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Union has a chance of reaching the most exalted office in the gift of his country.

It is fitting at the beginning of the new century to take stock of the one that has just passed away, and there is no better way in which a country can sum up its achievements than by closely following the lives of its kings, or emperors, or presidents.

In this volume the incidents of the private lives of the Presidents of the United States and their public acts have been mainly dealt with. There has been no attempt at an exhaustive discussion of any of the great questions that mark the progress of the United States in the century,—that work will be found ably done in another volume of this series. Again, only the points in the great Civil war and the Spanish-American war absolutely necessary for bringing out the character of the president concerned are dealt with. The task of describing these momentous struggles has been left to the brilliant pen of Mr. Oscar Browning, Professor of History in Cambridge University, who has contributed Wars in the Nineteenth Century to this series.



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of the Revolutionary War.-Settles on New Hampshire
Grants.-His Son Franklin, Born November 22, 1804. -
Father Prominent in New Hampshire.–Sent the
Legislature.-Appointed Sheriff of the County.-A
Brigadier-General of the New Hampshire Militia.-
Franklin at School and at College.-Not a Diligent
Student.-His Companions Longfellow and Hawthorne.
-Teaches School.-Captain of a Military Company at
Bowdoin College.—Begins the Study of Law.–Fails in

His First Case.-A Successful Stump Orator.–Elected

to the New Hampshire Legislature.-Speaker of the

House.-Elected to Congress at the Age of Twenty-

Nine.-A Strong Supporter of President Jackson.-

Speaks Against the Abolition of Slavery in the District

of Columbia.--Opposed to Military Academy at West

Point.-Described by His Fellow-Senator, James Bu-

chanan.-Dreaded the Influence of the Extreme Aboli-

tionists. His Strange Attitude on the Right of Petition.

-Leaves Washington on Account of His Wife's Health.

-Still Interested in Politics.-The Mexican War.-

Franklin Pierce Enlists as a Private.-Given a Colonel's

Commission.-At the seat of War.-Wounded in Battle.

--General Grant's Opinion of Him as a Soldier.-Be-

lieves Himself Fighting in a Just Cause.—Honored by

New Hampshire on Return from Mexico.-His Name

Mentioned for President.-The Democratic Convention

at Baltimore, June 1, 1852.-Chosen by the Convention

for President. - Frederick Bancroft's Reasons for This

Choice. Scott Selected by the Whig Party.-Passing

of Daniel Webster.- Elected President.-James Bu-

chanan's Eulogy of Franklin Pierce..

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Franklin Pierce Makes Preparations to Go to Washing-

ton.—The Tragic Death of his Son.-His Inauguration.
-Opposes the Abolitionists.- A Consistent President.


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(Two Administrations 1861-1865, 1865-)

A Strong Man Needed to Grapple with Slavery.—Abraham

Lincoln One of the World's Truly Great Men.-Of
Virginian Stock.-His Ancestors Settle In Kentucky.-

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