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View and I!!!ation of the Matters contained in this Chapter. A"

FTER giving the Philippians, with their bithops and dea

cons, his apostolical benedi&tion, St. Paul thanked God for their conversion ; declared his persuasion that God would preserve them in the faith to the end of their lives, through the confirmation which the gospel would derive from his sufferings; expressed the most tender affection for them; and prayed God to bestow upon them spiritual blessings, that they might be filled with the fruits of righteoufness, ver. 1.11.-In the next place, left they might have been afraid that his long imprisonment had been hurtful to the gospel of Chriit, he assured them that it had contributed to advance that good cause, ver. 12.-_insomuch that the gospel was now known in the palace itself, ver, 13.- That the indulgence fewn to him, had made many of the brethren more bold in preaching than formerly, ver. 14.-Yet they were not all actuated by laudable motives, ver. 15. For some preached publicly, merely to enrage the priests and magistrates against him, as the ringleader of the Christians, ver. 16.-- But he told the Philippians, he knew that this, through the direction of the Spirit of Christ, would rather contribute to his enlargement, ver. 19.–At the same time he declared his resolution boldly to defend the gospel when brought before the emperor, even although it were to bring death upon himself, ver. 20.To be continued in life, he told them, would pronote the cause of Christ, but to die would be more for his own advantage, ver. 21.--Therefore he was in a strait, whether to choose life or death, ver. 23.- Only knowing that his continuing in life would be more for their interest, ver. 24. he was persuaded he should still live, veľ. 25. In which cafe he promised to visit them, ver. 26.-In the mean time he exhorted them all to behave suitably to the gospel. And in particular, strenuously to maintain


the true doctrine of the gospel, both against the unbelieving Jews and againft the heathens, ver. 27.-And to be in no re



CHAP. I. I Paul and

I Παυλος και Τιμοθεο. Timotheus, the servants of

δελοι Ιησε Χρις8,

πασι Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus, which are

τοις αγιοις εν Χριςο Ιησε at Philippi, with the bifhops τοις εσιν εν Φιλεωσοις, συν and deacons :

επισκoσoις και διακονοις 2 Grace be unto you and 2 Χαρις υμιν και ειρηνη peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jefus

απο Θεε πατρος ημων και Christ.

Κυριε Ιησε Χριςο. 3 I thank my God up. 3 Ευχαριςω τω Θεω με on every remembrance of

επι παση τη μνεια υμων, you.

4 (Always in every prayer 4 (Παντοτε εν παση δεηof mine for you all, making sequest with joy)

σει με υπερ παντων υμων, μετα χαρας την δεησιν πειςμενο.

Ver. 1.-1. Paul and Timothy. See preface to 1 Thessalonians, sect. 3. where the reason of Paul's inserting Timothy's name in the infeription of several of his epistles, although he was no apoftle, is explained.-For Timothy's hiftory and character, fee pref. to I Tim,

2. Servants of Jesus Chrift., Acros, literally bondmen, Naves:--This appellation was given to the chief ministers of the Eastern princes.Wherefore, it may be considered as an honourable title, as was obferved Rom. i. 1. note 1. Or, this appellation Paul and Timothy took perhaps to express the labours and hardships which they were undergoing in the service of Christ. In writing to the Philippians, Paul had no occasion to assert his apoftolical authority. There were no diffentions among them, and all of them loved and obeyed him fin. cerely as an apostle of Christ.

3. With the bisbops and deacons. The Syriac tranflator hath rendered this : Senioribus et miniftris. That the apostle ordained bishops and deacons in all the churches which he planted I think evident from Acts xiv, 23. where they are called by the general name of elders. That there were such at Ephesus, appears from Acts xx. 17. 28. where the elders of that church are expressly called bishops. Farther, Galat. vi. 6. The instructor is mentioned as a stated office in the church: And Theff. v. 12, 13 The presidents are spoken of: And Col. iv. 17. Archippus is said to have received a ministry in the Lord among the Colossians. The apostle did not mention the bishops and deacons in


spect terrified by their threatenings, ver. 28.-But to suffer chearfully for their faith in Christ, ver. 29.--After the apostle's example, ver. 30.

be to you

you and


COMMENTARY. CHAP. I. i Paul and CHAP. I. 1 Paul and Timothy Timothy, servants? of Je. servants of Jesus Christ in the gospel, sus Christ, to all the saints to all the believers in Christ Jesus who (48.) in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, with the bishops and are in Philippi, with the deacons : bishops and deacons : 3

2 Grace to you, and 2 May grace be to peace peace (Rom. i. 7. notes from God, our common Father whe3, 4.) from God our Fa. ther we be Jews or Gentiles, and ther, and FROM the Lord from the Lord Jesus Christ, by whom Jesus Christ.

the Father dispenses these blessings. 3 I thank my God up- 3 I thank the true God, who is on every remembrance of the object of my worship, as often as I you,

think of you, (Rom. i. 8. note 1.) 4 (Always in every 4 Always in every prayer of mine prayer of mine for you for you all, with jay making prayer to all, with joy, making God that he would bestow on you prayer.)

every blessing

the inscription of his other epistles. But there were reasons for mentioning them in this epiftle, and for omitting them in the rest. It was a letter of thanks to the church at Philippi for the present of money they had sent him ; and in making the colle&ions for that purpose, the bishops and deacons may have shewn such forwardness as merited this mark of respect and gratitude. His letters to the other churches were all concerning points of faith and practice; and therefore they were not addressed, to the bishops and deacons, left they might have imagined these writings were their property, and that it belonged to them to communicate what part of them to the people they thought fit; or at least to interpret them according to their own fancy: a claim which the bishops in aftertimes set up. To prevent that abuse, and to give the people the property of his inspired epiftles, and to teach them to read them and to judge for themselves concerning their true meaning, they were all inscribed to the churches, or to the faints in general. Besides, though they were first delivered to the bishops, or presidents of the particular churches for whose use they were designed, it was not left to them to communicate the contents of these letters to the people by word of mouth ; but they were ordered to read them in the apostle's own words to all the holy brethren, 1 Thess. v. 27. and such as chose it, might, no doubt, take copies of them for their own use.

Ver. 3. Upon every remembrance of you. Επι ποση τη μνεια υμων, This Pierce thinks should be trapslated, For all


kind remembrance, namely of me. And in his note he faith, “ Paul ieems to me to thank

" God,

until now;

5 For your fellowship in 5 Επι τη κοινωνια υμων the gofpel, from the firit day εις το ευαγγελιoν, απο πρω

της ημερας αχρι τα νυν. 6 Being confident of this

6 Πεποιθως αυτό τετο, very thing, that he which ότι ο εναρξαμενΘ εν υμιν hath begun a good work in γου, will perform it until the εργον αγαθον, επιτελεσει day of Jesus Chrift: αχρις ημερας Ιησε Χρισε.

7 Even as it is meet for 7 Καθως εςι δικαιον εme to think this of you all, becaufe I have you in my μοι Τατο Φρονείν υπερ παν heart, in as much as both in

των υμων, δια το εχειν με my bonds, and in the defence εν τη καρδια υμας, εν * and confirmation of the gof- τους δεσμοις με, και τη αpel, ye all are partakers of

ωολογια, και βεβαιώσει τα my grace.

ευαγfέλιο, συγκοινωνες με της χαριτου παντας υμας

οντας. 8 For God is my record, , 8 Μαρτυς γαρ με εςιν ο how greatly I long after you Θεος ως επιπoθω σαντας all, in the bowels of Jesus Chrift.

υμας εν σπλαγχνοις Ιησε Χριςό.


“ God, not for his own remembrance of them, or the mention made o of them to him, but for their remembrance of him, and the kind “ fupplies they had sent him."

Ver. 5. For your fellowship in the gospel. The apostle thanked God for the attention with which the Philippians heard the gospel; and for the readiness of mind with which they embraced it; and for their perseverance in the profession of it, in opposition both to the heathens and to the Jews: for I think all this is included in the phrase, fellowhip in the go/pel. -The Greek commentators by κοινωνια εις το ευαγγελιού, fellowship in the gospel, understand the presents of money sent by the Philippiaus to the apostle, whereby he was enabled to preach the gospel to the Thessalonians without expence. This fenfe of the phrase Pierce hath adopted. And it muft bę acknowledged that good worke of this fort are called by Paul κοινωνια, 2 Cor. viii. 4. Yet as the readiness of mind with which the Philippians received the gospel, and their ftedfastness in the profession of it, were subjects of thanksgiving which better deserved to be often mentioned by the apostle in his prayers, ihan their present of money to him, though very Aberally beltowed, I have no doubt that it is what he meant by their fellowship in the gospel. Besides this interpretation agrces better with the context than the other. See ver. 6. note.

Ver. 6.



5 (ET), 190.) For your 5 In particular, I thank God for fellowship in the gospel your perseverance in the gospel from from the first day till the first day till now,

ye having now:

neither through fear of persecution relapsed

heathenism, through the hearts of false teachers

gone over to Judaism. 6 Being persuaded of 6 And that ye 'will persevere I this very thing, that he have no doubt; being persuaded of who hath begun in you a this very thing, that God who hath good work, will be com · begun in you a good work of faith and pleting it until the day of love, will be completing it till the day Jesus Chrift:

of death; when Christ will release you from your trial, (Pref. 2 Theff.

sect. iv.) 7 As it is juft for me 7 I express my charitable persuato think this (unes, 307-) fion of your perseverance with the soncerning you all, because more boldness, as it is reasonable for I have you in my heart, me to entertain this bope concerning you both in my bonds and Mr all, because I have your perseverance defence, and confirmation sincerely in view, both in my sufferings, of the gospel;' ye all and in my defence before the emperor, being joint partakers of my and in the confirmation of the gospel by grace.

miracles : re all being thus joint partakers of the benefits of my grace

of apostlelhip faithfully executed. 8 For God is my wit- 8 Ye cannot doubt that in the ness that I vehemently long whole of my conduct I have your after you all, with the perseverance in view: For I call God bowels of Jesus Christ. to witnefs that I vehemently love you (See Efr. iv. 342)

all, with an affection like that wherea with Jesus Christ loved mankind.

Ver. 6. Who hath begun in you a good work, will be completing it un:il the day of Jesus Christ

. According to Pierce, the good work of which the apostle Ipeaks, is that which the Philippians performed, by sending him money once and again while he preached in Thessalonica, Philip. iv. 16. But the hope and with which he here expressed, that God who had begun that good work in the Philippians, would continue completing it until the day of Jesus Chrift, forbids this interpretation. For so far was the apostle from wishing to have more money from the Philippians, that he wrote to them, chap. iv. 18. Now I bave all things and abound. I am filled, having received from Epaphroduus the things fent by you.

Ver. 7. Because I have you in my heart, both in my bonds, and my defance and confirmation of the gospel. Here the apostle declared that his


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