Marathon takes its names, because ho in accordanco with some oraclo voluntarily offurod himself as a sacrifice there in the sight of tho whole army.
Ilowevor, the sons of Tyndareus came to Aphidnce, and took the placo after a battlo, in which it is said that Alykus fell, the son of Skeiron, who then was fighting on
the side of the Dioskuri. In memory of this man it is said that the place in the territory of Megara whoro his remains lio is called Alykus. But Icrcas writes that Alykus was slain by Thesons at Aphidnw, and as evidonco he quotes this verso about Alykus,
"Ilim whom Theseus elow in tho spacious streets of Aphidno,
Fighting for fnir-huired Ilclen." But it is not likely that if Theseus had been there, his mother and the town of Aphidne would havo been taken.
XXXIII. After the fall of Aphidna, the peoplo of Athens became terrified, and wero persuaded by Mnesthicus to admit the sons of Tynlarcus to tho city, and to treat them as friends, becauso, ho said, thoy were only at war with Theseus, who had been tho first to uso violence, and were tho saviours and benefactors of the rest of inankind. Theso words of his were confirmed by their behaviour, for, victorious as they woro, they yet demanded nothing except initiation connected with the city. This was permittel them, and
as they wero, no less than IIerakles, they were adoptel by Aphilnas, as Jlerakles had been by Pylius. They reccived divino honours, being addressed as " Anakcs," cither becauso of tho cessation of tho war, or from the caro they took, when thoy had such a large army within tho walls of Athons, that no ono should bo wronged ; for thoso who tako caro of or guard anything are said to do it" anakos," and perhaps for this reasou kings are callo because of tho appearanco of their stars in the heavens abovc, fer tho Attico called “abovo" "anckas."
XXXIV. It is said that Athra, tho mother of Thescus, was carried oil as a captivo to Laccdiumon, and thenco to Troy with IIolon, and Ilomer supports this view, when ho
into tho mystcrics,
says that thoro followed IIelon,
“Aithra the daughter of Pitthcus and large•cyed Klymerio." who is said to have been the bastard son of Laodiku, by Others rejoct this vorso, and the legend about Mounychnis, Demophoon, and to havo been brought up in Troy by Aithra. But Istrus, in his thirteenth book of his · Ilistory of Attica,' tolls quite a differont and peculiar story about