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Markxii.14. and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth:
Mat.xxii.17. Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Cesar, or not?
Shall we give, or shall we not give?
Mat.xxii.18. But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said,
Markxii. 15. bring me a penny, that I may see it.
Luke xx. 26.
And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?
They say unto him, Cesar's.
Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which are Cesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
And they could not take hold of his words before the people and
When they had heard these words, they marvelled,
Lukexx. 26, at his answer, and held their peace.
MATT. Xxii. part of ver. 16.
16 And they sent out unto him-and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man; for thou regardest not the person of men.
MARK Xii. part of ver. 13, 14, 15. and ver. 16, 17.
13 And they send-of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.
14 they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true -Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar, or not?
15-But he said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is
LUKE XX. part of ver. 21. ver. 22, 23, 24, 25. and part of ver. 26.
22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Cesar, or no?
23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?
24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Cesar's.
25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which be Cesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
Christ replies to the Sadducees.
MATT. Xxii. 23-33. MARK Xii. 18-27.
LUKE XX, 27-40.
Luke xx. 27. certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any Jerusalem. resurrection"; and they asked him,
Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die,
Mar. xii. 19. and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Luke xx.29. therefore, seven brethren: and the first
Mat.xxii.25. when he had married a wife, deceased, and having no issue, left his wife unto his brother.
And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
Mark xii.21. likewise
Luke xx. 31. took her, and in like manner the seven also
Luke xx.31. and they left no children, and died.
Mark xii. 23.
Last of all, the woman died also.
In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise,
whose wife shall she be
Mat.xxii.28 of the seven? for they all had her
Mark xii.23. to wife.
And Jesus answering, said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the Scriptures, neither the power of God?
Lukexx.34. The children of this world marry, and are given in mar
Mt. xxii. 30. In the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage.
"Bishop Warburton endeavoured to show that the doctrine of the resurrection could not be proved from the law of Moses; he omitted, in this paradoxical attempt, to confute the argument which may be derived from the traditional interpretation of their Scriptures, by the Jews. The Sadducees, like sects in all Churches, became a party, by rejecting the common faith of their countrymen, and by affecting a singularity of opinion. The Jews were accustomed to censure all who denied that the resurrection could be proved from the law: Hi sunt qui partem non habent in seculo futuro: qui dicunt, legem non esse de
et resurrectionem non probari אין תחיית המתים מן התורה,,caelo
posse ex lege (a).
The Sadducees asked the question that follows, for the purpose of ridiculing the doctrine of the resurrection. In our Lord's answer, he not only rectified their opinions, but so explained the doctrine, as to overthrow the erroneous decision of the Pharisees on the same point; who had decided that if two brothers married one woman, she should be restored at the resurrection to the elder, or to him to whom she had been first married (b).
(a) Avoda Sara, fol. 18. 1. Sanhedrim, fol. 90. 1. Ap Schoetgen, Horæ Heb. vol. i. p. 176. (b) The same idea, that in the resurrection, &c. Matt. xxii.30. is found in Massecheth Derech Erez, in Jalkut Rubeni, fok 134.1.
ולא אכילה ושתייה (in coelo non sedent (ad mensam אין ישיבה למעלה
neque edunt aut bibunt; 50 x neque liberos generant. It like-
But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that Jerusalem. world, and the resurrection from the dead,
Mark xii.25, when they shall rise from the dead, they
Mark xii.25, which are in heaven.
Neither can they die any more; for they are equal
But as touching the resurrection of the dead,
Mark xii.27. ye therefore do greatly err.
Then certain of the Scribes answering, said, Master, thou hast well said.
40. And after that, they durst not ask him any question at
Mat.xxii.33. And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
MATT. Xxii. part of ver. 23. ver. 24. part of ver. 25. ver. 26, 27,
23-came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no
24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
25 -seven brethren: and the first
26 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.
28 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife shall she be of
29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
30 For in heaven
31 -have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,
32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the
MARK Xii. ver. 18. part of ver. 19. ver. 20. and part of ver. 21,
18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no
19 Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die-
21 And the second took her, and died; neither left he any
22 And the seven-and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
23 of them? for the seven had her
25 For-neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are Jerusalem. as the angels
26 And as touching the dead, that they rise
27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living :—
LUKE XX. part of ver. 27, 28, 29. 31. ver. 33. part of ver. 34. 37.
27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny
28 having a wife, and he die without children, that his bro-
31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven
33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
34 And Jesus answering said unto them
37 Now that the dead are raised-at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living
Christ replies to the Pharisees.
MATT. Xxii. 34-40. MARK Xii. 28-34.
But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the
Mark xii.28. one of the Scribes came, and having heard them reason-
Mat.xxii,35. asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,
Mark xii 28, which is the first commandment of all?
Mat.xxii.36. which is the great commandment in the law?
Mat.xxii.37, and said unto him,
Mark xii.29. The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; the
And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first
Mat.xxii.38. and great commandment.
And the second is like unto it,
Mark xii.31. namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
And the Scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast
33. And to love him with all the heart, and with all the
Mark xii.33. strength, is more than all whole-burnt offerings and sacri- Jerusalem.
And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
MATT. xxii. ver. 37. and part of ver. 38, 39.
37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first
39 -Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
MARK Xii. part of ver. 28. 30, 31.
Christ inquires of the Pharisees concerning the Messiah.
MARK Xii. 35-37.
LUKE XX. 41-44.
While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus
Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he?
And Jesus answered, and said
Luke xx.31. unto them,
while he taught in the temple, How say the Scribes that
He saith unto them, How then doth David, in spirit,
12 That the expected Messiah should be the son of David, was a thing well known among the Jews, and universally acknowledged: see John vii. 42. and is a most powerful proof against them, that the Messiah is come. Their families are now so perfectly confounded, that they cannot trace back their genealogies with any degree of certainty: nor have they been capable of ascertaining the different families of their tribes, for more than sixteen hundred years. Why then should the spirit of prophecy assert so often, and in such express terms, that Jesus was to come from the family of David; if he were to make his appearance when the public registers were all demolished? Is it not evident that God designed that the Messiah should come at a time when the public genealogies might be inspected, to prove that it was He who was prophesied of, and that no other was to be expected. The Evangelists, Matthew and Luke, were so fully convinced of the conclusiveness of this proof, that they appealed to the public registers; and thus proved to the Jews, from their own records, that Jesus was born of the family mentioned by the prophets. Nor do we find that a Scribe, Pharisee, or any other, ever attempted to invalidate this proof, though it would have essentially served their cause, could they have done it. But, as this has not been done, we may fairly conclude it was impossible to do it.-Clarke in loc.