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culation can remove the foundation of its truth. It will be as
The various forms of Church government which we have now
The period from our Lord's birth to his baptism was marked by no recorded instances of divine power, or sovereignty; nor by the assumption of his ministerial dignity. His ministry began by a public and solemn inauguration into his high office. "The heavens were opened, and the Spirit of God, as a dove; descended and lighted upon him; and lo, a voice from heaven, this is my beloved Son: hear ye him." To fulfil every type, he was anointed, like the ancient Jewish kings, priests, and prophets, not with the material unction of oil, but with the Holy Ghost, and with power, Eph. iv. 7. Immediately after his inauguration, guided by the same Spirit, he overcame the great enemy of his spiritual kingdom. He then began the office to which he was anointed, by preaching the Gospel to the people of Galilee, in the synagogues, of his own city Nazareth, Luke iv. 14-18. His laws were delivered in his own name: "I say unto you." He enlarged and refined the law of Moses, and enforced his precepts with the promise of higher rewards, and the threatenings of severer punishments. He confirmed the truth of his assertions, and demonstrated the certainty of his Messiahship by stupendous wonders and miracles. By these means, and by his example, and his precepts, he collected multitudes of disciples, whom he baptized, not as John had done, in the name of another, but in his own name, John iii. 5. After a certain time had elapsed, he selected twelve from his followers, and imparted to them some of the same powers and privileges which himself had received from the Father. He gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure all manner of disease, Luke ix. 1. Mark vi. 7. Matt. x. 1—5.
Some time after the twelve Apostles had been thus chosen, our Lord appointed other seventy also. In some respects, their commission was the same as that of the twelve; in others there was a remarkable difference. The twelve return to our Lord, and continue with him to the end; tho seventy return to give
On a progress, probably in Galilee.
Luke ix. 2. to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.
Mark vi. 8.
Luke ix. 3.
On a pro
and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of gress, probably in the Gentiles and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye Galilee.
Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast
And [he] commanded that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff only;
And he said unto them,
an account of their mission, and are again blended with the
Such were the two classes to whom our Lord, while upon
The next stage of the Church, and its ecclesiastical discipline, we shall consider, as I have observed, in future notes; remarking only here that the people had no choice nor part, either in the appointment or consecration of the twelve, or the seventy. They exercised no power, they conferred no right. The discipline of the Church was established by its spiritual head, Christ himself, and after his ascension it was delegated to his twelve Apostles.
Matt. x. 9.
Mark vi. 9.
Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your On a progress, propurses, bably in
Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither Galilee.
But be shod with sandals;
Matt. x. 10. nor yet staves,
Luke ix. 3. neither bread,
Matt.x. 10. for the workman is worthy of his meat.
Mark vi. 10. And he said unto them,
Matt.x.11. into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and
Luke ix. 4. into whatsoever house ye enter into,
Mat. x. 11.
there abide, till ye go thence.
And when ye come into an house, salute it.
And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you. And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.
Luke ix. 5. the very dust from
Mark vi. 11. under your feet, for a testimony against them.
Verily I say unto you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.
Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.
But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the
But when they shall deliver you up, take no thought
For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your
And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death,
And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
But when they shall persecute you in this city, flee ye into another for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of Man be
The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord:
It is enough for the disciple, that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord: if they have called the mas
Matt.x.25. ter of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they On a pro
them of his houshold?
gress, probably in
26. Fear not them therefore: for there is nothing covered Galilee.
27. What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light;
28. And fear not them which kill the body, but are not
Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of
Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.
But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I
Think not that I am come to send peace on earth:
For I am come to set a man at variance against his
36. And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.
After the return of the Jews from Babylon, when the Hebrew language was no longer spoken among the common people, the Jews adopted the custom to which our Lord here alludes. The Scripture was publicly read in the original, but the doctor of the law whispered the meaning in the ears of an interpreter, or Targumista, who publicly proclaimed what was communicated to him to the people. Our Lord here intimated to his disciples, that those things which were now revealed to them; such as the calling of the Gentiles, the abolition of the Jewish law, not yet to be openly declared, and other doctrines, should be hereafter publicly promulgated. The houses of the Jews had flat roofs, from whence they made proclamations to the people. Both Lightfoot and Schoetgen have treated copiously on this subject.
The Jews were of opinion that a superintending Provi
Ex יושב חק"בה מקרני ראמים .dence, protected the minutest objects
Schabbath, fol. 107. 2. □
Matt. x. 38.
And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after On a prome, is not worthy of me.
gress, probably in
He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth Galilee. his life for my sake shall find it.
He that receiveth you receiveth me', and he that re-
41. He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet
Luke ix. 6.
And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.
And it came to pass when Jesus had made an end of commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence, to teach and to preach in their cities.
And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the Gospel, and
Mark vi.12. that men should repent.
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.
Luke ix. 6. and healing every where.
MARK vi. part of ver. 7, 8. ver. 9. and part of ver. 10, 11, 12, 13.
8-no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse :
9 But be shod with sandals; and not put on two coats.
11 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when
12 And they went out, and preached
13 And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them—
LUKE ix. part of ver. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
1-and to cure diseases.
2 And he sent them
3-Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip -neither money; neither have two coats apiece.
4 And there abide, and thence depart.
5 And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off-your feet, for a testimony against them.
$ It was a common saying among the Jews, "He that receiveth a learned man, receiveth the Shechinah." Our Lord, therefore, in this, as in numerous other passages, which, from the general inattention to the opinions of the ancient Jews, are unnoticed, claims those honours which were assigned by the people to the Angel Jehovab, the God of their fathers. See Schoetgen Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 106, 7.