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1. Manner o/'wearing 'both uscit hy the. Incints. 22. el.lewish ishekel? 3. Curious Chupiters of Juchin b Boaz.

1. The Brezento.

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TWENTY BOOKS OF THE JEWISH ANTIQUITIES,

SEVEN BOOKS OF THE JEWISH WAR,

AND THE

LIFE OF JOSEPHUS,

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.

TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL GREEK, ACCORDING TO HAVERCAMP'S ACCURATE EDITION.

TOGETHER WITH

EXPLANATORY NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS;

PARALLEL TEXTS OF SCRIPTURE; THE TRUE CHRONOLOGY OF THE SEVERAL HISTORIES; AN ACCOUNT OF THE JEWEAR

COINS, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, AND A COMPLETE INDEX.

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PRINTED FOR JAMES CUNDEE, IVY-LANE, PATERNOSTER-ROW, LONDON,

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TRON THE BANISHMENT OF ARCHELAUS, TO THE DEPARTURE OF THE JEWS FROM

BABYLON.

CHAP: I.

of the taxation of Syria and Judea ; and the appointment of Coponius to be procurator of Judeu. Also concerning Judas of Galilee ; and ihe sects that were among the Jews. TOW Cyrenius, a Roman senator, who had gone

through other magistracies, till he had been made consul, and who, on other accounts, was of great dignity, carne at this time into Syria, with a iew others; being sent by Cæsar to be a jucige of ihat nation, to take an account of their substance. Coponius also, a man of the equestrian order, was sent together with him: to have the supreme power over the Jews. Moreover Cyrenius came himself into Judea, which was now added to the province of

Syria, to take an account of their substance, and to dispose of Archelaus's money.

But the Jews, although at the beginning they took the report of a taxation heinously; yet did they leave off any farther opposition to it, by the persuasion of Joazar, who was the son of Boethus, and high-priest. So being over-persuaded by Joazar's words, they gave an account of their estates, without any dispute. Yet was there one * Judas a Gaulonite, of the city Gamala; who taking with himn + Saddouk a Paas risee, becaine zealous to draw them to a revolt: who both said that this taxation was no better than an introduction to slavery; and exhorted the nation to assert their liberty. As if they could procure them happiness, and security for what they possessed, and an assured enjoyment of a still greater good; which was that of the honor and glory they would thereby

* Since St. Luke once, Acts v. 37. and Josephus four several times, calls this Judas, wlio was the author of that seditious doctrine and temper which brought the Jewish nation to utter destruction, a Galilean; but here, Josephus ealls him a Gaulonite of the city of Gamala ; it is a great question where he was born : whether in Galilee on the west side, or in Gaulonitis on the east side of the river Jordan. While in Book XX. chap. 5. he is not only called a Galilean, but it is added to his story,“ As I have signified in the books that go before these;" as if he had still called him a Galilean in those Antiquities before, as well as in that particular place, as Dean Aldrich observes, On the

War II. 8. Nor can one well imagine why he should here call hinn a Gaulonite, when he afterwards calls him a GaTilean. As for the city of Gamala, whence this Judas was derived, it determines, nothing: since there were two of that name; the one in Gaulanitis, the other in Galilee. See Reland, on the city or town of that name.

+ It seems not very improbable to me, that this Saddouk, the Pharisee, was the same man of whom the Rabbin speak, as the unbappy, but undesigning occasion of the impiety or infidelity of the Sadducees. Nor perhaps had the men this name of Sadducees till this very time: though they were a distinct sect long before. See the note ons

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