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Mark vii. 8. For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the Capernaum. tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.



Mat. xv. 11.








And when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of understand;

you, and There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.

Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man ; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a


If any man hath ears to hear, let him hear.

And when he was entered into the house from the people,

Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying?

But he answered, and said, Every plant which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.

Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

Then answered Peter, and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable.

And Jesus said,

Markvii.18. unto them,

Mat. xv. 16. Are ye also yet without understanding?

17. Do ye understand, that whatsoever not yet Markvii.18. thing from without entereth into the man, Mat. xv. 17. at the mouth,

Mark vii.18. it cannot defile him;




Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?

And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man.


Mat. xv. 18. those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart and they defile the man.

19. For

Markvii.21. from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil
thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,


Mat. xv. 19. false witness,

Markvii.22. covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:


Mat. xv. 20.

All these evil things come from within, and defile the


These are the things that defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.

MATT. XV. part of ver. 1. 4. ver. 5. part of ver. 8. ver. 9, 10, and
part of ver. 17. 19.

1 Then came to Jesus Scribes and Pharisees, which were of


and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let
him die the death.

5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother,
It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by 'me;
8 This people-

9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the
commandments of men.

10 And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear,
and understand:

17-goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adul-
teries, fornications, thefts-blasphemies :

MARK vii. part of ver. 5, 6. ver. 9. and part of ver. 10. 13. 17, 18.
5-Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition
of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen bands?

6 He answered and said unto them, Well bath Esaias prophe-
sied of you hypocrites-honoureth me with their lips, but their
heart is far from me.

9 And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.

10 For Moses said, Honour thy father

13 Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition


his disciples asked him concerning the parable.

18 And he saith-are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever



Christ heals the Daughter of the Canaanite or Syro-phe

nician woman 15.

MATT. XV. 21-28.

MARK Vii. 24-30.


Mat. xv. 21. Then Jesus
Mark vii.24. arose, and

15 Bishop Horsley and Dr. Jortin have written sermons on the subject of the Syrophenician woman; in both of which there is a remarkable coincidence in plan, and expression. Both have insisted, with great effect, on the nation of the woman; on the manner in which Christ performed his first miracle on one who was not a Jew; which was so ordained by the providence of God that this woman "became one of the first Pagan proselytes, and the mystery of the calling and the conversion of the Gentiles began in her to be gloriously unfolded, on the humility of the suppliant, and her acknowledg ment of the wisdom of God in selecting the Jews to be his own people, while she retained her hope of mercy as a creature of God; and on the absurdity of judging of the truth of past events by the test of the experience of the present age; both agreeing in the probability of the opinion expressed in a former note, that the power of evil spirits, in the time of our Lord, was permitted to be more visibly displayed than in our own age. For the more particular explanation, therefore, of this narrative, and especially for the view which Bishop Horsley has


Mat.xv. 21. went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Tyre.



Mark vii.24. entered into an house, and would have no man know it; but he could not be hid.

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Mat. xv. 22. behold, a woman of Canaan,

Mark vii.35. whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and

Mat. xv. 22. came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.




But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away, for she crieth after us.

But he answered, and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Then came she

Mark vii.25. and fell at his feet,

Mat. xv. 25. and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.

Mark vii.26.

Mat.xv. 26.

The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.

But he answered and said,

Mark vii.27. unto her, Let the children first be filled; for

Mat. xv. 26. It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs 16.

given of the peculiar propriety of our Lord's conduct in making
the manner in which he complied with the request of the Greek
idolatress, a type of the mode in which the Gentiles should be
received. Jortin's Works, 8vo. London, 1810. vol. ix. p. 239,
&c. &c. and Horsley's Sermons, vol. iii. p. 134, and particu-
larly p. 158, 9 and 164.

16 The Jews considered every nation but their own as dogs,
and on that account refused to share in their hospitality, or to
have any intercourse with them, except that which had refer-
ence to merchandize.

R. Pirke Eliezer gives an illustration of this passage. In his twenty-ninth chapter he discusses the eighth temptation of Abraham, Gen. xvii. 1. He endeavours to prove that Abraham circumcised his servants, and proceeds thus: Unde autem (probas) quod circumcident (servos) illos? quia dicitur: omnes viros domus suæ, et natum domus circumcidit-cur autem circumcidit illos? propter purificationem, ne contaminarent dominum suum cibo, ac potu suo. Quicunque enim comedit cum præputiato; is veluti cum cane edit. Uti canis non est circumcisus, sic et præpuitatus non est circumcisus. Quisquis accedit ad præputiatum, is veluti mortuum contrectat, &c. &c. Vorstius's translation of R. Pirke Eliezer, p. 66. Í ought to observe here, that Schoetgen, who refers in his notes on Apoc. xxii. 15. to this chapter of Pirke Eliczer, quotes a part of it, differently from any which is to be found in the translation by Vorstius. As the Hebrew original is not in my possession, I cannot account for the variation; but my copy of

Mat. xv. 27.

And she said, Truth, Lord; yet the dogs eat of the Tyre. crumbs which fall from their master's table.

Mark vii.28. the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. Then Jesus answered, and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith:

Mat. xv. 28.

Mark vii.29. And he said unto her, For this saying,

Mat. xv. 28. be it unto thee even as thou wilt.

Mark vii.29. go thy way: the devil is gone out of thy daughter.
Mat. xv. 28. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
And when she was come to her house, she found the
gone out; and her daughter laid upon the bed.

Mark vii.30.

Mark vii.31.


MARK Vii. part of ver. 24, 25. 27, 28.

24 And from thence he-went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and

25 a certain woman-came and fell at his feet:

27 But Jesus said unto her-for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs.

28 And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord; yet


Christ goes through Decapolis, healing and teaching.

MATT. XV. 29-31. MARK vii. 81. to the end.
And again

Matt.xv.29. Jesus

Mark vii.31. departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis.








And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech: and they beseech him to put his hand upon him.

And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his tongue; And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened.

And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain.

And he charged them that they should tell no man: but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it;

And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath
done all things well: he maketh both the deaf to hear,
and the dumb to speak.

Mat. xv. 29. and he went up, into a mountain, and sat down there,
And great multitudes came unto him, having with them
those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many

the Latin translation by Vorstius is corrected in various places
from the Hebrew original, by a learned Rabbi, and can, I think,
be depended upon.


Mat. xv. 30. others, and cast them down at Jesus feet, and he healed Decapolis. them.


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Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.

MATT. XV. part of ver. 29.

29 And-departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee

Mark viii. 1.


Four thousand Men are fed miraculously.

MARK Viii. 1-9.

MATT. XV. 32. to the end.
In those days, the multitude being very great,
having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples
him, and saith unto them,

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2. I have compassion on the multitude, because they have
now been with me three days, and have nothing to eat:
And if I send them away fasting to their own houses,
they will faint by the way; for divers of them came from


Mat. xv. 33.

And his disciples say unto him,

Mark viii. 4. From whence can a man satisfy these men with bread here

in the wilderness?

Mat. xv. 33. Whence should we have so much bread as to fill so great a multitude?


And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye?
And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes.

35. And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the


And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.

Mark viii.6. to set before them: and they did set them before the

Mat. xv. 37.





And they did all eat, and were filled and they took up of the broken meat that was left, seven baskets full.

And they that did eat were about four thousand men, beside women and children.

And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, Markviii.10. straightway he entered into a ship, with his disciples, and


Mat. xv. 39. into the coasts of Magdala,
Markviii.10. into the parts of Dalmanutha.

MATT. XV. 32.

32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.

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