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• Work work of the ministry, or upon whomsoever the fingle and rare backlooks unto the prime he confers an office in his house, he fireth fountain of those gifts, and looking no them, in some competent measure, for the higher than the nearest cause, inakes mon work he employeth them in, and beltow-swell.ro with big conceits of themselves, as eth upon them some measure and propor. if there were none equal to them; wherea tion of this faith ; therefore faith he, God fore Paul mindech them, that it is the Lord hath dealt to every man; that'is, every of that these gifts come from, and it is called ficer, for of such he speakech here. | the measure of faith, or of the knowledge
XVIII. No man, however well gifted, of God chro’ faith in Christ, or of the can say he hath attained unto perfection in knowledge of the truth revealed by the chefe gifts, for how great soever an abun. Spirit in and by the word, and therefore dance he hath received of 'em, he lrath called the ministration of the Spirit; 1 Cor. but a' measure, and a certain proportion xii. 7. and elsewhere the gift of Christ, Eph. measured out to him, and the confideration iv. 7. now there are not attainable without hereof should lay the peacock feathers of help from God: such as are ready to be puffed up with a vain conceit of themselves, because of their VERSES 4. 5. For as we have many menabilities; others have their proportion as bers in ore body, and all members have well as they have theirs, and they have not not the same office: all: therefore faith Paul, according as God. So we being many are one body in Chrif!, bath dealt to every man the measure of faith. ' and every one menibers one of another.
XIX. As such as have overweening thoughts of themselves, do tacitely charge IN these verses the apostle is further God of injustice, in that he hath bestowed i presling his former exborration, viz. fewer abilities upon them, than they that every one of them fhould labour to conceive they deserve ;, and beside this, use the talent and measure of knowledge, are heinoully guilty of ingratitude, in that which God hath bestowed upon them, unto they are so far from acknowledging God's edification, in all humility and modesty, goodness in what he hath given, that and not to have high proud thoughes of rather they are displeased because more is themselves, nor contemp others about thein, not given; so the confideration of this, upon whom possibly God hath not bestowthat it is the only wise God who dispens. ed such a measure of gifts and knowledge, eth as he pleaseth, and always freely and as on them: And his argument may be undeservedly, may keep folk from over thus taken up whole, In the universal, vi.. Weening thoughes of themselves, and un- lible church political, there are several emdervaluing thoughts of others; therefore ployments, and for every distinct employto scar them from this sin, he tellerh them ment there are distinct officers, and there : that it is God who distributeth to every man officers requiring distin&t measures and probis measure of faith, and no man can get portions of qualifications; and all these of more than what God pleaseth to give. ficers so and so qualified, for such and such
XX. As every good gift cometh down employments, are acted by virtue of one from above, and is not the fruit of any head, Jesus Christ, from whom their power, map's work or pains (tho'God is pleased qualifications, and the actual exercise thereto confer gifts and endowments ordinarily, of cometh, unto one end, viz. the murual in such a way of painfulness) so a right edifying one of another, and of the body: Jook of this may, make men quiet, and put | Therefore, no member, or officer, ought them far from boasting, or to think of to be proud of his qualifications, seeing he themselves beyond what they onght; and is not all, por hath all the qualifications;
and whatever he hath, he should not insult | officers; for he says, We being many are over, but be helpful unto others; and this onc body, joining with the rest himself who he illuftrates by a fimilitude of the natural was a member nor officer in no particular body, wherein there are many members, church or congregation, but a pastor and and these having diflinct employments and preacher to the whole world. See Eph. iv. works about the body, and for this cause 4. I Cor. xii. 12, 13, 14. are endued with fic habilities, and every lll. In this one body there are officers : one hath his distinct gift and faculty, as distinct from other constituent members, and the eye to see, the ear to hear, the feet so it is not a homogeneal body, but heteto walk, doc. and there is none of all these rogeneal; not as if these officers were disa members that is lording it over the rest, tinct from the officers of particular congreand insuliing over, or undervaluing thein gations, but in regard that, 1. at the first as useless and to no purpose, but all are constitution and gathering of the gospel contributing their utmost for the help and church, these extraordinary officers that fupply of one another, and of the whole were sent forth then, such as apostles, probody; no jarring among them, but perfect phets and evangelists, were universal officoncord and agreement, every one sympa- cers, and officers to the whole catholic thizing with another, no member usurping church. 2. Every particular church and the charge and function of another; so congregation, which is an integral part of nor fliould be here in this politic body of this one catholic, political, visible church, the catholic visible church, which is the have officers ruling, and so are political; body of Christ.
and if all the parts do thus consist of officers
ruling, and others governed, so must the OBSERVATIONS.
whole consisting of those parts, have offiI. Spiritual fouls will have their senses socers, and so be political: Yea, 3. In-se. exercised in spiritual things, that they can gard that the particular officers of particumake a spiritual use of external things that lar churches, tho actually they be limited do occur, and upon them read their duty: | unto these particular churches; yet they And ministers of the gospel may, in a spi. may be said to be officers to the universal ritual way, make use of homely and cleanly visible church, because habitually their similitudes to illustrate and clear points, office extendeth to the whole, and pro re and thereby teach people how to gather nata, and as the occasion offereth, they their lesson themselves from crdinary oc may execute their power, even in other currences, and look spiritually on ordinary places than where they are fixed; and fixobjects; all which Paul teacherh us, by edly exercising their office, for the more using this obvious similitude of our natural commodiously edifying of that part of the body, to illustrate what he was speaking. Lord's body, for here this body is said to
11. There is one catholic politic church have members, and members are set in the visible; for notwithstanding churches in body, and the body because of them laid several countries or congregations, have di- to be organical. See i Cor. xii. 12, 10 28. stinet names from the place where they are, IV. This one body and church, beside and go under the name of distinct churches, the officers, because of whom it is called as if they were complete and entire; yet, organical, consisteth not only of such as to speak properly and accurately, they are truly and sincerely believe in Christ and but integral parts of the catholic politic are united unto him by faith, as members body or church visible, which is but one of his mystical body, but also of such as Eph. iv. 4. consisting of all that profess profess faith in Christ, tho' void of any faith in Christ thro’ the world, and their 'real faving grace; for he says, We are one
says he, Every one is members one of ano- for he says, Having then gifts, d'offering ther.
according to the grace that is given to it; XI. The right consideration of this, that aud this he douh firit in two generals, viz. the Lord has placed and ordained several 11, Prophecy; by which is not meant that offices and officers in his church, and has so extraordinary gift of forereiling things to framed matters as that every one may em come, which is commonly called prophery; ploy their talent usefully, for the glory of nor is this word fo to be taken as incwing Cud, and the good of others, should move these extraordinary oilicers who were calls every one, however they be endued, to ed prophers, of whom we read, i Cor, xii. act within their own sphere, and to dif. | 28. for he is speaking only of the ordinary charge their duty in humility, modeity, standing oficers of Christ's house; but by and fobriety; for this is the force of the prophecy he mcaneth such officers or grace, arostle's argument to press a sober walk| as are employed about the interpreting of ing; for as we have many members, &c. Scripture, and the clearing and explaining
of the mind of God, for the saving illumiVERSES 6. 7. 8. Having then gifts, difer. | nation and conviction of people, and for
ing according to the grace that is given to the gaining them in to Christ: And then, us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy ac. 2dly, Minijlry, which must be understood as
cording to the proportion of faith: distinct from prophecy; and so as including Or minijtry, let us wait on our ministring; these officers in the church, which are
or be that teacheth, on teacbing; taken up with more inferior and subserviOr he that exhorteth, on exhortation : he ent employments; and to these two gene
that giveth, let him do it with fimplicity; rals he annexeth their specific actions, or be that ruleth, with diligence; he that the distinct employments of these officers. Jeweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
in other two general terms, and withil add
eih bis exhortation to the right manner of T Or the further illustration of the for. | going about these employments; and so,
mer argument, the apofile in these 1. he says, Let us prophesy according to the verses, doth enumerate the several mini- proportion of faith; that is, Let us give out flerial ordinary officers, which are the main ourselves to the uttermost of our knoworgans and members of this organical body, ledge in the mysteries of God; according the visible political church of Christ, with | to the measure of knowledge of thefe di. sheir feveral functions, and acts of their vine mysteries, so let us lay out ourselves. peculiar and particular offices; and with- | And, 2. Let us wait on our ministring; al points forth the manner and way of their | Let us be addicted and given to it, as exo discharging their duties in their callings, ifting in it as it were. Then after he has that, by this means, every officer in God's spoken to these ordinary church officers in house, inight know how to lay forth the general, he descends unto the particular gifts and abilities wherewith God hath en- | offices, and reckoneth up the four ordinary dued them, to the edification of the whole standing church-officers, viz. ductors, para church, and of every member of that tors, elders, and deacons, giving them, (i.) church and so might learn to walk foberly | their several names, as, he that teacbeth', an I felf-deniedly; and for this cause he | be that exhorteth, he that giveth and locco. brancheth out the several officers in Christ's eth mercy, (by both these he meaneth one house, that is, the grace that is given to and the faine officer, and addeth the last them, according to which the gifts or qua the more to clear the firl, and shew that lifications furnishing them for the discharge by him that givesh he meaneth the deacon, of the duties of their office, doch differ: who is to have a care of the weak, lick,