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Mar.xv. 43. came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the Jerusalem. body of Jesus.
Section III.-Sunday Morning.
Very early the next morning, and probably before the time settled for opening the sepulchre, these three women hastened to visit it by themselves.
The two Maries set out before it was day-light, I presume because they lodged further from the sepulchre than Salome, whom they called upon to accompany them; and while they were on their way, an angel descended, and rolled away the stone that closed the entrance of the tomb, and Christ arose.
The guard, terrified at the sight of the angel, retired from the sepulchre as he approached it, and when they were a little recovered from their consternation, quitted the garden in which it stood.
The women arrived when the soldiers were gone, and at the rising of the sun. On drawing near to the sepulchre they perceived that the stone was rolled away; and Mary Magdalene, concluding that the body was removed, hurried back to tell Peter and John.
When she was gone, the other Mary and Salome came to a resolution of examining more exactly; and ventured into the sepulchre, in the first part of which, it being divided into two, they beheld an angel sitting on the right side, who bade them not be afraid, assured them that Jesus was risen from the dead, and sent a message to his apostles by them. Having heard his speech, they hastened ont of the sepulchre, and to a distance from it, with fear and great joy.
Soon after came Peter and John; and having inspected the tomb, without seeing the angel, or speaking to the women that had seen him, departed.
Section IV.-Sunday Morning.
Mary Magdalene followed, as fast as she was able, and when they went away, staid behind weeping at the sepulchre; then, after a little pause, stooped down, and looked into the tomb, where two angels were sitting, who asked her why she wept? to whose question having returned an answer expressive of her anxiety about the body of her Lord, she drew back, and saw him standing by her, but at first did not perceive who he was. quickly made himself known to her, and sent a message to his apostles by her.
Section V.-Sunday Morning.
Mary Magdalene, in going to communicate her happy intelligence to them, fell in again with her two friends, the other Mary and Salome. In their way Christ met them, and hid them, All hail! He then permitted them to embrace his feet, and repeated the substance of the message to the apostles, which the angel, seen in the sepulchre, had delivered to the two latter. While these things were doing, a party of the guard came into the city to the Chief Priests, by whom, and a council of the elders called together, they were instructed what report they should spread on this occasion.
Section VI.-Remaining Transactions of Sunday Morning. Another company of women, at the head of whom was Joanna, came now to the sepulchre. Some of these had been ready to set out early for it.
But while they were collecting their whole party, and prodeeding slowly in waiting for each other, the time which they had probably agreed on for meeting there to anoint the body, might be a little past. They therefore expressed no wonder, as had the former party, at seeing the tomb open. Their sur
Joh. xix.38. [and] besought Pilate, that he might take away the body Jerusalem.
prize was, when they had entered and searched it, not to find
Other evidences of the Lord's resurrection had been laid be-
Yet St, Peter was so struck with their accounts, that he ran to the sepulchre, to see if he could there behold the angels of whom they had spoken.
Section VII.-Sunday Afternoon and Evening,
It is not said in what time of this day our Lord appeared to St. Peter; but it was probably after Cleophas and his companion were set out from Jerusalem. These two were joined on the road by a stranger, whom they discovered at Emmaus to be the Lord himself. On this discovery they hastened back to Jerusalem, to the apostles assembled privately with some others of the disciples, and found them in possession of the fact respecting St. Peter. They then began to relate their own story, when the Lord himself stood in the midst of them, and having composed their minds, alarmed at his appearance, and having satisfied their doubts, left them full of joy that they had seen the Lord.
Section VIII.-The six Days following that of the Resurrection,
It is not recorded that our Lord shewed himself to any of his disciples during this interval. He seems to have left them to the testimony of those who had seen him; and they endeavoured to persuade their brethren of the reality of his resurrection, but without working a thorough conviction in their minds. Among those who had been absent when he appeared on Sunday night, was St. Thomas, who spoke his own and the sentiments of others in declaring, that nothing short of ocular demonstration could clear up his doubts.
Section IX.-The Octave of the Resurrection.
On this day the apostles were assembled, probably in the same place, plainly at Jerusalem, and with others of the disciples, when the Lord came to them as before, the door being again fastened, and reproved them, at least in addressing himself to St. Thomas, "for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen." St. Thomas with all bumility confessed his offence, and no more difficulty remained with him and those of the company who were in the same situation. It is likely that our Lord now appointed the time and place in Galilee, where they should see him again. Section X. The time in which the disciples were in Galilee. The apostles then left Jerusalem, and went into Galilee; and it seems as if they were allowed to communicate the design of their going to many of the followers of Christ, and that a multitude of them resorted to the mountain in Galilee, where he had promised to meet them. As soon as they beheld him, they paid their adoration to him. Some, however, that had not seen him before, and then saw him at some distance, were not without their doubts of his bodily presence. But he graciously came and conversed with them, and satisfied all, that it was be
And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and Jerusalem. calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead?
himself, risen from the dead. He then declared, that all power
Section XI.-The Disciples still in Galilee.
Before the disciples quitted Galilee, our Lord again shewed himself to seven of them by the lake of Tiberias. He there signified in what manner St. Peter should die, and that St. John should long survive.
Section XII.-From the Return of the Disciples to Jerusalem,
to the Ascension.
The disciples went back to Jerusalem, earlier I presume than was necessary to prepare for the feast of the Pentecost, Acts xx. 16. and that therefore they went by a divine direction.
While they were assembled there, Christ instructed them in the things pertaining to the kingdom of God; and when the fortieth day, including that of his resurrection, was come, he led them out as far as to Bethany; and he lifted up his hands and blessed them: and, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven, and sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.
The disciples having paid their adoration to him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and passed their time in the temple, praising and blessing God, and preparing their hearts for the promised descent of the Holy Spirit upon them, who was to enable them to go forth and preach the glad tidings of salvation successfully to Jews, Samaritans, and Gentiles.
Mr. Cranfield has arranged his harmony in twelve sections, the titles of which sufficiently explain the alterations he proposes in the disposition of events given by his learned prede.
Section I.-The women (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome,) set out to view the tomb-an angel descends-opens the tomb-Christ rises from the dead.
Section II.-The women arrive-and see the stone taken away -Mary, concluding that the body of Christ had been removed runs to inform the disciples-the other two women remain behind-the transactions at the tomb during Mary Magdalene's
Section III.-Peter and John, in consequence of Mary Magdalene's report, set out with Mary Magdalene for the sepulchrethey examine the tomb, and depart-Mary Magdalene stays at the tomb-Christ appears to her.
Section IV.-Mary Magdalene goes with the message she received from Jesus, and falls in with the other Mary and Salome, who were waiting for her at some distance from the sepulchreJesus appears to the three, and sends a message to the disciples -as they are going, the watch report to the Chief Priests-the transactions at the tomb.
Section V.-Beside the three women already mentioned, another company of Galilean women arrive after these events at the sepulchre-what then took place at the tomb-Luke collects briefly the testimony of both the parties-the disciples continue incredulous-some of the disciples visit the tomb.
Section VI.-Christ appears to St. Peter-the two going to Emmaus-who go to the disciples-Christ appears to all. - Section VII. The rest of the disciples are incredulous-particularly Thomas.
Section VIII.-Christ appears to all-Thomas believes.
And when he knew it of the centurion,
Section IX.-Christ appears to the disciples in Galilee. Section X.-The disciples still in Galilee-Christ appears to them at the sea of Tiberias.
Section XI.-Christ appears to all the apostles at Jerusalem. Section XII.-Christ leads his disciples as far as Bethanycommissions them to proselytize all nations-and ascends to heaven.
It is not necessary to insert here the plan of the Arranger; it is given in the titles to the respective sections. If these titles should be regarded by any as too minute, he would reply, his object has been to examine every incident, and every supposed difficulty, in the fullest manner.
Luke xxiii. 50-54.
Matt. xxvii. 62.66.
Mark xvi. 1.
Matt. xxvii. 55. Mark xv. 40. Luke xxiii. 49. John xix.
Matt. xxviii. 1. Mark xvi. 2. Luke xxiv.
Johu xx. 1.
Saturday-Conclusion of the Sabbath-Sabbath over.
Mtxxvii.62-66. Mark xvi. 1.
Mark xvi. 3, 4. Luke xxiv.
Joh. xx. 1,2. Matt. xxviii. 1.
Matt. xxviii. 1. Mark xvi. 2.
John xx. 1. Matt. xxviii.
Mark xvi. pt. ver. 2.
John xx. pt. ver. 1.
Matt. xxviii. 2-4.
Luke xxiv. 12. Jo. xx. 3—6.
pt. 52, 53.
Mark xvi. pt. 2, 3, 4
John xx. 2.