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the same with being justified; and to justi- justified,--. we shall be saved from wrath ; fy is an act of God, and so imports God's and being reconciled, we foall be faved. reconciliation to us: wherefore we find, 1 XV. Howbeit believers certainty and verse 11. that we are said to receive this assurance of life and salvation be oftenreconciliation or atonement, and so it can- times darkened and brangled by Satan, not be our reconciliation or conversion, and even they be oftentimes afraid for which we are no where said to receive; wrath; yet the right uptaking, and clear thus are we said to be reconciled to God and distinct knowledge of that which

XI. Seeing Christ did not die, nor thed Christ has done for them formerly; and his blood, that God might, if he thought in particular, the clear knowledge of his fit, justify, and be reconciled unto finners, dying for them, when they were eneas we shewed, Doctrine VI. nor did pur. mies, and so purchasing reconciliation unchase these favours conditionally, but ab to them, when thcy had nothing to comsolutely, so as certainly and undoubtedly mend them to Christ, may abundanily they were to be applied in God's own confirm and persuade them that they shall time and manner, as was fhown, Doc. get life; for this is the force of the argutrine VII. it doth undoubtedly follow, ment, Much more then being now jultified that Christ died for no more than fuch as we shall be saved,.--if when we were eneshall actually be made pariakers of justifi- mies we were reconciled--much more being cation and reconciliation; and all such for reconciled, all we be saved, &c. whom his blood was shed, fhall, in due time, be justified and reconciled; there. | VERSE it. And not only fo, but we also fore says he, Being justified by his blood, joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Chrisl, and we are reconciled by his death.

by whom we have now received the atoneXII. As there is no justification nor re ment.' : conciliation of sinners but in and through Christ, so is there no falvation, nor free THis verfe containeth the last of these dom from wrath, but in and through him : 1 fruits, which the apolle mentioneth We shall be saved from wrath through him, as flowing from justification by faith; and concoe Mall be saved by his life.

as he mentioned the former, fo doth he XIII. As Christ's blood-lheding and mention this, with a gradation, as rising death was useful for his own, being a higher and higher, saying, And not only price wherewith justice was fatisfied, and so, but we also joy in God, or glory in him ; whereby pardon and reconciliation was pur- that is, we rejoice in wardly, and boast, chased, so was his resurrection for the be- as being made up for ever, ihat we have hoof of his own, that thereby the good God for our God, propitious towards, and things purchased might be applied, and dwelling in us, engaged for us, and all actually bestowed; hence are we said to his attributes forthcoming for our good, be saved by his life.

his power, wisdom, goodness, mercy, &c. XIV. As life eternal, and deliverance all of them on our fide; and this is more from the wrath and vengeance of God, is co than to rejoice in the hope of the glory be expected by none but such as are justi- of God, though even in tribulations; for fied, and actually reconciled ; fo all fuch, here we have God himself immediately, whatever sad dispensations they may meet as it were, to glory in, who is the sun with in a world, because of their folly, and compound of all goodness, and in fhall certainly be keeped from wrath, and whom all goodness, and every thing defall enjoy life and 'salvation : for being sirable is centered, and exists in its prime.

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And next he sheweth the mean and way of the gospel, fo as he may become theirs, how this is brought about, or the procur- even their Lord Jesus Christ; for it is ing cause, it is through our Lord Jesus said, we joy in God, through our Lord JeChriit. And third, the way how Christ Jus Chrift. has effettuated this, viz. by making re. V. Though believers have a right to conciliation ; by whom we have now reo God as theirs, which is a notable ground ceived the atonement, or reconciliation.. of rejoicing; yet it is above their strength OBSERVATIONS.

to make use of this ground of joy, and I. Howbeit believers have oftentimes actually to rejoice thereupon; and Chrift little in a world to put their hand 10; yet must help them to look aright upon this having fled in to Christ, they have an in- rich privilege, and reach them how to imtereft in God as theirs, whereby they get prove it for their comfort, and, withal, all their wants supplied and neceffities Itir them up to an actual use-making thereanswered; as they have a right to his rich of: for it is added, We joy in God, through benefits and allowances, ro, which is far l our Lord Jesus Christ. more, they have a right to himself; fo that. VI. This incerelt in God is procuredito all that is in him, is, in a manner, forth- us by the death of Christ, who did really coming for their good: We joy in God pacify God, and appease his wrath, which · II. Howbeit the spirits of God's child was burning against us; and so reconciled ren be oftentimes, low, and they ready to God to us, (for this atonement, or reconfaint through manifold discouragements, ciliation, is faid to be received, and so occasioned by their own folly, and Satan's must be different from our reconciliation tempratibns; yet the Lord alloweth them to God, which is nothing but our converstrong consolation, and hath given them fion; see verses 9. 10. Doctrine X.) withthe greatest grounds imaginable whereup- our whose intercession. God would have on to boast, exult, glory and rejoice, and been still a consuming fire, and we would allowerh them to make use thereof, and to never have had any right to him, by whom rejoice thereupon, even here away, tho’ | we received the atonement. the day wherein their joy shall be com- ' VII. As all the privileges and rich fapleted be to come: We glory in God. I vours we enjoy, who believe in God, · III. As believers have many rich and come down to us in and through the meunspeakable favours granted to them, and rits of Jesus Christ; fo we never take' all of them folid grounds of joy and re- them up aright, but when we cleanse oura joicing; so this is one among the rest, relves of having any hand, less or more, in and one of the highest, that not only the procurement, and ascribe the purchasthey have a right to his graces, fpiritual ing of all unto him, to whom the glory favours and manifestations, but also to him. thereof allenarly doch helong : then du self, which is better than all; and believe the favours smell aright. The apostle, as ers, in reckoning up their privileges, should in all the reit, fo here, will not mention end in this, as that in which all the rest this without mentioning of Christ by whom are swallowed up, as rivers in the ocean: it was purchased; faying, Through our therefore this is the last time that the apo- | Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we bave reItle says, not only fo; and now he is asceived the atonement. high as he can win : And not only fo, but we joy in God, says be.

VERSE 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin IV. Before any can, upon good ground, entered into the world, and death by fin; claim any right to God as theirs, they and so death passed upon all men, for that must first close with Christ in the offers all have finned.

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erer we take them, they will hold forth a his fin was not personal cnly, but was also ground or realon why because of one natural, or the universal guilt of all manman's fin7, death refled on all men, viz. kind, or of the nature of man, because all ficard in that one man, he re. III. So that all men and women breathpresenting them, and they being in his ing have not only now lost the image of loins, as Heb. vii. y. and thus though we God, but have their whole nature corruptcake the words as they are 'rendered, ed, so that the mind is blinded, Eph. iv. it wilco way foilui, that Adam's poite- 1.17. and v 8. 2 Cor. iv. 4. and iii. 5. I Cor. rity became guilty only by imitation; and i. 14. and the will perverted, Jer. xvii. 9. that these words, for that all have finnet, Mach, xxiii. 37. and ihe whole man defiled, Thould be meant of actual transgressions, Rom. vii. 14. Psalm v. 10. X. 3.--- 12. xiv. for which they incur death ; seeing, ac- 1. liii. 2. avd xxxvi. 2.---6. Isa. lix. 3. cording to the apostle's scope, we must and so there is none excepted, Job xiv. 5. understand it of their linning in him, who Pfalm li. 7. and this kyths 'very early, was a public person, other ways this that prompting every man to sin, unless grace the apostle speaks of Adam could be no restrain : Sin entered into the world,---for more meant of him than of any other pa- that all have finned. rent, nor of that one particular guilt of IV. This corruption of nature wherebis tranfgrefling the covenant, more than by we are bent to all mischief, and wholly of any other of his fins; whereas the apo- inclined to wickedness, and all wickedness, Ne speaks of one particular fin in the and that continually, (which is commonly in ular number, pointed forth by a par. called original, fin, as being an hereditary rice; and which is fariher sei forth in the stain, defilin us so soon as we have a befollowing verles, by several other names. ing, and sticking to us from our very con

'ception) is not to be looked on as an inOBSERVATIONS,

firmity, or defect only, but as properly I. Tho', at the begining, God made and really sin before God, being the transman upright, and endowed the nature of greflion of a law, which prohibiteth not man with many spiritual endowments and only vitious acts, but also vitious habits, qualifications, as righteousness, knowledge, and every thing which prompteth and inand holiness; yet now there is a fad and clinerh to fin; for here it is called fin, and coolful change, and nothing but fin and such a sin as hath death for the wages deformiiy, instead of that excellent image thereof; sin entered into the world, and of Gd which man, at the begining hud; death by fin. Yea, it is in some kind vofor fin is now entered into tie world. luntary, viz. in respect of the will of A

II. This lad and lamentable aleration dam, which was the first original of this was prccured by the fin of Adam, who evil. broke the covenant which God made with V This original blot, and vitious disLim and all his pofterity; he being the sofition, comech from Adam unto all his tock and root of all mankind, and being posterity by propagation ; parents, how(9 crei'ited with all the stock purse of ever fanétified themselves, conveying to Thankint, plaid bankrupt, and the loss re- their children (ubom they beget accorddrorded not only to himself, but to all ing to the flesh, and not as renewed by tis pofterity all, who were to come of he Spirit) The fame, by begering them in him by ordinary generation; for by osie their own likencís: By one man fin entered Tin fin entered into the world : He was a into the world, Fablic person, and llcol and fell as a pub. VI. Tho' his original în has its feat hace person represencing all mankind, so that in the whole man, and has defiled all the

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