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magnificently adorned, and carried by young men chosen by: lut, passed over tho place whero once the castle of Dionysius had been pulled down. Tho procession was joined by tens of thousands of men and women, whoso appearance was gay enough for a festival, for they all word girlanıls and white robes. Their lameutations and tears' mingled with their praises of the deceased showed that they wero not performing this as a matter of mero ontward respect and compliane with a decreo, but that they expressed roul sorrow and loving gratitude. At last, when the bier was placed upon the pyre, Demetrius, the loudest voiced of the heralds at that time, read aloud the following:

“The Syracusan people solemnise, at the cost of two hundred mine, the funeral of this man, the Corinthian Timoleon, son of Timodemus. They have passed a voto to honour him for all futuro tim with festival matches in music, Horse and chariot races, and gymnastics, because, after having put down tho despots, sululued tho forcign enemy, and recolonized the greatest among tho ruined cities, le restored to the Sicilian Greeks their constitution anal laws."

They buried him in the market-place, and afterwards surrounded the spot with a colonnade, and built a palastra in it for the young men to practiso in, and called it the Timolcontcum; and, living uuder the constitution and laws which ho established, they passed many years in prosperity.

• Grota

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LIFE OF EMILIUS. II.* Most writers agree that the milin was one of tho most noble and ancient of the patrician familics of Rome. Those who tell us that King Nima was a pupil of l’ythiguras, narrato also that Mamercus, the founder of this family, was son of that philosopher, who for his singular grace and subtlety of speech was surname Emilius. Most of the inembers of the family who gained distinction by their valour, were also fortimate, anıl even the mishap of Lucins Paullus at Canne boro amplo testimony to his prudence and valuur. For sinco dio could not prevail on his collcagno to refrain from Juttle, lic, though against his better julgment, took part in it, and diseained to fly; but when he who had begun the contest fled from it, he stood firm, and diul fighting the enemy. This Emilius had a daughter, who married Scipio the Great, and a son who is the subject of this memoir. Born in an age which was rendered illustrious by the valour and wisilom of many distingnished men, he eclipsed them all, though he followed none of tho studics by which young men were then gaining them. selves a reputation, but choso a different path. llo did not practiso at the bar, nor could ho bring himself to court the favour of tho peoplo by tho grectings, cinbraces, and professions of friendship to which most inen used to stoop to obtain popularity. Not that he was by naturo unfitted for such pursuits; but ho considered it better to gain a reputation for courago, justice, and truth, in which he soon outshone his contemporarics.

III. Tho first honourable oflico for which he was a candidate was that of ædilo, for which ho was elected agaiust twelvo others, who, they say, all afterwards

• In Sintenia's text the chapter with which this lifu usually begins is pretixed to the Life of Timolion.

becamo consnls. When chosen a priest of the collegro of Augurs, whom the Romans appoint to watch and register tho omens derived from the flight of birıls, or the signs of tho heavens, he so carefully applied himself tu learning the ancient customs and religion of his ancestors, that the priesthood, hitherto recrely considered as an empty titlo of honour and sought after for that reason only, becamo regarded as the sublimest craft of all, confirining the saying of the philosophers, that holiness consists in a knowledge of how to serve tho fols. Under him everything was done with both zeal and skill. lIo neglecteil all other duties, when engaged mon these, noither onnitting any part nor ailding any, arguing with his coinpanions, when they blamed him for Duis curo about trilles, that though a man might think that heaven was merciful and forgiving of negligences, yet that habitnal disregard and overlooking of such joinis was dangerous for the stato, sceing that no ono cver begins till somo flagrant breach of the law to disturb the constitution, but those who aro careless of accuracy in small things soon begin to neglect the most important. Ile was no less severe in exacting and maintaining military discipline than with religionis observances, never forgetting the gener::l in the demagogue, nor, as many then dil, en leavouring to mako his first command lead to a seconil by indulgence and affability to his troopis, but, like a priest expounding mysteries, ho carefully taught them everything requisite for a campaign, and, by his severity to tho careless and disobedient, restorci tho former glory to liis country; for ho seemed to think victory over tho enemy was merely a subordinate inci. dent in the great work of disciplining his fellow-citizens.

IV. When the Romans were at war with Antiochus tho Great, and all their most experienced generals wero employed against him, there arose another war in the west of Europo, in consequenco of revolutionary moveinents in Spain. Timilius was appointed commander to conduct this war, not with six lictors only, liko ordinary generals, but twelve, so as to give him consular authority. Ho defeated the barbarians in two pitched battles, with a loss of nearly thirty thousand. The credit of this

exploit belongs peculiarly to the general, who made anch use of the advantage of the ground, and the ford over a certain river, as to renıler victory an casy matter for his soldiers. Ilo also took two hundred and fifty cities, which opened their gates to him. lluving cstab. lished a lasting peace in his province he returned to Kome, not having gained a penny by his command. For he was careless of money-making, ihough he spent his fortune without stint; and it was so small, that after his death it hardly sufliced to make up the duwer of his wife.

V. IIe married l'apiria, the daughter of l'apirius Maso, a consular; and after living with her for a considerablo time, divorced her, though he had by her an illustrious family, for she was the mother of the renowned Scipio, and of Fabius Maximus. No reason for their separation has come down to 118, but thero is much truth in that other story about a divorce, that some Roman put away his wife; and his friends then blamed him, saying, “ Is she not chastc? is she not bcantiful? is sho not fruitful?" He, stretching out his shoc, said, " Is it not beautiful? is it not new? But none of you can tell where it pinches me. In fact, somo men divorce their wives for great and manifest faults, yet the little but constant irritation which proceeds from incompatiblo tempers and habits, though unnoticed by the world at large, clocs gradually produco between married people brcaches which cannot be healed.”

So Æmilius put away Papiria, and married again. By his second marriage lie had two sons, whom lio kept at homo, but those by the former marriage ho had adopted into the greatest and noblest families of Rome, the elder into that of Fabius Maximus, who had five times been consul, while the younger was treated by Scipio Africanus as his cousin, and took tho namo of Scipio.

Of his two daughters, one married à son of Cato, tho other Ælius Tubero, an excellent man, who supported his poverty more gloriously than any other Roman. There wero sixteen in the family, all Alii; and ono small house and estate sufficed for them all, with their numerous offspring and their wives, among whom was the daughter of our Æmilius, who, though her father had twice becn consul and twice triuinphed, was not ashamed

of the poverty of her husband, but was proud of the virtuc that kept him poor. But nowadays orothers and kinsmen, unless their inheritancos be divided by monn. tain ranges, rivers, and walls like fortifications, with plenty of space between them, quarrel without consing. These arc

the materials for reflection which history affords to those who choose to make use of them.

VI. Amilius, when clected consul, marcheil against the sub-Alpine Ligurians, called by some Ligustines, a bravo and spirited nation, and from thicir ucarness to Rome, skilled in the arts of war. Mixed with the Gauls, and the lerians of the sca coast, they inhabit the ex• tremity of Italy where it dies away into the Alps, and also that part of the Alps which is washed by the Tuscan Sca, opposito the Libyan coast. At this timo they took also to scafaring, and, siling forth in small piratical ships, they plundered and preyed upon commerco as far as the columns of lIcracles. On milius's approach they opposcil him, forty thousand strong; but he, with only cight thousand, attacked fivc-fold his own numbers, put them to rout, and having chased them into their fastnesses, offered them rcasonable and molorate terms; for it was not the Roman policy utterly to exterminate tho Ligurian rawo, but to leave them as an ontwork to protect Italy against the onstant movements of tho Gaulish tribes.

Trusting in Amilins they surrenilercl all their ships and their cities into his hands. llo did tho cities no hurt, or at most destroyed the walls, and restored them to tho owners, but he carried off all the ships, leaving them nothing larger than a six-oared boat; while he set frco tho noucrous captives which they had taken both by sea and land, among whom were somo Roman citizens. Theso were his glorious exploits in that consulship. Afterwards ho frequently let his desiro for re-election be seen, and once became a candidate, but as he failed and was passed over, he thenceforth remained in retirement, occupying himself with religious matters, and teaching his children not only the Roman alucation in which he himself had been brought up, but also tho Greck, and that more carefully. For not only were the grammarians, philoso

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