« PreviousContinue »
NOTES AND QUERIES:
Medium of Entercommunication
LITERARY MEN, GENERAL READERS, ETC.
“When found, make a note of.”—CAPTAIN CUTTLE.
SEVENTH SERIES-VOLUME FOURTH.
L O N D ON:
PUBLISHED AT THE
OFFICE, 22, TOOK'S COURT, CHANCERY LANE, E.C.
BY JOHN C. FRANCIS.
WANTED, COPIES OF NOTES AND QUERIES,
Τ Η Ε Α Τ Η Ε Ν Ε Ο Μ.
TYPE-WRITER.AUTHORS' Mss., Plays, Re
Just publisbed, No. 51, SIXTH SERIES, for which 20. 6d, each will be given. HE SIEGES of PONTEFRACT CASTLE -Addren JOSN 0. FRANCIS, Noter and Queries Uffioe, 82, Took's
1644-1618. With 18 Full. Page Plans or Illustrations, including court, Cursitor-street, Chancery-lane, E.C.
a copy of every koown Pript, and some original | hotographs. Demy
8vo. 436 pp. with 41 pages of Index. Price 188. podt free. WANTED TO PURCHASE, Early and Illumi.
RICHARD HOLMES, Pontefract.
ISTS of INCUMBENTS and PATRONS of Majolica, Arms, Armour, and fine old Steel work-Bronzes- Early
EVERY PARISH in the COUNTY of SOMERSET, from Printo, Etchings, Engravings, and Drawings.-Rev. J. O. JACKSON,
1809-1740. Edited by F. W. WEAVER, M.A., Editor of the Visita11, Angel-court, Throgmorton-street, E.O.
tions of the Counties of Somerset and Hereford.' Price to Subscribers,
Address, Milton, Evercreech, Somerset. the professions Managing Clerk, with the entire conduct and
Evory SATURDAY, of sny Bookseller or News-agent, management of matters entrusted to him, is, owing to the death of his late employer, with whom he was engaged for nearly ten years, desirous
price THREEPENCE, of obtaining a RE-ENGAGEMENT as soon as possible. Very high references as to character and ability can be giveu.-Address E. L. F., 17, Edna-street, Battersea, 8. W.
This Day'. ATHENRUM contains Articles on
NOVELS of the WEEK.
GEOFFREY CHAUCER, FORESTER of NORTH PETHERTON. views, Lectures, Legal or other Articles, COPIED with accuracy and despatch. Terms moderate.
PROF. BRANDL'S LIFE of COLERIDGE.
The CRAWFORD SALE.
SCIENCE-Notes of Naturalist in South America: The Marine Vice-Presidents-Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., The Very Rev. the Dean of Llandaff, Sir E. H. Bunbury, Bart., Sir Henry Barkly,
Biologioal Association ; Societies; Meetings ; Gossip. K.C.B.
FINE ARTS-The Royal Academy; The New Rooms in the National Trusteus-Earl of Carnarvon, Sir John Lubbock, Earl of Rosebery. Gallery : Sales ; Gossip.
The Library contains 100,000 Volumes of Ancient and Modern MUSIC-The Week ; Gossip.
DRAMA-The Week ; Gossip. fee of 6L.; Life Membership. 261. Fifteen Volumes are allowed to Published by JOHN O. FRANCIS, 22, Took's-court, Cursitor-street, Country, and Ten to Town Members. Reading Room open from Ten
Chancery.lane, E.C. to ball-past six. Catalogue Supplement (1875-80), price 58.; to Mem. bers, 48. Fifth Edition of the Catalogue in the press. Prospectus on
ESTABLISHED 1851. application. ROBERT HARRISON, Secretary and Librarian.
Β Α Ν Κ, UST PUBLISHED, a CATALOGUE of
Southampton buildings, Chancery-lane.
THREE per CENT. INTEREST allowed on DEPOSITS, repay. TOPOGRAPHICAL and COUNTY BOOKS-Drawings and able on demand. TWO per CENT. INTEREST on CURRENT Engravings relating to Great Britain and Ireland.-Post free of ACCOUNTS, calculated on the minimum monthly balances, when JAMES RIMELL & SON, 91, Oxford-street, London, W.
Dot drawn below 1001, The Bank undertakes for its Customers, free
of charge, the custody of Deeds. Writings, and other Securities and ACCIDENTS AT HOME AND ABROAD, Valuables; the collection of Bills of Exchange, Dividends, and
Coupons ; and the Purchase and Sale of stocks, Shares, and An. RAILWAY ACCIDENTS, EMPLOYER'S LIABILITY, Duities. Letters of Credit and Circular Notes issued. The BIRK. INSURED AGAINST BY THE
BECK ALMANAUK, with full particulars, post free on application.
FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager. RAILWAY PASSENGERS' ASSURANCE COMPANY,
64, CORNHILL, LONDON, INCOME
£240,000 COMPENSATION PAID för 118,000 ACCÏDENTS £2,380,00
Wounds, Sores, and Uloers. - Daily experience confirms the
fact which has triumphed over oppositt a for more than forty years, Moderate Premiums, Favourable Conditions.
viz., that no means are known equal to Holloway's remedies for curing Prompt and Liberal Settlement of Claims.
bad legs, cores, wounds, diseases of the skin, erysipelas, abscesses.
burns, scalds, and, in truth, all cases wbere the skin is broken. To Chairman-HARVIE M. FARQUHAR, Esq.
cure these infirmities quickly is of primary importance, as the comWest-end Office :-8, Grand Hotel Buildings, W.C.; means of cure are found in Holloway's Ointment and Pills, which Head Office :-64, Cornhill, London, E.C. heal the sores and expel their cause. In the very worst cases the OintWILLIAM J. VIAN, Secretary,
ment has succeeded in effecting a perfect cure after every other means
has failed of giving any relief. Desperate cases best display its virtues 7th S, No. 79
HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT and PILLS.–Old
Τ Η Ε Y E A R RO U N D.
Contains a NEW SERIAL STORY, entitled
By LESLIE KEITH,
Author of The Chilcotes,' &c.
AND THE FOLLOWING PAPERS, ETC. -
of the YEAR: June.
The KING'S EVIL. HOUSES.
CRIMINAL and LEGAL CURIOSITIES. ALONG the ADRIATIC.
SUBSCRIBERS can be supplied direct from the OFFICE, 26, WELLINGTON-STREET, STRAND.
Terms for a Year's Subscription :-
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1887.
fetched, and impossible etymologies. His vagaries
are bad enough when restricted to "Anglo-Saxon" CONTENT 8.- No 79.
etymologies, but when he embarks on the quest NOTES:- Records of Celtic Occupation, 1-' Fame's Memo- for “ Celtic" traces, he seems to divest himself of cedony-Bibliography of School Magazines, 5-A Century the last rag of common sense.
Forthwith every old - Price of Tobacco - St. Erkenwald—“Woman or thing assumes a Celtic tinge, and traces of "Female"-Bouter, 6.
Celtic occupation are found in every field. It is QUERIES :-Ranting, Roaring Willie'-Horton-Source of a question whether these frantic endeavours to -Jubilee of George III. -Marson of Holborn-Creature prove that we English are not ourselves, but someDrink, 7-West – Lee, King of the Gipsies - Society of body else, as Mr. Freeman puts it, arise from Friendly Brothers--La Russie Juive’-Scotland and Liberalism-Mackenzie's Manuscript-Pre-Existence-Matemans
& natural love of paradox, or from an indiscrimiSiege of Bolton-Westminster Abbey Tenor Bell, 8-Clai- pate attachment to the principle nullius addictus borne, of Westmoreland-Galileo-Extirp-Stocks and the jurare in verba magistri. The consideration that Folio-Orestes Brownson - John Frost -- Cargo- Country not one in a hundred of these “Celtic" claims is Box,' 1-King's End Car-Authors Wanted, 10.
ever substantiated does not seem to discourage REPLIES :-Religious Orders, 10-Bunhill Fields, 11–"De their manufacture. The fact that the people who fence, pot Defiance," 12-·Plea for the Midsummer Fairies' dabble in these so-called “ Celtic” etymologies -Goldwyer, 13-Jacob the Apostle--Earthquakes-Sir T. almost invariably choose Teutonic words to work not Families-Owner of Coat of Arms-Orpen-Yam-Anti- upon, disposes one to believe that there are no gugler-Jordeloo-Bluestockingism-Pycroft's, Oxford Me; Celtic elements in English local names. If there moirs,' 15" Another guess Noises-Sitwell, 16—Baroness Bellasis-To Rally,"Nom be, it is singular that they should so successfully de plume "-Arabella Churchill-Arms of Sir Francis Drake, elude the grasp of the army of "Celtic" etymoSwanns-Motto of Waterton Family-Scarlett : Anglin, 18 logists who so persistently dig for them. -Eddystone-Hampshire Plant-Names, 19.
MR. ADDY's offences are not so grave as those NOTES ON BOOKS:-Lumby's Ranulphi Higden Poly of the average "Celtic” advocate.
He wisely chronicon, Vol. ix.-Burrows's Family of Brocas of lets Welsh alone. But it is, nevertheless, a phonoBeaurepaire'-Benbam's Dictionary of Religion '-Brand's * London Life seen with German Eyes.'
logical offence to derive the surname Bright from
the A.-S. Bryt, a Briton. This A.-S. Bryt is a Notices to Correspondents, &c.
very exceptional designation for a Welshman. He
is mostly a Wealh; sometimes, to distinguish him Notes.
from the Wealas of Cornwall and Strathclyde, he
is a Bryt-Wealh. In one or two cases only is he RECORDS OF CELTIC OCCUPATION IN LOCAL a Bryt. No argument can be founded upon the NAMES,
Middle-English Brut, a Briton, for the use of this I am sorry to see that MR. ADDY (7th S. iii. 421) form arose from the erroneous derivation of Bryt is infected with the craze for discovering traces of from the Trojan Brutus, one of Geoffrey of MonCeltic occupation in English local names. MR. mouth's inventions. The phonological evidence is ADDY comes to the astounding conclusion that even stronger than this. Any one studying Middlethere existed, side by side with the English and English must be struck with the permanence of the Danish villages, settlements inhabited exclusively Teutonic guttural spirant and its distinct notation. by Celts, who kept themselves entirely distinct from Though it seems to have evaporated from the the Teutonic invaders. This is as difficult to be modern pronunciation, it was a distinct sound, lieve as Mr. Coote's conception that the Anglo- not produced without an effort, in M.E. I believe Saxons were simply a foreign standing army living there is no instance on record of this guttural entirely separate from the, of course, purely Celtic spirant being forced into a word. It is in all population, who would have been, apparently, still cases original. No phonologist will, therefore, bedrawn up in line resting on their weapons had not lieve that it was inserted in Bryt in the cases the Normans annihilated them at Hastings. Some cited by Mr. Addy, and every phonologist would of MR. ADDY's evidence is derived from field-names. hold that Bright is identical with the adjective Of late years a great deal of nonsense has been bright. And phonology, as usual, is right. The written about what we can learn from the study of instance of Brighton from Brighthelmston at once field-names. This study is not without its value; explains the origin of the surname Bright and its but I must protest against the notion that we are
use in local names.* Bright is here a shortening to revise our early history by the light it yields. of the personal name Bright-helm=A.-S. BeorhtBefore we can derive any lessons from these names
helm. There are many A.-S. names beginning they will have to be studied in accordance with, with the stem Beorht=bright. It is well estaband not in direct contravention to, the laws of philology. This latter method is in great favour (see · Cart, Sax., ii
, 72, 37; 595, 32), that is, the well of
* Similarly, Bright-well, Oxfordshire, is Beorhtan-wiell with the ordinary local etymologist, who has a man named *Beorht-a or a woman named * Beorht-e usually an intense passion for picturesque, far- | (the same name as Bertha).