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Death of John the Baptist. Herod desires to see Christ®.
And at that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame On a pro
Matt, xiv. 1.
Luke ix. 7.
bably in Galilee.
Mark vi. 15.
and he was perplexed, because that it was said by some,
And of some, that Elias had appeared; and of others,
that one of the old prophets was risen again.
Others said, That it is Elias. And others said, This is a prophet, or as one of the prophets.
But when Herod heard thereof, he said,
Matt.xiv.2. unto his servants,
Luke ix. 9.
John have I beheaded: but who is this of whom I hear
Matt. xiv. 2. This is the Baptist :
Mark vi. 16. It is John, whom I beheaded; he is risen from the dead. he said, That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him.
Luke ix. 9.
Mark vi. 17.
And he desired to see him.
For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon
Mark vi. 17. in prison, for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife:
for he had married her.
For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife.
Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but could not.
For Herod feared John, knowing that he was a just man, and an holy, and observed him; and when he heard him, he did many things, and heard him gladly.
6 The death of John the Baptist is placed about this time, by the most eminent chronologers. It cannot fail to strike the most unobservant, that at the moment in which the last prophet of the former dispensation was doomed to perish, the Messiah, the common God of the two dispensations, gave to the new description of prophets, whom he now appointed and sent forth for the first time, the authority and powers of the teachers of the Jewish Church. Christ is the golden chain that binds the one universal Church. The Baptist preaches till Christ was manifested. The Baptist was preserved in life till the kingdom of the Messiah was in some degree established. The time had now arrived, when a new dispensation, with a new priesthood, should commence; and the last instructor of the people, under the old dispensation, was now permitted to suffer, in order that undivided attention might be given to the long expected king of the house of David.
Mat. xiv. 5.
And when he would have put him to death, he feared On a prothe multitude, because they counted him as a prophet. But
Mark vi.21. when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birth-day made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee:
And when the daughter of the said Herodias came in, and danced
Matt. xiv. 6. before them,
Mark vi. 22. and pleased Herod and them that sat with him, the king said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, and I will give it thee.
And he sware unto her, Whatsoever thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of my kingdom." And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist. And she came in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou give me Matt.xiv. 8. here,
Mark vi.25. by and by in a charger, the head of John the Baptist. And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat
Matt.xiv.9. at meat,
Mark vi. 26. with him, he would not reject her.
27. And immediately the king sent an executioner, and
And brought his head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel
Mat.xiv.11. brought it
Mark vi. 28. and gave it to her mother.
And when his disciples heard of it, they came and took
Mat.xiv.12, and went and told Jesus.
MATT. xiv. part of ver. 2, 3. ver. 4. part of ver. 6. ver. 7. part of
2 And said-John-he is risen from the dead; and therefore
3 For Herod bad laid hold on John, and bound him-in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife.
4 For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have
6 when Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced-and pleased Herod.
7 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatsoever she would ask.
8 And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me-John Baptist's head in a charger.
9 And the king was torry: nevertheless, for the oath's sake, and them which sat with him-he commanded it to be given her. 10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison.
11 And his head was brought in a charger, and given to the damsel: and she-to her mother.
gress, probably in Galilee.
12 And his disciples came and took up the body, and buried On a proit
LUKE ix. part of ver. 7. 9.
7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard
gress, probably in Galilee.
9 and Herod said
The Twelve return, and Jesus retires with them to the
When Jesus heard of it,
Mark vi. 30. the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus,
Mark vi.30. and told him all things, both what they had done, and
John vi. 1.
And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while for there were many coming and going; and they had no leisure so much as
After these things
Luke ix. 10. he took them and went aside privately
Mark vi. 32.
John vi. 1.
And they departed-by ship privately.
Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of
Mark vi. 32. into a desert place,
Luke ix. 10. belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
Mark vi. 33.
And the people saw them departing, and many knew him,
Mat.xiv.13. and when the people had heard thereof, they
Mark vi. 33. ran afoot thither out of all cities, and came together unto him.
And Jesus when he came out saw much people, and was moved with compassion towards them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd:
Luke ix. 11. and he received them, and spake unto them of the king
dom of God,
Mark vi. 34. and he began to teach them many things,
John vi. 2.
And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.
MATT. XIV. part of ver. 13. and ver. 14.
13 he departed thence by ship into a desert place apartfollowed him on foot out of the cities.
14 And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their-sick. LUKE ix. part of ver. 10, 11.
10 And the apostles-told him all that they had done. Andinto a desert place
11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him
time of the Passover. John vi. 3.
And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat on the way with his disciples.
7 Many of the circumstances in this miracle demonstrate the peculiar wisdom with which, as I have so often shewn, our Lord uniformly acted, and are worthy of our attention.
Christ here first shewed that his power was superior to that of Elisha, who fed a hundred men with bread of the first fruits, twenty small barley loaves, and some ears of corn in the husk thereof, 2 Kings iv. 42, 43. The Rabbis make these loaves twenty-two; the loaf of the first fruits being one, and the ears of corn being equivalent to another loaf, and they suppose that two thousand two hundred men were fed by them; each hundred having their single loaf set before them,
Our Lord therefore proved his power כל הר וחך קמי מאה איש.
to be superior to that of Elisha; for he fed one thousand men
It is scarcely possible to imagine a more wonderful proof of
—καὶ ἀγγιπόρου διδυμάονος ἰχθύας άλμης,
This small supply of provision was perceived to multiply and
John vi. 4.
And the Passover, a feast of the Jews was nigh.
On the way
5. When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great to Jerusacompany come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence lem. shall we buy bread, that these may eat?
Mark vi. 35.
And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.
Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.
And when the day was now far Luke ix. 12. twelve
Mark vi. 35. disciples came unto him, and said, This is a desart place, and now the time is far passed:
Luke ix. 12. the multitude
Mark vi. 36. that they may go into the
Luke ix. 12. towns and
Mark vi. 36. country round about, and into the villages,
Luke ix. 12. and lodge,
Mark vi. 36. and buy themselves bread: for they have nothing to eat.
Mat. xiv. 16. They need not depart:
Mark vi. 37. Give ye them to eat. And they say unto him, Shall we go, and buy two hundred pennyworth of bread", and give them to eat?
John vi. 8.
John vi. 10.
He saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? go
One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother,
There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and
And Jesus said,
Lukeix. 14. to his disciples,
John vi. 10. Make the men sit down,
Luke ix. 14. by fifties in a company,
Matt. ix. 21. another from his birth, John ix. 1. The pro-
(a) T. Bab. Cetubot, fol. 60. 2. and Sanhedrim, fol. 49. 1. ap Gill in
8 Two hundred pence was the sum fixed upon for a virgin's dowry; for the portion to be paid by a husband to a woman who was divorced; for the fine of the lesser modes of assault, and of various offences. The expression therefore was used proverbially, to denote a large sum of money. See the references in Gill on Mark vi. in loc.