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And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they Jerusalem. went: and he made as though he would have gone farther.
But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for
30. And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he
And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened unto us the Scriptures ?
Cleophas and his Companion return to Jerusalem, and
MARK XVI. 13. LUKE Xxiv. 33-35.
Mar.xvi.13. And they went and told it unto the residue; neither believed they them.
John xx. 19.
And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,
Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon 29.
And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.
Christ appears to the assembled Apostles, Thomas only
LUKE Xxiv. 36-43. JOHN XX. 19-23.
Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, came Jesus
Zech. xii. 10. But on the prophecies and types fulfilled in the
29 It has been supposed that this verse ought to be read in-
Lu.xxiv.36. as they thus spake, and stood in the midst of them, and Jerusalem. saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
Lu.xxiv.37. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed
that they had seen a spirit.
And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.
John xx. 20. and his side. Then were the disciples glad when they saw the Lord.
John xx. 21.
And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of a honeycomb.
And he took it, and did eat before them.
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you.
And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained. JOHN XX. part of ver. 19, 20.
19 and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you,
20 And when he had so said, be shewed unto them his hands
Thomas is still incredulous.
JOHN XX. 24, 25.
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
Christ appears to the Eleven, Thomas being present.
Mar.xvi.14. 30 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at
30 This verse of St. Mark has generally been supposed to refer to our Lord's appearance to his disciples on the evening of his resurrection. But St. Luke and St. John both describe the first appearance of Christ to his disciples, and neither of them gives the least intimation of any thing like reproof, which
Mar.xvi.14. meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hard- Jerusalem. ness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
John xx. 26.
And after eight days" again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them. Then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side; and be not faithless, but believing.
And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord
they then heard from the mouth of their affectionate Lord. The
31 The first appearances of our Lord to his apostles appear to have taken place uniformly on the first day of the week; and from their consequent observance of that day, originated the Christian sabbath.
32 The disbelief of the Apostles is the means of furnishing us with full and satisfactory demonstration of the resurrection of Christ. Throughout the divine dispensations, it is to be observed, that every doctrine, and every important truth, is gradually revealed, and here we have a conspicuous instance of this progressive system. An angel first declares the glorious event! The empty sepulchre confirms the women's report. Christ's appearance to Mary Magdalene shewed that he was alive-that to the disciples at Emmaus proved that it was at least the spirit of Christ, by expounding the prophecies, and breaking of bread-that to the eleven shewed the reality of his body, and the conviction given to St. Thomas, proved it the self same body that had been crucified. The resurrection was testified by the conviction of the senses. The ear heard it, and blessed-the eye saw it, and gave witness-the hand was satisfied with feeling-the intellect was fed upon the heavenly teaching, and the Holy Ghost descended in confirmation of the holy truth. The miracle of the draught of fishes gave evidence of the continued existence of the same divine and almighty nature, which had been displayed before the crucifixion, and the Spirit of God, was manifested in opening the Scriptures, till their hearts burned within them. Every possible demonstration was vouchsafed that man could receive, or God bestow. The wounds which had been inflicted upon the body
John xx. 29.
Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen Jerusalem. me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
of Christ were still visible, bearing testimony to his identity,
The question whether St. Thomas, at the moment of his con-
The exclamation of the Apostle was ̔Ο Κύριος μοῦ, καὶ ὁ θεὸς μs, in the nominative, which is frequently put for the vocative, in pure, as well as in Hellenistic Greek. It seems, however, preferable to read the passage où el, understood, Thou art my Lord, even my God; or, as the word Kupios corresponds to the principal names, given in the Old Testament to the manifested God of Israel, it would be better to interpret the exclamation
or as the Jews were יהוה אלהים,accordingly, as if he had said
.אדוני אלהים place, he might have used only the latter
accustomed to omit the ineffable name, and substitute in its
It is true that the word πpookvviw, in the original, which is
1. Out of sixty places in which this word occurs in the New Testament, there are only two or three in which it indisputably bears the inferior sense; there are forty-three in which it is manifestly to be understood of religious worship: and the remaining instances are those of application to Christ, the genuine import of which we are desirous of ascertaining.
2. Our Lord, during the whole of his public ministry, evi
Christ appears to a large number of his Disciples on a
MATT. xxviii. ver. 16, 17. and part of ver. 18.
Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into Galilee. a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
17. And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but
John xxi. 1.
And Jesus came and spake with them ".
Christ appears again at the Sea of Tiberias-His conver-
JOHN XXI. 1-24.
After these things, Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise shewed he himself.
dently made it a principle of his conduct, to disavow and refuse all earthly eminence. The repeated attempts which were made to invest him with the regal dignity, he inflexibly discountenanced. Even when he was accosted with an epithet which he might have accepted very inoffensively, he rebuked the person who gave it, because he perceived it was the language of compliment rather than of sincere conviction: "Why callest thou me good?" On the contrary, he never refused acknowledgments of spiritual supremacy. He openly claimed to be called Lord and Master, the Son of God, and the King of his Church.
A translation of the New Testament into Hebrew has been lately published by the London Society for Promoting the Conversion of the Jews; in this translation the words of St. Thomas are rendered literally This Hebrew tran slation, so far as I am able to judge, appears to be executed with ability and faithfulness.
Horsley's Letters in reply to Dr. Priestley, p. 239. Sermon on the Adoration of our Lord Jesus Christ, vindicated from the charge of Idolatry. By Dr. Pye Smith. 8vo. 1811.
33 Beza reads this passage de idioraoav, they did not doubt any longer. The Prussian version reads, pooεkývnoav avry, oi dè idioraσav, they worshipped him, even those who had doubted. In which sense it should be of TE. Grotius interprets it, but some had heretofore doubted. Bishop Pearce conjectures, that those who doubted did so because they might be at a greater distance from him than others; and therefore could not so well distinguish.
u Si. Matthew's words are καὶ προσελθὼν ὁ ̓Ιησοῦς ἐλάλησεν auroic; implying, that when our Lord first appeared to them it was at a distance: portov is rendered by Grotius accedens. -See Townson, p. 167. and Bowyer, p. 136.
35 The contents of this section are very curious, and important. So little did the apostles anticipate their future elevation, as the reformers of the religion of the world, that they had absolutely returned to their former occupation as fishermen of Galilee. Humble and unambitious, they appear to have as much forgotten all the splendid hopes and expectations of the past, as they were ignorant of their future high destinies.