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pon the head of him that contrived it. The rights is and innocent cause bears down pride and cruelty 'e bchold the destination of Heaven standing great e birthright sold away, the blessing anticipated; the lor made subject to the younger. “God is wien art, and mighty in strength : who hath hardenel níelf against him, and hath prospered ?"* l'rael has conquered. But it is impossible to mi ce the means by which he has gotten the victor, The hand of the Lord, and his holy arm, they har ten him the victory.” The altar therefore, whico s built to celebrate this signal success, shall by i ne perpetuate the remembrance of God the della r. Jehovah-Nilli, “ the Lord my banner," was 11bed upon it by the divine appointment; and a tek
is aligned in the sixteenth verse. “ For he ial4 ause the Lord hath sworn that the Lord will have with Amalek from generation to generation. These words, having been variously rendered, hare El occasion to various opinions among interpretera e read the passage thus, “ Because the han lek is against the throne of the Lord, the Lot have war with Amalek from generation to genera
This reading resolves the guilt of Amalthy nto an insidious and cruel design againlt Liracy to a rain and impious attempt to defeat the pics vidence, which was to bring Israel into the quo cilion of Canaan, and to exalt that nation favou, God but envied of man, to wealth, power . God therefore was pleased to vindica the cause which was his own, and to WII ment and a curse upon every plan which ild form, of greatness and prosperity, la thing it is to fall into the hands of the living o dangerous to form a combination “ aga.. d, and against his anointed, saying,.. ir bands afunder, and cast away their
from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.”*
Others literally translate the words thus, “ With the hand upon the throne of the Lord, he hath sworn that he will have war with Amalek from generation to generation." He, that is, Moses, hath sworn, with the most awful solemnities, and recorded the oath in a book for perpetual preservation, that there shall be no peace between Israel and Amalek till he be utterly deItroyed. The hand which was extended towards heaven, the throne of the great and terrible God, with the rod in it; the instrument of a victory which was interrupted by the going down of the sun, has been lifted up, to " swear by Him that liveth forever," that the triumph of that day shall be followed up, till the hated name of Amalek be extinguished from under heaven.
Some make Jehovah himself to be the person who binds himself by this solemn oath. “ The hand," that is, Jehovah's own hand, upon the throne of the Lord. “ Because he could swear by no greater, he hath sworn by himself, that He will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.” We have a prophecy in the mouth of Balaam to the same effect; 66 And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the nations, but his latter end shall be that he perish forever.”+
- The execution of this dreadful sentence was reserv. ed to the days of Samuel, four hundred and twelve years after ; and was committed to Saul, who, through an impolitic and finful lenity, failed to fulfil the design of Providence, and thereby incurred the displeasure of Heaven, and forfeited his life and crown by his diso. bedience. I transcribe the passage.
“Samuel also said unto Saul, The Lord sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Ifrael; now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the Lord. Thus faith the Lord of hosts, I VOL. III.
remember * Pfal. ii. 2, 3, 4. ¢ Numb. xxiv, 20.
* Job ix. 4.
remember that which Amalek did to Israel; how he laid wait for him in the way when he came up from Egypt. Now go, and smité Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not ; but flay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass."'* This order Saul obeyed but in part. He assumed and exercised a dispensing pow. er, and it became a snare to him. He took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and reserved the best of the spoil. The prophet is sent of God to reprove his disobedience; which. Saul attempting to palliate, brings down this censure upon his head. “When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the Lord anointed thee king over Israel ? And the Lord sent thee on a journey, and said, Go, and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed. Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the Lord, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the light of the Lord. And Samuel said, Hath the Lord as great delight in burntofferings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord ? Behold, to obey is better than facrifice; and to hearken, than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the fin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity. and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being king.”t Has God commanded to destroy? Who shall presume to fave? Has he commanded to spare? Who dares destroy ? " I say unto you, be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: fear hini, which, after he hath killed, hath power to caft into hell : yea, I say unto you, fear him.” I
* 1 Sam. xv. 1, 2, 3. t 1 Sam. xv. 17, &c.
| Luke xii. 4, 5.
History of Moses.
remember that which Amalek did to Israel; how to aid wait for him in the way when he came up from
gypt. Now go, and smitè Amalek, and utterly d. troy all that they have, and spare them not ; but la both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox 2 heep, camel and als.". This order Saul obeyed bu. E part. He assumed and exercised a dispensing por r, and it became a snare to him. He took Agag the ing of the Amalekites alive; and reserved the bel fshe spoil. The prophet is fent of God to repror is disobedience; which. Saul attempting to palia, sings down this censure upon his head. “Whea aru walt little in thine own sight, wast thou nee made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the Lord kvinted thee king over Israel ? And the Lord leuk te on a journey, and said, Go, and utterly deltron e sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them atil they be consumed. Wherefore then didit tack et obey the voice of the Lord, but didst fly upon the vil, and didlt evil in the sight of the Lord. All muel said, Hath the Lord as great delight in bur erings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of rd? Behold, to obey is better than facrihce; alle hearken, than the fat of rams. For rebellion 1.0 fin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniqua idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the woru Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being king.! God commanded to destroy? Who shall prelung ve? Has he commanded to spare? Who oy? " I say unto you, be not afraid of them the body, and after that have no more that com 10. But I will forewarn you whom you thall him, which, after he hath killed, hath power nto hell : yea, I say unto you, fear him." * i Sam. xv. 1, 2, 3. f 1 Sam. XV. 17, &c
| Luke xii. 4, 5.
EXODU$ xviii. 7-12. And Mofes went out to meet his father-in-law, and did
obeisance, and kissed him: and they asked each other of their welfare ; and they came into the tent. And Mo. fes told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh, and to the Egyptians for Israel's fake, and all the travel that had come upon them by the way, and how the Lord delivered them. And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the Lord had done to Ifrael: whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. And
Jethro faid, Blessed be the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of
Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods : for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly, he was above them. And Jethro, Moses's father-in-law, took a burnt-offering and facri. fices for God : and Aaron came, and all the elders of
frael to eat bread with Mofes's father-in-law before God. THE great Aùthor and Ruler of the world has eve idently in view the pleasure and happiness, as well as the wisdom and virtue of his rational creatures. We find, through the widely expanded frame of nature, and the extensive plan of Providence, as many sources of joy as there are means of improvement, : What an Q2
find, througenfive plan ns of impro
infinite, beautiful and pleasing variety in the works and in the ways of God! all ministering to human comfort, all aiming at making men good. The mind of man is formed to desire and to relish variety.. The objects with which he is conversant are therefore varied without end, to gratify that desire, and to correspond with that relish. The glare of perpetual sunshine and the fervid heat of an eternal summer, would speedily oppress and destroy mankind : but, relieved by the tranquillity of darkness, the freshneis of spring, the sedateness of autumn, and even the gloom of winter, they become no less grateful than they are beneficial. In surveying the globe, the eye is not permitted to tire by having to crawl along a boundless plain ; but sparkles with delight as it springs from valley to valley, and from hill to hill. And even the glories of the starry heavens are rendered still more glorious by being kept in continual motion ; and thereby are made continually to exhibit a different appearance.
The events of human life, for the fame reason, are endlessly variegated like the objects of sense. Wretched were the dull ftagnation of constant prosperity, success and ease. Intolerable would be the agitation and distress of unceasing, unabating, unrelenting toil, pain, disappointment and vexation of spirit. But, one thing being set over against another, the great, the prosperous and the happy are forever admonished, reproved and brought low; the poor, the despised and the miserable are cheered, supported and exalted.
The word of God exhibits a resemblance to the system of nature, and to the conduct of Providence. In it we have the same pleasing, engaging variety; the fame happy accommodation to the tastes, occasions and necessities of mankind. The antiquarian and the naturalist, the politician and the legislator, the poet and the philosopher, the moralist and the divine, the man
of retirement and the man of the world, the man • of reason and the man of fancy, all find in fcrip.
ture fet over against another, the great, the proper, nd the happy are forever admonished, reprorcu rought low; the poor, the despised and the mici re cheered, supported and exalted. word of God exhibits a resemblance to the nature, and to the conduct of Providence. ave the same pleasing, engaging variety ppy accommodation to the tastes, occasions an jes of mankind. The antiquarian and the the politician and the legislator, the poet losopher, the moralist and the divine, they ement and the man of the world, the n and the man of fancy, all find in
inite, beautiful and pleasing variety in the works ad in the ways of God! all ministering to huma mfort, all aiming at making men good. Th: ind of man is formed to desire and to relish v2*'.. The' objects with which he is conversant me refore varied without end, to gratify that delire, d to correspond with that relish. The glare di
petual funthine and the fervid heat of an eternal m t, would speedily oppress and destroy mankind: 1, rilieved by the tranquillity of darkness, the frethi
> (f fpring, the sedateness of autumn, and even the om of winter, they become no less grateful than
are beneficial. In surveying the globe, the eye 20t permitted to tire by having to crawl along a
!1dless plain ; but sparkles with delight as it springs m valley to valley, and from hill to hill. And even
Flories of the starry heavens are rendered'lib rė glorious by being kept in continual motion;
thereby are made continually to exhibit a ditci. appearance. he events of human life, for the same reason, are Pisly variegated like the objects of sense. Wretch vre the dull ftagnation of constant prosperity, iuc ind ease. Intolerable would be the agitation and fs of unceasing, unabating, unrelenting toil, palu, pointment and vexation of spirit. But, one thing
ture an helper toward the discovery of truth, and the attainment of happiness; a guide to the understanding, a corrector and supporter of the imagination, a comforter of the heart, a teacher of wisdom, a rule of faith, a source of joy.
The very structure of the facred compositions is inimitably calculated, by a beautiful and easy transition from subject to subject, and from scene to scene, to relieve and yet to preserve the attention; presenting always a new and interesting object, or the same object placed in a new and interesting light. Thus the tumultuous, noisy and bloody scenes of Horeb and Rephidim-scenes of murmuring, rebellion and war, are happily relieved by scenes of domestic tranquillity, love and joy; and we are prepared to attend Mofes, to meet God in the mount, by mixing in the virtuous, cheerful and affectionate intercourse of his private family..
Let us then thankfully take the relief which a gracious God has in his word provided for us, and contemplate one of those calm, but neither uninteresting nor uninstructive representations of human life, which come home to the bosom and the fire-side of every man who has a heart, who has a relation, who has a friend.
The history of Moses now looks back, and reminds uş of his being " a stranger in a strange land;" name: ly, of his fleeing from Egypt into Midian, of his arriving there, conducted of Providence, just at the moment to render a seasonable service to the daugh-.. ters of Raguel, or Jethro, the priest of Midian, of the hospitable reception afforded him by that worthy man, and of the alliance which he formed with him, by marrying his daughter Zipporah. Upon his be- :ing called back to Egypt to undertake the weighty charge which God had assigned him, he had intended and attempted to carry his wife and children along with him. But being reproved of God by the way for neglecting in his own family the rite of circuni. cision, the feal of God's covenant, and, either special