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ftification befis, he chosethrophet's words ;) as many pronts author of this one word,
stification by faith alone. And this affer-1 IV. Howbeit it hath seemed good in tion, or thesis, he choseth to fet down, as the Lord's eyes, to give us so ample a rule it were couched in the prophet's words; to walk by, and to examine doctrine by, wherein also is held forth a confirmation as many proofs may be had of one point; from Scripture. Take the thesis thus : yet seeing the author of this word is a We are justified by Faith, and not by God of truth,, who cannot lye, one word, Works. His first argument flandeth and one place of fcripture, should be suf. thus: If so be Scripture affirm, that we | ficient to confirm us of the truth of a are just by faith, and by faith we live, doctrine; as Paul's ciring only one place then are we justified by faith. But the of scripture gives us to know.. former is true; Therefore. The con 1 V.. We ought to be so well'acquainted nection is undoubted; and the words of with the Scriptures, that the very recit-Habakkuk prove the assumption, vizi | ing of the words should be enough to put That we are just, and live, by faith: for us to the place where it is, tho it be not it is written, Hab. ii.4. The just liiall live named: therefore does Paul only say, by faith; or, T he just by faith shall live : As it is written;, naming neither where, for it may be read both ways.
nor by whom. HENCE OBSERVE,
VI. So full and comprehensive is this ; 1. The doctrine of justification by faith touchstone, the law and the testimony, is fo necessary to be well understood, and by which we are to try what is light and lo oppugned and obscured by Satan and what is darkness, that we may confirm a. his instruments, as it concerneth all to be truth from a place where that truth is not well acquainted therewith, and to labour directly and intentionally handled, nor is to have it cleared and confirmed to us he direct scope of the place to speak to it: fron the word of the Lord : therefore for here the apostle makes use of that doch Paul insist so much upon it here, I place of Habakkuk, where the prophet and beginneth with, As it is written is not speaking how and what way people
II. So precious should truth be unto may be justified 'before God, but how the both pastor and people, and so warry godly thould be supported, and have a ourbe both to be of error, that as the life of it even in days of trouble; only it paltor should labour to bring forth no- might be gathered from it by a just conthing into people but what he can pro- fequence, thus: If the righteous have a duce fcripture for, and show that thus it comfortable life, thro' waiting on God, it is written; so people should search and in an evil time, and that by faith, it must. try whether the doctrines delivered be. be by faith that he is brought into a live according to the word written, or not : ing state, and justified. Or, if it be read therefore doth Paul confirm his affertion the other way, The just by faith all live, by thus it is written.
| then it clearly holds forth, that it is by III. However the Lord hath been faith (viz. laying hold on Christ's righpleased to afford us many helps, whereby teousness, and in his blood) that they are We may attain unto the clear discovery of just, or justified. It is a great wrong done truth, and which we may fafely make use to scripture, when consequences 'clearly of in their own place ; yet the only test deduced therefrom, are made invalid. 2od touchstone by which we are to try VII. However we find not the way, of what is truth, what is error, and upon the juitification of sinners, so clearly ard wih we are to rest, is the word of the fully laid down in the Old Testament as. Lord: Thus it is written, should sufficis in the New; yet justification by faith is an cady clear us of the truth.
| Old Testament truth;. for the apolle con
chance and fortune; and therefore Paul | that they had some knowledge of the tells them, God's wrath is revealed from truth, he proves in these two verses; and heaven, and those judgments had not their next, that they did incarcerate this knowrise lower.
ledge, he confirmeth, verles 21. 22. 23. IX. However men may run on in their So the apostle in these two verses is iniquity, and conceive false hopes of escap- | thewing what that knowledge of God was ing the just judgment of God, yet at which the Heathens had, and how they length they will find themselves deceived, came by it. God's eternal power and when judgment inevitable shall come on, Godhead, which are in themselves inviand they shall have no way to escape ; lible, was a thing the knowledge whereof when God's wrath shall be revealed from was attainable by the light of nature, heaven. .
They had common principles of knowX. However since the fall our fight be ledge given them of God, whereby, lookdim, yet the Lord hath left so much ing upon the works of the creation, they knowledge of truth, as may in some mea might safely and solidly gaiher, what a sure hold forth part of our duty, both God he was, and what was his due; fo towards God and man; for even these that they were rendered inexcusable in aHeathens had the knowledge of truth. busing this light; and their mouths were
XI. The knowledge of truth, touching stopped, so that they had nothing to say God, hath such a natural tendency to for themselves, why they lived in ungod. practice, and answerable walking in obe liness and unrighteouinels. dience, that for any to do otherways, is DOCTRINAL OBSERVATIONS. as it were to do violence unto truth, and I I. So dim and dark is that firall candle: to incarcerate it; for thele Heathens, by light of nature, and so deep and uniearchtheir ungodliness and uprighteousness, did able a mystery is God, that there are many block up and imprison the truth, or the things in God which nature is stone-blind knowledge of it.
into, and will never be known by all naXII. It is a heinous and heathenish evil | ture's light ; for the apostle supposes that to be crossing light, and to walk in wick- there is something which may not be edness over the belly of conscience; a fin known, when he speakech of that which against which God is highly provoked, may he known. and occasioneth all impiety : for it was the | 11. However the Lord Jehovah be in Gentiles sin here, that they detained the himself unsearchable, yer hath he left as truth in unrighteousness.
much light in folks, that were they defir
ous, by the very principles of natural VERSES 19. 20. Because that which may knowledge, they might lee as much of
be known of God, is manifest in them; God as might convince them that he only
for God hath bewed it upto them. is to be worshipped, loved, and feared For the invisible things of him from the for it pleased the Lord that as much as
creation of the world are clearly seen, might be sufficient for this end, should red being understood by the things that are main attainable by sand-blind nature; this made, event his eternal power and God is it that might be known... bead; so that they are without excuse. III. Thofe common notions, and natu!
ral principles, (which, if well studied TN confirmation of the last argument he would sufficiently convince folk that G od I had said, that they detained the truih cily is to be worshipped, feared, and J of God in unrighteousness; and now he beyed) are to deeply rooted and fastene makes out this in both its parts; and first, I into the minds of people, that will ihet