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{worn irreconcilable enemies: for what heed, verse 14. The first is, verse 16. I conesteemech not and hateth, he esteemeth lent unto the law, that it is good; which and loveth so as to do; and what he will be deduceth clearly from what he had eth, he so nilleth as to leave undone. said, thus, If then I do that which I would

VII. This party which is in the rege- not, I consent unto the law, that it is good; nerate, for fin and Satan, is not idle, but that is, Seeing I am drawn to do that which so active and maliciously set, as to oppose is contrary to God's holy law, and which and contradiét, yea, and counteract what my soul hath no liking to, but acquiesceth the renewed part would be at; so what in the holy law, and delighteth in the the renewed part willeth not, but bateth, righteousness thereof, my heart consentit doeth; and what the renewed part will. eth unto the law that it is good; I can find eth and approveth, it doth not, viz. when r:9 fault in it, but I approve of it as good, it geteth the better in the combat.

and as the only rule of righteousness: and VIII. However corruption may so far this serveth to confirm what he said before, prevail in the best, as to draw them to gross we know that the law is Spiritual, albeit scandalous fins, as in David and Solomon; I be carnal, and so sold under sin, as that and to strange iniquities, as we see in Peter; I do what I do not approve of, and conyet it never so far prevaileth as to carry sent not unto; yet I am persuaded the law the whole man with it, but still the re- is good, and my loving the contrary of newed part in the mind is diffenting, and what I do, says so much. This also holdthe will as renewed, is protesting to the eth forth matter of comfort to such wrestcontrary, and the affections are seting their lers, who would be ready to question all feet asparr in to far as fanétified; to that as wrong, when they find themselves such they never sin with full content and their flaves to corruption: Thus iheir haring, whole will: They hate and will not, but and not fully willing what they do, says, disapprove of the fin which they commit. that they have right thoughts of the holy

IX. It should trongly convince believ- law of God, and that is an evidence that ers of their corrupted estate in part, and they are not void of the grace of God. how corruption enilaveth them, to con- The next is, verse 17. Notu then, it is no fider how they are driven on to fin, against more I that do it, but fin in me: the parmind, will, and affections: for this is the ticle now then, thews, that this is infered apostle's argument, whereby he confirm- as the former, and it runeth thus; If I do eth that he was fold under sin, because he that which I would not, it is not I as redid sobat be allowed not, but hated. newed, and according to that part which

I own as myself, but fin in me; corrupVERSES 16. 17. If then I do that which tion, that is an opposing iyrant, with whom I would not, I consent unto the law, that I do not account myself one, doth it: and

hereby he confirmeth the other particular, Now then, it is no more I that do it, but viz. that he is fold under fin. This also fin that dwelleth in me.

holdeth our ground of comfort to wrestling

believers, that seeing it is so they do what Ence the apoftie draweth two con- they would not, guiit shall not be laid to

sectaries following clearly upon, and their charge, seeing it is pot they, but flowing from what he said, verse 1 5. where their enemy that doth it. in he holdeth forth some grounds of com

OBSERVATIONS. fort unto believers, while wrestling under the like conflict; and withal confirmeth I. Albeit such as have no more but the these same two particulars, which he prov- light of nature to walk by, may have some

it is good.


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dark knowledge of the common principles V. How strong foever the body of death, of equity, having such notions engraven or corruption be,, unto the believer ; yet. on their heart, and there may be many he never joins interests with it, he never within the visible church, who are utter looks upon it, as on his fide, or one of his strangers to the work of grace, who may party, but still as some other thing than have much literal knowledge of the law and himself: for it is no more ', says he, but. mind of God; yet neither the one nor the fin. other have any heart-approbation of the VI. The unrenewed part that is in the holy law of God, nor heartily welcome it believer is not idle, and lying by, but is as good, when it crofseth their corrupti. most active and stiring, and all its exerons : but this is peculiar to the godly, in cise is to finish and perfect fin, and 10 to fo far as regenerated, they consent unto the cross and withitand the renewed part in all law, thut it is good.

its motions and actions; for it is fin that II. This consenting unto the law, which doth it. is peculiar unto the regenerate part, is VII. Whatever guilt the poor believer not luch a consenting which necesity | be drawn into thro’ the strength of core makes, and which the power of a natural ruption, his renewed part is always free light forceth; but such as floweth from the thereof, grace hath no hand therein, bus heart's complying with the things com. the fole cause thereof is corruption; and manded or forbiden in the law: for this this original corruption should only bear consenting is made out by bis doing that the blame, cd father its own breed: which he would not

therefore says he, It is no more I, but fui. III. It is an evidence of grace in a foul, VIII. Tho'graceless unbelievers be reaand may be ground of comfort unto them dy to abufe scripture to their own perdiin the day when they are wrestling against tion, and this among others, cloaking a body of death, and are foiled, so as their villany under this, that they ought corruption doth prevail over them, and not to be blamed therefore, but fin in forceih them to do that which their renew them; yet none can with ground use this ed part protests against, and is averse from, expression, but such as do not sin with that even then when they are foiled, and their whole heart, but unwillingly, who lying on the breadth of their back, their bave mind, will, and affections withitardheart agrees with the law as holy, just, ing; and who, in the mean time even and good; that the law is to them a good when worsted by corruption, consent une Jaw, in all its particulars, even when they to the law as good; for of such an one is Cannot win up to conformity thereunto: the apostle to be understood as speaking, for this is added as a ground of comfort, when he says, It is is no more I, but fin, &c that be consenteth unto the law, that it is IX. When a soul is drawn, as by the good, whereby others finding this same in hair, to tin, and after sin has been com themselves, when under the like exercise, mited, is the first that casts a stone at him may be comforted.

felf, he may be comforted in this, tha iv. The renewed part of the regene- such țranfgressions shall not be impuedo rate man doch withstard the commiting of him, he not owning them; for this is an fin, and protests against it before it be com other ground of comfort, that it fhall no mired; so when corruption hath prevailed, be accounted his deed, but another’s. and laid the man in the mire, the renew. X. Albeit believers, being in part r ed part is the first chat appeareth in the newed, are in so far temples of the Ho field against it, and openly disowns it: for Ghost, ar:d have the Spirit of God die says the apostle, it is no more I that do it, ing in them; yet their renovation not bei

perfect, corruption is' a continual in-mate, ( ness in his will to that which was good, keeping poilellion, and will still cleavę but great opposition and backwardness uncode to us, till corruption put on incor to performance; For to will is present, but ruprion; hence sin is said to dwell in them, how to perform that which is good l find not as if it were full master and lord of not. Now this is brought in to confirm the man; for there is a difference betwist what he spoke touching his corrupted naindwelling fin and reigning fin, (the re ture; For I know, says he, that in me liques ot corruption still abide in us, but (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: reign net) but because it is not coming As if he would tay, You think strange and going as a wayfaring man, but a con. that I say that sin dwelieth in me, but I Itant residenter and indweller, withal ty. know from felt experience, that in my Tarnizing and oppressing.

corrupted nature, in niy flesh (thus I must XI. It is no small evidence of grace in a correct myself, would he say, left it should foul to get a right light of corruption with seem injurious unto God's grace bestowed in; acd it is no less profitable to be viewing upon me,) dwelleth no good thing; there and seriously considering the same, seeing is no good notion that hath any fixed and i not only will the foul thereby be keeped constant abode there. In verse 19. is a humble and diligent, in the exercise of proof of that which he said, 'To will is grace, and in the use of means, whereby present with me, &c. And verse 20. conit may grow in grace, but also it will there iaineth the comfortable outgate, as, beby see the fountain of, and where to fa- fore... ther aright, all its abominations; for the

OBSERVATIONS. :. regenerate man, of whom the apostle is speaking, fees fin dwelling in hin, and so I. Folks that are strangers to their own is helped to father fin'аright.

hearts, and unacquainted with the duty of

self-examination, usually have too good VERSES 18. 19. 20. For I know, that in thoughts of themselves, and a serious and

m!e (that is, in my flesh) dwelleih no good sincere viewing and steping in into our own thing : for to will is present with me, but hearts, and reflecting upon our ways, will how to perform that which is good, I bring us to a right fight of our narpral find not.

corruption; for Paul goeth in to his own . For the good that I would, I do not : but heart and experience, when he is to prove

the evil which I would not, that I do. that he was carnal, or had fin dwelling in Now if I do that I would not, it is no more him, saying, I know, &c. I that do it, but fin that dwelieth in me. II. Natural people, who are altogether

void of grace, may win to some common Hat which the apostle faid last, viz. illumination of the Spirit, and to some

That fio dwelleth in him, seemed raw, far-off apprehensions of their natusomewhat yoclear, and therefore he addeth ral corruption; but it is only grace that something here which tendeih to clear the will give a thorough, clear, heart-affect. faine, and that brought from his own ex- ing, and soul-humbling fight of it: Beperience ; and thus ihewerh a second fit of lievers, in so far as they are regenerated, ditemper in the regenerate, closing it with will win to clear up-taking of their natuthe fame comfortable issue which he closed ral condition ; for Paul, as a regenerated the lait with. There is here then a new man, faith here, I know... fit of a regenerate person, containing a new III. As grace is thus a sharp fighted, discord or diffention betwixt his will and searching thing, so it is a humble and a bis executive faculty; he found a prompt. I heart-humbling thing; and the more a



fool have of it, the more low and base, so there is a renewed and an unrenewed thoughts he has of himself, and the more part in him. ready is he to take with, and acknowledge

VI. As the believer is thus twofome, his own Iname, when it may tend to God's so some things may be true of him in one glory, and the good of his people, tho'respect, which will not be true of him in it were but in the confirming of a truth : another; some things may be spoken of him therefore Paul is not ashamed to say, I as regenerate, which will not agree to him know that, in me dwelleth 10 good thing, as unrenewed; and, on the contrary, some when he would prove, that sin dwelleth in things may agree to him as unrenewed, him.

which would be false if spoken of him as IV. So fly and fubtile is Satan, and so renewed : for here, that no good dwelleth in deceitful is the heart of the best, that they him is true, if meant of his flesh, and un. are in danger of wronging God and his renewed part, but falfe, if understood of grace, even when they are about a neces- his renewed part. sary and laudable duty of acknowledging VII. This unrenewed part is wholly their vileness; and therefore believers corrupt, filthy, and fleshly, without any should carefully take heed, that when they spiritual life of grace; and, on the conare freely acknowledging their vile and a trary, the renewed part is fpiritual altobominable natures, they do not rub upon gerher, without any mixture of flesh aGod's free grace, and leave any imputation mong it: this his correction and calling thereupon, and miscall themselves to the the unrenewed part flesh, proveth; fo dishonour of God and his grace in them: that the apostle cannot mean here an untherefore while the apostle is saying, I regeneraie man under the law, for whatknow, that in me dwellet h no good thing, ever common good may be said to be in Jeft he should seem injurious unto God's them who are unrenewed and unconvertgrace, he correcteth himself, and faith, that ed, it is never so clean of corruption and is, in my flel.

flesh, as țhat the apostle needed here help V. In believers, as there is much cor his speech, by saying, I know, that in me ruption, on the one hand, they not being (that is, in my flesh) dwelteth no good thing; completely renewed, so there is in them for in thele there is nothing to be looked tomething that is contrary to this corrup upon as so opposite and contrary unto fich tion, that is, not common gifts, as illumina. as to partake nothing of it, take them up tion, which is but the common work of under what respect you pleafe. the Spirit, nor the work of the law writen VIII. As these parts in the believer are in the bearts of Heathens, Rom. ii. 15. nor contrary unto each other themselves, so are a taping of the heavenly gift, Heb. vi

. 4. 5. they receptacles of contrary parties; as two or receiving the word with joy, Matth. xiii. contrary garrisons, tho’in one and the fame 20. and tuch like; (which, tho' good, if kingdom, keep up two contrary parties; we speak comparatively, yet are they not fo, says he, in ny flesh dwelleth 10 good such things as stand in direct opposition un thing; this garrison of corruprion kecpeth to corruption, or the flesh; for even in nothing but corrupt soldiers, and the other these there is flesh, and nothing but flesh, garrison of grace hath no such in it, bus however somewhat better polished ;) but foldiers of another paure. grace, which standeih in downright terms IX. As thefe principles are contrary in opposition to fin and corruption : This one to the other in their own natures, and correction of the apostle faith, there is can never agree; so are they set to cross something else than fin and flesh in him, one another in

one another in every action which the poor even something that is contrary thereto; I believer goeth about ; what the one will


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in me.

have done, the other will not have done; } culture polisheth better, and imprinted the be it good or evil, each contribute their fear of divine majesty, to keep them be!influence and forces to oppose the other, ter in order; yet as to any spiritual good, fo that the believer gets nothing done but or even that moral good in a spiritual manwith a battle : therefore says he, To will ner, they have no inclination, but are alto. is present, but how to perform I know not : gether averse from: and this is peculiar the good that I would, I do not, and the evil unto the child of God, seeing it is only a ubich I would ixt, I do. See Gal. v. 17. good tree which bringeth forth good fruit.

X. As by reason of this continual battle Nor is this love or desire unto what is there is a mixture in the action, flowing fpiritually good any whit the less to be from the several interests which these con- suspected in them as not fincere, but counirary principles have in it, by reason of terteit, because they cannot get it accomthe contrary influences which they have plihed, but are frustraced of their intea. contributed thereto; so it is grace only, tions; for there may be carval will to that and grace in exercise, which will fo dit- which is good, when there is no ability to cover this, as to give every one of thele perform; as here, to will is present, but principles their own share; and believers bow to perform what is good, I find not. should be careful to father every piece of XIV. Albeit believers do many times the work aright for their own comfort, that which they do allow, and cannot as Paul doth, who infereth, verse 20. It but approve themselves in, if we speak of is no more I thut do it, but fin that dwelleth the substance of the act which they do;

yet if we conlider the circumstances of the XI. Albeit believers be often aslisted action, as manner, measure, and end, it by the Spirit of grace, and so far enabled will always hold, that the good which they as to be victors, and not only to will, but would, they do not, and the evil which they also to do what is good; yet it is not al- would not, they do, either for matter or ways so, but oftentimes it fo falleth out, manner, if not boch. that they cannot do the good they would ; XY. It is useful and necessary to be and hereby abundantly it is evidenced, that often considering this combat which is in there is corruption in the best, and that the regenerated, and how often it cometh the flesh has no good will to any thing to pass that the worst lide prevaileth over that is good : for this is the apoitle's rea the better in particular Skirmishes, that fon, For to will is present, but how to per- our spirits may be keeped humble, this. form that which is good I find not, &c. heavy clogg being still in our view, and

XII. Albeit this fleshy part of the be. we may be driven nearer Christ, that we liever be not idle, but busy in opposing the may get more grace to subdue, or at least renewed part at the very begining of any to keep our own with corruptiou; and action ; yet its oppofition is more sensibly may long for the day when we shall be felt when it cometh to the execution ; and beyond its reach, and may be the more therefore the apoile mentioneth it fo: thankful for any little victory obtained, How to perform that which is good, I find and take it as arles of a full and final vicnot; and I do what I would not, and do tory coming: therefore doth the apostle not what I would.

repeat again the same that was said, XIII. Albeit the ungodly may have some verse 15. or not far from the fame purwillingness unto that which is morally pole, saying, The good that I would, I do good, God having, for the good of hunot, &c. man societies, left fome rude lineaments of XVI. As believers, when under this his image in all by nature, which use and exercise and combat, and when foiled,


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