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Joh. xix. 23.
MARK XV. part of ver. 22. and ver. 26.
22 And they bring him unto the place called Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, the place of a skull.
26 And-was written over
Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.
The Soldiers divide, and cast Lots for the Raiment of
MATT. xxvii. 35, 36.
MARK XV. 24, 25.
And they crucified him
Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a
25 He hangs upon the cross, for us, and for our salvation! The Son of God dies for the restoration of man! The manifested God, who was present at the creation of this scene of his glory; who or the sins of one generation of man, brought the deluge of waters upon the earth; He who was seen in the firmament, commanding the fire to descend upon the cities of the Plain; the dweller between the cherubim, the form which tabernacled in the moving flame, guiding his people through the wilderness; the King of glory, the Lord of angels, the Ruler of the universe, the fellow of Jehovah, the future Judge of the world, He hangs upon the cross, and offers himself a willing sacrifice for the sins of an offending world. That this holy and mighty Being should die as a man, amidst the indignities and cruel mockings of the higher as well as of the lower ranks of his people, for the sins of those who pierced him, and of all who in ages to come should believe in this wonder.ul atonement, is a mystery so truly sublime, that the intellectual powers of man, while in the body, cannot fully comprehend its effects and benefits. The wonderful and holy Being, whose mysterious death we are now contemplating, is revealed to us, not merely as the Lord of mankind, but as the superior of angels. Evil spirits knew him, and fled: good spirits ministered to him. He spake of the invisible world, as of the scene of existence to which he had been accustomed, and of angels and devils as his obedient or rebellious subjects. It is evident, therefore, that the actions of our Lord, while in his state of humiliation, were the subjects of attention to an innumerable host of intellectual and spiritual creatures who, we may suppose, are all more or less interested in the heavenly sacrifice. Angels in humble submission desired to look into this great mystery; fallen spirits retained the malignity of their evil nature, saw, believed, and trembled. They fell from their high estate by
Joh. xix. 23. part; and also his coat. Now the coat was without Jerusalem. seam, woven from the top throughout.
their own pride and ambition, without external temptation, and
Sufficient, therefore, is revealed to us to convince us of the
Joh. xix. 24.
They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rent Jerusalem. it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be.
Had the divine acceptance been wanting to the oblation of
As the second Adam, the blessed Lord took our humanity; he
Deeply do I pity that blind man, who prefers rather to trust to his own merits, than by faith in the great atonement to hope for salvation through the blood of Christ. Deeply do I feel for him, when he shall be called to appear before the judgment seat of a rejected Saviour, with all his imperfections, all his frailties, and all his violations of duty upon his head, to answer in an unknown state of inconceivable glory, before men and angels, for the sins committed in the body; having spurned the sheltering protection of that MAN who is both a covert from the wind, and a refuge from the storm. How can he hope to escape the wrath of God pronounced upon every offender against his holy laws, when his own beloved Son, as our substitute, who only ore our sins, underwent such dreadful agonies, both in body nd soul. He who has declared himself of purer eyes than to behold iniquity, has also declared, as fully and plainly, and as repeatedly, that without shedding of blood there is no remission of sins: and what blood can have been shed for their remission, but the blood of Christ?
Lu.xxiii.34. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
Job. xix.24. that the Scripture might be fulfilled,
Mtxxvii.35. which was spoken by the prophet,
Job.xix.24. which saith, They parted my raiment among them: and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
MATT. XXVii. part of ver. 35.
35 and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled-They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
MARK XV. 24.
24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take,
Christ is reviled, when on the Cross, by the Rulers, the
MATT. xxvii. 39-44. MARK XV. 29-32.
Lu.xxiii.35. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others, let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.
And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and
37. And saying, If thou be the King of the Jews, save thy-
Mtxxvii.39. And they that passed by reviled him,
Mar.xv. 29. [and] railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,
Save thyself, and come down from the cross.
Bishop Watson, in speaking of that arrogant and dogmatical theology, that decrees the rejection of the doctrine of atonement, as inconsistent with the divine attribute of mercy, uses the following just observations. "We know assuredly that God delighteth not in blood; that he hath no cruelty, no vengeance, no malignity, no infirmity, nor any passion in his nature: but we do not know whether the requisition of an atonement for transgression may not be an emanation of his infinite mercy, rather than a demand of his infinite justice. We do not know, whether it may not be the very best means of preserving the innocence, and happiness, not only of us, but of all other free and intelligent beings. We do not know, whether the suffering of an innocent person may not be productive of a degree of good, infinitely surpassing the evil of such sufferance; nor whether such a quantum of good could by any other means have been produced (c),"
(a) Balguy, as quoted by Magee, p. 94. vol. i. (b) See also Whitby, and Scott's Christian Life. (c) Two Apologies, &c, pp. 466, 467.
Mtxxvii.40. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.
Mar. xv. 31. among themselves, He saved others, himself he cannot
Mtxxvii.42. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.
Mar. xv. 32.
He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him for he said, I am the Son of God.
Let Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
MATT. XXVii. part of ver. 39, 40. and 42.
39-wagging their heads
And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself.
42 He saved others; himself he cannot save.
MARK XV. part of ver. 29. 31.
29 And they that passed by
31 Likewise also the Chief Priests mocking said-with the Scribes
Christ, when dying as a Man, asserts his Divinity in his
LUKE XXiii. 39-43.
And one of the malefactors-railed on him, saying, If thou be the Christ, save thyself, and us.
24 Our Lord, at the time when he made the gracious promise to the criminal on the cross, was reduced to the lowest state of degradation and contempt. He was deserted by all but his beloved disciple, his mother, and two other holy women, who were standing by the cross, the weeping and agonized spectators of his sufferings. His disciples had forsaken him and fled. The assembled multitude of his enemies and persecutors, embittered every pang, by their cruel and exulting mockeries. The evangelists mention all kinds and classes of people, as if for the purpose of demonstrating the universal rejection of our Lord by the Jewish nation. The people stood beholding-and the rulers with them, deriding-the soldiers mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar-the passers by reviled him, and railed on him-the chief priests mocked him, with the scribes and elders-even the very thief on the cross reviled him, and joined in the common mockery. At this moment of general insult and rejection, the penitent thief alone declared his belief in the innocence of the holy Jesus, and made a public confession of his faith in the divine sufferer.
Our Lord's answer to the penitent thief fully declared that, although in his human form he was faint and dying, enduring the extreme of pain and torture, he was the Lord of the invisible world, and still retained his divine attribute, the power of forgiving sins. The assembled people loudly and unanimously