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such as hold forth truth to others, would distinct thing; and by law he doth not be careful to forecast and obviate what mean the moral law which was still in the any can say against the truth, and solidly church, but only the legal external difto refute ihe same, after the example of pensation of the covenant of grace. Paul here, who says, the law entered, &c.
V. Albeit the law of nature which was and therein is answering a great objection written in the hearts of people, even beagainst his doctrine.
fore Moses's days, and God's judgments II. Men of corrupt principles, and blind- against transgressors, and other things, ed with prejudice and error, are ready to might then have served, in some measure, look upon every ordinance of God, and to have discovered fin and iniquity; yet every difpenfation as altogether useless and fin and wickednefs was more fully discounprofitable, if it be not for the promoting
vered when the law was promulgated on of their fancied ends; as those here were mount Sinai, and the more fully and ready to think the law was given to no throughly the law be held forth and studipurpose, if men were not justiñed thereby, ed, sin will appear more in its own colours: but behoved to look somewhere else for the law entered that fin might abound. righteousness: 'for this is the objection, If VI. The Lord's end in promulgating we be justified by the righteousness of the law.upon Mount Sinai, was not to eChrist, and not by the law, then the law ftablish a covenant of works, or proclaim is altogether useless; wherefore was it justification by the works of the law, howgiven ? Gal. iii. 19. ----It was added be ever for the further humbling of these stiffcause of transgresions.
necked people, there was many a fad and III. Howbeit the only wise God, for heavy curse added, and it was published his own glory, and other holy ends, thought in such à terrible manner, with fire and fit that the covenant of grace (the only way thundering, as if it had smelled of no goof wining to heaven, since the fall) should spel at all; but to convince thofe self-conbe held forth and administered under dif- ceity people of their need of a cautioner, ferent dispenfations, and not always after and fo to humble those proud justiciaries, one and the same manner, upon which who would rest upon their own works : score we hear of an old and of a new cove- the law entered that sin might abound. nant, Heb. viii. 13. and of the first and fe- VII. Men are so blinded with self-love, cond, Heb. viii. 7.; yet it was still one and that they will never perceive their own the same for substance, in all ages, both spots and filthiness
, nor be throughly acbefore and after the law, and before and quainted with their wicked, perverse, aafter Christ; and since the fall the law or bominable and rebellious hearts, until the covenant of works was never the way: for law be cleared, and they see themselves the law only entered, or intervened, and came distinctly in it; conviction of folks necefficy in (as it were) in the midst, for other ends. of a Mediator will never be purpose-like,
ÌV. Tho' even under the law, there was untill the law be clearly born in upon the no other covenant by which justification conscience: the law entered that fin might and falvation was had, but the coverant of abound. grace ; yet its administration was then VIII. The more a man be acquainted more legal-like than now, the promises with himself, and see the numberless numbeing held 'forth sparingly and darkly, ber of his abominations, the stubbornness and the curses more frequently and clearly, of his own heart, and the vast gulf and and the church then being under a yoke link of all mischief in himself, the more of ceremonies; and thus the law is faid to high thoughts will he have of the free have entered, and so seemed to be some I and matchless grace of God, in coming over so many mountains, and pardoning the more will the power of God's grace such a multitude of transgressions, iniqui- kyth in delivering us, in breaking the ties and fins, and walhing and purging such bars of death, and seting us free from the a paftly, filthy, abominable heart : where Slavery of fin, and tyranny of death because fin abounded grace did much more abound. of fin, that as fin bath reigned, even so
IX. How hainous and bow numerous grace might reign. soever a man's iniquities be, he needs rot
IV. Howbeit there be many and strong despair, or think that they could over- difficulties in a believer's way towards come the grace and mercy of God; but heaven, which may make him afraid that if he will welcome the offers of a Media. he shall never reach the crown, but shoot tor in the covenant of grace, he may be short thereof; yet God's matchless love sure that there is a fuper-abundance (10 and wonderful free grace and favour is so speak fo) in grace: where fin abounded, powerful and efficacious, as they shall cergrace did much more abound.
tainly inherit life, and win to the end of X.. The Lord has fo contrived the busi- their journey; grace is able to carry them ness of salvation in the covenant of grace over all impediments whatsoever, it hath as that his wonderful, free and efficacious a fuper. eminent and transcendent power grace, and matchless love might glorioully and efficacy for that end: therefore grace îhine forth; and for this cause he will have is faid to reign unto life.the ordinary way of bringing finners in V. As the.condition of such as are now within the covenant, to be by conviétion, in Christ is excellent, being in favour with and making them sensible of their loft God, and enjoying his good-will
, and livcondition in themselves, and of an impof- ing under the warm rays of his love; so fibility of ever being justified or saved for that which they shall be advanced to afterany thing in themselves, because of the ward, is a condition full of all blessedness, multitude of their transgreffions : there contentment, and all things desirable, yea, fore says he, where fin abounded, grace and endless too; it is a life, and a life that did much more abound, and that it might Ihall never have an end, and hence called be so, therefore the law entered. eternal; even so might grace-reign unto eter
nal life. From verse 21. OBSERVE,
VI. There is no inheriting of life eter1. As fin and corruption hath a kingly nal, until first we be covered with a righpower and authority within an unrenewed teoufness, seeing we are altogether unman, drawing him away to finful acts; so clean and unholy of ourselves; and as grace has it a tyrannical force, draging them certainly carries us to heaven, fo grace away to death, and the place of execu- certainly provides the means, and the way tion: fin reigns unto death.
how to win to it, and finds out a way Il. All the tyranny, force and power how poor finners shall become righteous which death hath over any, floweth from faints; yea, and is excellent and glorious fin, fin being the sting thereof, and giving in every step of the way: so might grace it power and authority over the guilty reign through righteousness unto eternal life; man: for where he said before, death grace reigns both as to the means and to reigned, now he says, fire reigned unto the end. death.
VII. The righteousness which grace III. The more we be convinced of the hath provided, and is the way by which greatness of our slavery under fin, being it carries believers to the possession of eterbound hand and foot over unto death, so nal life, is no righteousness of our own, buc that we cannot escape, if we get not help; the righteousness of Jesus Christ, and here
ia grace reigns, or shines forth, in pro- tioner, or priest, but also they must take viding such a righteousness as his: there. him as a
him as a king and commander, under fore it is added, by Jesus Christ our Lord. whom they must walk with all submillion;
VIII. This Mediator, whose righteoul- and whose yoke they must take on: there. ness must be had ere we can win 10 glory, fore says he, so grace might reign through must be closed with by faith; and a gra- righteousness unto eternal life, by Fejus cious foul can never once name Jesus Christ our Lord. Christ, and confider him as doing any X. There being but two captains, fin thing of the work of redemption, for poor and grace, all are either under the one, sinners, but their affections must warm or under the other; and even God's elect within them, and their souls must clasp are under fin till grace make a change; about him, in love and faith : therefore and when they are once under the domisays he, Jesus Chrilt our Lord.
nion of grace, they are no more under the IX. Whosoever resolverb to be carried Navery of sin unto death: therefore it is by grace to heaven, must resolve to take said, as death hath reigned, in the bygone Christ not only, as a mediator and cau- / time, fo grace might reign.
N this chapter the apostle illustrateth Second objection is here proposed, the doctrine of justification by faith in which seemeth to have its rise from
Christ, by the wing, how it is so far that which the apostle had said in the last from being an enemy unto holiness and chapter, verse 20. viz. W bere sin abcundfanétification, that on the contrary it lias ed, grace did much more abound; hence fanctification inseparably annexed to it, and some would be ready to object, and say, they go always together. And this he If it be so, that where fin abounds, grace doth, 1. By confuting an objection, which doth much more abound, then the best seemed to make out, that this doctrine of way for us to exalt grace, and make it io. justification by faith in Christ, was a fof- shine, is to continue and abide in fin; and terer of wickedness, and loosed the reins so your doctrine of justification by faith, to all lasciviousness, to verse 12. 2. And which, you say, tends so much to exalt from thence to the end, he preseth the grace, is a doctrine which casts folk loose duty of holiness, as a native duty flowing to fin, and encourageth them thereto: from their state of justification, and as most But this is most absurd; Therefore your suitable for them that are justified by faith doctrine is false; and it is false, that therein Christ.
by grace is exalted. This objection is
couched up in a question, Shall we contiVerses 1. 2. What shall we say then? nue in fin, that grace may abound? To Jwall we continue in fin, that grace may which he answereth, by denying the same abound?
with abhorence and detestation, saying, God forbid:....
God forbid; what an absurd inference is this, and groundless? I never faid so, nor IV. The doctrine of justification by faith any thing that might give any just ground in Jesus Christ, is no dc Etrine giving way for such a conclusion. And the reasons to men and women.ro follow their luits, of his denial he giveth in the following whatever malicious opposers fay; nor verses.
should any give way to their own corOBSERVATIONS.
ruption, under whatfoever pretext of mag
nifying God's gráce: for the apostle deI. Men of corrupt minds, who are fillonieih their a'ledgéance, saying, God forbid. ed with prejudice against any truth, can- V. Souls tbat are truly tender, will be not be soon satisfied with any answer that much affected, when they hear any thing is made to any of the grounds of their spoken to foster fecuriiy and profanity; itumbling, and gained to the truth; but their hearts will rise at that, especially the more that is said to satisfy them, they when it is fathered on truth: The apostle will have the more still to reply: as here, evidenceth great indignation of spirit when one objection is raised out of the answer. he heareth this mentioned, and therefore ing of another, What hall we say then? | fays, God forbido. ball we continue in hin? &c.
II. It is no new thing to see men rise VERSES 2. 3. 4. -.--Hew shall we that up against the true doctrine of justification, are dead to fin, live any longer therein? by the imputed righteousness of another, Know ye not, that so many of us as were and to upbraid the maintainers thereof, as baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptizteaching doctrine tending to looseness and ed into his death? profanity : for here Paul saw it would be I herefore we are buried with him by bapobjected, shall we continue in fin, that tism into death: that like as Christ was grace may abound?
raised from the dead by the glory of the III. Erroneous persons, where prejudice Father, even so we also should walk in fers them on work, to carp at, and ex- nie wness of life.. cept against any thing that is said, either for the confirmation of truth, or the an
fwering of the grounds of their mistake; IT HE apoftle now cometh to give some
are ready to look a-squint upon what is false inferer:ce. And his first argument faid, and fortify their first miltake by fill may be thus taken up: Such as are in miltaking, and turning awray what they such a condition as sin hath no more any hear; as here they wrested Paul's sense, tyrannizing power over them, but are when he faid, Chap. v. 20. That where delivered from the tyranny of fin and corfin abounded, grace did much more abound; ruption, fhculd not live any more as slaves and supposed him to mean, that the a- unto that tyrant : or, such as are loofed bounding of fin was indeed the native cause from the bondage of fin, and as free of the super-abounding of grace;. while from the yoke thereof, as women are from as it was only an occasion, and an occafion the yoke of their former husbands when by the goodness of God, who brings good dead, should noi now entangle themselves, things out of evil, and that only in fome nor will not entangle themselves into the few chosen ones, and not in all; and a- former yoke of bondage. This the apostle gain the apostle - speaks of the sense of proposeih question-ways, as being most fin mainly, and that of fins commited clear and undeniable in itfelf; faying, How before, and not of these commired after shall we that are dead to fin, lize any longer conversion : what shall we say then? mall therein? But so it is, that all that are besve continue in fin? &c. .
lievers in Chrift, and justified by faith in .
him, are dead to fin; for of such he is covenent whereof baptism is a seal. So now speaking, seeing he includesh himself, then, to be baptized into Christ, is somesaying, we that are dead to Jin, that is, what else than to be baptized in his Dame, as they are freed from the condemning as we :hear, Aets ii. 28. for to be baptized power of fin, so are they freed from the in his aame, is to dedicate and consecrate enflaring, tyrannizing, and domineering ourselves to him by baptism, to profess power thereof, under which they were and avouch ourselves his, in taking his while in black nature, sin has not such badge and livery: but to be baptized in power row to lord it over them, and force him, is to be really united unto him; in a ihem to acts of iniquity, and lead them as relative sense, to be implanted in him, and so many drudges and under-slaves, into | ingrafted by faith, and thereby made to the service of sin, being weakened thro' the participate of his influence and virtue, all power of the Spirit of Christ; therefore which is the thing signified, exhibited and they cannot, nor will not live unto fin, sealed by baptism. So to be baptized in that is, fulfil the lusts thereof, with full his death and burial, or to be buried with delight and desire, and carry themselves him by baptism, is, to be made partakers as sworn servants, labouring to promote of the fruits and virtue of Christ's death the interest of corruption and fin in them and burial, as sealed in baptism for mortifelves, as wholly devoted thereunto. The fying of fin. assumption, viz. That all believers in Christ This is further cleared from these are dead to sin, 'he proves, verses 3.4. words, That as Christ was raised up from thus, They that are buried with Chrilt the dead by the glory of bis Father even unto death, that is, are so united unto o we also should walk in newnefs of life; Christ, as that they are made partakers of that is, our being united to Christ in his the fruits and efficacy of his death; those death and burial, is not for poughi, nor are dead to sin: But so it is, that believers is it all that is held forth to us in bapwho are now justified by faith in Christ, tism; but also baptism points forth our uare baptized into Christ's death, and bu- nion to Christ in his resurrection, and realried with him by baptism into his death; eth to us who have fed in to Christ, the Therefore, &C. The major is confirmed fruits thereof, to wit, renovation of life, by the apostle's authority; The assump- that, as sure as Christ was raised from the tion he doth again confirm thus, They that dead by, or unto the glory of his Father, are baptized into Jesus Christ, are baptiz- that is, by his glorious power, or for the ed into his death : But believers (or such manifestation of his glory; fo we who are of us) are baptized into Christ; There believers in Christ ikould have influence, fore, 6c. His using the word baptized in-. life and virtue communicated to us from to Christ, and into his death, serves to il- Christ our head and root, whereby we lustrate, clear and confirm this matter ihould become new creatures, and walk in inore, viz. that believers are both united newness of life. unto Christ and to his death, and made partakers of his death and burial; because
OBSERVATIONS. baptifm is an ordinance of God, instituted 1. However such as are justified thro for this end, among others, to-seal believ- faith in Christ, are not fo thorcughly fanat ers.union with Christ, both in his death, fied, as that they shall never be overtake burial and resurrection, and communion in in fin, seeing the best falleth seven time the fruits flowing therefrom; and they a-day; yet they are not under the dom are baptized, and have now fled into Chrilt neering, commanding, and over-rulis by faith, which is the condition of that power of corruption, as sometime the