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tion ;

THEN answered Bildad ike Skubite, and are fresh and green : while smaller herbs, which want

said,] When Job had made an end of his not water, continue their beauty. discourse, Bildad (another great friend of his, de. Ver. 13. So are the paths of all that forget GOD, scended from Shuah, one of Abraham's sons by Ketu- and the hypocrite's bope shall perish:] Just such is the rah) reprehended him in the same manner as Eliphaz condition of all those who neglect God, (without, had done, saying ;

whose blessing none can flourish); who knows him also Ver. 2. How long wilt thou speak these things.? that counterfeits piety, and will defeat him of the hapand bow long shall the words of thy mouth be like a piness he expects. strong wind?] Why dost thou persist to talk on this Ver. 14. Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust fashion, and with such vehemence expostulate with shall be a spider's web.] He may flatter himself with God?

vain hopes, and be so much the more miserable ; for Ver. 5. Doth GoD pervert judgement ? or doth the the things wherein he trusts, are as weak as a spider's Almighty pervert justice ?] Dost thou imagine the web. supreme Judge will not do thee right? or that he Ver. 15. He shall lean upon his house, but it shall not who needs nothing, will swerve from the rules of stand: be sball bold it fast, but it shall not endure.] He equity ?

may fancy his family to be so great and potent, that Ver. 4. If thy children baue sinned against him, and it will support him; but it shall fall as well as bave cast them away for their transgression ;] Is it not himself: he may endeavour to keep it up by strong now reasonable to think that thy children had highly alliances, but to no purpose. offended him ; for which cause he took a sudden and Ver. 16. He is green before the siln, and his branch hasty vengeance on them?

shooteth forth in bis garden ] Nay, he may seem to Ver. 5. If thou wouldest seek unto God betimes, all the world, as well as to himself, to be like a and make tby supplications to the Almighty ;] And fourishing tree, which spreads its branches in a fair that if thou didst now (instead of complaining) garden. implore his grace and favour with humble supplica- Ver. 17. His roots are wrapped about the beap, and

seeth the place of stones ] Whose roots have wreathed Ver. 6. If thou wert pure and upright, surely now themselves thick about the earth, and whose head lifts be would awake for thee, and make tbe babitation of up itself above the highest edifices. thy righteousness prosperous.] And wert thyself sincere Ver. 18. If be destroy him from his place, then it in heart, and upright in thine actions, he would cer. shall deny bim, saying, I have not seen thee.] But when tainly have a regard to thee, and restore thy family God blasts him, and plucks him up by the roots, to its former splendour.

there shall remain no remembrance that such a man Ver. 7. Though thy beginning was small, yet thy cver lived in that place. latter end shoulă greatly increase.] I am confident, Ver. 19. Bibold this is the joy of his way, and out thou art not now so low, but in time he would make of the earth sball others grow.] Believe it, the pleathee as high, nay, far more emninent than thou wast sure such men take in their prosperous estate is no before.

better than this; and out of the dust shall others Ver. 8. For inquire, I pray thee, of the former age, spring up, and flourish in their stead. and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers.] I Ver. 20. Beboki, God will not cast away a perfect do not desire thee to take my word for it; but let man, neitber will be help the evil.doers.] It is a certain those who are gone before thee instruct thee, and truth, that God will not desert the upright, nor will search diligently into the histories of the most ancient he uphold the wicked. times.

Ver. 21. Till be fill thy mouth with laughing, and Ver. 9. (For we are but of yesterday, and know no. tby lips wib rejoicing.] Thou thyself (if thou art upthing, because our days upon earth are a shadow.)] right) shalt still be so blessed by him, that thou shalt (For, alas! we are not old enough to understand not be able to contain thy joy within thy heart; but much ; being able to make but few observations, by it shall appear in thy countenance, and burst out into reason of the exceeding shortness of our lives.)

joyful songs. Ver. 10. Shall not they track thee, and tell thee, and Ver. 22. They that bate thee shall be cloathed with utter words out of their heart?] They will not fail to shame, and the dwelling-place of the wicked shall come inform thee aright ; and out of their long experience, to nought.] They' that rejoiced at thy fall, shall and the prudent observations of many ages, justify the be perfectly confounded at thy happy restoration, and truth of my words.

never recover themselves, but utterly perish. Ver. 11.. Can the rush grow up without mire ? can the flag grow without water ?] The rushes and Aags,

CHAP. IX. we see, can shoot up no higher, when they want their mud and moisture.

THE ARGUMENT. --Job allows what Bildad had welt Ver. 12. While it is yet in his greenness, ani not cut spoken in the beginning of his speech; and very down, it withereth before any other herb.] There is religiously adores the justice, wisdom, and sove. no need to stop their growth by cutting them down ; reignty of the Almighty; with whom he protests for they will wither of themselves, even when they he had no intention to quarrel or dispute, but only to assert the contrary maxim to that which they who will say unto kini, Il*hat dost thou] If he snatch maintained, that piety will not secure us from all away any thing suddenly, who can make him restore calamities, which do not ever fall upon those that it, or cause him to give an account why he did it? deserve thein. Witness, on one hand, the prospe- Ver. 13. If GOD will net withdraw his anger, the Tous estate of wicked princes, ver. 24. (particu- proud helpers do stoop under him.} If he will continue larly of one great prince, who then somewhere his displeasure, there is no remedy ; but the proudest reigned in their neighbouring countries), and, on the undertakers must confess their inability to relieve us. other hand, his own in felicity, notwithstanding his Ver. 14. How much less shall I answer him, and known integrity, ver. 25: About this he confesses chuse out my words to reason with him?] What am I he was very much unsatisfied; though he knew it then, poor wretch, that I should contend with his an. was in vain to argue with God about it, nor would ger? Or where shall I find out words choice enougla his affliction suffer him to do it.

to plead with him?

Ver. 15. Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I Ver. 1.

THEN Job answered, and said,] When he not answer, but I would make supplication to any judge:]

had done, Job began again, and replied It is not fit for me to open my mouth before him in in this manner :

the justest cause, unless it be to supplicate his favour Ver. 2. I know it is so of a truth : but how should when he judges me. unan be just with God?] There Aeed not so many Ver. 16. If I had called, and ise had answered me; words to prove what thou saidst in the entrance of set would I not believe he bad hearkened unto iny q:oice.) thy speech; for I know very well, that God never And if I had made supplication, and he had granted perverts judgement, and that frail man cannot justify my desire, I would not think my prayer had done the himself before him.

business, (or believe myself to be out of danger). Ver. 3. If he will contend with him, he cannot an. Ver. 17. For he breaketh me with a tempest, and mul, swer kim one of a thousand.] If he should go about to tiplieth my wounds without cause.] For I am not con. answer to a thousand things which may be objected to scious of any guilt; and yet you see with what violent him, he would hardly clear himself in one.

blasts he hath

shattered me and my family in pieces, Ver. 4. He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: and given me one wound after another, Tcho hath hardened himself against him, and bath pro. Ver. 18. He will not suffer me to take my breath, but spered?] I adore also his wisdom and power, as well filled me with bitterness.] No sooner was one pasta as his justice; and am sensible that no men can be but another immediately followed s which have left safe who obstinately oppose him.

me not the least pleasure in life. Ver. 5. Which removeth the mountains, and they know Ver. 19. If I speak of strength, la, he is strong: and rict : which overturneth them in his anger.] Though if of judgement, who shall set me a time to plead?] IFI they were as big and as strong as the mountains, he stand upon my might; alas ! it is not to be named can hastily overturn them in a moment, before they with his : If upon my right; what judge is there think of it.

above him, to appoint us a day of hearing ? Ver. 6. Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and Ver. 20. If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall the pillars thereof tremble.] For he is able to remove condemn me ; if I say I am perfect, it shall also prove me the whole earth out of its place, and shatter the very perverse.] If I should justify myself, there would be foundations of it.

something in my very plea to condemn me: it will Ver. 9. Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not, render my cause worse to pretend I am innocent. and sealeth up the stars.] Nor are the heavens less Ver. 21. Though I were perfect, yet would I not know subject to his power; for neither sun sor. stars can my soul ; I would despise my life.] Though I were so, shine if he forbid them.

yet I would not be mine own judge in the case : I do Ver. 8. Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and not value my life so much, as to contend about it. Prendeth

upon the waves of the sea.] He alone com- Ver. 22. This is one thing, therefore I said it, he den mands the clouds to cover them, and makes the sea stroyeth the perfect and the wicked.] All that I affirm swell and lift up its waves.

is this, and I persist in that opinion, that he lets the - Ver.-9. Which maketh Arctürus, Orion, and Ploiades, innocent suffer sad things, as well as the guilty. and the chambers of the south.] All the constellations Ver. 23. If the scourge slay puddenly, he will laugh at of heaven obey him in their several seasons : both the trial of the innocent.] When a plague comes which throse which we see, and those in the other hemi. :kills in a moment, he regards not though it fall on sphere.

the innocent. Ver. 1o. W lich doth great things past finding out, . Ver. 24. The earth is given into the band of the ges, and wonders without primber..] In short, I agree wicked; be covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if with Eliphaz, (ver. 9.), that the wonders be doth are nat, where, and who is he?] And on the other sides, innumerable, and past my comprehension.

(so false is your discourse), we see the government of Ver. 11. Zo be goeth by me, and I see him sotsibe the earth given into the hands of a wicked prince, passeth icni iso, but I perceive bim nor.] He sets them who blinds the eyes of his judges. If you deny before my eyes continually, and yet I am not able to this, tell me, where is the man, and what is his name weerstand them.

-wha administers things uprightly? Ver. 1 2. Bebeld be taketh away, who can binder him? Ver. 25. Now my days are swifter than a post i then VOL. III.


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flee awar, they see no good. I myself was in prosperi- Ver. 1. Mr soul is weary of my life, I will leave my ty, but it fled away swifter than a post; and there is

complaint upon myself; I will speak in the not the least footstep of it remaining.

bitterness of my soul.] And since life is a burden to Ver. 26. They are passed away as the swift ships; me, which can find no ease but only in complaining, as the eagle that hasteth to the prey.] The ships that I will take that liberty, (for it is in vain to contend are carried with the most rapid stream, or the hungry against it, ix. 27.), though no words can express my eagle in chase of her prey, do not make more haste anguish and misery. away

Ver. 2. I will say unto God, Do not condemn me ; Ver. 27. If I say I will forget my complaint, I will shew me wherefore theu contendest with me.] O thou leave off my heaviness, and comfort myself :) I think supreme Judge of all, do not pronounce thy final sensometimes with myself, that I will forget the miseries tence against me, till thou hast first shewn me what of which I complain, and be more chearful and cou. the crimes are for which I suffer. rageous :


3. Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest opVer. 28. I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that press? that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands ? ebou wilt not hold me innocent.] But then, my grief and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?) What befrights away that resolution ; knowing thou will not nefit wilt thou receive by my spoils? or is it agree. release me, but make me still groan under them. able to thee to slight thine own workmanship, and

Ver. 29. If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain ?] to countenance the reasonings and designs of evil I am wicked in thine account, and therefore it is to no men ? purpose to vindicate mine innocence.

Ver. 4. Hast thou eyes of flesh? or seest thou as man Ver. 30. If I wash myself with snowu-water, and seeth?] Dost thou judge of things as men do, who make


hands never so clean ;] Were I never so pure can see no farther than the outside, or are led by their and clean from all filthiness in heart and life ;

affections ? Ver. 31. Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and Ver. 5. Are thy days as the days of man? are thy mine own cloatbs shall abbor me.

e.] Thou wouldest, gears as man's days?] Must thou take time, as we do, notwithstanding, cover me with filthy ulcers, and to find out the truth, and understand the bottom of a make my nearest relations abhor to approach me. business?

Ver. 32. For he is not a man as I am, that I should Ver. 6. That thou inquirest after mine iniquiry, and answer him, and we should come together in judgement.] searchest after my sin?] Is that the reason thou usest For God is not like me, that we should dispute upon me thus severely, and hast laid me upon a rack, and even terms.

as it were examinest what I have done amiss ? Ver. 33. Neither is there any days-man bet wixt us, Ver. 7. Tbou knowest that I am not wicked, and that might lay his hand upon us both.] Nor is there any there is none that can deliver me out of thine band.] body above us, both to compose our differences, and Surely thou (whose vengeance none can escape) command silence, when either of us exceeds our knowest, without the help of such torments, that Í bounds.

am not guilty. Ver. 34. Let him take his rod away from me, and let

Ver. 8. I bine hands have made me, and fashioned me not his fear terrify me.] As for myself, his rod, which together, round about ; yet thou dost destroy me.] There is upon me, keeps me in such awe, that I cannot is no part of me but was most elaborately made and speak freely.

fashioned by thee, (and therefore thou canst not be Ver. 35. Iben would I speak, and not fear him, but ignorant of me), though now thou art about to ruin it is not so with me.] Let him remove that, and then I shall utter my mind with less dread: For I am not so Ver. 9. Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made bad as you imagine.

me as the clay, arid wilt thou bring me into dust again?]

Need I put thee in mind that I was formed by thee,

as the potter works the clay into wbat shape he pleases,

and now thou art crumbling me in pieces again ?
THE ARGUMENT.In this chapter the passionate Ver. 10. Hast thou not poured me out like milk, and

complaints and expostulations with God, from curdled me like cheese?) Didst not thou gather all the
which Job tells us (in the foregoing chapter) he scattered parts together, and compact them in my
intended hereafter to refrain, break out afresh ; and mother's womb ?
he earnestly desires to know what his guilt is: Ver. 11. Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh,
which God who made him, he was sure, could not and hast fenced me with bones and sinews ;] And first
but perfectly understand, if there was any; and cover them with skin, and then with flesh, and at last
seeded not, for the discovery of it, to expose him strengthen them with bones and sinews ;
to these severe torments. Which, he still is of the Ver. 12. Thou hast granted me life and favour, and
opinion, may justify his wishes of never being born, thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.] And in due
or of dying presently after. Though, those wishes time bring me into the world, and give me all the
being vain, he acknowledges it is more rational to comforts of life, and by thy constant care preserve
desire, that God would be pleased to intermit his both it and them.
pain a while, if he did not think fit quite to re- Ver. 13. And these things hast thou hid in thine heart :
move it.

I know tbat this is with thee.] Thou canst not have

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forgotten these things; and I am sure that this mise- prayer for a little respite from his pain, (with which ry I now endure is not without thy order.

Job had concluded his last discourse), he calls him Ver. 14. If I sin, then thou märkest me ; and thoil an idle talker, and accuses him of irreverence to. wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.] I cannot offend wards God. Concerning whose incomprehensible thee in the least, but thou (by whom I was thus form- counsels, and irresistible power, &c. he discourses ed) must needs know and observe it, and I cannot with great sense, and gives Job exceeding good auavoid thy punishment for it.

vice ; but still follows the opinion of the other two Ver. 15. If I be wicked, wce unto me ; and if I be friends, that he would not have been so miserable, righteous, yet will I nct lift up any head: I am full of if he had not been wicked. confusion, therefore see thou mine affliction.] if I be wicked, I am undone ; and if I be righteous, I am Ver. 1. TIEN answered 2 paar

the Naamatlite, and so oppressed that I cannot look upon what a lament

said,] Here a third friend of Job's (Z0able confusion I am in, beholding nothing but misery phar of Naama) began to speak with no small paswhich way soever I cast mine eyes.

sion; Ver, 16. Fur it increaseth : thou huntest me as a fierce

Ver. 2. Should not the multitude of qvords be answer. lion ; and again th:cu shewest thyself marvellous upon me.) ed ? and should a man full of talk be justified? ] Dost For it grows greater and greater, while thou pursuese thiou think to stop our mouths with abundance of me as a lion doth his prey; and when I hope there is words; and by thy talkativeness to persuade us thou an end of my troubles, sendest more to fill me with art innocent? new astonishment and horror.

Ver. 3. Should thy lies make men hold their peace? Ver. 17. I hou renewest thy witnesses against me, and and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed?) increasest thine indignation upon me ; changes and war are Must we not confute thy false allegations, but suffer against me.] Fresh witnesses of thine anger rise up thee to be insolent, because thou art miserable ? against me : thou multipliest thy plagues upon me, so

Ver. 4. For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and that there is no end, but only a change of my con

I am clean in thine eyes.] For thou pretendest not to flicts.

have offended either in word or deed, and that God Ver. 18. Wherefore then bast thou brought me forth himself can find no reason to condemn thee. out of the womb ? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and Ver. 5. But, Oh that God would speak, and open his 110 eje had seen me !] And therefore I cannot but wish, lips against thee ;] O that he would vouchsafe to as I did at the first, that my mother's womb had been shew thee thine error, and with his own mouth conmy grave : happy had it been for me if I had died fute thee ! there, and never come into this miserable world : Ver. 6. And that he would shew tlsce the secrets of

Ver. 19. I should huve been as though I had not been; wisdom, that they are double to that which is ! know, I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.] therefore, that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquiOr that I had died as soon as I was born, and been ty deserveth.] That he would shew thee the secret carried from the womb to the grave ;

reasons of his wise counsels (which far surpass thine) Ver. 20. Are not my days few ? ccase then, and let in this afliction ; and make thee know that he would me alone, that I may take comfort a little :) To which be just, if he should punish sin more severely. I am now very near. May I beg, therefore, but this Ver. 7. Canst thou by searching find out GOD ? canst one favour, that since thou wilt not quite remove thy thou find out the Almighty unto perfection ?] Art thou hand, thou wilt forbear a while to strike, and let me able, after all thy busy inquiries, to give an account breathe and refresh myself a little ;

of God's judgements, and perfectly comprehend the Ver. 21. Before I go whence I shall not return, even reasons of his providence ? to the land of darkness, and the shadow of death ;] Be. Ver. 8. It is as high as heaven, what canst thou do? fore 1 depart thither from whence I shall not return, deeper than hell, what canst thou know?] Thou may(to ask any more favours), be laid, I mean, in my est as well take a measure of the height of heaven, or grave, the place of dismal darkness :

of the depth of hell. Ver. 22. A land of darkness, as darkness itself, and Ver. 9. The measure thereof is longer than the earth, of the skadow of death, without any order, and where the and broader than the sea.] The earth and the sea, as light is as darkness.] Where it is as dark as dark can long and as broad as they are, have their bounds, but be ; and there is no succession of day and night, as we

that hath none. have here, but one perpetual night.

Ver. 10. If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together,

then who can hinder him?] If he seize upon any C H A P. XI.

thing, and shut it up, (as a hunter doth his prey in a

net), he will gather it, and who shall force him to THE ARGUMENT.-This chapter gives an account of restore it?

the sense of Zophar about the business in dispute. Ver. 11. For he knoweth vain men : he seeth wicked. It is uncertain whence he was descended ; but pro- ness also, will he not then consider it?] For he knows bably he dwelt upon the borders of Idumæa, for vain men, (who mind not what they say or do), he there we find an ancient city called Naama, (Josh. sees their most hidden wickedness, and will not he xv. 41.) and from thence came to visit Job in his punish it? amiction. But instead of joining with him in his Ver, 12. For vain man would be wise, though man

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be born like a wild ass's colt.] Shall man void of un- larly of the vain attempt at the lower of Babel, unto derstanding take the confidence to dispute with God? which it is probable he bath respect in the 14th man, who is naturally as rude and blockish as a wild verse; as, in the following, he seems to have to ass's colt ?

what you read in Gen, xiv. 5.-8. of the rooting Ver. 13. If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out out of those fierce giants the Rephaim, and other thine bands towards him ;] If thou art truly wise, such like barbarous and rapacious people ; of the cease disputing, and fall to prayer.

particulars of which we have now no records reVer. 14. If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, maining and let not wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles.] If thou art guilty of any sin, banish it quite away, and reform Ver. 1. AND Job ansavered and said,), To this thyself and thy family.

Job replied in such words as these ; Ver. 15. For then shalt thou lift up thy face without Ver. 2. No doubt but you are the people, and wisdo12 spot, yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear :) shall die with you.] You believe, then, there are no men For then shalt thou look chearfully again, and be per- of sense in the world besides yourselves : so that if fectly freed from this loathsome condition ; yea, thou you were dead, there would be no wisdom left among shalt be settled without any fear of losing thy happi- us.

Ver. 3. But I have understanding as well as you ; 1 Ver. 16. Because thou shalt forget thy misery, and re. am not inferior to you : yea, who knoweth not such things member it as waters that pass away :] Which shall be as these?] Let not your vanity abuse you; I have so great, that it shall blot out the remembrance of thy understanding as well and as much as you ; and so past miseries; or thou shalt think of them as of waters hath every body else : for I see nothing singular in that are run away, and will return no more.


you have said. Ver. 17. And thine age

shall be clearer than the noon. Ver 4. I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who day; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morn.. calleth upon God, and he answereth him : the just uping.] The rest of thy life shall be more glorious than right man is laughed to scorn.] I am not so simple the san at noon : even thy darkness shall be like the but I

see how


deride your friend, when you bid morning-light.

him call upon God that he may answer him. But Ver. 18. And thou shals be secure, because there is this is no new thing, the best of men have been mockhope : jea, thou shalt dig about thee, and thou shalt take ed at on this fashion. thy rest in safety:] Thou shalt be confident though Ver. 5. He that is ready to slip with his feet, is as a any evil threaten thee, because there is hope God will lump despised in the thought of him that is at ease.] deliver thee; thou shalt dig wells of water, and none Though he be as a lamp, yet they who are dazzled shall disturb thy tents or thy flocks.

with the splendour of worldly prosperity despise him: Ver. 19. Also thou shalt lie down, and none shall the upright is never acceptable to him who is not make thee afraid ; jea, many shall make suit unto thee.] stedfast in his goings. Thou shalt be in perfect peace, and none shall dis- Ver. 6. The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they quiet thee : yea, the multitude shall sue to thee for that provoke GOD are secure ; into whose hands GOD thy favour, and the greatest persons shall desire thy bringeth abundantly.] For they thrive and flourish, friendship.

though they rob the just; and even such men live Ver. 20. But the eyes of the wicked skall fail, and they without disturbance, as provoke God with those very skall not escape ; and their hope skall be as the giving up things which he bestows upon them with his own of the ghost.] But the wicked shall in vain look for hand. happiness: they shall not escape their deserved pu- Ver. 7. But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach nishment, but their hope of deliverance shall faint a- thee ; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee.] way.

Thou needest not go any farther than the beasts or

birds, to learn how well the wicked fare. CHAP. XII.

Ver. 8. Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach

tbee ; and the fisbes of the sea sball declare unto tbee.] THE ARGUMENT.In this chapter Job texes all his The earth brings forth her fruit to them abundantly,

three friends with too great a conceit of their own and the fishes of the sea deny them not their ser-
wisdom, which had not, as yet, taught them coin-

mon humanity to the miserable: And lets them Ver. 9. Who knoweth not, in all these, that the band
understand, that he needs not come to them to learn, of the Lord hath wrought this ?] Who is so stupid
but might rather teach them the falseness of that as not to understand, by all these, that God hath or.
proposition, wherewith Zophar had concluded his dered it should be thus?
speech, concerning the infelicity of the wicked. Ver. 10. In whose band is the soul of every living
For the contrary, he tells them, was obvious to thing, and the breath of all mankind.) Whose right.
sense, yer. 7. 8. &c. And as for what Zophar had it is to dispose of all creatures, as well as of man-
discoursed of the wisdom and power of God, he kind.
would have them know, that he was as well skilled Ver. 11. Dotb not the ear try words and the mout]

in those points as the best of them, and understood taste meat ?] Cannot the mind distinguish truth from Salas much of the history of ancient times'; particu- falsetood, as exactly as the palate sweet from bitter ?

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