« PreviousContinue »
Mal. xvi.20. his disciples,
Cæsarea Luke ix. 21. and commanded them,
Philippi. Mat, xvi.20. that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.
MARK viii. part of ver. 27, 28. and ver. 29, 30.
28 And they-John the Baptist-and others, One of the pro-
29 And he saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am ?
LUKE ix. part of ver. 18, 19. ver. 20. and part of ver. 21.
20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am ? Peter
21 And-them-to tell no man that thing.
of his Death, and Resurrection.
LUKE ix. 22–27. MARK ix. 1.
ples how that he,
Scribes, and be killed,
and, as far as the circumstances of the various Churches may
(a) Lightfoot's Harmony of the N. T. Works, folio, vol. i. p. 238.
20 Having now, by the force of his miracles, elicited from his disciples the declaration, that he was the Messiah ; and having confirmed the truth of that declaration by the authority which he committed to the apostles, our Lord proceeded im
Markviii.32. And he spake that saying openly.
Galilee. Mat. xvi.22. Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying,
Be it far from thee, Lord : this shall not be unto thee.
mediately to reveal more explicitly the real and spiritual pature
It was under these circumstances (compare Matt. xvi. 20.
There is a beautiful passage in Habakkuk in which the prophet describes the appearance of the Shechipah which led the Israel. ites out of Egypt, into the wilderness of Paran. God camo from Teman and the Holy One from Mount Paran. His glory covered the beaveps. His brightness was as the light. la
Markviji.33. But when he had turned about, and looked on his dis- Galilee.
ciples, he rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me,
things that be of God, Markviii.33. but the things that be of men.
And when he had called the people unto him, with his
disciples also, he said unto them Luke ix. 23. all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself,
and take up his cross daily, and follow me.
24. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: Markviü.35. but whosoever will lose his life for my sake and the Gos
pel's, the same shall save it. Luke ix, 25. For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole
world, and lose himself, or be cast away ? Markviii.36.
For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul ?
37. Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul? Mat. xvi.27.
For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels : and then he shall reward every man
according to his works. Markviii.38.
Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me, and of
also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh
And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, that
these expressions the prophet seems to anticipate the des-
(a) See on the identity of the glory in which our Lord appeared, with
Mat. xvi. 28. there be some of them that stand here, which shall not Galilee.
the Son of man coming in his kingdom.
23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me,
24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny bimself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.
26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here which shall not taste of death, till they see
21. Bishop Porteus remarks, that this passage is commonly supposed to refer to the signal manifestation of Christ's power in the destruction of Jerusalem. But, he continues, we know of no one of Christ's disciples that survived this event but St. John;
and our Saviour speaks of more than one. In the 27th verse we read, the Son of Man shall come in the glory of his Father, to reward every man according to his works, which undoubtedly relates to Christ's final advent. When, therefore, it immediately follows in the next verse, there be some standing here which shall not taste of death till they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom ; is it not most natural, is it not almost necessary, to understand these similar expressions as relating to the same great event. Now as Christ could not here mean to say, that some of his disciples should live till the day of judgment, He only meant to intimate that a few of them, before his death, should be favoured with a representation of the glorious appearance of Christ and bis saints, as they should be seen in the air, on that awful day. And this promise was fulfilled a few days after, when he was transfigured before them on the mountain.
The whole transaction is described in the same terms, as St. John in the Revelation applies to the Son of Man in his state of glory in heaven, (Rev. i. 13-16.) St. Luke calls his appear. ance, after being transfigured, his glory. St. John ases the same expression, We beheld his glory, as of the only begotten of the Father; and St. Peter, the other witness, refers to it in a similar manner, 2 Pet. i. 16, 17, 18. Bishop Porteus's Lec. tures, p. 56.
Whitby reasons at some length against this interpretation of the account of the transfiguration. He would refer it rather to the day of judgment. On considering, however, the parallel passages, as they are placed together in this arrangement, I can. not think bis conclusions correct. The manner in which our Lord appeared at his transfiguration, undoubtedly appears to have been the same as that in which he will again descend from heaven. In this sense, his glorifying at the transfiguration may be considered the type of his future glory; and Christ may be said to have come at that time in the glory of his future kingdom.
MARK viii. part of yer. 31, 32, 33, 34, and 35.
32 –And Peter took him, and began to rebuke him.
34 –Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and
35 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whoso-
LUKE ix. ver. 22. part of ver. 23. 26, and ver. 27.
23 And he said to them the same shall save it.
26 For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come-and in his Father's
27 But I tell you of a truth, There be some standing here which shall not taste of death till they see the kingdom of God.
The Transfiguration of Christ ”.
And after six days
22 Having now prepared the minds of his disciples for his approaching sufferings and death, our Lord, for the greater confirmation of their faith in all the predicted trials that awaited them, determines to manifest himself to them in his glorified state : in that state, we may believe, in which He was before the world began, in which He is at present, in which also He will appear to an assembled world. He sets before them, as his custom was, by a significant action, a demonstration of the truth of wbat he had told them, that some of them should see their king in his glory. The transfiguration of Christ, like his resurrection and ascension, appears as it were to draw back for a moment the veil from tbe invisible world. The impenetrable barrier is passed; a light seems to dart from heaven to disperse the thick clouds that hang over the valley of the sbadow of death, and we are admitted into the presence of the Judge of the world, and see with the eye of faith, the spirits of the just made perfect, before we are called upon to resign this corruptible body to the shroud and to the tomb. Where the spirits of the departed exist, what their condition, or what their laws of consciousness, or means of happiness, man must die before he can ascertain. But it is not improbable that the invisible world is so mysteriously counected with this visible diurnal sphere, that the cessation of our consciousness as to present things, is but the commencement of our consciousness of all those unknown realities of the other world. Who can say, that we are not at this moment surrounded-that we are not at every period of our lives encompassed with a cloud of angelic spirits, the anxious witnesses of our thoughts and actions.
“ Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth
Unseen, both when we wake, and when we sleep: