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known; the true sense and meaning of in this state of fin,, until we find it tending the law is far off out of the reach of their unto death, and wreathing the sentence of understandings": Therefore the conimand-death about our necks, and puting us from ment is said to come, as being far away out all hopes of life by it: for when the comof fight. See 1 Cor. xii. 14.

mandment came, then he found it to be unto VI. Tho' sin be most active and stiring death. in all natural men; yet such is their blockishness, stupidity and blindness, that this.

From Verse i Ith OBSERVE,, is no more felt nor seen, than if it were I. Whatever evil we meet with from dead and buried: and to be stupid under, the law. as now broken, we fliould be and unaffected with the active motions and loath to lay any blame upon the holy law. stirings of sin, argueth one to be in black, of God, which should upon ournature, wanting the spiritual sense of the felves; so tender ought we to be thereof, law; for when the commandment comes, sin seeing the proper cause of any evil of revives; and so while. finners are in nature, that kind is corruption in us, whereby the the commandment is away, and sin is dead. law is transgressed; for so doth the apo

VIÍ. Before it can go well with a pooritle, after he had said, that he found the. sinner, he must once pass a sentence against commandment unto death, presently add. himself, and see himself a gone man by eth, that it was fin that killed him. the law, condemned and sentenced to death, II. So lib is our nature unto Satan, that because of guilt; before he can live the as he is a liar and a deceiver from the belife of God, he must once die: for thus gining, so it has been trained up in his it was with Paul, he died when fin revived, school, and has learned his wiles, and he looked upon himself as condemned by thereby draweth away poor souls out of

the way of life which they ought to walk From verse 10. OBSERTE,

in, by presenting the hook baited with

pleasure or profit, and hiding the vileness I. Sin overturneth all things, and chang and dangerousness thereof; and complying eth the very nature of the law unto the every way, and at all times with our adquite contrary; of life, to become death: versary, who is still going about as a roarfor it was by lin that the commandment ing lion, seeking whom he may devour ; which was unto life, became unta death. for sin is here said to deceive : See Heb.

II. God at first ordained and appointed. iii. 12. 13. Eph. iv. 22. the law to have been the way leading to- III. Our corrupt hearts are so bent and wards life; and had man stood in his in- wickedly set to lead us astray out of the tegrily, he had attained life by the law: paths of righteousness, that they are rafor the commandnient was ordained unto life, ther stired up by the law, which should of its own nature it pointeth out the way have been a demur in their way, than to life, so as the observers thereof shall scared; which should make us, so much certainly find life thereby.

the more bemoan and bewail our doolful III. Since man fell, the law which for-condition while we are under the power merly did point out the way to life unto and flavery of such cotrupt hearts; for sin finners, is now binding on death and de- is said here to take occasion at the law to destruction on their shoulders; it being now ceive. broken, the threatening must take place, IV. Tho' corruption promise fair unto the commandment is now found to be unto poor deluded souls, till it get them once death.

ensnared; yet at length it will bring forth IV. The law is never rightly seen by us now death unto the poor soul, and will be

found ed,


found the greatest enemy that ever it had, forbiding what is unjust, favouring no whatever friendihip it pretend at present; iniquity; containing just penalties againit for fin killed bim.

transgressors, and just rewards unto due V. The main ground upon which sin doth observers; and therefore ought to be lookthus prove a destroyer unto poor people, ed upon as the everlasting rule of righteis the holy law of God, by which it is ousness; for the law is also jutt. statuted and ordained, that transgressors III. Not only is the law of God holy fhall die the death ;, thus it is, that the and just, but also good in itself, and prolaw (which is the rule of justice, general fitable unto us, however it be abused by and particular) is the strength of fin; there- our vicious nature, feeing it holdeth forth fore it is added, by it stew me; that is, by the good and acceptable will of Gol, and virtue of the law, which containerh the the good way wherein we.ought to walk, threatenings.

and holdeth" forth large and ample pro

mifes of good things; and fo pointch out VERSE 12. Wherefore the law is: hely; the way unto the everlasting fruition of · and the commandment holy, and jush, and God in glory, if it were perfectly keepgood.

ed; and now in the state of fin, it is pro

fitable for discovering our lost condition His is the conclufion of his large in ourselves, that so we may fly out of

vindication of the law, gathered ourselves to Christ, the end of the law; from his former discourse, and following therefore it is also called good.'. thereupon, as is clear by the particle, IV. We fould labour to have suitable tberefore ; and in it is held cut three: pro- thoughts of God's law; even in respect perties of the law, boch. in the general, of these particulars, which crosseth our and also in respect of every particular com-corruption most, and which carnal reason mand, chiefly that forbiding concupiscence, would contradiet most, as holy, and just, az. that it is holy, jus, and goods and and good;. for even the commandment, hereby the objection is abundantly answer- mentioned formerly, discharging the very ed, the law is not the cause of fin; yea, first rise of sinful thoughts, and inordinate so far is it from being the cause of fin, motions towards any object forbiden, is that, on the contrary, it is haly, jift, and holy, and just, and good. good. OBSERVATIONS.

Verse 13. "Was then that which is

good, made death unto me? God forbid. I. The law of God, in whole and in But sin that it might appear fin, working part, is holy, having the holy Lord death in me by that which is good; thui for its author, being published by the fin by the commandment might become exministry of holy angels, and containing ceeding finful nothing but duties of holiness, every precept breathing out holiness, and not Here is yet another objection, which earthliness or carnality, and tending to make a man holy unto the Lord; this use of by cavillers in after times; he is one of its epithets, The law is holy, knew what sort of spirits those cavillers commanding nothing but holiness and were of, who would not foon be fatifconformity unto God; fee Plalm xix. fied, and submit unto the truth, but would

still carp at and raise flanders against it'; II. As the law is holy, fo is it just and and therefore, as a faithful teacher, and righteous; commanding what is just, and. 'one delirous to have them favingly instructe

7. 8. 9.

ed, he further insists in clearing that ob- me, says he, by that which is good. So jection, and in wipeing off the aspersion; thus the law was good and useful, discoand therefore, first, he proposeth the ob- vering the inward natural corruption of jection, Was that then which is good, the heart to be fin, when it thus took ocmade death unto me? that is, as if ihey casion, without ground; the law could would say, The law is not good, because not be but useful and good, when it made it was made death unto you, as you said, it appear, that such was the strength of verses 10. 11. for that which is good can- our natural corruption, that it would bring not be made death, or that which is made forth sin and death, even by the law death unto any cannot be good. Unio which was good. This he further cleareth this he answereth, 1. by denying that that in the cod of the verse; as if he would was his meaning, when he said, verse 10. I say, My meaning is, when I say, that it That the command which was unto life, he might appear fin, that it might become, or found to be unto death, he meant not then appear to be, exceeding sinful, exceedingly to lay the blame upon the law; for it was bent on fin, extremely hurtful and pestinot the law itself properly that did it, but ferous, when it groweth worse because of sin; therefore he says, (as usual in such the remedy, viz. the commandment. cases, when the inference is abfurd and So then, in short, the apostle takes all unchristian like,) God forbid. 2. He shew- the blame of our death and destruction off eth positively what is that which we ought the law, and lays it upon our innate corto look upon as the proper cause of death, ruption, which he affirmeth to be most by adding, but fin: It is sin and corrup- active and noxious, even in the best : and tion within us which procureth death un- both these the apostle further confirmeth to us; it was not, says he, the good law, and cleareth in the following verses. but fia. And then he cleareth, as before, how it was that sin and corruption was the

OBSERVATIONS. cause of death, and faith, that it wrought I. It is a most dangerous thing to be death in him, by that which is good ; that given to a spirit of cavilling and contradicis, by the law, or commandment, as he tion; such who are so poffefled, will not calleth it afterward; it was so strong and soon receive satisfaction in particulars, mighty that it procured death, and broke but will still be multiplying exceptions, out, taking occasion even at the law which and inventing shifts to oppose truth, and is good and holy, and giveth no counte- even make use of satisfactory answers ginance nor approbation to fin in the least. ven to former objections, to ground new And this he amplifierh, by shewing the cavils and objections : Paul points out the upshot of this, (the particle rendered that, nature of such men, by his thus personatis sometimes meant of an event any way | ing them in proposing objections. Paul following, as well as of a final cause) or would not have answered such objections, what little advantage came thereby unto if he had not forseen, that there would corruption within man; which also hold have been some who would have been eth forth the profitableness of the law, even ready to have framed such objections. when fin is taking occasion thereat to bring II. As ministers ought to be clear in forth death : Sin was hereby discovered, their doctrine, and leave no doubt in the this natural corruption bewrayed itself, and hearts of their hearers, tcuching the truth declared itself to be sin, by irritating and of what they assert, but be at pains to kindling up finful motions, and so bring- remove all scruples; so ought they to use ing death, even taking occasion at the law, much patience and longanimity towards that it might appear fin, working death in contradictors, 2 Tim. ii. 24. 25. and con



descend to satisfy them in every particular, | ruption at the occasion of the law's hemso far as is poflible; as Paul's example ing of it in, may abundantly convince us of teacherh us here, who leaveth no objection its vile and finful nature; therefore is it unloosed.

added, that it might appear fin, working III. As it is no new thing to see men and death in me, by that which is good. women laying all the blame of their fin

VIII. Corruption is nerer rightly taken and misery upon God, who has appointed up, nor seen in its own colours, until it and made.such a law that he foresaw they appear unto the foul to be beyond meawould break, by which they stand conh- sure sinful ; for he addeth, by way of exedenned and guilty of everlasting death, gesis, That fin by the comn.indment might fo that the truth be loadened with ne- become exceeding finful. ver so many malicious flanders, we ought not to quite it, seeing in end all will be | VERSE 14. For we know that the law is found groundless: for it was here objected, spiritual : but I am carnal, foit under ' that from Paul's doctrine it would follow

fin. that God and his law was to be blamed for the death that man is liable unto: Efore we proceed farther, to avoid Was that then which is good, made tediousness, and to cut out our way death, &c.

Thorter in speaking to the following verses, IV. Such is our folly and madness, that there is a neceflity we stay a litile on the unless the law should promise and hold discussing of a great question, touching forth life unto us, do what we please, it the meaning of the following verses, viz. can dever be good in our eyes, and looked Whether Paul speaketh of himself as reupon as profitable unto us; for the objec-generate, or not. Pelagians, Socinians, and ters would not have the law to be good, Arminians, (who all speak 100 favourably upon this ground, becaufe it was made of man's free will, now corrupted,) deny death, tho that was only because of their that he speaketh of himself as regenerate, transgressing of it.

and in the state of grace, and we purpose V. Whatever flanders wicked malicious to clear the contrary; I. By clearing the enemies endeavour to raise against the grounds for what we hold; and then, II.. truths of God, yet it becometh the ser. By difproving their grounds for the convants of the Lord to be diligent and faith-trary. Only, to avoid repetition, we inful in wipeing these off, and to wipe them tend not to speak to the clearing of our fo off, as all may be convinced their very main grounds, taken out of the following foul abhoreth such flanderous untruths : verses, where we will find many particutherefore doch Paul wipe off this aspersion culars which only must be meant of the with a God forbid.

regenerate, until we come to them in the VI. Whatever misery befal men here explication; where also we shall clear, or hereafter, that goeth under the name how these things that our adversaries of death, it is wholly to be imputed unto | suppose no way to agree to the regenefin, as the procuring cause; therefore faith rate, may well be meant of them. We he, but fin; that is, it was sin ihat was say then that the apostle, in the following made death, or did procure it.

part of this chapter, speakech of himself VII. As the law maketh fin known, fo as regenerate : the more actively corruption within rages, 1/t, Because it is clear, that he speaketh when opposed by a law, the more it kyths of himself always in the first person thro' in its own colours, and appeareth to be these twelve verses; and there is no. what indeed it is; and the stiring of cor- I thing in the text which will necellitate us

to look upon him as personating another, to explain this proposition. Whereas, 1. We which is always to be found when there is conceive there is no colour of reason to fuch a personating. And that he speaketh be given why we should take that which is of himself as regenerate is clear, because set down, verse 4. as a proposition of such he speakerh of himself now in the pre- a nature as needeth fo large an explication sent time, and not in the bypast, as he did and confirmation ; seeing it is brought in as before; there is a clear change of the time an undeniable medium by which he presshere thro’ this whole chapter, speaking eth holiness upon believers, to this purstill of fome prefent exercise, and sure it pole: While you was under the tutory of cannot therefore be meant of him wilile | another husband, unregenerate, you was unregenerate, otherways why thould he busy working and bringing forth fruit, and have used the preterite time when he was therefore it is reasonable you should be as speaking of his unregenerate state, verses busy and fruitful under this new husband. 8. 9. 10. 11. might he not as well have Now, who in reason could deny the first? spoken what there is spoken in the present 2. Beside that, we think it hard to imagine time, after this manner; I do not know the apostle le repeat

the apostle to repeat the same argument fin but by the law; I do net know coneu- which he brought before, chapter vi. 14.

piscence; Sin works in me all manner of.con- which our adversaries do, making this all cupiscence; I am alive without the law one with what is couched in here, viz. that ence, but when the commandment comes, fin fin bath dominion over such as are under the revives and I die, &c. Doth not that once law. 3. It is more clear to take these look back to some time before? and how words, verse 14. to have immediate concould Paul be both dead and alive at one nection with the words going before, than time? how could sin be both dead and to cast them to these words, verse s. feerevive at one time? This argument will ing there is no hint in the text for such a be farther strengthened, by considering, thing. 4. By this means, these words, for (as we shewed) that the apostle, in answer the law is Spiritual, verse 14. fhould not ing these objections from verfe 7. is still have the force of any reason, (the reason bringing forth his own experience, that lying only in the end of the verle, accordhe may be seen to speak nothing but what ing to their exposition.) whereas the very he knoweth to be truth from his own ex- reading of the words will force us to the perience; and fo he cannot be thought to contrary, personate another, and then when there 3dly, Because our adversaries themselves is a manifest change of the person before are found to acknowledge, that verse last, speaking of himself, as while a Pharisee in where the apostle says, I thank God thro' the preterite time, and now using the pre- Jesus Chrilt, he speaketh in his own profent time all alongít, he must be understood per person, being now delivered from the to speak of himself as regenerate. body of death; and why may not we take

2diy, Because the contrary opinion, as the preceding verses to be meant fo also, we suppose, doth much strain the analysis, seeing there can no ground in the world be and thwart with the apostle's scope ; for alledged out of the text, why these words they make this part of the chapter, from in this verse, must be so taken, and no the begining of the 14th verse, to be taken more; for always he speakerh of himself up in rendering a reason; and of what? | in the first person. of that which is set down verse 5. that the 4thly, Because of that word, verse last, motions of sin doth work in their members who I myself serve the law of God, not only, says are in the flesh; and that which is caften in, he, I, but I myself; and it were hard to verfe 11. 12. 1 3. say they, serveth take the meaning to be this, the self same

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