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have been ; it is not now their constant ! so are dead to the former; and so they canexercise, trade and occupation, to be work- not do as you suppose they may or will. ing the works of Satan, and fulfilling the IV. Justification by faith in Christ Jesus lots of the fleth, and to follow its motion; thro’the righteousness of Christ imputed, they do not commit fin, as wholly sold and is so far from being an enemy unto holidevoted thereto, 1 John iii. 9.: Therefore ness and fanctification, that, on the contrary, the apostle says, such cannot live into fin. it is always accompanied therewith; those -But such as are in black nature can do no- two, justification and fanétification go in thing else but fin, it is their life and like others hands: for such are said to be dead ing to be occupied in fin, they live in it, unto fin, and cannot live thereunto, and aland have no other life, whatever flourishes lo are said to walk in newness of life. and outward shows of piety and godliness V. This fanctification, renovation, or they have.

regeneration, includeth both the rooting II. The reason why believers in Christ out, mortifying and killing of the old cannot now follow such a trade of life as man of fin and corruption, and the revivformerly they did, is, because they are put ing, quickening and growth of the new into a new state, and have a new nature man of grace: therefore we hear of their given them, the seed of God, and of grace, being dead and buried with Christ, and alwhereby they are now brought out of the lo of their rising to newness of life. territory, and from under the jurisdiction VI. Tho' corruption in the regenerate of fin and corruption, as a dead wife is be not quite extinct and killed out of hand, no more under the command of her former but there is still something of it remaining husband: Therefore they are said to be in the best, to their continual exercise; yet dead unto fin, while as before they were it has gotten deadly wounds, and, as it dead in fins, Eph. ii. 1.

were, is in the dead throws, and is still III. Such as imagine that justification by upon the dying hand, and shall never be the impured righteousness of another, is a able to recover its former strength and vidoétrine tending to open a door for licen- vacity, but like a dead man in his grave, ciousness, do grolly bewray their ignorance that will not come back: upon this score of the state and condition of such as are we are said to be baptized into his death, justified by faith, and know not how that that is to say, our corruption is dying, havthey have changed masters, when once ing gotten its dead stroke; and not only so, they have fled in to Christ, and have now but also, we are buried with him, and so a new nature, and a new principle of life corruption is roting away, and shall never in them, so as they do not walk so licenti. revive, and return to its former fate and ouily as before: for this is his answer unto strength. their objection, who thought, that then VII. Tho we are commanded to morwe might fin, that grace might abound, tify our corruptions; yet it is not from any He can they who are dead unto fin, live influence from, or strength or efficacy in any longer therein? as if he had said, ourselves, whereby this is brought about, you know not what is the condition of such but all allenarly from Christ: therefore as are justified, and towards whom grace we are baptized into his death, and buried has abounded; you think they are the same with him into death. they were, but they are not so, they are VIII. There is no partaking of any, fap now dead unto fin, it is no more their of influences from the Lord Jesus, wherehusband and commander, but they are re- by to get corruptions' mortified, and the {cued from that master by a stronger, and new man fet a-growing, till we become



united unto Christ, and made one with him and is a sign representing the spiritual by faiths; for all our communion flowerh thing signified to all; yet it is not a seal of from union : therefore before we can be confirmation to all, but only to such as bebaptized into his death, and buried with lieve and lay hold on Christ; to those, and him by baptisin, we must first be baptized those only, it fealeth their ingrafting into into himself; As many of us as are buptiz- Christ, and interest in his death and reed into Christ, are baptized into his death. surrection, for their mortification and vivi

IX. As believers are really united unto fication: for the apostle is speaking only of Christ, as members to the head, Eph. iv. luch as are justified by fleeing in to Chrift, 15. the wife to the husband, Eph. v. 32. among whom he reckoneth himself one, as branches to the stock, John xv. 4.; fo faying, As many of us as have been bapfrom this union there doth neceffarily flow tifed into hiru, &c. communion of life, strength, rap, and XII. As Chriit was given of the Father pariaking of the fruits and effects of his to us and for us, fo in all his deportment, mediation, both in his estate of humilia. | both in his estate or homiliation and exalta. tion and exaltation, both of his death, tion, he was seeking to promote our good: burial, and resurrection, fo that none who therefore there is here mention made of: ever have fled in to Christ, and are united his death, burial, and resurrection, and to him by faith, shall want of these for good accruing to us from all of them: we their necessity and behoof: as many of us, are baptized in his death, and buried with es are baptized into Christ, are baptized him, and that as he rose from the dead, so into his death.

we should walk, &c. X. Baptism is a facrament appointed of XIII. As the resurrection of our Lord God, to signify and seal the ingrafting of and Saviour Jesus Christ hath influence in all believers into Christ, and the certainty the pardoning of our fins, and justification; of their partaking of the fruits and effects fo hath it influence also in the killing of of his mediation, both for the mortifying fin, and delivering of his own from the of corruption, and strengthening the new power of it in sanctification, he being a man of grace; it feals and confirms to all common person in all he did: therefore it who will believe the promise, and lay hold it said, that like as he was raised from the upon him in whom all the promises are dead, fo we might walk in newness of life. yea and amen, the certainty and undoubt. XIV. Tho' Christ did really die, being ed accomplishment of all which is promif- in our stead, and undergoing in our name ed in the new covenant: therefore we are the death we were lying under, and there faid to be baptized in him, and baptized in fore was buried; yet could he not fe his death, and buried with him in baptism, corruption, nor be holden down by th that as he was raised from the dead, we bars of death, Pfal. xvi. 10. Aes ii. 24 mnight walk, &c. See Col. ii. 12. And in 31. and xiii. 34. 35. 36. but rose again particular, baptism doth represent, signify for we hear of his death, burial, and and seal our regeneration in both its parts, his resurrection; like as he was raised. both our mortification and vivification; our XV. The resurrection of Christ beir being under the water represents our mor- ' caused by the mighty power of Jehova rification, and our coming up again, as it did much tend to the glory of God in h were, our vivification.

attributes, power, justice, goodness, as XI. Tho' baptism being a feal of the mercy: he was raised from the dead by i covenant of grace, which is held forth to glory of the Father, or, to the glory of i all within the visible church, be applied to Father. all that are members of the visible church, X 1. All that have fled in to Chrift

faith, being thereby made partakers of the when the stock reviveth. If we have been fruits and effects of his refurrection, are planted together, or so joined with Chriit, brought out of the old state of death, un- as a scion to the stock, in the likeness of der fin's tyranny and dominion, and are his death, as to partake of the fruits of renewed, having a new life, new prin his death to our mortification, (which is ciples, new operatio », new designs, and the only death he is speaking of here, as new fruits, all things are now new, 2 Cor. to us, and therefore calls it a likeness with 1.17.: As Christ was raised from the dead, Christ's death) so also in the likeness of his so they walk in newness of life.

resurrection; that is, fo also being imped in XVII. This life which believers in Christ him, we shall be made partakers of his rehave gotten through quickening influence furrection, and of the fruits thereof to our from him, is not an idle, fruitless life, vivification; for he is only speaking of our without fruits of holiness, but an active regeneration, and not resurrection after ftiring principle, seting folk on work this life, and therefore useth again, likeconstantly, and in this life believers can nefs of his resurrection. never win to perfection, but are still advancing and growing in grace: therefore

OBSERVATIONS. they walk in newness of life, and so all I. Though naturally we be branches of their doings now, after grace is living at a wild olive, and of a dead rotten stock; their heart roots, smell of life, and flow yet Christ is content to have us united unfrom life, except when temptation and cor- to him, that we may partake of his fap ruption is swaying them downward, and and furniture, and so grow up in him; for God's restraining and itrengthening grace we are planted with him and imped in him. is withdrawn.

See John xv. 5:

II. Sinners having now laid hold on Verse 5. For if we have been planted to Christ by faith, are nearly. joined unto

gether in the likeness of his death: we him, and made one plant (as it were) with Jhall be also in the likeness of his resur- him: to point forth this close and wonderrection.

ful union, this and several other fimilitudes

are used by the Spirit of the Lord, we N this verse the apostle confirmeth what are planted with him, or imped in him. IN

he had said last, to wit, that from his III. Until this marriage-knot be made resurrection we receive virtue and strength by faith, we cannot partake of any fap, to live unto holiness, and to walk in new- virtue and life of Jesus Chriit; as a branch ness of life; saying, For if we have been can partake nothing of the sap and greenplanted together, &c. His reason is this, If ness of the stock, till it be united to it by we have been fo nearly united unto Chrift, imping: we are planted with him in his as that we have been planted with him in death and resurrection. the likeness of his death, we must also be IV. When once a soul closeth with Chrift planted with him in the likeness of his refur- by faith, and depends upon him with singleTection; that is, (to speak it more plainly nefs of heart, then they live in-him, and thus) if believers be so closely uniced unto by virtue of his resurrection, are enabled Christ, as that they have been imped into him, to bring forth fruits of holiness unto God, (like an imp joined to an old stock, fo as and to grow in grace; thu are they plantto die in the winter-time with the stock) ed in the likeness of his resurrection. and so made partakers of his death; so we V. The participating of the fruits of thall also be mad partakers of his life, as Christ's death thro' faith in him, to the an imp or scion revives again in the Spring taking away of the conde raing power of

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fin, and also to the mortifying or the deeds, oner, and all to this end, that we should no of the body, and weakening of corruption, longer be slaves to fin, and serve this sinful may assure us that likewile thro' faith in body and corruption within us. In short, him, we shall be enabled to advance in his argument is this, If that old vicious, corconformity to God's image, and to rise-more rupted nature of believers is killed and unto holiness and fanétification of the Spi- utterly abolished in Christ's being crucifia rit. If we partake of fap from Chrilt for ed; then believers are no more in such one end, we shall also partake of fap for a condition, as to be servants and flaves to another end, till we be compleated in him, corruption: But the former is a known (or and bring forth fruit abundantly: For if at leait should be a known) axiom. we have been planted together, in the like The connection of the major he conness of his death, we shall be also in the firmeth in the next words, verse 7. Fer be likeness of his resurrection..

that is dead, is freed from sin: In saying,

be that is dead, it is as much as if he had VERSEs 6. 7. Knowing this, that our old said, He that has the body of fin and cor

man is crucified with him, that the body ruption crucified in him, it is dead to him; of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth and that is all one as if he were dead to it: we should not serve fin.

(the living woman is loosed from the law of For he that is dead, is freed from fin.:

her dead husband, as well as the dead wo

man is loosed from the power of the living Nother argument is here laid down to husband :) and so he that is dead is freed

prove that such as are justified, hav- from sin. In the original it is, He is jufing now filed in to Christ by faith, are not tified from fin; that is; loosed from any let loose unto profanity and wickedness, obligation which fin can have on him; the but that their state of justification speaks accusation of fin is loosed, and its power them to be in another condition now, and also is loft; and so he is every way free greater friends to holiness, for it is a known from it, being absolved by the sentence and certain principle and axiom in religion; of the Judge... Knowing, says he, this, that our old man

OBSERVATIONS, is crucified with Christ; that is, that when Christ our cautioner, head, and common 1. Albeit the natural corruption and oriperson was nailed to the cross, not only ginal fin with which we are bound, be not was justice satisfied as to our guiltiness, but a substance, as some do falsely gather from our old man, as to its : power and efficacy, these expreslions, viz. that it is called a got its deaths wounds; when Christ a com- body, and a man, which are but metaphomon person, in our name, was crucified, in rical, and not properly to be understood : him, our natural corruption (which is that yet it is strong, vigorous, and weighry, which we got of old Adam, and which is and, as it were, complete and full : It is, old in regard of the new man of grace) was as it were, a man, to fhew its strength crucified with him, and so: the body of fin and a body, to lhew its completeness, hay(the same with the old man, but so called ing members and parts making up the to point forth the combination of corrup- whole: so it is called the old man, and the tion in us, even corruption in its strength, body of fine having all its members as a complete entire II. This corruption and contagion where body) was utterly destroyed, broken, and with all are infected, was had thro' Adam undone, in that he did meritoriously pro- and is that whieh we all are born with,.an cure the same, yea, and engage for the which, in the godly, is wearing to its

grave fame, and did more as our head and cauti- ! for these caufes it is called the old man.

III. As this natural and original cor- VII. Albeit this destruction which aruption is complete and full, wanting no- bideth the body of fin be not had so long thing to make it most vile and abominable; as we are on this side of time, but only exso it is the fountain and well-spring of all pected, and certainly looked for in end; wickedness and mischief: it is the seed of yet it is so far attained, that tho' this boall fin, and causeth every thing which is dy of sin still abide, to keep the godly evil, and nothing but what is evil It is a in exercise, it is so far broken in the justibody of fin, wancing no member, and having fied, as that it has not full power and doevery member finful, working nothing but minion over them, as sometime it has had; fin and iniquity; it is a body of sin. they are now no more fervants thereto,

IV. While Jesus Christ, Mediator be- its motions and desires are not so readily tween God and man; stood in the room obeyed and yielded unto as formerly: of all the elect ones, and having their ini- Tbat henceforth we should not feite fir. quities imputed to him, and met together VIII. All unrenewed and unregenerate on his back, offered up himself upon the persons, however, and from whatsoever cross a sacrifice to satisfy the justice of principle, they abstain from many exterGod, this natural guilt of ours, this bo- nal acts of iniquity; yer dy of sin got a deadly blow; for justice be to Christ by faith, and have gotten a new ing fatisfied, it was made powerless and nature and disposition, they are but mere unable to condemn such as he reprefent. Naves unto a body of death and fin within ed, or was a public person for; or to in them : therefore fays he, That henceforth lave then still; it was crucified with him, we should not serve fin; which supposeth and so lost both its condemning power, and that before they did serve fin. its domineering power.

IX. This bezun deliverance from, and V. Howbeit this natural corruption of deltruction of the power and tyranny of the ours was imputed to Christ, (who was in body of fin. is a fruit and effećt of Chrill's himself without all fin) and he fully satis- death; they did he procure the same by fied justice for it, and others; yet was it his meri's: The old man was crucified with Dot actually and completely taken away, him, that henceforth we should not serve so as it should be no more, but only meri. him; toriously, and in our Head and Husband, X. The ignorance of this relation beor common perfon : for howbeit it was twixt Christ and believers, and how Christ crucified with Christ, yet it was to be de- has undertaken for them, and how, in him stroyed afterward; therefore says he, that as their Head ani Cautioner, the body of tbe body of fin might be destroyed. fin has been crucified,' and gotten a deadly

VI. Believers, who have gotten an uni- stroke, makes many ihink that a justified on made up with Christ, may rest assured, state is a state of licentiousness, and giving that, seeing Christ was a public person way to a willing and chearful service unwhile hanging on the crols, ačting for them, der the command of fin: the knowledge and in their name satisfyin: juflice for of this axiom, that the old man is crucified their guiltiness, and undertaking for their with him, that the body of fin might be dethorough fan&tification, and meriting their proyed, that henceforth we should not ferve, full and final redemption, their natural fin, would clear how believers cannot give corruption, for as strong and powerful as way to sin as before; therefore says he, it is in its members and parts, shall at Knowing, &c. length in due time, be utterly destroyed and XI. Believers shonld look upon thembroken: Our old man is crucified with him, felves, being united to Christ by faith, that the body of death might be destroyed, when they see Christ crucified, and him


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