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unwilling to act as he was, rather than mon in tho primo of life, who wore cager to hold military commands. For this reason, when tho pcoplo of Tusculum wero roportod to bo in insurrection, thoy bado Camillus tako ono of the other fivo tribunes as his colleaguo, and march against them. Camillus, in spite of all that the rest of the tribunes could urgo, for thoy all wished to bo takon, choso Lucius l'urins, whom no ono coull havo supposed ho would havo chosen; for ho it was who had been so cager to fight, against the bettor judgment of Camillus, and so had brought about tho defeat in the lato war; howovor, Camillus chose him rather than any other, wishing, it would appcar, to conccal his misfortumo and wipo out his disgraco.
The people of Tusculum cleverly repaired their fault. When Camillus marchcıl to attack them they filled the country with men working in the fields and tonding cattle just as in time of peaco; tho city gates were open, the boys at school, the lower classes plying various tradics, and the richer citizens walking in the market-place in peaceful dress. The magistrates bustled about the city, pointing ont whero the Romans woro to bo quartered. is if. tho thought of trenchery had never entered their minds. Camillus, though this conduct did not shake his belief in their guilt, was moved to pity by their repentance. Jo ordered them to go to Romo and beg the Senato to parilon them; and when they appeared, ho himself used his influenco to procure their forgiveness, and the admission of Tusculum to tho Roman franchisc. Theso wero the most remarkable ovents of his sixth' tribuneship.
XXXIX. After this, Licinius Stolo put himself at the head of tho plebeians in their great quarrel with the Senato. They demanded that consuls should be ro-cstabe lislied, ono of whoin should always bo a plolcian, and that they should never both bo patricians. Tribunes of the pcoplo woro appointed, but tho peoplo would not suffer any election of consuls to be held. As this want of chiof magistrates seemed likely to lead to still greater disorders, tho Senato, much against the will of tho peoplo, appointoi Camillus dictator for the fourth timo. Ho himself did not wish for the post, for he was loth to opposo mon who had boon his contrados in many hard-fought campaigns, as
indeed he had spont much moro of his life in the camp with his soldiers than with tho patrician party in political intrigucs, by ono of which he was now appointed, as that party hoped that if successful he would crush tho power of the plebcians, while in caso of failuro ho would bo ruineil. However, he made an effort to deal with tho presont disiculty. Knowing the day on which the tribunes intended to bring forward thcir law, ho published a mustor-roll of men for military service, and charged the peoplo to lcave tho Forum and meet him on the field of Mirs, threatening those who disobeyed with a heavy fine. But when the tribunes answered his threats by vowing that they would finc him fifty thousand drachmas unless ho ceascd his interferenco with the people's right of voting, ho retired to his own hou, and after a few days laid down his offico on pretenço of sickness. This ho did, cither because he feared a second condemnation and banishument, which would bo a disgrace to an old man and ono who had dono such great deels, or clso becauso ho saw that tho peoplo were too strong to bo overpowered, and ho did not wish to make the attempt.
The Senate appointed another dictator, but he marlo that very Licinins Stolo, the leader of tho popular party, his master of tho horso, and thus enabled him to pass a law which was especially distasteful to the patricians, for it forbade any ono to possess moro than fivo hundred jugera of land. Štoto, after this success, becamo an important personage; but, a short time afterwarıls, ho was convicted of possessing moro land than luis own law permitted, and was punished accoriling to its provisions.
XÌ. There still remained tho difliculty about tho conBular elections, tho most important point at issno between the two parties, and the Senato was greatly disturbed at it, when news arrivcrl that the Gauls, starting from tho Adriatic Sea, wero a second timo marching in great forco upon Koine. At tho samo timo oviilent tracon of their approach could be seen, as the country was being plunderod, and such of tho inhabitants as could not casily ruach Romo were taking refugo in the mountains.
This terrible tidings put an end to all internal disputes. Tho Sonate and pooplo formod thomselves into one assom bly,
and with one voice appointed Camillus dictator for the fifth timo. IIo was now a very old man, being noar his eighticth ycar; but at this pressing crisis he inade none of his former excuses, but at onco took the chief command and levied an arıny for the war. As he knew that the chiof power of tho Gauls lay in their swords, with which thoy dealt hcavy blows on tho heads and shoulders of their enemy, without any skill in fonce, ho propared for most of his soldiers helincts made entirely of smooth iron, so that tho sworils would cither brcak or glance off them, whilo ho also had brass rims fitted to their shields, bocauso the wood by itself could not enduro a blow. He also instructed the soldiers to uso long pikes, and to thrust them forward to receive tho sword-cuts of the enemy.
XLI. When tho Gauls were oncamped on the banks of tho Anio, near the city, loaded with masses of plunder, Camillus led out his troops and posted them in a glon from which many valleys branched out, so that the greater part of tho force was concealed, and that which was seen appeared to be clinging in terror to the hilly ground. Camillus, wishing to confirm the enemy in this idea, would not move to provent the country being plundered before his eyes, but palisaded his camp and remained quiet within it, until he saw that tho foraging partics of the Gauls straggled in careless disorder, while those in the camp did nothing but cat and drink. Then, sonding forward his light troops beforo daybreak to be ready to harass the Gauls and provent their forming their ranks proporly as thoy camo out of their camp, ho marched the heavy-armod mon down into the plain at sunriso, a numerous and confident boily, and not, as the Gauls funciod, a fow disheartenod mon. Tho
very fact of his commcucing the attack dashed the courago of tho Gauls; next, tho attacks of tho light troops, boforo they had got into their wonted array and divided themselves iuto regimento, produced disordor. When at last Camillus lod on the heavy-armed troop8, tho Gauls ran to meet them brandishing their swords, but the Romans with their pikes advanced and met thom, receiving their sword-cuts on their armour, which soon made tho Gaulisk swords bond double, as they were made of soft iron hamn.
mered ont thin, while tho shields of the Gauls woro picrcod and weighed down by the pikes that stuck in thom. They therefore dropped their own arms, and endeavoured to seize the pikos and turn thom against their enemies. But the Romans, seeing them now dofenceless, began to use their swords, and slow many of the first ranks, whilo tho rest took to flight all over tho flat country; for Camillus had taken care to guard the hills and rough ground, while the Gauls knew that they, in their over-confidence, had been at no pains to fortify their camp, and that the Romans could easily take it.
This battlo is said to have been fonght thirteen yours after the capture of Rome, and in consequence of it tho Romans conocived a contempt for these barbarians, whom they had beforo greatly dreared, and even believed that their former victories over the Gauls were due to their being weakened by pestilence, and to fortunato circumstances, rather than to their own valour. This raised so great a tcrror of thom, that a law was passol which relieved tho priests from military service excepit in case of a Gaulish invasion.
XLII. This was the last of Camillus's military exploits, though during this campaign ho took the city of Velitri, which yielded to him without a battlo. But his greatest political strngglo was yet to como, for it was harder to deal with tho peoplo now that they were clated with victory. They insisted that the existing constitution should be annullod, and that one of the two consuls should be chosen from among them. They were opposed by the Scnato, which would not permit Camillus to lay down his office, as the patricians imagined that with the help of his great power they coull more casily defend their privileges. One day, however, as Camillus was sitting publicly doing business in the Forum, a viator or servant sont by tho tribunes of tho pcoplo bado him follow him, and even laid his hand upon liim as if to arrest him. At this such a disturbance aroso as had never been known before, as Camillus's party endeavoured to push the officer down from the tribunal, while the poople camoured to him to drag the dictator froin his scat. Camillus himself, not knowing what to do, would not lay down his oflice, but callod the Senate to moct. Before entering the Senate house, he turned round to tho Capitol and prayed that the gods would bring affairs to a happy tormination, vowing that when the present disordors were at an end he would build a Temple of Concord. After a violent debato, the Senate agreed to adopt the milder course of yielding to the popular domand, and permitting one of the two consuls to be chosen from the people. When the dictator announced this decision of the Senato to tho peoplo, they at once, as was natural, wero delighted with the Senato, and escorted Camillus homo with applauso and shouts. On the next day they met and docrcod that the Temple of Concord which Camillus had vowed should be erected on a spot facing the Forum, where these events had takon place ; morcover, that tho Latin games should continuo for four days instead of thrco, and that all citizens of Romo should at onco offer sacrisico and crown themselves with garlands.
In the assembly for the election of consuls, over which Camillus presided thoro wcro clected Marcus Æmilius, patrician, and Lucius Sextius, the first plebeian over elected consul. This was the result of Camillus's administration.
XLIII. In the following year a pestilenco broke out in Romo which destroyed cuormous numbers of people, and among them most of the leading mon. And in this ycar died Camillus, at a ripe old ago, full of years and Honours, moro regretted by the Romans than all those who diod of the plague