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as also to his sons by Ketura, Troglodytis: || himself, should be in imminent danger; but and to Isaac, Canaan. “By my assistance,"

he believed that God would some way for said he, “ he did great exploits in war, which, certain procure the safety of the child, in unless you be yourselves impious, you must order to secure the truth of his own predicstill remember. As for Jacob, he became tions. When they had thus determined, they well known to strangers also, by the great made an ark of bulrushes, after the manner ness of that prosperity in which he lived and of a cradle, and of a bigness sufficient for an left to his sons, who came into Egypt with no infant to be laid in, without being too much more than seventy souls, while you are now straightened. They then daubed it over with become above six hundred thousand. Know slimne, which would naturally keep out the therefore, that I shall provide for you all in water from entering between the bulrushes, common what is for your good, and particu- and put the infant into it, and setting it afloat larly for thyself what shall make thee famous; upon the river, they left its preservation to for that child, out of dread of whose nativity | God; so the river received the child, and the Egyptians have doomed the Israelite chil carried him along; but Miriam, the child's dren to destruction, shall be this child of sister, passed along upon the bank over thine, and shall be concealed from those who against him, as her mother had bid her, to watch to destroy him, and when he is brought

see whither the ark would be carried: where up, in a surprising way he shall deliver the God demonstrated that human wisdom was Hebrew nation from the distress they are nothing, but that the Supreme Being is able under from the Egyptians. His memory shall to do whatsoever he pleases; that those, who, be famous while the world lasts; and this not in order to their own security, condemn others only among the Hebrews, but foreigners also; to destruction, and use great endeavours all which shall be the effect of my favour to about it, fail of their purpose; but that others thee, and to thy posterity. He shall also have are, in a surprising manner, preserved, and such a brother, that he shall himself obtain obtain a prosperous condition, almost from my priesthood, and his posterity shall have it the very midst of their calamities: those I after him to the end of the world.”

mean whose dangers arise by the appointWhen the Vision had informed him of these ment of God; and indeed such a Providence things, Amram awaked, and told it to Joche was exercised in the case of this child as

shewed the

of God. upon them, on account of the prediction in an Thermuth's, the king's daughter was now Amram's dream, for they were under con- diverting herself by the banks of the river; cern, not only for the child, but on account of and seeing a cradle borne along by the curthe great happiness that was to come to him rent, she sent some that could swim, and bid also. However,* the mother's labour was them to bring the cradle to her. When those such as afforded a confirmation to what was that were sent on this errand came to her foretold by God; for it was not known to those with the cradle, and she saw the little child, who watched her by the easiness of her pains, she was greatly in love with it, on account of and because the throes of her delivery did its largeness and beauty, for God had taken not fall upon her with violence; and now such great care in the formation of Moses, they nourished the child at home, privately that he caused him to be thought worthy of for three months. But after that time, Am bringing up and providing for by all those ram fearing he should be discovered, and by that had taken the most fatal resolutions, on falling under the king's displeasure, both he account of their dread of his nativity, for the and his child should perish, and so he should

destruction of the rest of the Hebrew nation. make the promise of God of none effect, he Thermuthis bid them bring her a woman that determined rather to trust the safety and care might suckle the child, yet would not the of the child to God, than to depend on his

child admit of her breast, but turned away own concealment of him, which he looked from it, and did the like to many other women. upon as a thing uncertain, and whereby both Now Miriam was by when this happened; not the child, so privately to be nourished, and to appear to be there on purpose, but only * AA..1616..

as staying to see the child, and she said, “ It.

is in vain that thou, O queen, callest for these father, she shewed him to him, and said, " she women for the nourishinent of the child, who thought to make him her father's successor, are by no way of kin to it, but if thou wilt if it should please God she should have no order one of the Hebrew women to be brought, legitimate child of her own; and said to him, perhaps it may admit the breast of one of his I have brought up a child who is of a divine own nation. Now, since she seemed to speak form and of a generous mind; and as I have well, Thermuthis bid her procure such a one; received him from the bounty of the river, in 50 when she had such authority given her, a wonderful manner, I thought proper to she came back, and brought the mother, who adopt him for my son, and the heir of thy was known to nobody there; and now the kingdom.” And when she had said this, she child gladly admitted the breast, and seemed put the infant into her father's hands; so he to adhere closely to it; and so it was that at took him, and pressed him to his breast; and the queen's desire the nursing of the child on his daughter's account, in a pleasant way, was entirely intrusted to the mother.

put the diadem upon his head. But Moses Hereupon it was that Thermuthis imposed ihrew it down to the ground, and in a puerile this name, Mouses, upon him, from what had mood he wreathed it round, and trod upon it happened when he was put into the river, for with his feet, which seemed to bring along the Egyptians call water by the name of Mo, with it an evil presage concerning the kingand such as are saved out of it by the name dom of Egypt. But when the sacred scribe of Uses; so, by putting these two words saw this, (he was the same person that foretogether, they imposed this name upon him; told that his nativity would bring the doand he was, by the confession of all, accor minion of that kingdom low,) he made a ding to God's prediction, as well for his great violent attempt to kill him; and crying out ness of mind, as for his contempt of difficul in a frightful manner, he said, “ This, O king! ties, the best of all the Hebrews. "Abraham this child is he of whom God foretold, that if was his ancestor of the seventh generation, we kill him we shall be in no danger; he for Moses was the son of Amram, who was himself affords an attestation to the predicthe son of Caath: whose father Levi, was the tion of the same thing, by his trampling upon son of Jacob, who was the son of Isaac, who thy government, and treading upon thy diawas the son of Abraham. Now Moses's un dem. Take him therefore, out of the way, derstanding became far superior to his age, and deliver the Egyptians from the fear they and when he was taught, he discovered are in about him, and deprive the Hebrews greater quickness of apprehension than was of the hope they have of being encouraged usual in youth, and his action at that time by him.” But Thermuthis prevented him, promised greater, when he should come to and snatched the child away: and the king the age of a man.

God also gave him that was not hasty to slay him, God himself, whose tallness, when he was but three years* old, providence protected Moses, inclining the as was wonderful, and every one that saw king to spare him: he was therefore educahim was greatly surprised at the beauty of ted with great care; so the Hebrews dehis countenance. Nay it happened frequently, pended on him, and were of good hopes that that those that met him, as he was carried great things would be done by him. The along the road, were obliged to turn again Egyptians, indeed, were suspicious of what upon seeing the child; that they left what would follow his education; yet because if they were about, and stood still a great while Moses had been slain, there was no one, to look on him; for the beauty of the child either a kin or adopted, that had any oracle was so remarkable on many accounts, that it of his side, for pretending to the crown of detained the spectators, and made them stay Egypt, and likely to be of greater advantage longer to look


to them, they abstained from killing him. Thermuthis, therefore, perceiving him to

CHAP. X. be so remarkable a child, adopted him for her son, having no child of her own; and when one time she had carried Moses to her

OSES, therefore, when he was born, AN. 1609

and brought up in the foregoing man



ner, and came to the age of maturity, made enemies by his valour, and that by the same his virtue manifest to the Egyptians, and piece of management Moses would be slain: shewed that he was born for the bringing but those of the Hebrews, that they should them down, and raising the Israelites: and the escape from the Egyptians, because Moses occasion he laid hold of was this: the Ethio was to be their general. pians, who are next neighbours to the Egyp Moses took and led his army before their tians, made an incursion into their country, enemies were apprised of his attacking them; which they seized upon, and carried off the for he did not march by the river, but by effects of the Egyptians, who, in their

rage, land, where he gave a wonderful demonstrafought against them, and revenged the affronts tion of his sagacity: for when the ground was they had received; but being overcome in difficult to be passed over, because of the battle, some of them were slain, and the rest multitude of serpents, which it produces in ran away in a shameful manner, and by that vast numbers, and indeed is singular in some means saved themselves. Hereupon the Ethi of those productions which other countries do opians followed after them in the pursuit, and not breed, and yet such as are worse than thinking it would be a mark of cowardice if others in power and mischief, and an unusual they did not subdue all Egypt, they went on fierceness of sight, some of which ascend out to subdue the rest with great vehemence; of the ground unseen, and also fly into the air, and when they had tasted the sweets of the and so come upon men at unawares, and do country, they never left off the prosecution them a mischief. Moses invented a wonderof the war, and as the nearest parts had not ful stratagem to preserve the army safe, and courage enough at first to fight with them, without hurt, for he made baskets, like unto they proceeded as far as Memphis, and the arks of sedge, and filled them with ibest and sea itself, while not one of the cities were able carried them along with them, which animals to oppose them. The Egyptians, under this are the greatest enemies to serpents imagisad oppression, betook themselves to their nable, for they fly from them when they come oracles and prophecies; and when God had near them, and as they fly, they are caught given them his counsel, to make use of Moses, and devoured; but the ibes are tame creathe Hebrew, and take his assistance, the king tures, and only enemies to the serpentine kindcommanded his daughter to produce him, that Of these ibes, however, I say no more at prehe might be the general of their army;* upon

sent, since the Greeks are not themselves unwhich, when she had made him swear he acquainted with this sort of bird. As soon, would do him no harm, she delivered him to therefore, as Moses was come to the land the king, and supposed his assistance would which was the breeder of these serpents, he be of great advantage to them. She also re let loose these ibes, and by their means reproached the priest, who although he had pelled the serpentine kind, and used them for before admonished the Egyptians to kill him, his assistants before the army came upon that was not ashamed now to own their want of ground. When he had, therefore, proceeded

thus on his journey, he came upon the EthioMoses, at the persuasion both of Thermu- pians before they expected him; and, jointhis and the king himself, cheerfully under ing battle with them, he beat them, and detook this business: and the sacred scribes of prived them of the hopes they had of success both nations were glad; those of the Egyp- against the Egyptians, and went on in overtians, that they should at once overcome their throwing their cities, and indeed made a great

* This history of Moses, as general of the Egyptians said of Moses, before he was sent by God to the Israelites : against the Ethiopians, is wholly omitted in our bibles; but that he was not only learned in all the wisdom of the is thus cited by Irenæus, from Josephus, and that soon Egyptians, but was also mighty in words and in deeds. Acts after his own age: “ Josephus said that when Moses was vii. 22. nourished in the king's palace, he was appointed general † Pliny speaks of these birds called ibes, and says the of the army against the Ethiopians, and conquered them, Egyptians invoked them against the serpents. Hist. Nat. when he married that king's daughter, because out of her X. 28. Strabo speaks of this island, Meroe, and these affection for him, they delivered the city up to him.” See rivers Astapus and Astaborus, XVI. page 771. 786, XVII. the fragments of Irenæus, ap. edit. Grab. page 472. Nor, perhaps, did St. Stephen refer to any thing else, when he VOL. I.-NO. 2,


his help

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slaughter of the Ethiopians. Now when the

CHAP. XI. Egyptian army had once tasted of this prosperous success, by the means of Moses, they OF MOSES'S FLIGHT OUT OF EGYPT INTO MIDIAN. did not slacken their diligence, insomuch that the Ethiopians were in danger of being re Tow the Egyptians, after they had been duced to slavery and complete destruction; preserved by Moses, entertained au and at length they retired to Saba, a royal hatred to him, and were very eager in effectcity of Ethiopia, which Cambyses afterward ing their designs against him, and suspecting named Meroe, after the name of his own sis that he would take occasion, from his good ter. The place was to be besieged with very success, to raise a sedition, and bring innovagreat difficulty, since it was both encom tions into Egypt, they told the king he ought passed by the Nile, and the other rivers As to be slain. The king had also some intentapus and Astaborus, made it a very difficult tions of the same nature, and this as well out thing for such as attempted to pass over them; of envy at his glorious expedition at the head for the city was situate in a retired place, and of his army, as out of fear at being brought was inhabited after the manner of an island, low by him, and being instigated by the sabeing encompassed with a strong wall, and cred scribes, he was ready to undertake to having the rivers to guard them from their kill Moses; but when he had learned beforeenemies; and having great ramparts, between hand what plots there were against him, he the wall and rivers, insomuch, that when the went away privately; and because the public waters come with the greatest violence it can roads were watched, he took his flight through never be drowned, which ramparts make it the deserts, and where his enemies could not next to impossible, for even such as have suspect he would travel; and though destitute passed over the rivers, to take the city. How of food, he went on, and despised that diffiever, while Moses was uneasy at the army's culty courageously; and when he came to lying idle, (for the enemy durst not come to the city Midian, which lay upon the Red Sea, a battle,) this accident happened: Tharbis, and was so denominated from one of Abrathe daughter of the king of the Ethiopians, ham's sons by Keturah, he sat upon a certain happened to see Moses, as he led the army well, and rested himself there after his labonear to the walls, and fought with great cou rious journey, and the affliction he had been rage; and admiring the subtilty of his un in. It was not far from the city, and the time dertakings, and believing him to be the author of the day was noon, where he had an occaof the Egyptians' success, when they had be sion offered him, by the custom of the counfore despaired of recovering their liberty, and try, of doing what recommended his virtue, to be the occasion of the great danger that and afforded him an opportunity of bettering the Ethiopians were in, when they had be his circumstances. fore boasted of their great achievements, she For that country having but little water, fell deeply in love with him, and, upon the the shepherds used to seize on the wells beprevalency of that passion, sent to him the fore others came, lest their flocks should want most faithful of all her servants to discourse water, and lest it should be spent by others with him about their marriage. He hereupon be

before they came. There were now come, accepted the offer, on condition she would therefore, to this well, seven virgin sisters, the procure the delivering up of the city, and daughters of Raguel, a priest, and one thought gave her the assurance of an oath to take her worthy by the people of the country of great to his wife; and that when he had once taken honour: these virgins, who took care of their possession of the city, he would not break his father's flock, which sort of work it was cusoath to her. No sooner was the agreement tomary and very familiar for women to do in made, but it took effect immediately; and the country of the Troglodytes, came first of when Moses had cut off the Ethiopians, he

all, and drew water out of the well in a quangave thanks to God, and having consummated tity sufficient for their flocks into troughs, his marriage, led the Egyptians back to their which were made for the reception of that land.

water: but the shepherds came upon the

maidens, and drove them away, that they || fed upon a thorn bush; yet did the green might have the command of the waters them leaves and flowers remain untouched, and selves. Moses thought it would be a terrible the fire did not consume the fruit branches, reproach upon him if he should overlook this although the flame was great and fierce. Mounjust oppression, and should suffer the vio ses was aflrighted at this strange sight; but lence of the men to prevail over the right of he was still more astonished when the fire the maidens, he therefore drove away the uttered a voice, and called to him by name, men, who had a mind to more than their and spake words to him; by which it signishare, and afforded a proper assistance to the fied how bold he had been in venturing to women, who, when they had received such a come into a place whither no man had ever benefit, came to their father, and told him come before, because the place was divine; how they had been affronted by the shep- and advised him to remove a great way from herds, and assisted by a stranger, and in the flame, and to be contented with what he treated that he would not let this generous had seen; for, though he were himself a good action go without a reward. Now the father man, and the offspring of great men, he should took it well from his daughters that they were not pry any farther; and he foretold to him so desirous to remunerate their benefactor, that he should have glory and honour among and bid them bring Moses into his presence, men, by the blessing of God upon him. He that he might be rewarded as he deserved. also commanded him to go with confidence And when Moses came, he told him what to Egypt, in order to his being the commander testimony his daughters bare to him that he and conductor of the body of the Hebrews, had assisted them; and that, as he admired and to his delivering his own people from the him for his virtue, he said, that Moses had || injuries they suffered there. “ For,” said God, bestowed such assistance on persons not in they shall inhabit this happy land, which sensible of benefits, but where they were both your forefather Abraham inhabited, and shall able and willing to return the kindness, and have the enjoyment of all sorts of good things; even to exceed the measure of his generosity: and thou, by thy prudence, shalt guide them so he made him his son, and gave him one of to those good things.” But he still enjoined his daughters in marriage, and appointed him him, when he had brought the Hebrews out to be the guardian and superintendent over of the land of Egypt, to come to that place, his cattle, for of old all the wealth of the bar and offer sacrifice of thanksgiving there. Such barians was in their cattle.

were the divine oracles which were delivered

out of the fire. CHAP. XII

Moses was astonished at what he saw, and much more at what he heard; and he said, 5 I think it would be an instance of too great

madness, O Lord, for one of that regard I THEN Moses had obtained this favour bear to thee, to distrust thy power, since I

of Jethro* (for that was one of the myself adore it, and know that it has been names of Raguel) he stayed there, and fed made manifest to my progenitors; but I am his flocks;f but some time afterward, taking still in doubt how I, who am a private man, his station at the mountain called Sinai, he

and one of no abilities, should either persuade drove his flocks thither to feed them. Now

my countrymen to leave the country they now this is the highest of all the mountains there inhabit, and to follow me to a land whither ) abouts, and the best for pasturage, the herb lead them; or, if they should be persuaded, age being good: and it had not been before how can I force Pharaoh to permit them to fed upon, because of the opinion men had that depart, since he augments his own wealth and God dwelt there, the shepherds not daring to prosperity by the labours and works he puts ascend

to it: and here it was that a won-

” derful prodigy appeared to Moses: for a fire But God persuaded him to be courageous * Jetheglacus, in the Greek of Josephus.

I An. 1532 + Exod. iii. 1.


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