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[ 1858. ]



in the old Court of Common Pleas,

which exercised pretty extended powers Detroit, Mich., Mar. 12, æ. 83. Judge as a court for the limited business which A. was a native of Detroit ; for many it was called upon to transact. The years he and Joseph Campan were the number of inhabitants, however, was only surviving inhabitants who were small ; and not much other than ordiheads of families there in 1810. His nary police matters were transacted. father, also named James Abbott, was His wife, who survives him, is an an Irishman, who came to this country estimable lady, the daughter of Maj. at an early day, and, settling at Detroit, John Whistler, of the U. S. army, and became agent of the American Fur Co., sister to the famous engineer who conof which John Jacob Astor was a prom- structed the railway from Boston to inent stockholder. The father dying, Stonington, and was afterwards, till his his son James, who had long been in lamented death, employed by the Czar partnership with him, succeeded him Nicholas on the magnificent railway as agent, and carried on the great and from St. Petersburg to Moscow, lucrative business of the company with Judge A.'s mother was a noble wosuccess. The agency being removed, man, one of the true-hearted matrons of he continued till his death connected the revolutionary era. She was obliged with the steadily diminishing fur trade to remain in Detroit during the British at that point.

occupation. At the close of the war Judge A. was postmaster of Detroit she was in very feeble health, and frein the territorial existence of Mich., quently remarked that she had but two his term of service commencing about earthly wishes, viz., to live to see the 1808. While the British troops held stars and stripes again wave over Dethe city in 1812, and to the end of the troit, and to see her exiled son (the war, he, of course, was out of office; judge) once more at home. When the but, when the Americans regained pos- American vanguard crossed the river session on the declaration of peace, he and raised the flag, she was supported was reinstated, and continued to be in her bed, that she might gratify her postmaster until 1827, when he was wish to once more behold its radiant succeeded by John Norvall. During folds. Her other wish was also granted ; the greater part of the above period, he for her son hastened to his home, and was also receiver of the U. S. land office. reached it just in time to receive the He was succeeded by Maj. Kearsley, blessing of his dying mother.

He was appointed by Gov. Hull a Judge A. leaves behind him only major in the Mich. militia in 1805, and, one child a son, bearing his own during the war of 1812, he was quar- name. termaster general of the army. He derived his title of judge from the fact ABBOTT, Capt. John, Monroe Co., that he was an associate or side judge | Miss., July 2, æ. 59. He was a native


of Ga., emigrating to Ala. above 20 | laws of the state of his adoption ; and years ago.

While there he raised a few lawyers had so large a list of concompany of volunteers, and commanded fiding clients, though he never entered it in the Florida war. In 1838 he re- the profession, and had no advantages moved to Monroe Co. ; in 1841 and in of education, except such as are af1843 he was elected therefrom to the forded by a common New England disMiss. legislature.

trict school. He met with heavy losses ABBOTT, Mrs. Robert, Detroit, Mich., and severe afflictions in the course of March

She had resided there his life ; but he never lost his courage, 73 years ; she was daughter of M. Au- energy, and industry, his habits of rigid drain, one of the original settlers of temperance and frugality, and incessant what was then the trading post of De- activity; and he always cherished a retroit.

ligious faith, which was founded on the ABBOTT, Dr. William, Fairlee, Vt., old, severe, uncompromising Puritanism July 30,æ. 78 years, 6 mos., formerly of of his ancestors. Salem, Mass.

He was a minute-man during the ADAMS, Mrs. Abigail B., Gilsum, war of 1812, though always in politics N. H., Feb. 23, æ. 43, wife of Rev. a consistent Federalist; and in 1820, Ezra Adams. She was one of the ear- having resigned his commission as liest scholars at Mt. Holyoke Female colonel of the first regiment of the Seminary, and bore through life the Mass. militia, he received an honorable impress of the moral and intellectual discharge from military service. For power of Miss Lyon. She was deeply about 30 years he was town clerk and interested in her husband's work; a treasurer of Natick, and during all that faithful mother, and a humble and stead. time was never absent from a town fast Christian.

meeting ; and a neater, more accurate Adams, Benjamin, Boston, Mass., set of books than that which he kept Nov. 13, æ. 77. He was born in Exe- cannot be found in the commonwealth. ter, N. H., Mar. 13, 1781 ; was a grand- He was representative to the legislature son of Rev. Joseph Adams, settled in in the years 1833, '34, '35, '37, and '38. Stratham, N. H., (H. U. 1742.) His When first chosen representative, infather removed to B. while he was a stead of treating, as had before been child, and at a proper age placed him the custom, he gave $60 to the school as an apprentice to mercantile business. fund. He was in the state Senate in In 1801 he commenced business under 1842 and '49, and was one year in the the firm of B. Adams & Co., (after- Governor's Council. He was also for wards Adams, Homer, & Co.). He seven years postmaster. For about 40 spent 40 years in the dry-goods business. years he was a justice of the peace in

constant business ; and his ability and HON. CHESTER ADAMS,

integrity in that office were never called

in question. When he died, all who Natick, Mass., March 15, æ. 72. He knew him felt that a good, faithful, and was born in Bristol, Conn., in 1785, most useful man had passed away. removed to Dedham, Mass., in 1799, thence to Needham and Natick in 1808. ADAMS, Christopher, Kittery, Me., He was one of the finest specimens of Oct. 25, æ. 82. He was the last of the a New England self-made man. Punc- fourth generation who lived in his house, tual, exact, faithful, and strictly honest which was built in 1668 by his greatin the several relations of life ; shrewd, grandfather, Christopher Adams. intelligent, and careful in his business, ADAMS, Dr. F. W., at the Union - he won the confidence and respect House, Montpelier, Vt., Dec. 17, æ. 71, of all who knew him, gained a high interred at Barton. He was a wellposition in society, and acquired a hand- known physician of that region, and some fortune. He did much more than was highly respected for his skill, and any

other man in his neighborhood for beloved for his devotion and tenderness the promotion of taste and skill in the to the suffering who came under his culture of ornamental and fruit trees. care. He had many peculiarities and He was well read in English literature, caprices; yet he was a man of large and especially in the constitution and heart, giving half his practice to the

poor ; and his grave was surrounded by where he first saw the destined partner many sincere mourners.

of his life, to whom he was married in ADAMS, Henry, Springfield, Mass., the year 1806. In the autumn of 1803, April 29, æ. 62. In 1851 he was a the stage being full, he walked, with a member of the Mass. legislature, and friend, from Columbia to Charleston, took part in the protracted and memo- arriving in advance of the stage, and rable contest which resulted in the elec- with that friend, Mr. John Bones, comtion of Charles Sumner to the U. $. menced business in King Street, at the Senate by one majority. Mr. Adams corner of Blackbird's Alley. His trade was on a sick bed, but receiving advices was mainly with the wagoners, who by telegraph, he five times disobeyed the sold their cotton and purchased supcommands of his physician, and leav- plies. He was without any capital of ing his couch went to Boston, (100 miles consequence, but had already estabdistant,) and having voted for his favor- lished a character, and by it obtained ite, returned to his chamber at home. credit sufficient for his business, which

Adams, Mrs. Jennette Root, at her rapidly grew and prospered. From this father's house, Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 3,æ. time until his death, he continued in 28. She was wife of William H. Adams, active business, having never failed, and only daughter of Rev. Seth Bliss, through all that period of more than late Secretary of the American Tract half a century, to pay in every instance Society, at Boston.

the full amount of every one of his ADAMS, John, Middlesex, Yates Co., commercial and legal obligations. N. Y., æ. 66. He was a native of Paw It is well known that he never advenlet, Vt., and came to M. at the age of tured into any speculations in the great 13; he amassed a large fortune, but staples of our produce. His settled polretained a high reputation for integrity icy was to pursue the path of patient, and social worth.

systematic labor. From the foot of the Adams, Hon. Samuel, at Townsend, ladder he ascended, climbing step by Mass., April 5, æ. 52. He held several step, slowly but surely; and the suclocal offices of trust and honor, and was, cess of his whole career was not owing at his death, senator from the fourth to any luck or fortune, but must be district of Middlesex. His death was attributed under Providence to the qualcaused by aconite, which he had been ities he possessed in a remarkable deusing externally for rheumatism, and gree of economy, integrity, judgment, through some mistake was led to take decision of character, punctuality, and internally.

unbounded energy and industry. ADDAMS, Judge Wm., Spring Town This eminent merchant, this architect ship, Berks Co., Pa., May 28, æ. 82. of his own fortune, this bright example He was a member of Congress from to our youth of the success attending that section from 1825 to 1829, and well-directed energies, has now passed more recently associate judge of the away. In his death society has lost a county.

pillar of strength; our community a JAMES ADGER,

wise and public-spirited citizen; obscure

and struggling merit a head to advise, Charleston, S. C., at the St. Nicholas and a hand to help; and the distressed Hotel, New York city, of pneumonia, and needy a generous friend, whose Sept. 24, æ. 81. He was born near pity extended to the most forlorn. Randalstown, County Antrim, Ireland, He was a strong character, not always in the year 1777. At the age of 16 understood, prompt in action, but often years he emigrated to this country, ar- slow to speak, thinking much and biding riving in New York in Jan. 1794. He his time; not forward to volunteer or was apprenticed to a carpenter, but, obtrude his counsel, but giving his opinafter an experience of some four or five ion, when sought or when needed, in months, abandoned the trade, and ob- few words, clear, sententious, compretained a situation as clerk in Mr. John hensive. Underneath the blunt outside Bailey's hardware store, in Maiden man were to be found a loving human Lane. In the year 1802, he came to heart, sensibilities of unfathomed depth, Charleston, on his way to visit his a soul devising the most generous deeds, brother William, of Fairfield District, I and capable of the sublimest of all vir

tues — justice and impartiality. An oc- | him success in life we name prominently casional abruptness or sharpness of decision of character. The first element manner might be seen on a transient in decision of character is reliance on acquaintance; but it was for those who our own judgment; and the second is knew the man to appreciate him in the that energy of will and enthusiasm of justice of his nature, in the unassuming the passions which, when a wise plan is simplicity of his character, in the pa- selected, immediately spring into active tience of his labor, in the quiet, unos powers of execution. These were contentatious streams of his charity, in his spicuous elements of his character. He good will to man, and his submission had confidence in his own judgment, to God.

and did his own thinking in all practical When success crowned his labors, he affairs. No sooner was his plan deterdid not become enslaved by money; mined than he commenced action. He but the man was, at every stage of his had been through life an early riser. progress, superior to his acquisitions. Not more certain was the sun to climb This was true success. The mere ac- the eastern sky, than was this man to cumulation of large property is a failure be early at his post ; his purpose standof life's end, unless with that increase ing out clear to his view, and the energy the individual grows into a larger man of his will and the enthusiasm of his fulness of soul. His success was that nature driving him from day to day his property did not own him, but he onward to deserve, if not to attain, sucwas owner of his property, and could cess. As a consequence of this concheerfully part with it for wise and centration of mind, punctuality was a beneficent uses, or when taken from kindred virtue in his character worthy him by the stroke of Providence. His of universal imitation. To him may be losses were many and heavy, at various truly applied the remark made by the epochs in the convulsions of trade and celebrated Lord Nelson, when he said in the ruins of conflagration. After he owed every thing to being always a such blows of fortune, he was found quarter of an hour before time. always serene, and even cheerful-never Another and a chief virtue in his looking back vainly upon yesterday, but character was integrity. The basis of forward to the morrow, and abating not the gigantic operations of commerce are a jot from the fortitude and energy laid in confidence. A man in Europe of his continued labor in the present. stakes his property, his faith, his name, Many of his deeds of charity are known with perfect reliance on the character to the community; more are known to of another man whom he has never his family and friends; but probably seen, thousands of miles distant in the greater part were seen only by the America. Parties at a distance know omniscient eye.

In inspiring young whether or not their correspondents are men with the right spirit; in stimulat- faithful to their trust. All, therefore, ing them, by his advice and example, who knew the strict attention to details, to pursue a career of useful and hon- and the system of rigid justice to the orable industry; in the judicious and interest of absent owners, on which this generous employment of his capital for man conducted all his affairs, are at no the establishment of others in advan- | loss to know why business flowed in tageous business, he exerted a wide and upon him; and his name was known salutary influence, and was thus a bene- far and near as an agent in whom the factor to his country. It is well known largest confidence might be reposed. that the present generation of young Integrity was as conspicuous in his men of our community take more cor- character as decision and sound judge rect views of a life of energetic labor, ment; and it was, doubtless, owing to than those that preceded them; and it the fact that he, as an agent, was incannot be denied that the life and ca- trusted with the property of others, that reer of this self-made man contributed his far-sighted and just mind laid it largely to this happy change. By his down as an axiom that in his business example as well as words, he spake he must never speculate. The temptathrough his long life, and, being dead, tion might be very great, but it never he yet speaketh.

moved his firm resolve. “ Justum ac Among the sterling qualities that gave tenacem propositi virum."

Were we to select for imitation the hour illustrated his iron strength of most conspicuous moral quality in his mind and his heroic trust in God. character, we would name the element He was eminently social in his feelIntrinsic. Beneath all the factitious ings, enjoying with the greatest zest the distinctions of the world ; through all companionship of old, tried, and trasty sects, and parties, and conditions ; in friends, to whom he always opened his whatever form suffering and sorrow hand and his heart, whatever might be may be found, — the electric chord of their station in life. Favors done to genuine love finds its way. It seeks no him were never forgotten, but always reward; its language is, “I am a man.” repaid, if opportunity offered, with interHe esteemed others not according to est. At the friendly fireside and the outside show, but according to their festive board he presided an acknowlreal worth. He did nothing for effect edged chief. The old and the young or mere appearance. He had no wish alike owned the spell of a soul so brimto be valued for qualities he did not ful of social glee and gladness. It possess. He never acted a part. “Esse, would be a task to find in any circle his non videri,” was not formally chosen by peer for the combination of those qualhim as a motto. He did better. He ities of head and heart that shone out acted it out in his life, and it may now in every feature, and found vent in be chosen for him by others as briefly every expression, diffusing around him expressing the mould of his manly na- the good will and happiness of his ture and the form of his intrinsic char- genial nature. His life is his best acter. Unassuming, honest, and humble eulogy. His last act was a visit to himself, he had for all pomp and osten some of the friends of his early days; a tatious parade the most profound con- visit and generous relief of the fathertempt; and the stream of his beneficence less and the widow in their affliction. was not directed to conciliate the rich God saw that his work was done, and and great, but it flowed where his kind called him home. heart prompted, to the obscure and neg Having filled up his long life to the lected, to the stranger and the friendless, end with untiring usefulness, - having to the widow and the fatherless. raised a large family in respectability

It would be an omission not to notice and honor, and left to them and to his also his fortitude under affliction. It is countrymen a brilliant example in all not yet five years since his son, Wil- the affairs of practical life of a virtuous liam, died suddenly in New York, under energizer, — he has fallen asleep. He the most painful circumstances. In the died after a brief illness of only five expression of public sympathy, many days. He who never lingered through said the sudden and cruel death of such life in performing his duty, was not a son would kill the aged father. When kept lingering on the bed of death. the heavy tidings came, it was like the He retained his faculties to the last, tornado bearing down on the old oak and died as he had lived—a hearty tree, or the earthquake moving beneath and an earnest man. His only desire the solid rock; but the granite rock for life was that he might still longer stood firm, and the old oak tree, bend- be useful to his family; but he exing for the moment, soon stood erect pressed submission to God's will, and again, and defied the fury of the storm. implicit reliance on his love and mercy His heart bled, but the solid, fixed mind through the great Redeemer. never quailed. He fully appreciated the dimensions of his loss, but he saw that AGATE, William, Pittsford, Monroe it was done—it was inevitable - it was Co., April 10, æ. 88. Mr. A. was a past and gone forever. He saw the native of England. In 1795, after a hand of God, and bowed in submission boisterous voyage, he landed in New to his will. After a proper season of York, with his life-long friend, Rev. bitter tears - nature's inexorable claim Thos. Billinghurst, one of the pioneer

- he said, it is enough; and, thence- preachers of the Universalists. The forth, instead of leaning upon others, friends, who had brought their families he, the aged, but the strong, stood, with them, first settled at Sparta, on the bulwark and support of his family the Hudson. Soon after, Mr. B. moved around him. His conduct in that dark | into the wilderness, where Pittsford now

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