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Mary Magdalene unites her testimony to that of the Gali-

lean Women.
MARK Xvi. 10.

LUKE xxiv. 10. Lu. xxiv.10. It was Mary Magdalene",

Jerusalem. Mar.xvi.10. And she went and told them that had been with him, as

they mourned and wept.
Lu. xxiv.10. and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other

women that were with him, which told these things unto
the apostles.

The Apostles are still incredulous.

MARK Xvi. 11. LUKE xxiv. 11.

And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and

had been seen of her, believed not. Lu.xxiv.ll. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they

believed them not.

Peter goes again to the Sepulchre.

LUKE xxiv, 12.

Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre, and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves.

the report of Joanna, whose account he had been immediately
relating, and ai leyoumraðra, to the whole company.-See
this point discussed at length by Townson, Cranfield, &c.

(a) Harmon. Histor. Evangel. de Resurrectione Christi, cap. i. p.
240, col. 1, &c. (b) Summary View of the Evidences of Christ's Re-
surrection, Lond. 1745. 8vo. p. 25. (c) Harmony of the Four Gospels,
sect. 150, p. 663, second edition. (d) Observations on Macknight,
4to. p. 44. (e) Notes, p. 61. (f) In loc.

24 I bave not discussed the question whether the 16th of Mark, after ver. 9, is genuine. It is certainly omitted in many manuscripts of great authority, or it is marked with an asterisk, or separated from the preceding part of the Gospel. It relates nothing inconsistent with the accounts of the other Evangelists, and appears to have been drawn up as an epitome of the various appearances of our Lord.

Mr. Cranfield has laboured much to prove that this verse refers to the first visit of St. Peter mentioned by St. John. Dr. Townson, on the contrary, has defended the present order of St. Luke, and concludes that the Evangelist here relates the second visit of St. Peter to the sepulchre, when our Lord manifested himself to bim. It is certain that Christ appeared to Peter about this time ; for when the two disciples came from Emmaus to the other disciples, this very circumstance was the subject of their conversation. This fact is further confirmed by St. Paul, I Cor. xv. 3. He was afterwards seen by the other apostles.

Christ appears to St. Peter.

LUKB xxiv. 12.
Lu.xxiv.12. And (Peter) departed, wondering in himself at that Jerusalem.

which was come to pass *.

Christ appears to Cleophas, and another Disciple, going

to Emmaus.

MARK xvi, 12. LUKE xxiv, 13–32.
Lu.xxiv.13. And behold,
Mar. xvi. 12. After that he appeared in another form, unto two of

them, as they walked, and went into the country. La.xxiv.13. two of them went that same day to a village called Em

maus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs,
14. And they talked together of all these things which had

15. And it came to pass, that while they communed and
reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.

26 I have placed this clanse by itself, as it was most pro
bably on bis return from the sepulchre, after he had received
the accounts of the women, that our Lord appeared to St.
Peter. His desire to see our Lord, and perhaps to implore
bis forgiveness, as well as that characteristic eagerness and
ardour, by which he was on all occasions distinguished, excited
in him the desire to make bis second visit to the sepulchre, to
examine it, to be again convinced that the body was removed;
and in the hopes of meeting our Lord, if Christ would conde.
scend to meet him. Crantield very beautifully observes, St.
Peter had denied bis Master, and had his Master shewed him-
self to any other of the men, before he shewed bimself to him,
might not be bave thought his repentance iueflectual, bis re-
conciliation impossible, and consequently been plunged ioto
despair? Though his fall was attended with ioconceivable
aggravation, yet the magnanimity and mercy of bis Savivur
was still greater, and knew no bounds.

22 These sections are arranged in their present order upon the coucurrent testimony of all the harmonizers, as well as the internal evidence. Every thing recorded in them asiords a new source of wonder. Christ, in bis glorified form, passes through the folded or barred up doors, as if bis body were like the light, or the air, and yet he appeals to his disciples to satisty theinselves that he was not a spirit, but possessed of material and solid flesh. We are assured that with this same body be ascended into another state, and that our bodies shall be made like his at the day of the resurrection. (Philip. iv. ad fin (Q.)

(a) See Kninoel, where the different opinions concerning the hody of Christ, are briefly summed up. See also Bishop Horsley's Sermons on the Resurrection, sermon fourth. I am contented with the facts of Scripture, and dare not indulge in the various conjectares which present themselves on these subjects. The reader who is fond of sack speculations on these points, may peruse the works of King, ( Morsels of Criticism,) More, Fleming, Flavel (on the Soul,) Thomas Aquinas Prima Pars, Question 50, to the end of Question 65, where he will find the most strange and fantastical reveries that ever entered the imagination of a human being.


Lo.sxiv.16. But their eyes were holden, that they should not know Jerusalem.

17. And he said unto them, What manner of communica-

tions are these that ye have one with another as ye walk,

and are sad ?
18. And one of them, whose name was Cleophas; answering,'

said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Israel, and
hast not known the things which are come to pass there

in these days?
19. And he said unto them, What things? And they said,

Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet,

mighty in deed and word before God and all the people : 20. And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

But we trusted that it had been he which should have
redeemed Israel : and beside all this, to-day is the third

day since these things were done.
22. Yea, and certain women also of our company

astonished, which were early at the sepulchre ;
23. And when they found not his body, they came, saying,

That they had seen a vision of angels, which said that he

was alive.
24. And certain of them which were with us went to the

sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said ;

but him they saw not.
25. Then he said unto them, O fools and slow of heart to

believe all that the prophets have spoken !
26. Ought not Christ to have suffered all these things, and

to enter into his glory?
27. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he ex-

pounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things con-
cerning himself as.

made us

28 This desponding sentiment, “ We trusted that it had been he tbat should have redecmed Israel,” &c. &c. must have been the general opivion of our Lord's disciples. All their hopes were buried with him in the sepulchre. They thought it impossible that be whom they had lately seep bleeding, and ex. piring on the cross, " the very scorn of men, and the outcast of the people," should by bis own power break the bands of death, and rise again in greater beauty and perfection, “ For as yet they knew not the Scriptures."

The Scriptures assert, that it behoved Christ to sufser. In the law, by the offering up of Isaac-in the brazen serpent-in the sacrifice of the animals, particularly in the paschal lamb. In the prophets :- 1. Isaiah liii. 5. 7, 8.-2. Daniel's prophecy ; Dan. ix. 25, 26. the Messiah shall be cut off.-3. Zech. xii. 10. they shall look on me whom they have pierced. In the Psalms ; Ps. ii. 1-3. xx. 1-18. xvi. 9, 10. thine Holy One to see corruption.

It was intimated that he should rise again the third day-Isaac the third day was released-sacrifices eaten the third day. The resurrection does not seem to be alluded to in the prophels, except in the type of Junah, and in Isa. liii. aud

Lu.xxiv. 28. And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they Jerusalem

went: and he made as though he would have gone farther, 29. But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us : for

it is towards evening, and the day is far spent. And he

went in to tarry with them.
30. And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he

took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
31. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and

he vanished out of their sight.
32. And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn

within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while
he opened unto us the Scriptures ?

Cleophas and his Companion return to Jerusalem, and
assure the Apostles that Christ had certainly risen.

MARK xvi. 13. LUKE xxiv. 33–35.
Mar.xvi.13. And they went and told it unto the residue ; neither

believed they them.
Lu. xxiv.33. And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Je-

rusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and

them that were with them,
34. Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared

to Simon 2.
35. And they told what things were done in the way, and

how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

Christ appears to the assembled Apostles, Thomas only

being absent, convinces them of the identity of the Resur-
rection Body, and blesses them.

LUKE xxiv. 36-43. JOHN XX. 19-23.
John xx. 19. Then the same day at evening, being the first day of

the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples
were assembled, for fear of the Jews, came Jesus

Zech. xii. 10. But on the prophecies and types fulfilled in the
sufferings of Christ, see the sermon of Joseph Mede on Luke
xxiv. 32. Hale's Analysis, vol. ii. part 2. and West on the Re-

29 It has been supposed that this verse ought to be read in-
terrogatively, for, in Mark xvi. 13. we learn that the apostles
did not believe the testimony of the two disciples from Em-
maus, while it is here asserted that they were saying, at the
very time when the disciples from Emmaus came into the room,
The Lord has risen, &c. This difficulty is removed, if we sup.
pose that our Lord had appeared to St. Peter, and they were
expressing their incredulity at the moment the disciples arrived
from Emmaus, in the language of this passage, Has the Lord
risen, and has he indecd appeared unto Simon?

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La.xxiv.36. as they thus spake, and stood in the midst of them, and Jerusalem.

saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
Lu.xxiv.37. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed

that they had seen a spirit.
38. And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled ? and

why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39. Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: han-

dle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as

ye see me have.
40. And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his

hands and bis feet.
Johnxx.20. and his side. Then were the disciples glad when they

saw the Lord. Lu.xxiv.41. And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered,

he said unto them, Have ye here any meat ? 42.

And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of a honeycomb.

43. And he took it, and did eat before them.
John XX. 21. Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as

the Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
22. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and

saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost :
23. Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto
them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

JOHN XX. part of ver. 19, 20.
19 —and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be

unto you,

20 And when he had so said, be shewed unto them his hands

Thomas is still incredulous.

JOHN XX. 24, 25.
John xx.24. But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was

not with them when Jesus came.
25. The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have

seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall
see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger
into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his
side, I will not believe.

Christ appears to the Elever, Thomas being present.
MARK xvi. 14.

JOHN XX. 26-29.
Mar.xsi.14. 30 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at

20 This verse of St. Mark has generally been supposed to
refer to our Lord's appearance to his disciples on the evening
of his resurrection. But St. Luke and St. Jobn both describe
the first appearance of Christ to his disciples, and neither of
them gives the least intimation of any thing like reproos, which

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