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LUKE xviii. part of ver. 18. ver. 19. part of ver. 20. ver. 21. part On a tour.

of ver. 22, 23, 24. ver. 25, 26. part of ver. 27. ver. 28. and part
of ver. 29, 30.

18 -And- asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do
to inherit eternal life?

19 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? none is good, save one, that is, God.

20 - Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother.

21 And he said-All these have I kept from my youth up.

22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto himsell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven : and come, follow me.

23 - And when he heard this-for he was very rich.

24 And-he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!

25 For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye,
than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

26 And they that heard it said, Who then can be saved?
27 And he said
28 Then Peter said, Lo, we have left all, and followed thee.

29 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There is
no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife,
or cbildren

30 Who shall not receive manifold-and in the world to come life everlasting.

Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard,

MATT. XX. 1-16.
Matt. xx.l. For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is

an householder, which went out early in the morning to

hire labourers into his vineyard.
2. And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny

a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others

standing idle in the market-place,
4. And said unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard, and

whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their

5. Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and

did likewise.
6. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found

others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye

here all the day idle ?
7. They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He

saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard, and what

soever is right, that shall ye receive.
8. So when the evening was come, the lord of the vine-

yard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give

them their bire, beginning from the last unto the first.
9. And when they came that were hired about the eleventh

hour, they received every man a penny.

Mat, xx. 10.

But when the first came, they supposed that they should On a tour. have received more; and they likewise received every

man a penny. 11.

And when they had received it, they murmured against the good man of the house,

Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and
thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the

burden and heat of the day.
13. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do

thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
14. Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto

this last, even unto thee.
15. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own?

Is thine eye evil, because I am good ?
16. So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be

called, but few chosen %.

Christ is informed of the Sickness of Lazarus ".

JOHN xi. 1-16.
Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Be-
thany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.

Johnxi, I.

30 The expression bere used is supposed to refer to the manner in which the Romans selected men for recruiting their armies. The honour of being chosen to serve their country in a military capacity was esteemed the reward of superiority. The consuls summoned to the capitol, or the Campus Martius, all citizens capable of bearing arms, from the age of seventeen to forty-five. They drew up by tribes, and lots were drawn to determine in what order every tribe should present its soldiers. That which was the first order, chose the four citizens who were judged the most proper to serve in the war; and the six tribunes who commanded the tirst legion, selected one of these four, whom they liked best. The tribunes of the second and third legions likewise made their choice one after another; and he that remained entered into the fourth legion. A new tribe presented other four soldiers, and the second legion choso first. The third and fourth legions had the same advantage in their turns. In this manner, each tribe successively appointed four soldiers, till the legions were complete. They next proceeded to the creation of subaltern officers, whom the tribunes chose from among the soldiers of the greatest reputation. When the legions were thus completed, the citizens who had been called, but not chosen, returned to their respective employments, and served their country in other capacities.--Sec Clarke's Comment. in loc.

31 The resurrection of Lazarus is placed by Archbishop Newcomo after Jobo x. and after the supplementary chapters of St. Luke. Tatian, Gerson, and some others agree in the same arrangement.

After the feast of the dedication our Lord went to Bethabara, beyond Jordan, tho place where John baptized, John X. 40. Archbishop Newcome supposes, that as he remained there, and as


John xi. 2. (It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with oint- On a tour.

ment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother La

zarus was sick.)
3. Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, be-

hold, he whom thou lovest is sick.
4. When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not

unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God
might be glorified thereby.

Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.
6. When he had heard therefore that he was sick, he abode

two days still in the same place where he was.

Then after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into
Judea again.

His disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late
sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?
Jesus answ

swered, Are there not twelve hours in the day?
If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he

seeth the light of this world.

But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because
there is no light in him.

These things said he: and after that he saith unto
them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may

awake him out of sleep.
12. Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep he shall do well.


St. John proceeds immediately to the resurrection of Lazarus,
that Mary and Martha sent to him while he was now at Betha-
bara. But this gives us no proof that many circumstances did
not take place during our Lord's abode at Bethabara, and like-
wise, as probable, from the 13th to the 18th chapters of St.
Luké, that he made another tour through some parts of the
country before he went to Bethany to raise Lazarus from the
dead. It appears, from Matt. xix. 1. and Mark x. 1. that after
our Saviour had performed many miracles, and given those evi-
dences of his divinity which were to precede his last journey
to Jerusalem, he went beyond Jordan, and we may reasonably
conclude to Bethabara ; at which place, according to Lightfoot,
he received the message from the sisters of Lazarus.

Lightfoot further observes, that he remained in the place
where he was when he heard of Lazarus' siokness, that he
might die before he came to him, that God might be the more
glorified by his raising, (ver. 15.) so did he make sure to stay
long enough after he was dead before he came, that the glory
might be the more. Comp. ver. 39. with these sayings of the
Jews, Maym. in Gerushin. per. ult. If one look upon a dead
man within three days after his death he may know him, but
after three days bis visage is changed. Again, Lerus. in Moed
Katon, fol. 82. col. 2. Three days the soul flies about the
body, as if thinking to return to it: but after it sees the visage
of the countenance changed, it leaves it, and gets it gone for

Lightfoot's arrangement of the resurrection is the same as that of Bishop Richardson, and it is sanctioned by the learned Archbishop Usher, Lamy, Toinard, and others.

Joha xi. 13. Howbeit Jesus spake of his death ; but they thought On a tour.

that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep. 14.

Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. 15.

And I am glad, for your sakes, that I was not there, to
the intent that ye may believe : nevertheless let us go

unto him.
16. Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his

fellow disciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.


Julian Pe. Christ again predicts his Sufferings and Death.
riod, 4742.
ValgarÆra, MATT. XX. 17-19. MARK X. 32-34. LUKE xvii. 31-34.
Mark x. 32.

And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem;
Mat. xx. 17.

And Jesus, going up to Jerusalem,
Lu. xviii.31. took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold,

we go up to Jerusalem ; and all things that are written
by the prophets concerning the Son of man, shall be ac-

Mark x. 32. and Jesus went before them : and they were amazed ; and

as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again

the twelve, Mat. xx. 17. disciples apart in the way, Mark x. 32. and began to tell them what things should happen unto

him, Mat. xx. 17. and said unto them,

18. Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man

shall be betrayed Mark x. 33. and delivered unto the Chief Priests, and unto the Seribes;

and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver

him to the Gentiles : Mat. xx. 19. to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him : Lu. xviii.32. For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and shall be

mocked, and spitefully intreated, and spitted on :

39 During our Lord's final journey to Jerusalem, he forewarns his disciples of his approaching sufferings and death, in the fullest manner. He explicitly unfolds to the twelve disciples the spiritual nature of his kingdom; but their understandings were so blinded by their own preconceived ideas of Messiah's power, that they knew not the things that were spoken. He was now about to perform one of the most convincing and stupendous of his miracles: and he embraces the opporlunity to predict all that awaited him to his disciples. He declares that he was going up to Jerusalem, not to assume the pomp and robes of royalty, as they but too fondly expected, but to be betrayed, to be insulted, to be scourged, and to be put to death. His disciples at this very moment, as is erident from the conduct of the sons of Zebedee in the next section, were ambitiously anticipating their temporal honours.

Lnxvii.3. And they shall scourge him, and put him to death : and On a tour.

the third day he shall rise again. 34.

And they understood none of these things : and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.

MATT. XX. part of ver. 17, 18, 19. 17 -took the twelve

18 -unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,

19-And shall deliver him to the Gentiles—and the third day he shall rise again.

MARK X. part of ver. 33. and ver. 34. 33 - the Son of man shall be

34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him; and the third day he shall rise again.

Ambition of the Sons of Zebedee.
MATT. xx. 20–28.

MARK X. 35-45. Mat. xx. 20. Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children, On the way with her sons,

to Bethany.
Mark x. 35. James and John, the sons of Zebedee,
Mat xx. 20. worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.
Mark x. 35. saying, Master, we would that thou shouldst do for us

whatsoever we shall desire.
36. And he said unto them, What would ye that I should

do for you?
37. They said unto him, Grant unto us that we may sit,

one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left hand, in

thy glory. Mat. xx. 21. She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may

sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left,

in thy kingdom.

22. But Jesus answered, Mark x, 38. But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask:

can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? and be baptized

with the baptism that I am baptized with ?
39. And they say unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto

them, Ye shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of;
and with the baptism that I am baptized withal, shall ye

be baptized :
40. But to sit on my right hand and on my left hand, is not

mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it

is prepared. Mat. xx. 23. of my Father. Mark X. 41.

And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.

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