« PreviousContinue »
how to fet a juft Value upon the Ingenious Performances of others, and has often taken care privately to relieve and Supply the Neceffities of thofe, whose Modefty would endeavour to conceal them, of which our Author was a fignal Inftance, as feveral others have been, who are now living. In fine, the Integrity of his Life, the Acuteness of his Wit, and Eafinefs of his Conversation, had render'd him most acceptable to all Men; yet be prudently avoided multiplicity of Acquaintance, and wifely chofe fuch only whom his difcerning Judgment could diftinguifh (as Mr. Cowley expreffeth it)
From the Great Vulgar or the Small.
And he having thus liv'd to a good Old Age, Admir'd by all, though perfonally known to few, he departed this Life in the Year 1680, and was buryed at the Charge of his good Friend Mr. L--vil of the Temple, in the Yard belonging to the Church of St. Paul's Covent-Garden, at the Weft-end of the faid Yard, on the North
North-fide under the Wall of the faid Church, and under that Wall, which parts the Yard from the Common Highway. And fince he has no Monument yet fet up for him, give me leave to borrow his Epitaph from that of Michael Drayton the Poet, as the Author of Mr. Cowley's has partly done before me:
And though no Monument can claim
The Characters of this Poem are for the most part obvious, even to the meanest Pretenders to Learning or Hiftory; nor can Scarce any one be fo Ignorant, as not to know, that the chief Defign thereof, is a Satyr against thofe Incendiaries of Church and State, who in the late Rebellion, under Pretence of Religion, Murthered the best of Kings, to Introduce the worst of Governments; deftroy'd the best of Churches, that Hypocrifie, Novelty, and might be predominant amongst us, and overthrow our wholsome Laws and Conftitutions, to make way
for their Bleffed Anarchy and Confufion, which at last ended in Tyranny. But fince, according to the Proverb, None are fo blind, as they that will not fee; fo those who are not refolv'd to be invinceably Ignorant, I refer, for their farther Satisfaction, to the Hiftories of Mr. Fowlis of Presbytery, Mr. Walker of Independency; but more efpecially to that Incomparable Hiftory lately Published, wrote by Edward late Earl of Clarendon, which are fufficient to Jatisfie any unbiafs'd Perfon, that his general Characters are not fictitious and I could heartily wifh, thefe Times were fo reformed, that they were not applicable to fome even now living. However, there being Jeveral particular Perfons reflected on which are not commonly known, and fome old Stories and uncouth Words, which want Explication, we have thought fit to do that Right to their Memories, and for the better Information of the unlearned Readers, to explain them in fome Additional Annotations, at the end of this Part.
How often the Imitation of this Poem has been attempted, and with how little Suc
cefs, I leave the Readers to Judge; in the Year (63) there came out a Spurious Book, called, The Second Part of Hudibras, which is reflected upon by our Author, under the Character of Whachum, towards the latter end of his Second Part: Afterwards came out the Dutch and Scotch Hu dibras, Butler's Ghoft, the Occafional Hypocrite, and fome others of the fame Nature, which compar'd with this, (Virgil Travelty excepted) deferve only to be condemn'd, ad Ficum & Piperem; or if you pleafe, to more bafe and fervile Offices.
Some vain Attempts have been likewife made to tranflate fome Parts of it into Latin, but how far they fall short of that Spirit of the English Wit, I leave the meanest Capacity that understands them to Judge. The following Simile's I have heard were done by the Learned Dr. Harmar, once Greek Profeffor at Oxon.
So Learned Taliacotius from, &c.
Sic adfcititios nafos de clune torofi
So VVind in th' Hypochondres pent, &c. Sic Hypochondriacis inclufa meatibus Aura Definet in crepitum,fi fertur prona per alvum, Sed fi fumma petat,montifque invaferit arcem Divinus furor eft, & confcia Flamma futuri.
So Lawyers leaft the Bear Defendant, &c.
Sic Legum mystæ, nè forfan Pax foret, Urfam Inter furantem fefe, Actoremque Moloffum; Faucibus Injiciunt clavos dentifque refigunt Luctantefq; canes coxis,coxendifq; revellunt, Errores juftafque moras obtendere certis, Judiciumq; prius revocare ut prorfus iniquum. Tandem poft aliquod breve respiramen
Ut pugnas iterent, crebris hortatibus urgent. Eja! agite ô cives, iterumq; in prælia trudunt.
There are fome Verfes, which for Reafon of State, eafie to be guess'd at, were thought fit to be omitted in the first Impreffion, as these which follow;
Did not the Learned Glyn and Maynard,
And now I heartily wish I could gratifie your farther Curiofity with fome of thofe Golden Remains, which are in the Cuftody of Mr. Longuevil; but not having the Hap