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man, Ifa. lix. 2. whereby God was not ther evince, that we are justified by faithi only our adversary, but also our terrible and so says, being justified by faith, we avenger, is removed, and there is peace have peace, &c. betwixt God and us; and hence flows peace IV. Justification being an act of God's in our consciences, and with the creatures, free grace, which he paffech in his word Isa. xi. and lxv. John xvi. 33. And 3. he upon believers, whereby all their iniquiaddeth the meritorious cause of all this, ties which they stand guilty of are pardorthrough our Lord Jesus Christ, who is called | ed, Mic. vii. 19. Jer. xxxiii. 8. Ezek. xvi. Lord, as freeing us from justice by his 63. and they put into a new covenant death, and froin Satan, death, and the state; so as they shall never meet with flavery of fin, and so becoming our Lord condemnation, Rom. viii. 1. having on and ransumer; and Jesus, as being our Sa- the righteousness of Christ

, which is perviour; and Christ, as being the anointed feet and fully bestowed, Jer. xxiii

. 6. 1 Cor. Messias, promised of old, and now exhi V. 21. It is an instantaneous act perfected bited. This also serveth to confirm jufti-at once; for here, immediately upon justification by faith thus; That is the only fication by fạith, followeth friendship with way of justification by which we have peace | God; and so believers are immediately with God: But so it is, that by justifica- put into a state of reconciliation and friendtion in and thro’ faith, we have peace with ihip with God; and so, ex ipso, that they God: Therefore, &c,

are justified by faith in Christ, they are

able to answer all objections; so that justiOBSERVATIONS.

fication is not a thing still in doing. 1. Justification, as it is a great privilege V. Justification being thus no continued and favour of itself; so is it the fountain act, but an instantaneous action, perfected of many more excellent and special mercies, in an instant, it is full and adequate to ewhich the Lord bestoweth upon his own ;

his own ; | very purpose in this life: fo that altho' it goeth not alone, but is ever accompanied believers have not all their iniquities which with many other advantages and favours they have not as yet committed, actually of special note : so here is mention made pardoned, but will have daily reason to of many things flowing from justification, pray for pardon of sin, until the day of as peace with God, &c.

death, that they be perfectly fanétified, II. As it is much for our edification and . Heb. xii

. 23.; yet they shall never come consolation, to know the right manner of under the sentence of death for their fuour justification; so is it also to be well ac ture fins; and they have them all virtually quainted with the several rivulets that flow pardoned, Christ having fully satisfied jule from this fountain-mercy: therefore doth rice for them; and are sure that they shall the apo tle make mention of these here, all be actually pardoned, because of the saying, being jufrified by faith, we have promise granted in the new covenant, the

pledge of which is actually received : III. A right view and a serious consi hence we find justification mentioned as deration of the many rich and precious fa a deed done, Rom. iii. 24. i Cor. vi. "I. vours that accrue to such as are justified, so here it is so full as hath peace with may abundantly lerve to convince such of God following thereupon, and several otheir folly, who expect to be justified.be.ther spiritual favours; being justified by cause of iheir works, and to thew a neces- faith, we have peace. sity of trusting to Jesus Christ by faith, VI. Albeit justified persons may fall inand thereby expect justification : for by to grofs iniquities, which they may, and these fruits of justification, he deth fur- mult beg pardon of from God, and upon

peace, &c.

their faith and repentance, get actually , science ; being justified by faith, we have pardoned, and possibly the pardon inti- peace. mate to their consciences; yet it is not the X. All mankind since the fall, having a&t of justification reiterated thereupon, as lost communion with God, are living in if either thereby the former pardon grant- open rebellion against him, and there is ed were null, (for whom God pardoneth, nothing but rank enmity and red war behe absolutely pardoneth, not purposing to twixt God and them; for until men and sevoke the same upon any condition, so women be justified, they are not at peace that he remembereth them no more, &c.) with God; being justified, we have peace. or be were put out of his former justified However, at the begining, man walked state, and needed that a new act pass, for in peace, communion, confidence and boldinftauing him of new; for being once justi- ness with God; yet now by fin, this peace fied, they are at peace with God, and so is broken up, and there is enmity on our once for ay put into a state of reconcilia- part, against God, Col. ii 20. 21. Rom. v. tion and friendship; and this state is not 10. and viii. 7. and not only so, but also alterable.

on his part, so as we are under his wrath, VII. This justification being an act of John iii. 36. Eph. ii. 3. abominated of him, God, who is wife, just, and holy, pur- Pfalm xi. 5. 6. our duties rejected, Prov. chased by the righteousness of Christ, and xv. 8. 9. a sentence lying above our head, being had by faith, which is a real grace, Gen ii. 17. Deut. xxvii. 29. and God enHeb. xi

. 1. is a most real thing, having gaged to execute the same, being just and. real effects and fruits flowing therefrom : righteous, Rom. i. 32. 2 Thef. i. 6. See as here, peace with God, which cannot 2 Cor. v. 18. 19. 20. Eph. ii. 13. 14. 15. follow upon a chimera, or a non-ens, but XI. God being of purer eyes than he upon that which is a real efficacious thing can behold' iniquity, Hab. i. 13. and just being justified by faith, we have peace and righteous in all his ways, faithful and with God, true in all his sayings, there is no way ima

} VIII. This justification by faith being | ginable how this enmity can be taken aa real deed (as is shown in the last) it mak- way, and peace made up betwixt God and ech a real change in the believer ; not phy- finners, but by geting their fins pardoned; fical, for it doth not abolish the very ef- so long as fin stane's up unremoved, there sence of sin, but moral and legal, in a law is no peace: for justification must go

before sense; not perfonal, (which change fancti. reconciliation and peşce; being justified by fication only makes,) but in our estates, faith, we have peace. and that before God: for now being jufti- XII. Believers being now justified by fied by faith, we have peace with God, faith, notwithstanding they were once enewhich we had not before. See Hof, i. 10. mies to God, and God wroch 'with them, 1 Pet. ii. 10. Ezek. xvi. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. i Tim. Psalm vii. 1 1. ; yet they are now at peace i. 13. Eph. ii. 1. 2. 3. 4. and iv. 20. 2 Tim. with God, the feud is removed, and the 1. 9. Tit. üi.

Lord wholly and throughly reconciled and IX. This justification which is here faid pacified, so that no dispensation they can to be by faith, is not that justification meet with, how sharp and sad soever it be which is ia folk's own confcience; but is a in itfelf, shall flow from pure wrath; yea, real justification before God, because it and this is a lasting peace, that no milis such a justification as goeth before peace carriage in us fhall break up again, Isä. and reconciliation with God; which may ix. 7. and liv. 10.; for, being justified by be, where there is no justification in con- faith, we have peace with Godi

XUI.

3.

XIII. However there be several sizes of a Saviour and a Prieit; therefore says he, finners, some greater than others; yet all through Jesus Christ our Lord. being alike plunged in enmity, they are alike made partakers of these fpiritual pri- Verse 2. By whom also we have access vileges, of justification and reconciliation; by faith into this grace wherein we so as none are more in a justified state jtand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of than another, (however they may have God. more sins pardoned, having committed more) nor more reconciled; these are pri- N the latter end of this verse, viz. in vileges common to all believers, weak ones these words, and rejoice in the hope of no less than to Paul himself: therefore says the glory of God, there is another fruit of he, being justified by faith, we have peace justification set down, viz. That justified with God.

persons have a sure, well-grounded hope XIV. Jesus Christ, and he only, is the of the heavenly inheritance, and have sure meritorious cause of our reconciliation, he grounds of expecting a poffefsion in glory, is the midl-man, that satisfied jusțice, and and of being made partakers of that glory, so made peace, turning away God's wrath, which is not yet bad, but is to be revealand appealing him, ver se 10. and turning ed; and their hope is such as gives them us from our enmily, Col. i. 21.: See 2 Cor. ground of glorying.a.d boasting: though v. 18. 19. 20. Eph. ii. 13. 14. 15. herce is they endure hardship here, yet the very be called our peace, Eph. ii. 14. We have hope of glory which they have, beareth peace, through our Lord Jesus Christ. up their heart, and maketh them to re

XV. All our beslings, first and last, joice. The first part of the verse may be come down to us in and thro' Jesus Christ: looked upon either as another fruit flowand as all our privileges and spiritual en- ing from justification by faith, and that in joyments come to us thro' Christ's pro- Christ also; and fo the meaning will be, curement and mediation ; so thould they Justified souls have this further in and thro' always be looked on as such, even as fruits Christ, that they have free access with of his purchase, that every view of them boldness unto the throne of grace; they may mind us of Christ's love: therefore, have now a door opened, that they may as before he told us, we were justified step forward into the chamber of prethrough Christ, who died for our sins, and fence, and approach with coufidence unto roje for our justification, so bere also he God, who otherwise, without Christ, is tells us, that we have peace with God a consuming fire; fin being removed, that through him.

made a distance betwixt God and them, XVI. There is no privilege or benefit they may draw near, having Christ going to be had by any in and through Chriít, before them, as it were malter-ulher, or as till first there be an union made up betwixt a great courtier, making way for their Chrilt and them; so that hey have first an further enjoying of intimate fellow ship and interest in himself, before they have a right close communion with him in all commandto any privilege purchased by him: Weed duties, and freedom and liberty in ihe have peace says he) through Jesus Christ exercise of their graces; as the word figour Lord; he must firit be ours, before nifieth, Eph. ii. 18. and ii. 12. we can have peace through him.

Or rather it may be taken up thus; XVII. Whoever are made partakers of The apostle having said before, that we any privilege in and through Christ, to bave peace with God, through our Lord thore Christ is King and Lord, no less than Jesus Chrift; he cannot win off until he

speak speak more of the fruits of Christ's pur-| liberty to approach unto him, whereby, in chase; and for this cause he trace h up che exercise of their graces, they may enthe matter to the fountain, and iheweth, joy intimate fellowihip and communion how Christ is not only the procuring with him; and may freely and confidently cause of peace, but also it was in and thro' sold forth their wants, and speak their him that we were at first brought into this inint unto himn with confidence, as unto state of friendship and reconciliation; as their father: By whon also we have access. he procured peace to us from the Father, II. Howbeit wicked graceless folk, wbo by satisfying justice, so hath he taken us Were never reconciled to God, may imaby the hand, and let us up to court, tha gine they have great access unto God, the reconciliation might be mutual, left having some overflowings of gifts, and any should have thought, that Christ did fo:ne kind of carnal liberty in the exerno more, but only satisfy justice for our cise of then, on fume fuch frail grounds; offences, and so made a patent door for us, yet this access, and confident approaching that we might come and get a kiss of the unto God, is proper and peculiar only to King's hand, if we pleased; so that what such as are at peace with God, being jufever more was done, we may thank our- tified by faith, the rest being banished selves for it, and thus should facrifice to froin the Lord's gracious presence, and our own preparations and doings; and fo living in en nity : for we (that is, we who the whole work of reconciliation should beiuz ju tified by faith have peace with Dot have been wrought by Christ, but Got) have access, says he. much of it, if not the not part, by our- IH. Seein, G is a consu ning fire to selves: for this caule the apostle faith, finners out of Christ, Heb. xii. 29, and By whom also sve have access, or have bad there can be no union or connunion be. access, as the verb may be rendered, unto twixt Corist and Belial, betwixt light and this

, (or this sale, meaning that of peace darkness, 2 Cor. vi. 14. 15. therefore there lait mentione. 1) gra e wherein we stand; as is no access to Go] with boldness and conn if he had said, Not only hith Christ pro-fidence, no fain: liar approaching unto him, cured peace to us, on Goi's part, but also till fin, which feparates b: mit God and he hath taken us, and led us by the hand, us, Ifa. lix. 2. be ren weic". pardoned, who had no will to the jurney ourselves, and frien i hip mile up; for this bold ac(2s the word will iinpori) preparing us, cís is a fruit of justification by faith, and ani na wing us to accept of the ofer, and seth fron ju tificativa and reconcilidworking faith in us, by which we are put tion: By zo'kon n:fo we hrve access. into a stare of favour; and so he hath IV. Is it is in and thro' Jesus Chrit, broug'i us in o this itate of favour win the vied a or betwist God and nan, by Gul, wiercin we enjoy God's favour and whon alon: peace is made up betwixt God good-will

, of his mere free grace and and us, and we are brought into fivour bounty; a stare which is permanent and with Goj, he having fatisfied ju lice, and usal:rable, wherein all believers perse raken away the enmity; fo is it in and vere a d enfure to the end; a state throug) hiin hu we have this liberty in wherein we stard, fixed immoveably. approaching uito God; he openerh the

door and brings ys into' the chamber of If we take the first part of this verse presence, where we may enjoy the favour in the firit fe fe inencioned, we may 0B

of God freely: By w'om also we have ac SERVE,

cefs. I. Beside peace and reconciliation, the V. As the darkness of believers as to Lord all wetu his people free access and I their state and condition, and losing light of

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their

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their interest in Christ, mareth much of , first offer of peace and reconciliation comes
their boldness in approaching to God, and never on our side; naturally we are unwill-
prejudgeth them of much sweetness of ing to be at peace, and we love to live at
communion, which otherways they might variance, therefore we must be led, as it
enjoy ; fo•the lively exercise of faith is the were, by the hand, as the word fignifieth :
only way of wining to this privilege; fo we have this manuduction, or access.
that the more lively our faith be, in grip IV. Christ Jesus being a complete Me.
ing and resting on Christ, and the more diator and days-man berwixt God and us,
clear apprehensions we have of our inte. would not only remove the enmity on
rest in Christ

, the greater will our liberty God's part, by satisfying justice, but would and access be: By whom also we have ac- also take away the enmity on our parts, cess by faith.

and bring us to a willingness of agreement; VI. So averfe and backward are even and fo as he brings God down to man, fo believers, who have right unto the enjoy. doih he bring man up to God: by him it ment of this comfortable and precious pri- f is that we have access into this grace in vilege of access to God, to the making which we fiand. use of it according as they ought and are V. The way how we are brought to allowed to do, that Christ, in a manner, lay down arms, which we have been bearmust take them by the hand, and lead them ing against God, and become reconciled in to the court, and this he doth by his unto him, is by faith embracing an offered Spirit, Eph. ii. 18. the word imports this, Mediator, and resting upon him; by whom signifying a manuduction, a leading in. we have access into this grace by faith.

VI. This state whereinto believers are Taking the words in the later sense, we brought by faith, is a state in which LEARN,

much of God's grace thineth eminently; I. A {piritual soul cannot win foon off grace did first contrive it, grace doth bring the méditation of the sweet and excellent it about, and grace perfeets the fame : and privileges and benefits purchased by Christ's a stare it is of much friendfhip, good-will, mediation; but one particular calleth an- favour, and kindness; it is a stare which is other to mind: therefore says he, By all grace, and altogether free, man conwhom we have access into this grace. tributing nothing thereto, and is therefore

II. The covenant of grace is so framed, called grace; we have access into this graie. as man's hand is clean as to the procuring VII. Howbeit true believers may decay of the spiritual benefits contained therein, in grace, for a long time, in many partiand Christ being the Mediator thereof, is culars, and may, through their failings, to be acknowledged, both as to the rise, lose many tokens of God's love and good, progress, and perfection of every spiritual will, and so miss that peace of conscience, blessing promised in the new covenant; for that joy in the Spirit, Pfalm li. throughout it is in and thro' him that we have even and other clear evidences of their interest the very access into this grace; he it is who in Christ, and right to glory; yet feeing first openeth the door, and bringeth us in. God's act of justifying a sinner, believing

III. Tho'we had done the offence, and in Christ, is complete and perfect at first, was the only party offending, and could and needs not be renewed, and Christ has have no happiness nor life without him, made a complete and full satisfaction, id whom we have offended ; yet such is our that he needeth not die the second time folly and madness, that even when we are and hath hereby procured peace and re invited and called to come back and make conciliation betwixt God, who loveth peace, we are averse and unwilling; the I the end, and men, whom he has made will

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