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way perfect, even perfection itself, be free | diately cut them off for their wickednefs, of all paffions whatsoever, and so cannot buc beareth long with them in patience, be properly said to be angry, as it is a get their imaginations are but groundless, paffion and a human frailty; yet is he for not withstanding thereof God may have really displeased at sin, and doch that in thoughts of evil towards such, even fuch effect to impenitent sinners which men, as God endureth with much long-fuffering when angry, use to do to those they are may be vellels of wrath, for all that. angry at; therefore we hear of his wrath, XXII. Albeit chat graceleis wretches or his vindictive justice.
may imagine, chat because the Lord doth XVII. The Lord gets the glory and not cut them off in the very act of their honour of his vindi&tive justice in hate. sin and iniquity, that therefore either he ing and punishing fin, when he actually doth approve of their courses, and so will sends the reprobare to destruction, and for not take course with them according to this cause he took this courfe, being will. juftice; or else, if he hate and abhor their ing to thew his wrath.
ways, is not able to execute his wrath upXVIII. As he gets the glory of his on them; yet they are fools in so reasonjustice and displeasure against fin, by pu- ling, for that is the high way for the Lord nishing the rebellious and obstinate finners; to manifest both his wrath and his power; fo he gets the glory of his power in laying and the more patient he has been, and his them low; for notwithstanding of all their patience abused, the more will his wrath power and grandeur he can bring them and power appear; for that he might Shew down, and lay them in the dust: for it is his wrath, and make his power known, he added, and to make his power known. endured with much long-suffering the vessels.
XIX, Albeit the Lord purposed to shew of wrath, &c. forth his power and vindictive justice in XXIII. As in the reprobate the Lord taking vengeance on the workers of ini. gets the glory of his vindi&tive justice and quity; yet he thought fit, not immediately, wrath; fo in the eleet he gets the glory upon the back of their transgression, io of his goodness, mercy and free grace, execute his vengeance and wrath, but to which is glorious every way and excellent, forbear many of them, and to exercise being free, matchless, and incomparable, much patience and longanimity towards standing at no impediment, but coming them; therefore he endures with much over all mountains of sin and provocation : long-fuffering many of the vessels of wrath. And that he might make known the riches
XX. Whatever patience and longanimi of his glory; that is, of his grace and goodty God be exercising towards the repro.ness, wherein he the weth himself glorious bate, and whatever favour or courtesy he and excellent: See Eph. i. 12. be hewing them, yet such is their natural XXIV. God's grace and free love which pravity and wicked difpofition, that nothing he makes known towards the vessels of of that kind will gain them, but they will mercy, is an incomprehensible ocean, and
prove still more and more obstinate and an inexpreslible fountain, which is suf1 perverse; for notwithstanding that the ficient for passing over all the transgres
Lord endures them with much long-suffer. | lions and iniquities of his people, how ing, yet these veffels of wrath are such as great and heinous foever they be, and that God will certainly thew his wrath upon. nor of one or two, but of all the elect
XXI. However the wicked may dream without exception; for it is here called that God carrieth great love and affection the riches of his glory, as being an evertowards them, and has a purpose to save lasting treasure. them for ever, because he doth not imme.! XIV. The Lord hath , an active hand
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of providence about sin, and it fallerh not both dire&tly and potilively to have afferied out against his will, whereby be determine their rejeciion, so pow (after he has re. erh of evenes, but according to his per moved that which seemed to be the ground millive will, and he hath decreed that it of their prejudice, both against ihe one and Thould exist thro' his permiflion ; for, the other, viz. their carnal privileges 1. the velicts of wrath are said to be fitted through, and interest in, Abraham, which to destruction, and certainly they cannot che apostle has shown to be pull, and that otberways be fitted but by fin, and so when wiihout any impeachment of God, his julGod fis them he must have an active hand rice and truth, he comes to speak of both about it. 2. The elect are called vessels of their rejection, and the taking in of the mercy, and this furpoleth fin. And, 3. he Gentiles, more expressly; and still he walks proposed such ends to himlelf as could not renderly and prudently when he touchesh be effectuated if fin had cot existed; 'ard so this haríh and ovpleasant string, both in seeing he drove at fuch ends, not uncer the way of handling of it, as we will see, tainly, it must needs follow, that as he and in the limeing of his discourse. For willed the end, so he willed the means to having abundantly cleared the Lord's suexist, viz. by his permission, whereby that preme authority and power over all fich, end might be attained. Now, the end was to make them veffels of wrath, or of () that he might make known his wrath; | mercy, as he thinks fit, for his own glo. vindiative justice cannot be made known ry, they could not but fee it most clear, unless sin exist. (2.) That he might mahes that seeing he has power to appoint some known his patience; and this requireth fin to everlasting life, and others to destrucalso : And (3.) the riches of his glorious tion, much more has he power 10 ungrace, in pardıning; and pardoning mercy church a people, and denude them of doih always presuppose fin.
these external privileges which once they
enjoyed, and privilege others with them; VERSES 24. 25. 26. Even us whon le now he thinks fit to strike in, and upon
bath called, not of the 7ews only, but this occasion to mention the natier: and - also of the Gentiles.
because the matter of their rejection was As he faith' allo in. Ofee, I will call them what they stumbled most at, therefore he
hly people, which were not my people; and leaves that last, and speaks first to the ber, beloved, which was not beloved taking in of the Gentiles, and that with And it shall come to pass, that in the place kniting these verses to the former dis
where it was said unto them, Ye are not course, Even us whom he hath culled, :06 - 21!y people ; there all they be called, I of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles : i le children of the living God.
As if he had said, You see that the Lord
makes choice of tome to be vessels of mer. THE apofile being now about to speak cy, and prepares them for glory, for the
of the rejection of the Jews, and of manifestation of the riches of his grace, the taking in of the Gentiles, upon the and all this according to his own good cccafion of an objection mentioned in the will and pleasure: And if you ask, who begining of this chapter; and because both these are, or how they shall be known? thele truths were such as the Jew's had a they are such as he calleth bo:h ourwardgreat prejudice against, and could never ly and inwardly, be they Jews, be they hear with good-will, therefore the apostle Gentiles; he is not tied to the Jewish nawalketh more warrily, and handleth the tion, but takesh some of the Gentiles allo, fore renderly: and therefore, as welhewed and some of the Jews, according as seem. at the begining of the chapter, he was lesh good in his eyes.
Now, when he has thus laid down his therefore brings in the places thus, And propolition, That effe&tual calling belonge he faith in Olee; as the Lord speakech in erh to the 'Gentiles no less than to the that prophecy. Jews; he confirmeth it by two proofs brought out of Hofea : the first is out of 1 From verle 24. OBSERVE, the lait verse of chapter ii, where the a-1 I. Though we should not conceal any postle followeth the Seventy with a little thing of the truth of the Lord, which he change, and suitable enough to the origi- | warranteth is to make known, whoever bal; for chus it runs, I will have mercy be displeased thereat; yet there is a holy upon ber that bad not obtained miercy, or prudence to be used even in the very timeapon Lo-ruhamah: and the seventy rendering of the delivery of these truths, and it'thus, I will love her whom I had not not to do it when, in all likelihood, it icved: but all is one, for the verb signifi- will but exasperate the people, but when eth both, he hath mercy, and he loved they are so broken to the truth, by hearheartily, intimately, with bowels of af-ing of somewhat before spoken, upon an. feci!on. The next is out of chapter i. 10. other occasion, and clearly held forth, In which places, tho'the prophet does not which will abundantly confirm that which Da ne the Gentiles; yet the apostle dóth is to be said, and against which they canrightly alledge these testimonies: for the not except; then to come in with the truth prophet being threatening fad and terrible when the ice is fairly broken, and the judgments against Israel, for their idolatry, hearers as it were settled, as the apostle is mixing in, and adding some sweet and doth here,-upon the back of his doctrine comfortable promises, (according to his touching election and reprobation, he brings usual manner) for bearing up of the hearts in the matter of the calling of the Genof any truly godly among them; and (as tiles, and castiog off of the Jews, saying, is not unusual with the prophets of old, Even us whom he hath called, &c. . . to do, when about to comfort the truly 11. The Lord's everlasting love and godly in their days) prophesieth of the goodwill, which he hath to the vessels enlarging of the kingdom of Jesus Christ of mercy, whom he hath foreordained unin the latter days, when the number of to glory, lieth under ground, and the firit the true Ifrael should be as the land of breaking up of it is in effeétual calling; the sea (which was never verified of these when this electing love first appeareth, it ten tribes, which were taken away by the warmeth the heart of the poor soul, and Affyrians) then hill the Gentiles, that draweth him in to Christ powerfully and were not beloved, but Lo-ruhamah, be stil. irresistibly: even us whom he hath called. ed, the beloved of God; and these who III. The elect being as wicked and mawere Lo-ammi, be stiled, ny people ; and licious by nature as any, being dea) in fiu, in the place, even out of the land of Ju- Eph. ii. 1. slaves to the devil, Eph. ii. 2. dea, where it was said, Ye are not my and to their own corruptions, Tit. iii. 3. people, there mall they be called the chileno less than others, and having as strong dren of the living God. And so there an enmity at Christ and his ways as the is here a clear prophecy of the inbring. rest; neither will, nor can come in to the ing of the Gentiles, and so a clear proof | Lord Jesus of themselves, but ly still in of the apostle's affertion ; and his ex- their natural condition, and take complapresion, in alledging these places, is cency therein, resolving never to change; obfervable; for he would not have them till God come and work a change, who looking on the matter as only asserted by only can prevail with stubborn people, and bim, but as the mind of the Lord; aná / make them willing in the day of his pozler,