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descended on us, and filled our souls English Society in St. Helier ; and a with holy desires and the spirit of strong Tract Society has been organized, which supplication. One member of the class has already been the means of doing was delivered from the bonds of unbelief, much good. The French congregations and rejoiced in the God of her salvation in the country are numerous and attenThe holy fire spread. A concern for tive, and some have lately been added salvation began to stir in many breasts ; to the church. We are now actively and frequent prayer - meetings were engaged with the anniversaries of our held; in which much of the presence of French Missionary Societies in this IsGod was enjoyed. On Thursday evening land. The work of God has, of late, last, at a prayer-meeting after sermon, begun to revive in the little Isle of Sark, we had a remarkable shaking among where we have a commodions chapel, the dry bones ;' and we have reason to and a society of about twenty members. believe that five persons were set at The last accounts from our brethren liberty from the guilt of sin. Since in France were favourable. The conthen, twenty others have found the par- gregations continue good at Cherbourg, doning mercy of God. Praise the Lori, Št. Servan, and the other stations, and O oursouls, and forget not all his benefits. there are some awakened among the Our own souls are quickened greatly; hearers. May the LORD pour out his the word of the LORD is as fire in our Holy Spirit on that nation, and bring bones, and with one mind and one heart them to the knowledge of the truth!” we are crying to the Lord for the con- Doncaster, April 19.“ In August, tinuance of his goodness, and a mightier 1820, the number of members in our outpouring of his SPIRIT. A notoriously Society, in the Doncaster circuit, was wicked young man was, among others, 750. The Lord has been graciously brought to the knowledge and love of pleased to revive his work among us; God. He has since burned all his im- and now we have upwards of 1050. To pious books; exclaiming, as he saw his name be all the glory!" them in a blaze, ‘So may God consume my iniquities.' Praise the Lord, O ye his saints! I cannot but rejoice. For

FOREIGN. my country I have felt much, for her I

Russia.-Extract of a Letter from MR. have prayed ; the light is now breaking Knill, datcil St. Petersburgh, Feb. 4, 1822. forth; the REDEEMER appears glorious ; “THERE can be no doubt that the LORD and his kingdom will and must be ex- is bringing many persons to himself in tended here.

this city. Among the German inhabiJersey, April 19.—"For some time tants, especially, there is much concern past, the Lord has favoured ns with a awakened relative to spiritual and eternal gradual increase of members in our So- things. This has been chiefly through cieties, both French and English : and the instrumentality of a Roman Catholic many of our old members have recently priest,-a zealous and heavenly-minded entered, in a triumphant manner, into inan, wbo preaches in German frequently, the joy of their Lord. In Guernsey, we and from house to house, and holds a have added a considerable number of Missionary Prayer-Meeting in his own truly awakened persons, to the French house on the first Monday of the month. as well as the English classes :- our He also distributes copies of the sacred congregations are numerous and atten

Scriptures, &c." tive, in all parts of the island. The

MR. Knill lately waited on his Excelquarterly fasts are observed with punc- lency the Governor-General of Siberia, tuality; and an ardent desire is mani- who expressed his great satisfaction with fested for the prosperity of the work of the conduct of the Missionaries, and God, at home and abroad. We have was pleased to say, “I was greatly edilately held seven anniversary Missionary fied by their love, zeal, and promptitude, Meetings, in French, in the country'; of which I was an eye-witness. I am and I am happy to state, that these fully persuaded of the purity of their meetings excite a lively interest among intentions, and feel particularly interour friends. On the 9th'instant, after an ested in their welfare. You must proappropriate sermon preached in English, mise to let me hear of them frequently." we gave greater publicity to our Tract MR. KNILL reports that the school, Society, and new modelled it on the which, by appointment of the Emperor, plan recommended by the Conference. he superintends, goes on prosperously. From this Institution we expect much It already contains 130 boys. The good will result, as its labours will be Scriptures (says Mr. K.) which they extended to the French on the opposite learn, and the examples they behold, coast, as well as to the inhabitants of the will, I hope, prove a lasting blessing to Islands. In Jersey, we have had an some, and diffuse widely the knowledge increase of several members in the of divine things.


Den of HYÆNAS.

two extinct species of bear, and twoMANY friends having expressed their thirds of the remainder to the extinct satisfaction with the account inserted in hyæna of Kirkdale. There are also our Number for April of Professor

bones of an animal of the cat kind, (reBUCKLAND's Paper on the Den of sembling the jaguar or spotted panther Hyænas lately discovered in Yorkshire, of South America,) and of the wolf, fox, we have pleasure in adding the following and polecat, and rarely of the elephant abstract of the remaining portions of and rhinoceros.* that interesting document.

“ The bears and hyæna of all these “Five examples are adduced of bones caverns, as well as the elephant, rbiof the same animals discovered in si- noceros, and hippopotamus, belong to milar caverns in other parts of this coun

the same extinct species that occur also try, viz. at Crawley Rocks near Swansea, fossil in the diluvian gravel, whence it in the Mendip Hills at Clifton, at Wirks- follows that the period in which they inworth in Derbyshire, and at Oreston habited these regions was that immenear Plymouth. In some of these, there diately preceding the formation of this is evidence of the bones having been in- gravel by that transient and universal trodnced by beasts of prey; but in that inundation which has left traces of its of Hutton Hill, in the Mendips, which ravages committed at no very distant contains rolled pebbles, it is probable period over the surface of the whole they were washed in. In the case of globe, and since which, no important open fissures, some may have fallen in.

or general physical changes appear to “A comparison is then instituted be- have affected it. tween these caverns in England, and

“ Both in the case of the English and those in Germany described by Rosen- German caverns, the bones under consimaller, Esher, and Leibnitz, as ex

deration are never included in the solid tending over a tract of 200 leagues, and rock; they occur in cavities of limestone containing analogous deposits of the rocks of various ages and formations, but bones of two extinct species of bear, and have no further connexion with the rocks the same extinct species of hyæna that themselves, than that arising from the occurs at Kirkdale.

accident of their being lodged in cavities “In the German caves, the bones are in produced in them, by causes wholly unnearly the same state of preservation as the connected with the animals, that appear English, and are not in entire skeletons, for a certain time to have taken pos.but dispersed as in a charnel house. They session of them as their habitation. are scattered all over the caves, sometimes loose, sometimes adhering together by stalagmite, and forming beds of many feet in thickness. They are of all parts

LATE ERUPTION OF VESUVIUS. of the body, and of animals of all ages ; but are never rolled. With them is found (Extract of a letter, dated Naples, March a quantity of black earth derived from

8, 1822.) the decay of animal flesh; and also in AFTER stating that a grand eruption the newly-discovered caverns, we find of Vesuvius took place on Sunday night, descriptions of a bed of mud. The the 24th of February, and subsequent latter is probably the same diluvial sedi- days, the writer continues : ment which we find at Kirkdale. The * Towards evening, (Tuesday,) we set unbroken condition of the bones, and off from Naples to view the operations presence of black animal earth, are con- nearer. The ascent was thronged with sistent with the habit of bears, as being people, some pushing on eagerly to the rather addicted to vegetable than animal objects of their curiosity, and others refood, and in this case, not devouring turning and discussing what they had the dead individuals of their own species. seen : far below San Salvatore we saw In the hyæna's cave, on the other hand, the stream of fire rolling along a wide where both flesh and bones were de- hollow, and approaching the path by voured, we hare no black earth ; but in- which we were going up : it was then, stead of it we find in the album græcum, evidence of the fate that has attended

* M. Rosenmuller sbows that the bears not the carcases and lost portions of the only lived and died, but were also born, in bones whose fragments still remain.

ibe same caverns in wbich their bones have “ Three-fourths of the total number been thus accumulated, and the same con

clusion follows from the facts observed in the of bones in the German caves belong to cave in Yorkshire.

howerer, at a considerable distance, and the descent some of the stones and lumps its course was very slow. On reaching the of cinder returned into the mouth, but hermitage we refreshed ourselves as the greater part fell outside of the well as the crowd there assembled could flames like the jets of a fountain. While permit; we then continued, and for we were standing on the exposed side of shortness traversed the lava chiefly the crater, very intent in observation, formed by the eruption of January, 1821; all of a sudden the volcano gave a trewe reaclied the foot of the cone just mendons roar ; it was like the crash of where the stream was descending; we a long line of artillery, and was instantly found it about thirty feet wide; it was succeeded by such a discharge of stones not liquid lava, but composed of ashes, as we had never before seen; at the ignited stones, and old masses of vol- same moment the wind, which was very canic ejections, swept away in its course high, gave an irregular gust, which diand heated again; these lumps rolled rected a good part of the stones towards over each other, producing a strange where we were posted; our situntion was clinking noise : some of them were of for a minute or two very perilous, but very great size, and the whole stream, there was no shelter near, and we stood though descending a steep cone, moved still, looking at the descending shower but slowly. – Beyond this principal which fell around us; we however hapstream, midway up the cone, was an pily sustained no other injury than a opening, whence very large stones and short aların, and having some ashes other burning matter were continually dashed in our faces by stones which fell thrust out; this mouth fed a scattered near us. Two or three gentlemen who stream, beyond which was another nar- were ascending the cone after us, were row stream, proceeding (like the princi- not quite so fortunate ; for many of the pal one) from the crater; they both stones, falling outside of the ridge, rolled united with the main body in the deep down the side with great velocity, hollow below, and rolled on towards the loosening and carrying with them road which leads from Resina up to the Jumps of cold lava, &c., some of which hemitage. The quantity of spectators struck those persons on the legs with standing by the sides of this burning great violence, and nearly precipitated river was astonishing: we, with a great one of them headlong to the foot many of the more adventurous, deter- of the cone. After this, we thought mined to ascend the cone ; we therefore we had seen enough, and turned to go passed a little to the left of the great down; the descent is as easy as the stream, and began to scramble through ascent is difficult; the cinders and ashes the deep loose cinders and ashes slide away beneath the feet; nothing is which cover this part of the mountain, necessary but to step out (the quicker and render it all times a most fatiguing the better) to keep one's equilibrium, climb. A little path or tract formerly and to avoid the fixed or large stones and existed, in which the guides had laid pieces of lava. We were not more than masses of lava to facilitate the mounting; ten minutes in reaching the point, whence but it was just in that line the present it had taken us an liour and a half to eruption descended, and we were in con- mount. When we got lower down, we sequence obliged to go up over the sand found that the lava had approached very and cinders, in which we stuck up to near to the road, and had already seized our knees, and at every three steps lost upon a fine vineyard, which was blazing an average.

After & most very brilliantly. After our retreat, we breathing toil of an hour and a half, learned that the lava traversed the road. we found ourselves, with a few others, on On Wednesday, the 27th, the eruption the edge of the grand crater: hence the was in a great measure tranquillized ; coup-d'æil was terrifically sublime; the still, however, crowds of people contiflames rushed out of the mouth and threw nued going up the mountain, and an themselves in the air in a broad body, Austrian officer, who had come from to the elevation of at least a hundred Capua to see it, was unfortunately killed feet, whilst many of the fiery stones on the ridge of the cone, by a large flew up twice that height; the flames stone striking him on his head. On fell back into the mouth, and then burst Thursday scarcely any thing but smoke. out again, as though impelled by a fresh issued from the crater, and it has contiimpulse, like the blast of a bellows ; in nued in this peaceful state ever since.

one on

Relating principally to the FOREIGN MISSIONS carried on under

the direction of the METHODIST CONFERENCE.

SOUTH-INDIA MISSIONS. MADRAS. We have received Letters from Messrs. Lynch and Close, The latter had been laid aside by sickness for some time, but was recovering. In the mean time his place had been supplied by Mr. Erskine, who was waiting for a passage to New South Wales. The accounts of the Mission are encouraging.

CEYLON MISSION. BATTICALOE.--MR. and Mrs. Roberts have arrived at this station. · MR. Roberts has acquired the Tamul language, which is of considerable port ance, from the population being chiefly Malabar, and the Portuguese being but partially understood. “Many of them seem delighted,” says MR. Roberts, “that a European can preach to them in their own tongue." Before Mr. Roberts left Jaffna, he laid the fourdation of the new chapel there.

JAFFNA.-MR. OSBORNE writes from this station, under the date of September 6th, 1821, that the inhabitants of Jaffna had subscribed 3000 rixdollars towards the erection of the new chapel. “Our congregation," he observes, “is large and respectable, and our classes in a flourishing state."

Of the Jaffna Mission, generally, Mr. Osborne observes :

Our Mission on this station assumes opinion of it than the objector, defended a more important aspect than ever. what the Missionary had advanced by From the constant exertion of so many saying, that upon such grounds of obMissionaries of different societies, much jection he could not believe his own interest among the heathen, and even Religion ; for they talked of Heaven and alarm, is excited. The Brahmins them- Hell, and the origin, power, &c., of their selves begin to express some fear that gods, but who had seen any of these things. Christianity will one day overthrow their He therefore argued that, in that respect, system ; hence they bend all their power the Christian Religion was at least as and sagacity against it. They mock, credible as theirs. Disputes like these abuse, and publicly dispute as occasion are now becoming very common. In offers itself, and often meet with us at some places where any one has an indiour public places for the sole purpose of vidual authority to preventour preaching, doing this. This is to me very interest- we are forbidden. All these things, I ing and encouraging, as they are by this think, are important. I have been inmeans more likely to understand Chris- formed, that one of the Brahmins has tianity than by maintaining their former predicted, that before a certain period indifference. The conversation at our the Christian Religion will prevail in last monthly meeting of the Missionaries India. We have three young men on of different Societies held here, was this station who take their work reguvery pleasing. About ten Missionaries larly with us as Local Preachers. One were present. One of our American of them now preaches in our chapel in Brethren stated a conversation which took Portuguese, and sometimes in Tamul. place between two of his congregation. I have heard bim many times. He has One, who came to mock, observed that he a good knowledge of our doctrine, and could not believe all that was said about good preaching abilities. I have now God and the Devil, Heaven and Hell, taken him entirely from the care of the because the Missionary had never seen English school, and put him upon a reguany of them. Another, who had fre- lar course of study, and hope that at our quently beard the Gospel, and had a better next meeting he will be taken out as an Vol. I. Third Series. May, 1822.

2 0

assistant Missionary. By the help of hope to be able to write to you more at these young men we are able to have large, as soon as the indescribable fatigue about sixty regular services in a month of chapel-building is over. The whole in the Jaffna part of the circuit only. of this unpleasant business is on my Our School-rooms are our general places hands. Tam sole architect, and have of preaching, but as the congregations very moderate workinen. But another there are uncertain, wherever a com- Chapel was much wanted here, and the pany of men can be found, there we prospect of its becoming an important preach and teach, whether it be in a benefit to the people, encourages me to Rest-house or the Bazar, &c. &c. I go an.


SOUTH-SEA MISSIONS. New South-Wales. We mentioned in our last the arrival of Messrs. Leigu, Walker, and Horton, at Vau Diemen's Land. We have the pleasure to state the reception of Letters from Mr. Leigh, stating the safe arrival of himself, Mrs. Leigu, and Mr. Walker, in New South Wales. The following are extracts.

Sydney, October 19, 1821. Our stay at Hobart Town was longer gling their tears with these sympathizing than I expected; however, we arrived in heathens. As soon as the people had reSydney Cove, on Sunday the 16th of covered from their grief, MR. WALKER September, 1821. In the evening I entered into conversation with them ; for was much pleased with seeing a good this tribe can speak English. What Mr. congregation assembled in our WALKER said they could not understand Chapel in Sydney.

altogether: on this account some of the In a few days after we landed, MR. young people laughed, which is common WALKER had an opportunity of seeing enough among them, when they cannot and conversing with a number of black comprehend what is said. In this case heathen natives, with whom he was the Father of the tribe observed to them, much pleased ; and encouraged to hope You no laugh when MR. WALKER that his Mission would succeed.

speaks to you,-you mind what he speaks, I was conversing lately with some of --MR. WALKER come to do black man these natives, who were relations of good.-Mr. Walker our parson.—We BEN-NIL-LONG, who visited England must be good, no get drunk, no swear; some years ago, but is since dead. I you young people mind book, old people had a portrait of BEN-NIL-LONG, which I no like book, very good young people showed to his kindred : when they saw it, learn the good book.” they wept aloud, and observed that he The serious people of the colony are was their brother and friend. The sight much pleased with the commencement of was so affecting, that Mrs. Leigh and our Mission among this race of heathens, MR. WALKER were obliged to turn from and some have already come forward with them, but after all could not help min- their subscriptions towards its support.

On October 21st, MR. LEIGH writes,

I have had an interview with the Rev. This Bay was visited by Mr. MARSDEN, SAMUEL MARSden on the subject of our and he thinks it a very proper and safe Mission to New Zealand. He gave me place to commence our labours. It is advice and direction, and promised all under the government of our friend the assistance in his power.

SHUNGHEE, and the place to which Since we landed we have had the ho- he directed your attention when he was nour of dining with the Governor, at in London. A number of SHUNGHEE's which time we opened the subject of friends and under-chiefs reside there, and Mr. Walker's Mission. He kindly gave he bimself frequently visits it. his advice to MR. WALKER, and assured I hope our Brethren the Missionaries his hearty patronage.

will soon arrive here to join us in our I have fixed upon the place of our work : if they do not arrive in a few future residence at New Zealand, which weeks, Mrs. Leigh and I shall proceed is to be at Mercury Bay. You will find, by ourselves. We trust in God to be by referring to the map, that it is about our Defender and Keeper, in all our 120 miles from the Church Settlement. ways.


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