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mark whereby this might be discerned : | subject to many miseries, and shall at length he would not take upon him to judge ab- ly down in the dust, yet they shall rise solucely of their estate, but only in the up again, do not doubi; if Christ dwell in judgment of charity; and therefore for you by his Spirit, God that raised up trial, he addeth, if so be that the Spirit of Christ your head, shall also quicken your God dwell in you; that is, if the holy mortal bodies by his Spirit that is within Spirit of God be dwelling in you, renew- you ; the fame omnipotent power that ing your hearts, and sanctifying you. And raised up Christ, fhall even raise you also; this he confirmeth by a reason, faying, and that Spirit which you have, whereby Now if any man have not tve Spirit of you are joined to Chtist your head, hall Christ, he is none of bis ; that is, if any restore you to life; as the head is up, so man have not this Spirit of san&tification, thall you be raised. So here, then, be which is the Spirit of God, and of Christ, 1. concedes that the body is mortal, frail, pretend what he wil, he is none of Christ's and subject to miseries here, and to death members.
at length, and that because of fin, both And to illustrate this the more, in ver- original and actual, And, 2. though cor ses 10. and 11. he obviateth an objection ruption be in them, yet it possesses not the which, if not removed, might obstruct whole man, for the Spirit is life; there their consolation; for they might say, You is the life of grace begun, and the soul
tell us, that we who are believers are in thall live by virtue of Christ's righteoul..the Spirit, and the Spirit is in us, and even ness imputed, and received by faith. And,
the Spirit of God and of Christ; but how 3. he lheweth, that even the bodies of his can that be, or what comfort can we reap people shall rise up again. And here, thereby, seeing we have corruption in us, (1.) he dheweth whole bodies it is who and a body of death oppressing us, so as thall be thus raised to life, or quickened; thereby we are brought to suffer many even such as have the Spirit of him that afli&tions, yea, our bodies are mortal, frail, raised up Christ; that is, such as have the and brittle, and at length must die, and Spirit of God in them: not that the rest moulder in dust, because of Adam's guilt, thall not arise, but to thew, that they shall and our own actual transgressions; the body rise in another manner; for the reft thall is dead, might they say. To which he be raised up to judgment, but they fall answereth two things; First, It is true, be raised up to life, and quickened; and the body is dead, because of fin; but the the rest shall be raised to dishonour by the Spirit is life, because of righteousness ; that power of God, but they shall be raised to is, tho' sin and corruprion be in you, and honour, by the Spirit of Christ which because of that and of original guilt, your dwelleth in them; and the resurrection of bodies be now liable to affliction, and at Christ, who is their head, shall be the length shall die; yet your souls shall never ground of their rising ; therefore he addsee corruption, by reason of the righteous. eth, he that raised up Christ, &c. to fhew, ness of Christ imputed; and there is life (2.) in the second place, that by the same begun in you, even a spiritual life of ho. power that Christ was raised, shall they be liness thro’inherent righteousness wrought raised: And this he says the more to comby the Spirit; and lo your spiritual part fort them; for if he had said, that Christ is living, and shall live, thro' the imputed raised himself, which is true likewise, they righteousness of Christ, and begun holi might have said, Every one of us is not ness; for we see no cause why we may not such an one as he was, able to raise ourtake in both. This is the first answer. The felves, and so that is but small confort to next is, Tho' your bodies are now-mortal, And then, (3.) he lhews.the way how this shall be brought about, viz. by the they may know whether such or such comSpirit that dwelleth in them.
forts belong to them: The apostle cafts in
this word, If so be that the Spirit of God OBSERVATIONS.
dwell in you, to put them to a narro 1. Though the grounds of consolation, search and trial of ihemselves. whereby the spirits of God's people may V. Tho' believers may have much corbe refreshed, be set down in general; yet ruption in them, that may breed them this need not scar true believers, tho’they daily trouble and fore exercise; yet seeing cannot read their name there; but they they have fled in to Christ, and in part may lawfully apply these unto themselves, are made partakers of the divine nature, as the apustle cleareth, by his applying of 2 Pet. i. 4. being renewed in the spirit of zbar general ground set down, verse 1. say, their minds, Eph. iv. 23. The Lord efiiing, But you are not in the flesh, &c. mates them according to their better part,
II. It is pot enough for miniiters to clear and so accounts them not to be in the flesh. general truths unto people, and leave it VI. The state which people are advanfo; but they ought particularly to apply ced to thro' faith in Christ, is a far other the same, that every one may have his own state, and infinitely more excellent than the share, be it in a matter of comfort or of estate in which they were by nature; that reproof; thus should the word of the Lord was a carnal state, this is a spiritual state; be rightly divided, 2 Tim. ii. 15. and this they were before in the flesh, but now in is the token of a faithful steward, 1 Cor. the Spirit; grace makes a real and a won. iii. 2: for so doth Paul here, bring home derful change. the general doctrine unto a particular ap- VII. There are but two states, in which plication, for their use.
all are, either in the flesh, or in the SpiIN. Ministers should take heed that they rit, there is not a third; tho' many at once reach not comfort hand over head unto a may have both flesh and Spirit, yet they people; but should cut the word of the cannot at once be both in the flesh and Lord aright, as wife stewards giving every in the Spirit; these two states are so conone their own due; and for this cause, lest trary; You are not in the flesh, but in the
. no right thereto, and the godly fcar
, who 1 PVILI
. Tho"there be but one true and ought to draw near, and are oft backward living God, Deut. vi. 4. Jer. X. 10.; yet to approach, they should so clearly point are there three persons in this Godhead; forth by marks and characters, such to that is, three understanding divine substanwhom the promises of consolation belong, ces, subsisting by themselves, really distinas neither the presumptuous be encourag- guilhed from other by their incommunicable ed, por the humble detered: as the apostle properties, possessing the whole divine esdoth here, saying, Ye are not in the flesh, Tence. For 1. here, there is God made but in the Spirit, if to be that the Spirit mention of, that is, the Father the first of God dwell in you.
person, who is unquestionably God, and IV. It being a dangerous thing for any who is said, verse 11. to have raised up to lay hold on a gracious promise, who Christ, and to raise up our mortal bodies, a have no sight thereto, and have foul sto- work which only God can do: And 2. machs; and hurtful to caft away the con- Christ, who is clearly a person, becauso folations of God, when they are held forth he is said to dwell in believers, he has a to us; therefore all should labour to be being in them, verse 10, and so fubfisting, clear anent their condition, and should di- John viii. 58. being one that has life in ligently search and try their estate, that fo himself
, John iii. 26, and is endued with
an understanding, John xxi. 17. and a will,, respect of these actions in and about the John v. 2 1.; and a person distinêt from the creature, they work all jointly : ThereFather, in thar that is spoken of him which fore both the Father and the Spirit are said cannot be said of the Father, viz. That he to raise the dead; be that raised up Chrisl died and rose again, and the Father is said Mall also quicken your bodies, by the Spirit. to raise him; and also from the Spirit, in x. As there is an order of original in that the Spirit is sent from him, as from the divine nature, or in the manner of the Father, and is therefore called his their subsistences, so that the Father is Spirit, and a person which is God, in that first, the Son second, and the Spirit the the same Spirit, which is called the Spirit third perfon of the Trinity; so, answerof God, is called the Spirit of Christ, and ably is there an order in their operaso is conjunct with the Father in sending the tions, the Father working of himself, the Spirit, which is an undoubted token of the Son working from the Father, John v. Godhead: see John xvi. 7. And 3. there is 19. 30. and viii. 28. the Holy Ghost workthe Spirit a person also, for he has fubfiit. ing from the Father and the Son, John ence, and is said to dwell and abide in be- xvi. 13. so here, the Spirit is said to be lievers, and to raise them up, which a per- the Spirit of God, and of Christ, in dwellfon only can do; and a perfon di&tinct from ing in the faints
, and the Lord is said to the rest
, in that he is sent by them, and quicken the dead by the Spirit. so called their Spirit, and in that God XI. Yet we ordinarily find some works faid to quicken the dead by him; and also principally ascribed to one, and others to a divine person, or a person that is God, another person, viz. these works in which and hath the whole divine eflence, in that their manner of existence doth most emihe raiseth and quickeneth the dead, and nently appear; as here, raising of Christ, dwelleth in all believers. Yet though the and quickening of the dead, are mainly apersons of the Trinity be distinguished, as scribed to the Father; to die, and rise awe hew, even really among themselves, gain, to Christ the second person; to dwell viz: as one relation or manner of being is in the saints, unto the third person, or the distinguished from another, they are not Spirit. distinguished really from the essence, as XII. The Holy Ghost, the third perone thing from another; but only modal- son of the Trinity, hath his fubsistence by ly, (as they say) that is, as the manner of way of proceeding from the Father and the a being is distinguished from the being Son both, not as ewn distinct principles, but itself : So that we must not conceive any as one, having both the same individual essential difference betwixt them, least we essence; hence is he called, the Spirit of wrong the unity of the essence; nor that God, and said to proceed from him, John they are parts of the Godhead, because xv. 26. Matth. X. 20. so is be called, the the Godhead is a most simple infinite. im- Spirit of Christ here, and Gal. ix. 6. partible being, nor that they are so distin- Phil. i. 19. 1 Pet. i. 11. See John xv. 14. guished, as that they either are, or can 15. and xvi. 13. 14. 15. possibly be really separated; for as they XIII. This Spirit of God, the third perare co-essential, fo do they mutually fub- son of the Trinity, as he is every where fift in one another, John xiv. 10.
present in respect of his essence, and in IX. Howbeit there three persons be the most wicked wretch, in respect of his distinguished in their personal properties, general providence, Acts xvii. 28.; fo in or relative subsistences, and personal im- a special manner doth he reside in believers, manent actions, so as what is faid of the after he has come and wrought in them one cannot be verities of the other; yet in the habits of grace, and is helping them to
dwell in you.
act, yea, rather, working all their works Heb. ix. 15. with Acts ii. 33. for in him in them, Phil. ii. 13: guiding them in the all the promises are sea and amen, 2 Cor. ways of the Lord, by becoming a Spirit i. 20. yea, Christ himself promises this to of wisdom and revelation, Eph. i. 17. 18. all, John xv. 26. and xiv. 16. 17. and svi. filling them with wisdom and spiritual un- 14. and all their neceffities call for his efderstanding, Col. i. 9. acquainting them fecual presence, seeing without him they with the secrets of God, i Cor. ii. 10. II. can do nothing, John xv. 5. they need 12. 13. 14. and giving them the know. strength, light, life, comfort, and perfeledge of his glory, &c. 2 Cor. iv. 6. and so verance, all which worketh that one Spileading them in all truth, John xvi. 13. rit: for here, the weight of our regene1 Jolin ii. 20. 27. supporting them in dit-ration is laid upon it, so that if any have ficulties, Psal. li. 12. Rom. viii. 26. Phil. ( 'not this, he is none of Chriji's, he is not in i. 19. by calling to their minds what may the Spirit. tend thereunto, John xiv. 16. 17. and stir- XVI. As the Spirit of the Lord is faing up their graces, Rom. v. 3. 4. 5. hence miliar and homely with believers, not gowe are called the temples of the Holy Ghost, ing and coming now and then as a stranger; 1 Cor. iii. 16. 17. and vi. 19. See Psal. so is his presence constant and permanent, li. 11. Gal. ix. 6. 2 Tim. i. 14. Eph. i. however believers under desertion, may 13. 14. Rom. v. 5. John xiv. 16. 17. and miss him, and think him gone altogether, xvi. 13. 1 Cor. ii. 12. If the Spirit of God and as to much of his comfortable presence,
because of their grieving him by their fins, XIV. Among other works which this he may really be departed : yet shall he Spirit of God is working in believers, he never finally and totally be taken from is advancing the work of holiness, restrain them; the feed of God shall still remain, ing them from iniquity, and strengthening for so runeth the promise, Ifa. lix. 21. the things which remain, Rev. iii. 2. renew John xiv. 16. hence they are said to be ing their youth as the eagles, Psal. ciii. 5. set- Jealed, 2 Cor. i. 23. Eph. i. 13. and iv. 30. ing on work his own graces, Gal. v. 25. 26. and to partake of the divine nature, 2 Pet. Epb. ii. 16. 17. and thus he is a fountain of i. 4.; so here, he is said to dwell in them, water, springing up unto eternal life, John verse 9. yea, to inhabit, or indwell in iy. 14. and hereby may believers fafely them, verse 11. judge of their estate, whether they be in XVII. There is a strait union and tye Christ or not: for he says, Ye are in the between Christ and all and every true beSpirit, if fo be the Spirit of God dwell in liever; an union, tho' not essential, as is you; and hereby he would have them try- che union of the three persons of the Goding, whether they be in the Spirit or not. head, nor personal, as Christ's divine and
XV. This privilege of having the Spirit, human nature is united. (for we keep still is not a privilege belonging to the apostles, our own personality, and he his) nor such or some few eminent Christians in the pri- as betwixt matter and form, nor betwixt mitive times, tho' then he did communicate the water and the cup, nor as two things many extraordinary gifts; in which re- mixed together, nor as a genus and a spespect, we find them oft said to be filled cies, nor as an accident in a subject; yet with the Holy Ghost, Acts ii. 4. and iv. 8. is it a real union, and no imaginary thing; 31. and in many more; but it is common a subți antial union, berwixt whole Christ, to all believers in some measure, this be as God and man in one person, and the ing a promise of the new covenant, Isa. lix. whole person of the believer, soul and bo21. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. which belongeth to dy; a close and intimate union, so as Christ all, Luke xi. 1 3. and purchased by Chriit, I and believers make up one Christ mystical
1 Cor. xii. 12. Gal. iii. 16. yea, such a sence, Ifa. Ivii. 17. Pfal. xxxii. 3. 4. and mystical union is it, as that union of Christ tho' thereby we quench the Spirit, i Thes. with the Father is made an example and v. 17.; for tho’ Christ be in them, the body pattern of it, John svii. 11. and such as a may be dead because of fin. few fimilirudes cannot set forth, and there XXI. Notwithitanding of this near and fore many are made use of for this effect; spiritual union berween Christ and belieras marriage, Eph. v. 32. a vine and its ers, whereby their very bodies are united branches, John xv. 1. 5. the head and the to him, for the whole man is married to members, 1 Cor. xii. 12. and xi. 3. Eph. Christ; yet their bodies are still mortal, and V. 23. Col. i. 19. and as the building and subject to miseries hereaway; the foundation, 1 Pet. ii. 4. 5. hence Chriit Christ be in them, the body is dead. and they are said to be one Spirit, 1 Cor. XXII. As by reason of that old threatvi. 16. 17. So here, Christ is said to existening in the covenant of works, That day in them, as before they were said to be in thou eatest, thou shalt die, there is a necelbim.
lity lying on us all once to die, Heb. ix. 27. XVIII. The knot of this mystical union Job xxx. 23. tho' now it become a porch between Christ and believers, or the way to life unto the godly; so notwithstanding how it is made, on his part, is by his Spi- believers are at one with Chritt, and marrit infused, (as by faith on ours, Eph. iii. ried to him, their provocations will draw 17.) that as the head and the body are ani- down fad strokes from God's hand, and many mated with one soul, so Christ and his sharp fatherly chastisements, the wages of imembers are united by one quickening Spi- fin being death, Rom. vi 23. Isa. xl. 1. 2. rit, i Cor. xii. 12. 1 John iv. 13. 2 Pet. i. Psalm li. 1. &c. xxxii. 4. 5. xxxviii. 1. 2. 3. 4. and as man and wife, being duly marri- and Ixxxix. 30. 31. 32. not that there is ed, are no more twain, but one flesh, Gen. / any thing of vindictive wrath, or of the ii. 24. Eph. v. 31. 32. fo Christ and they curse, in these chastisements, Christ harare one spirit
, 1 Cor. vi. 17. for here Christing fully satisfied justice ; and though beis said to dwell in them; how? because his lievers are ready to question their interest Spirit abides in them.
in Christ, and cry out, If it be so, why am XIX. Let one have never so many fair 7 thus? yet notwithstanding of all these flourishes of a profession, and never lo ma. afflictions and corruptions, the union stands, ny rare gifts of the Spirit, and common Pfalm Ixxxix. 31. 32. 33. and li. 11. even inanifestations ; yet so long as they are void death itself cannot untye the knot; Christ of this quickening, enlivening Spirit, plant is in them, and the body is dead because of ing the habits of grace in them, and actu- fin. ating them, and so leading them according XXIII. Though the foul in its own nato the word, in the ways of righteousness, ture, be an immortal substance, nou capathey have no saving interest in Christ; for ble of corruption, as the body is, yet it is if any man have not the spirit of Christ, be liable to a spiritual death, to a state of is none of his.
hatred, and separation from the presence of XX. As original fin in the elect did not the Lord, and the glory of his power, Luke hinder the union to be made up between xvi. 23. 24. 2 Thef. i. 9. and even here Christ and them, when they received him may be dead in fins and trespases, Eph into their hearts by faith : so neither will | ii. i. This is supposed, in that he fay daily sins of infirmity break the union when the spirit is life. made, though therehy we grieve the Spi XXIV. Believers being united unt rit, Eph. iv. 30. that is, provoke him to Christ, and made one with him, are no withdraw his gracious and comforting pre-I in a state of friendlhip with God, an