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15. Ifa. lii. 10. 11. 12. Heb. ii. 14. 15. tain it is, that none are saved, until they Eph. V. 25. 26. 2 Cor: v. 2 1.; fo did he lay believe, and so this reconciliation must supdown his life (not to purchase a liberty pose faith in Chrift. unto God, who might have freely pardon- VIII. By nature (tho' at first, in the ei sins without the mediation and satisfacti- time of innocency, there was a good un0.1 of Christ, if it had seemed good in his derstanding betwixt God and. man, and eyes to have decreed otherwise; for there sweet communion and a thorough peace) is no hint for this in fcripture, and if so we are born because of fin, enemies to God, it might have come to pass, that not one Col. i. 21. Rom. vii. 7. so that God is an foul had been actually redeemed, but) for enemy to us, for we are said to be unus, that the good things purchafed might der his wrath and curse; and thus there be actually applied in due tiine, to those is enmity on both sides, which is not onfor whom they were purchased, Tit. ïi ly held forth by the word reconciliation, 14. John sviis 19. Gal. i. 4. and iij. 13. or reconciled, which properly signifiezh, to Heb. ix. 12. 14. 26. and i. 13. 1 Pet. ii. turn away the anger of the person offend24. Col.. i. 21. 22.: therefore it is said, ed, and bring the offender into favour with that we are justified by his blood, and res him again ; ; but alfo it is exprefly said, conciled by his death.

that we were enemies, and that we fhall. VII. Albeit Christ did not die, nor be saved thro? hin from wrath; we fall fhed his blood, to purchase justification be saved from wrath through him; for if and reconciliation conditionally, so as when when we were enemies, &c.. the good things purchased could not be IX. Albeit,, to speak properly, there faid to be purchased, until the condition is no wrath nor anger in God, he being be performed, which is absolutely in our free of all passions and such affections; yet power, and not purchased; but to make finners are said to be under his wrath, in an absolute purchase, so as both the con that they are lying under the stroke of dition and the good thing to be applied justice, and liable to punishment the effect upon the condition, are ablolutely purchal of wrath : so we are said to be saved from ed for his own, and shall undoubtedly be wrath. actually applied and bestowed, and that in X. Christ Jesus by his death and 'blood due time; yet are not we instantly upon did fully, as to merit and the procuring his death, actually, perfonally and com- cause, reconcile God to finners, not only pletely justified and reconciled; our recon- removing the enmity on our parts, or purciliation and justification was at Christ's chasing the removal thereof, but also turndeath compleat and perfect on his part, ing away God's wrath and displeasure, and his purchase being fufficient; yet were not bringing us into favour again; for as there We personally and actually justified then, was enmity on God's part, (to speak so) we seeing Christ never purchased those good lying under wrath, so the reconciliation bethings in such a manner that instantly they hoved to be mutual, so as his wrath might ihould be applied, but that in the due time be averted, and we might have his favour condescended on by the Father, and the and good-will instead thereof; and the Son, and in such a manner as they agreed word reconciled imports a mutual reconcion, viza when we should flee in to Christ liation on both sides, Job xlii.-7.8.9. be-. by faith; for he says, now being justified; side that the persons who are here said which now is in opposition to the time to be reconciled are called finners, verse 8. wherein they were finners, and so denotes and so are lying under God's curse and their time of believing; and being reconcil- wrath, and when reconciled this wrath is ed we shall be saved, faith he: now cer- l averted : and further, to be reconciled, is


the same with being justified; and to justi- justified.--.we shall be saved from wrath; fy is an act of God, and so imports God's and being reconciled, we fall be faved. reconciliation to us: wherefore we find, XV. Howbeit believers certainty and verse 11. that we are said to receive this assurance of life and falvation be oftenreconciliation or atonement, and so it can- times darkened and brangled by Satan, not be our reconciliation or conversion, and even they be oftentimes afraid for which we are no where said to receive; wrach; yet the right uptaking, and clear thus are we said to be reconciled to God. and distinct knowledge of that which

XI. Seeing Christ did not die, nor thed Christ has done for them formerly; and his blood, that God might, if he thought in particular, the clear knowledge of his fit, juftify, and be reconciled unto finners, dying for them, when they were eneas we thewed, Doctrine VI. nor did pur. mies, and so purchasing reconciliation unchase these favours conditionally, but ab to them, when they had nothing to comsolutely, so as certainly and undoubtedly mend them to Christ, may abundanly they were to be applied in God's own confirm and persuade them that they shall time and manner, as was thown, Doc. get life; for this is the force of the argutrine VII. it doth undoubtedly follow, ment. Much more then being now jultified that Christ died for no more than fuch as we shall be saved,---if when we were eneshall actually be made parrakers of justifi- mies we were reconciled---much more being cation and reconciliation; and all such for reconciled, shall we be saved, &c. whom his blood was fhed, fhall, in due time, be justified and reconciled; there. VersE IT. And not only fo, but we also fore says he, Being justified by his blood, joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Chrijl, and we are reconciled by his death,

by whom we have now received the atoneXII. As there is no justification nor re ment, conciliation of linners but in and through Chrift, fo is there do falvation, nor free. THis verfe containeth

the laft of these but in and : We shall be saved from wrath through him, as flowing from justification by faith; and -orive shall be saved by his life.

as he mentioned the former, fo doth he XIII. As Christ's blood-Ineding and mention this, with a gradation, as rising death was useful for his own, being a higher and higher, saying, And not only price wherewith justice was satisfied, and so, but we also joy in God, or glory in him ; whereby pardon and reconciliation was pur that is, we rejoice in wardly, and boast, chased, so was his resurrection for the be. as being made up for ever, ihat we have hoof of his own, that thereby the good God for our God, propitious towards, and things purchased might be applied, and dwelling in us, engaged for us, and all actually bestowed; hence are we said to his attributes forthcoming for our good, be saved by his life.

his power, wisdom, goodness

, mercy, &c. XIV. As life eternal, and deliverance all of them on our side; and this is more from the wrath and vengeance of God, is to than to rejoice in the hope of the glory be expected by none but such as are justi- of God, though even in tribulations; for fied, and actually reconciled ; fo all fuch, here we have God himself immediately, whatever fad dispensations they may meet as it were, to glory in, who is the sum with in a world, because of their folly, and compound of all goodness, and in shall certainly be keeped from wrath, and whom all goodnefs, and every thing deThall enjoy life and falvation : for being sirable is centered, and exists in its prime.


And next he lheweth the mean and way of the gospel, so as he may become theirs, how this is brought about, or the procur- even their Lord Jesus Christ; for it is ing cause, it is through our Lord Jesus said, we joy in God, through our Lord JeChrist. And third, the way how Christ Jus Chrift. has effectuated this, viz. by making re- V. Though believers have a right to conciliation ; by whom we have now re- God as theirs, which is a notable ground ceived tbe atonement, or reconciliation. of rejoicing; yet it is above their strength OBSERVATIONS.

to make use of this ground of joy, and 1. Howbeit believers have oftentimes actually to rejoice thereupon; and Christ little in a world to put their hand 10; yet must help them to look aright upon this having fled in to Christ, they have an in- rich privilege, and reach them how to imterest in God as theirs, whereby they get prove it for their comfort, and, withal, al their wants supplied and necesfities stir them up to an actual use-making thereanswered; as they have a right to his rich of : for it is added, We joy in God, through benefits and allowances, so, which is far our Lord Jesus Christ.. more, they have a right to himself; fo that VL This interelt in God is procuredito all that is in him, is, in a manner, forth- us by the death of Christ, who did really coming for threir good: We joy in God pacify God, and appease his wrath, which

II. Howbeit the spirits of God's child was burning against us; and so reconciled ren be oftentimes. low, and they ready to God to us, (for this atonement, or reconfaint through manifold discouragements, ciliation, is said to be received, and so occasioned by their own folly, and Satan's must be different from our reconciliation temparibns; yet the Lord alloweth them to God, which is nothing but our converstrong consolation, and hath given them lion ; fee verses 9. 10. Doctrine X.) withthe greatest grounds imaginable whereup-, our whose interceffion God would have on to boast, exult, glory and rejoice, and been still a consuming fire, and we would alloweth them to make use thereof, and to never have had any right to him, by wbom rejoice thereupon, even here away, tho' we received the atonement. the day wherein their joy shall be com- VII. As all the privileges and rich faplered be to come : We glory in God. vours we enjoy, who believe in God,

III. As believers have many rich and come down to us in and through the meunspeakable favours granted to them, and rits of Jesus Christ; fo we never take all of them folid grounds of joy and re- them up aright, but when we cleanse ourjoicing; so this is one among the rest, felves of having any hand, less or more, in and one of the highest

, that not only the procurement, and ascribe the purchasthey have a right to his graces, fpiritual ing of all unto him; to whom the glory favours and manifestations, but also to him- thereof allenarly doch helong : then do: self, which is better than all; and believ- the favours smell aright. The apostle, as ers, in reckoning up their privileges, should in all the reit, fo here, will not mention end in this, as that in which all the rest this without mentioning of Christ by whom are swallowed up, as rivers in the ocean: it was purchased; faying, Through our therefore this is the last time that the apo. Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have reftle says, not only so; and now he is as ceived the atonement. high as he can win : And not only fo, but we joy in God, says he.

VERSE 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin IV. Before any can, upon good ground, entered into the world, and death by fin; claim any right to God as theirs, they and so death passed upon all men, for that must first close with Christ in the offers all have finned

1 9

N this second part of this chapter, the 1 guilt, yea, is said to be first in the transof justification, which he haih been hand- is speaking of the order and manner of ling at large; and as he hath been clear- | Adam's înning, and so indeed it began at ing and amplifying the same, from che | Eve.) because he is now speaking of the precious and excellent effects and fruits manner how this fin is propagated to postethat flow therefrom, in the former part.; rity, which is by the man, and not by the so doth he here amplify and illustrate the woman. 2. There is that which he did fame, by comparing the first and second communicate unto his, as a public perion; Adam together, that is, Christ and Adam, and that is let down in two particulars, the type and the antitype. And this illu-(.) Sin entered into the world: He having stration serves to clear a doube which some transgressed the commandment of God,

we who are many, can be all justified by which he at first received, and had nothing the righteousness of one? How can the but pravity and corruption instead thererighteousness of one serve so many, and of; and as he himself became corrup, be a sufficient ground of their acceptation ? so did all his issue and posterity: thus fin This he cleareth by shewing, that as A-creeped into the world, or rushed in as an dam was a public person representing all enemy upon all mankind; he being a pubmankind, and brought fin and death upon lic person, and representing them all, con. all his posteriry, by his transgression; fo form to the tenor of the covenant which Christ was a public person, and brings was made with him, and all his pofterity righteousness and life to all, whom as a { in his loins. And, (2.) death by fin; that public person he did represent by his o-is, because of this transgression by which bedience. Now this comparison is set Adam himself became corrupt, and the down, verse 12. (where we have only the same corruption was conveyed by propaga. first part of the comparison, the other be. tion to all his children, seeing they were ing left to be gathered, which may easily begoten in his own likeness, Gen. v. '. be done from the following verses; and all mankind becaine obnoxious to death, the same is farther considered and explain and to all the miseries of this life, which ed, verses 13. 14.) and again more fully, are antecedent to death, and to hell-fire verses 18.19. And that this business might for ever; for by death we understand evebe the more clear, and his doctrine of ry thing that goeth under that name in the justification more confirmed and illustrated, scriptures, and so take in both spiritual and he sets down fome particulars wherein temporal death, with all the antecedents, those persons differ, and how the advan- consequents or effects thereof. tage lieih upon Chrift's side, verses 15. is the extent of this, how far it reacheth, 16. 17. and in end answerech an objection viz. to all mankind, and fo death passed on which might have been made against what all men; on all ranks and conditions of he was faying, verses 20. 21.

people, none are excepted, death has oIn this verse the comparison is begun, verspread them all. And, 4. there is the and the first part only set down, and the ground of this, and the reason why death rest left 10 be gaihered from the nature has thus passed on all men, in these words, of con:raries, and from the last part of for that all have yinned, which some do verse 14. where, 1. we have the person read thus, in wbom all have finned, (the who was the type of Chri!ł, and that is original will suffer both) as i Cor. xv. 22. Adam, called one man, meaning him alone, but either of them will serve to the same (tho' we find Eve having a hand in the purpose, upon the matter; and so how

3. There

ever we take them, they will hold forth a | his fin was not personal enly, but was also ground or realon why because of one natural, or the universal guilt of all manman's fin, death sailed on all men, viz. kind, or of the nature of man. because all ficad in that one man, he re III. So that all men and women breathpresenting them, and they being in his ing have not only now lost the image of loirs

, as Heb. vii. 9. and thus though we God, but have their whole nature corruptrake the words as they are 'rendered, ed, so that the mind is blinded, Eph. iv. it wilco way follow, that Adam's porte- 17. and v 8. 2 Cor. iv. 4. and iii. 5. i Cor. rity becaine guilty only by imitation; and ii. 14. and the will perverted, Jer. xvii. 9. that these words, for that all have finnet, Math. xxiii. 37. and ihe whole man defiled, hould be meant of actual tranfgreffions, Rom. vii. 14. Psalm v. 10. x. 3.--- 12. xiv. for wrich they incur death ; seeing, ac 1. liii. 2. and xxxvi. 2.--6. Ifa. lix. 3. cording to the apostle's scope, we must and so there is none excepted, Job xiv. 5. underltand it of their linning in him, who Pfalm li. 7. and this kyths very early, was a public person, other ways this that prompting every man to fin, unless grace the apostle speaks of Adam could be no restrain : Sin entered into the world,...for more meant of him than of any other pa that all have finned. rent, nor of that one particular guilt of IV. This corruption of nature wherehis tranfgrefiing the covenant, more than by we are bent to all mischief, and wholly of any other of his fins; whereas the apo- inclined to wickedness, and all wickedness, ile ipeaks of one particular fin in ihe and that continually, (which is commonly fin.ular number, pointed forth by a par- called original fin, as being an hereditary ticle; and which is farther sei forth in the stain, defiling us so soon as we have a befollowing veries, by several other names. ing, and sticking to us from our very con

ception) is not to be looked on as an in. OBSERVATIONS,

firmity, or defect only, but as properly 1. Tho', at the begining, God made and really sin before God, being the transman upright, and endowed the nature of gression of a law, which prohibiteth not man with many spiritual endowments and only vitious acts, but also vitious habits, qualifications, as righteousness, knowledge, and every thing which prompteth and inand holiness; yet now there is a fad and clineth to fin; for here it is called fin, and dolful change, and nothing but fin and fưch a fin as hath death for the wages deformiiy, instead of that excellent image thereof; sin entered into the world, and of G d which man, at the begining hud; death by fin. Yea, it is in some kind vofor fin is now entered into tie world.

luntary, viz. in respect of the will of AIl. This iad and lamentable alteration dam, which was the first original of this was procured by the fin of Adam, who evil. broke the covenant which God made with V This original blot, and vitious dif

Lim and all his pofterity; he being the position, comech from Adam unto all his ! frock as d root of all mankind, and being posterity by propagation ; parents, how

ccredited with all the itck purse of ever fan&tified themselves, conveying to Tankint, plaid bankrupt, and the loss re their children (whom they beget accorddruded not only to himself, but to all ing to the flesh, and not as renewed by his posteriry all, who were to come of "he Spirii) the fame, by begering them in him by ordinary generation; for by ore their own likeness: By one man sin entered Trin fiz entered into the world : He was a into the world, poblic person, and fico! and fell as a pub VI. Tho' this original fn has its feat fic person representing all mankind, so that I in the whole man, and has defiled all the

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