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Luke vij.46. Mine head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this On a tou..
woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.
are forgiven, for she loved much : but to whom little is
forgiven, the same loveth little.
themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also ?
go in peace.
LUKE viii. 1-3.
out every city and village preaching, and shewing the
spirits and infirmities, Mary, called Magdalene, (out of
whom went seven devils ;)
Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of
MATT. xii. 22-45. MARK ii. 19-30. LUKE xi. 14-26.
And they went into an house l.
Mark jij. 19.
59 This miracle is placed by St. Mark upon the return of Jesus to the house. It is inserted in its present position in addition to this authority, upon the testimony of Lightfoot, Newcome, Pilkington, Doddridge, and Michaelis. Doddridge has observed, with great propriety, “it is one of the most important rules for settling the harmony of the Evangelists, that where any one of them has asserted expressly that he follows the order of time, we should in regard to him transpose others who do not assert equal exactness in that particular (a).”
As the minute circumstances with which the casting out of the demoniac is described by St. Luke, agree so entirely, throughout, with the relation of the same event in the other two Evangelists, I have transposed the account of St. Luke; and am supported in this arrangement by Doddridge, Newcome, and Michaelis. Compare Matt. xii. 22-50. Mark iii. 20-35. Luke
Mark ii. 20. And the multitude cometh together again, so that they Capernaum.
could not so much as eat bread.
hold on him : for they said, He is beside himself.
blind and dumb : and he healed him, insomuch that the
xi. 14–36. St. Luke, it will be observed, relates the event as
(a) Doddridge, Fam. Expos. vol. i. p. 185.
The occasion of our Lord's address was to reply to the words
1. Satan could not fight against bimself, v. 25, 26.
2. The Jews believed that devils could be cast out in the same way, v. 27.
2. This action of Christ declared that the Messiah was among them, v. 28.
4. Ít declared also that Christ was more powerful than Satan, the spirit of evil, v. 29.
5. And that Christ was the enemy of Satan, v. 30.
6. Because blasphemy against the divine conduct was uppardonable.
He refutes their thoughts, secondly, by showing, 1. their mind was depraved, v. 33-35; and,
2. That their reasoning must be brought into judgment.Schoetgen, Horæ Hebr. vol. i. p. 123.
V. 36. This word, mãv pñua ápyov, seems to imply much more than the usual meaning. When it is considered with reference to the cause for which it was spoken, it must mean every reproacbful or blasphemous expression which man uses, &c.
61 The position of Mark iii. 19, 20, 21. has been a source of much discussion among the harmonizers. Michaelis cuts the knot, which he finds it difficult to untic, and omits the passage altogether. Doddridge places it before the account of the widow's son at Nain. But in this part of bis harmony, it appears that much embarrassment has been caused, by his adopting the supposition that the sermon in Matt. v. 6, 7. is different from that in Luke vii. Newcome, Pilkington, and Lightfoot, have inserted it after the scene of the female penitent. I have followed their order, the scriptural authority for which is given by Pilkington, ' who observes, that St. Mark takes no notice of any occurrence from the time of the election of the twelve till he went with them into an house, tus otcov, meaning probably the house in CaperDaum, where Jesus used to sojourn. The word is used in this sense by St. Mark in other places, (Mark ii. 1. vii. 17.) where one particular house seems to be referred to, though the article is omitted.
Mat. xii. 23. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this Capernaum.
the Son of David ?
24. But when the Pharisees
the prince of the devils.
25. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Mark iii. 23. and he called them, and said unto them in parables, How
can Satan cast out Satan? Mat. xii. 25. Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to deso
lation ; Mark iii. 24. that kingdom cannot stand. Mat. xii, 25, and every city or house divided against itself, shall not
26. And if Satan Mark iii. 26. rise up against himself, and Mat. xii. 26. cast out Satan, he is divided against himself, how then
shall his kingdom stand? Mark iii. 26. he cannot stand but hath an end. Mat, xü. 27. And if I by Beeelzebub cast out devils, by whom do
your children cast them out ? therefore they shall be your
kingdom of God is come unto you.
goods are in peace :
overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein
he trusted, and divideth his spoils. Mark ii, 27. No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil
his goods, except he will first bind the strong man, and
then he will spoil his house. Mat, xii. 30. He that is not with me, is against me: and he that
gathereth vot with me, scattereth abroad.
31. Wherefore, Mark iij. 28. Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto
the Sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they
shall blaspheme: Mat.xii. 31. but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be
forgiven unto men.
And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, nei
ther in this world, neither in the world to come : Mark iï.29. but he is in danger of eternal damnation.
Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit.
make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree Capernaum
is known by his fruit. Matt. xii.34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak
good things ? for out of the abundance of the heart the
bringeth forth good things; and an evil man, out of the
evil treasure, bringeth forth evil things.
shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of
words thou shalt be condemned.
Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. 39, But he answered, and said to them, An evil and adul
terous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no
sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas :
whale's belly, so shall the Son of man be three days and
three nights in the heart of the earth. 41.
The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas : and behold, a greater than
Jonas is here. 42.
The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment, with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth, to hear the wisdom
of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
eth through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
I came out: and when he is come, he findeth it empty,
swept, and garnished.
spirits, more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and
up her voice, and said unto
which thou hast sucked.
word of God, and keep it.
MATT, V. ver. 29. and part of ver. 31.
31 -I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall
23 And he called them unto him, and said unto them in pa-
24 And if a kingdom be divided against itself
25 And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand.
26 And if Satan—be divided
29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath
LUKE xi. ver. 14-20. and ver. 23-26.
15 But some of them said, He castetb' out devils through
16 And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.
17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kindom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house, falleth.
18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? Because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.
19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out therefore shall they be your judges.
20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.
23 He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.
24 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.
25 And when be cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.
Christ declares his faithful Disciples to be his real
LUKE viii. 19-21.
and his brethren
62 The order of St. Matthew and St. Mark is followed in the placing of this section, and the authority of the five harmonizers,