Page images

fore, for the further confirmation and the like liberty draw the same conclusion clearing of the fore mencioned motive, he therefrom for their comfort? But, more. mentioneth that which will be a standing over, we say, that Christ and all things monument to all generations, of God's un. here mentioned go together, and to whoin parallelable love, and most tender respect, the one is given, the other is granted al. 10 yard them, viz. his giving Christ to so; now, sure I am, none will say, that ihe death for them; and this is set out these all things here mentioned are given with a great emphasis, the more to illu to the reprobate and wicked ones, otherstrate it: And, 1. he says, He spared not; ways the apoille's argument Tould be by no means would he forbear to have made null, and his motive Tould indeed justice fatisfied by him : And, 2. his be no motive: therefore neither is Christ Son: When men would quite with any given to death for them : But this all is thing, how dear foever it be, for their for all these he has been speaking of bechildren's fake, yet he was content to fore, who are predestinated to life, and quite with his Son. 3. His own Son; that whom the Lord hath called, or purposed is, his only begoten Son, not a begoten to call, justify, and glorify, amongst whom fon, but his own and only begoten Son, the apostle reckons himself, saying, us all; even him he would not spare; 4. But de- Now, says he, he has given him for us all, livered him up to the death; from eternity and not for a few of us, who are more edid fore-ordain that he should lay down minent in holiness than the rest; not for a his life, and in due cime sent him into the few in one nation, but the good of this world for that end, and delivered him not gift redounds to all ranks, qualities, and only to scourgings, want, and other hard nations. And having thus emphatically ships, but even to death itself, suffering Ju. set forth this rare and admirable gift, he das and others, to put him to death. Then, thence gathereth a seventh motive, yet 5. says he, for us; for us poor, sinful, further to press chearfulness in afflictions; feckless, unworthy wretches, who could and it is an argument drawn from the more deserve nothing at his hand, and from to the less: as if he had said, I know one whom nothing could be expected. And, thing amongst many, which troubleth you 6. for us all; that is, not for all and eve- in a time of distress, is, fear of want ry individual man and woman in the world, and of pinching: now why do you fear for to say so, were to cross the apostle's that; He that spared not his own fon, but scope, which, as we shall hear, is to hold delivered him up for us all, low mall he forth this as a notable ground of confi. not with him also freely give us all things? dence, that they shall want nothing that is He that has given you the more, will he not for their behoof, viz. that he has given give you the less also? What are all these Christ for them, and given him to the things to the gift you have goten already? death for their use; now, had he given nothing in comparison with that; and thereChrist to death equally for the reprobatefore the consideration of this should arm and elect ones, how could it be any ground you against all these fears. of encouragement to the one, to fear no danger in adversities? That which is com.

OBSERVATIONS. mon to many, cannot be proper to a few; 1. Jesus Christ is true God equal with and if the reprobate wicked ones might the Father, having the same essence; for say, that Christ was given for them, how he is here called his Son, yea, his crunz could the elect godly ones draw this com- Son; not only because, that among all the fortable conclusion from it, that they should sons of God he was the chief, and the best get all things? might not the wicked, with I beloved, but also because he has the line


divine divine effence, with ail the essential actri- ' V. The Lord having made a law, and butes, as, eternity, Joba viii. 5. Col. i. 17. made death the penalty of a broken coreProv, viii. 22. 24. Micah v. 2. Omnipre- nant, there was a nece ility upon that acjence, Matth. xviii. 20. and xxviii. 20. Joho count, chat ere justice should be satisfied, iii, 13. omniscience, John ii. 24. and ssi. man, or his cautioner, should die; and 17. omnipotence, John x. 29. Phil. iii. 21. man not being able to satisfy justice and and immutability, Heb. i. 12. and xiji. 8. escape death, the Lord appointed bis cau. and hence we find hiin geting divine titles, tioner Christ to die; and thus he is said to Ifa. ix. 6. Poin. is. 5. and divine worship, / be celivered to death; no less than this Asts vii. 5y. and ix. 14. Heb. i. 6. Rev. v. could satisfy, one drop of blood, one tear, 12. John xiv. 1. and v. 2 3. 1 Cor. xv. 19. or figh, would not do the turn. and working divine works, Joho i. 3. v. 21. VI. Jesus Christ standing in our room and vi. 40. Col. i. 16. 17. Heb. i. 3.: His as cautioner, making fatisfaction to juflice own Son. :

| for us, did not only undergo the miseries II. Tho' Christ Jesus hath the self-fame of this life, as, reproach, Ita. liii. 3. fbame, individual essence with the Father, yet is Matth. xxvii. 29. Mark xv. 20. Luke xviii. he a diftinét person from the Father; and 32. xxii. 63. and xxiii. 11. 36. hunger, so tho' there be but one essence, yet are | Marth. iv, 2. Mark si. 12. thirst, Joha there more persons than one in the God- iv. 7. Weariness, John iv. 6. and the like, head; for he is called his Son, and fo a but was also betrayed, taken caplive, impriperfon distinct froin him.

foned, condemned, and executed, and died III. Christ Jesus, as God, was not be the shameful and painful death of the cross: goren of the Father as bodies are begoten, He was delivered to death. nor by any eMux, or partition of the di- ' VII. Christ Jesus did not thus die by vine eiïence, which is the fame in both, mere chance, or any fatal neceffity, but but by an internal and personal action of according to the counsel and deterinina. the Father, whereby, from eierniry, he tion of God, Acts iv. 28. notwithstanding begat, froin bimself, in the same effence, whereof Christ did willingly, without any his Son, as his own image, and so did com constraint or coaction flowing therefrom, municate to him the faine whole divine lay down his life, John x. 18, and xiv. 30. effence; hence he is faid to be. Begoten, and his executioners did also most willing Plalm ii. 7. and the only begoten of the ly, yea, and chearfully, act their part; Father, John i. 14. thje inage of the in-therefore it is said, that God delivered hiir viible God, Col. i. 15. and tne express is to death. mage of his perfon, Heb. i. 3.; and here VIII. As the Lord did from all eternity he is called his own Son, as being his na- | decree whatfoever cometh to pass, accordtural Son, naturally hegoten, and not a. ing to the counsel of his own will, Eph. i. dopted as believers are.

1. so in particular hath he decreed that IV. Jesus Chriit, tho'che eternal Son of fin shall be in the world by his permiffion, God, equal with the Father in power and and yet he cannot be the author of fin, glory, Phil. ii. 6. did take upon him man's | Jarnesi. 13. whereof there can be no cause, rature, by taking a true body, being con- ; but a deficient, lin being the transgression ceived in the womb of the Virgin, and a of a law, or the want of conformity therereasonable soul; for he is said to be delito, John iii. 4. yea, he hath a holy hand vered unto death, and so behoved to be about the self. fame individual actions which man, for God cannot die: See John i. 14. sinful men are commiting, and is thereby Phil. ii. 7.

executing his own decrees, by his actual

. and and efficacious providence; therefore it is should be satisfied; yet the way of redems{sid, be delivered bim to death. See John tion never bred in his breast; it was never iii. 16. Zech. xiii. 7. Matth. xxvi. 31. his plot or device, but the invention of

IX. Jesus Christ, as he took the nature | God who was the party offended; it was of man upon him, only for the good of he and he only who found out the remedy; mankind, and was in all things like us, ex- therefore it is said, He spared not bis own cept fin, Heb. iv. 15.; fo in every part of Son, but delivered bim to death for us all. his office, both in his estate of humiliation | XIV. Amongst many other temptations and exaltation, he eyed the good of bis which even the elect of God, for whom own, and did and suffered all for their Christ died, are affoulted with, and in hacause; therefore it is said, he was deliver-zard of being overthrown by, fear of want ed for us all.

in a world, especially in a time of perfeX. Christ Jesus's death was so fully cution, and ami&tion, is one; this is the and completely satisfactory to justice, in evil against which he is comforting them the behalf of such for whom he willingly here, saying, How mall he not with him offered up himself, that such certainly freely give us all things? hould ger good of him, and be actually XV. Such as have fled in to Christ, and delivered from the curse under which they have an interest in him, are in such a condid ly; and so he did not die, that all, or dition, as they shall want nothing that is pone at all, might, if so it had pleased good for them, be their straits and necilthem, get good of him, but he died as fities what they will, although they be ofrepresenting them, and acting in their ten complaining and crying out, that they stead for.whom he died, as an advocate want this and the other thing: As they aéts for his client; therefore it is said, he have a right to, fo fhall they actually one was delivered for us all. See 2 Cor. v. 15. joy every thing which is really for their John vi. 51. X. 11. xi. 50, and xv. 13. good: How mall he not with him freely

XI. Christ laid not down his life a fac give us all things ? See i Cor.iii. 22. 23. crifice to satisfy the justice of God for all | Psalm xxxiv. 10. and every man, but only for such as were XVI. The ground of the right which given to him from eternity, being pre. Christians have to any thing in a world, destinated to be conformed to the image and of their actual possession of any good of bis Son, and whom God purposed to thing which they enjoy, is not in themcall and justify in due time, and at length relves, or in any thing they have or can do, to glorify: He delivered him to death for but all they get is in and through Christ

Jesus, he is the ground of their charter; XII. The death of Christ, he being the Therefore it is said, How mall be not with Son of God, was able to satisfy justice for him freely give us all things? many a condemned wretch; and tho' the I XVII. Whatever external favours even elect be of different conditions, tho' all believers receive of God, there is nothing alike plunged in original guilt, yet not a. | in them meriting or procuring the same, like guilty of actual transgressions; yet but all are free gifts of God, flowing Christ is a common person for them all, from grace and free love in God; and and laid down his life alike for all, and not when we rightly take up curselves, and for one more than for another: He was the particular favours we receive, we will delivered for us all.

be forced to acknowledge free grace to be XIII. Tho' man was the law-breaker, their original and fountain : How fall be and thereby liable to destruction, and not --- freely give us all things? bound to think upon a way how justice XVIII. Howbeit believers be often



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

doubuino of receiving any particular which , difpenfasions, drooping and they stand in need of, when they meet with and not with that christian courage and a strait, especially when they consider how magnanimity which becometh ; and there. juit and righreous a God they have to do fore to remove this out of their way, the with ; how finful and unworthy they them- apostle goes on triumphing, the more to felves are, and how great the mercy is encourage and animate fainting believers, which they delire; yet the consideration and valiapily and courageously steps out of the maichleitness of the love and free again, and challengeth any, be what they grace, which eminently and wonderfully will, the devil, the world, or conscience, fhine forth in his fencing (who was the to see if they can make their putt good, party ollended) and not sparing his Son, l in chailenging poor believers; and so he and liis own Son, but delivered to death, 1 gives a double challenge to the fame pur(the greatest and most unparallelable gift, pore, saying, Who shall lay any thing to the and the fruit of the frangest love, that charge of God's elect? that is, who dare ever was heard of,) and that for us, who give in any bill of complaint against them? were most unworthy, deserving death and who dare put in any accusation, or enter a destruction ; may abundantly loose all the plea, cr suit of law against them, before doubes and scruples of believers about their a court? The next is, I ho fall condemn? wants here-away, and sufficiently confirm What judge dare pass any sentence in their their faith as to these things; yea, it is a prejudice? Now, in these challenges there fhame for such as do not question their are negative answers contained, thus : interest in Christ, and dare not deny but None thall indiet a bill against them, they have received that great gift of love, none dare condemn them; or if they do, to doubt of God's bestowing of those it shall be in vain, and to no purpcie. lesser favours upon them, as their neceflity | And therefore shows the grounds, why he calleth for: This is his argument, He that is, and would have all believers, so stout fpared not his own Sor, but gave him for as not to fear any accusation, or condemn. us all to death, how shall be not with him ation; and the first is couched in that give us all things also ?

word, God's elect: Such as do now believe

in him, and are effectually called out of VERSES 22. 24. Who Mall lay any thing the world, and separated by grace from '

to the charge of God's elect? It is Got the rest, were from all eternity chofen of that jufiifieth:

God, and feparated, in his wonderful love; Who is be that condemneth? It is Chrif they were chosen to life before ihe foun

that died, yea rather, that is risen again, dation of the world was laid, and what can who is even at the right hand of God, any enemy do to them? They are the e. who also maketh intercefsion for us.

lect and chosen jewels of God, and is any

able to pluck them out of his hand? 2. It TN a time of amlietion believers are ordi- lis God who justifieth: They are affoiled at I narily afTaulted by Satan, ihe accufor the highest court of justice; he that is Jufof the brethren, as he is called, Rev. xii. 10. rice-general, and the supreme Judge, from and by their own consciences, wiih guilt, whom there is no appeal, hath decreed in as provoking God to send such and such their favours; he hath acquited them from sharp afflictions upon them, and hereby all that was or could be laid to their charge, would have them concluding themselves and who then dare now presume to table a gone and condemned; and this keeps them. new plea against them ? who can think 10 from a rejoicing heartsome way of bear- get a reduction of the former decreet, ing the cross, makes them walk under fad and get a fentetce past against them?

[ocr errors]

3. Nos

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »