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J. HERBERT HARRINGTON, Esq., Member of the Supreme Council at Calcutta, seconded the Resolution moved by Dr. CLARKE. He said, that his object, in coming to this Meeting, was to catch the flame of christian love, and to be animated by the recollection of the speeches be might hear, on his approaching return to India, where he had already spent many years. He considered it to be a great privilege to meet here several Members of the Church Missionary Society and of the Bible Society, to which he had the honour t belong, and was glad to see they could all unite to promote the cause of God and man, and the best interests of society. He read a passage from a letter, written by one of the Missionaries of this Society, MK. SQUANCE, iu wlich it is observed, that there is nothing in Heathenism calculated to restrain its votaries from vice." This he could confirm, by what he had seen in Bengal, a part of India distant from that of which MR. SQUANCE particularly wrote. It had been remarked to him by one not fully convinced that the Bible is a revelation from God, and, he was sorry to say, by some professed Christians too, that God may be pleased with a variety of worship ; and they had asked, “ What is the use of sending Christianity to India, since we see that Christians do not lead more moral lives than the natives?". His answer was, that if individuals, professing Christianity, are not moral, it is because they are not what they profess to be; they do not act according to their profession ; but, on the contrary, Hindoos may be orthodox and consistent as Hindoos, and yet be highly immoral. This appeared to him to be a very important difference. It appeared from official documents, laid before the House of Commons, that the number of Widow's ascertained to have been burned, or buried alive, in the Districts of India subject to the Presidency of Bengal alone, were, in 1815, 1816, 1817, and 1818, not less than 2366, and if 1819 be included, the number in five years, in that single Presidency, must have exceeded 3000 ! That alone was
a sufficient proof, that the Hindoo religion, though it does not demand, does, however, sanction these dreadful immolations; so that the relations of these widows, in fact, pride themselves on such an occurrence, and consider it a high honour to their families, and the practice prevails in every part of India to which Christianity has not extended. There are other instances of men throwing themselves under the wheels of Juggernaut, and of women throwing their children into the Ganges, and a military force is sometimes employed to prevent persons from throwing their children into it. It may be said, that these are not expressly commanded by the Hindoo religion, but yet they were sanctioned by it; and in that country miglit be seen every day, ou the banks of the river, persons bringing down their parents and aged relatives, and, instead of taking care of them at home, having nothing in view but to accelerate their death; for which horrid purpose, nud is often stuffed into the mouths of the dying persons. These are a few only of the cases in which the Hindoo religion does permit crime; and, therefore, how it can be urged by any gentleman from India, that it does not sanction vice, and that we have no occasion to send the Gospel to them, was to him paradoxical. Where the Hindoo religion prevails, they are monstrous shedders of blood. Their crines are such, that we cannot, indeed, speak of them. Hundreds are engaged in inurders of the most dreadful nature. Young children are often decoyed by boys, under the pretence of flying a kite, or geiting an apple, or for some such trifling reason, and murdered in cold blood, in order to obiain a trifling ornament. Mr. HarRINGTON concluded by expressing his hope, that the School-Book Society, and some other societies lately established, though they have not a directly religious object, will yet be useful in enlightening the natives of India, as to the folly and criminality of their practices, and will thus eventually contribute to the promotion of Christianity. To that great end, he pledged himself that he would always be ready to afford every assistance which it might be in his power, in bis individual capacity, prudently and consistently to render.
The REV. DR. STEINKOPFF moved the Fourth Resolution, viz.--" That this Meeting, solemnly recognising that great principle of our Holy Religion, that the success of all human endeavours, in extending ihe kingdom of Christ in the world, depends wholly on the divine blessing, and considering, particularly, the great moral difficulties which are opposed in all pagon countries to the progress of the truth, earnestly recommends to all the members and friends of this Society, and of its Auxiliary and Branck Societies, in every part of the world, to be more than ever abundant in supplications for the special blessing of Heaven, and the promised out-pouring of the Holy SPIRIT, on Missionaries themselves, and on the heathen world in which they labour.”DR. S. spoke as follows : “Sir, I feel it a very solemn thing to be present at a meeting so numerous, and convened, from different parts, for the express purpose of promoting the extension of the kingdom of our adorable REDEEMER, This motion alludes to human endeayours and exertions : and surely human endeavours must be made, and human exertions must be used, and all the energies of the human mind ought to be called forth, for so great and important a purpose as the evangelization of the heathen world. Sir, it is delightful to see, that so many are already combined in this work, and so many instruments raised up to perform it. I have been particularly pleased to hear of the kind aid lent to your Missionaries by different Governors in foreign parts. Missionaries can do little without the assistance of others. At the same time, I would ask, what are all human exertions, what are the best endeavours of unen, what can the ablest and best-supported Missionaries do in converting the heathen world, unless there is a higher power at work with them, unless they are enlightened and strengthened by the SPIRIT OF Our God? We should be constantly mindful of what our adorable REDEEMER las said, ". Without me ye can do nothing." Thousands and tens of thousands may labour, they may do their very utmost, they may like Paul plant, and like Apollos water ;-but after all it is God that must give the increase. Sir, I came to your Meeting this day with the utmost solemnity ; because I felt the importance of the Motion with which you have entrusted me. O let us p.ay more earnestly, and more continually, by night and by day, for the influence of the Holy Spirit, without which all the ministrations of the Gospel are insufficient. He must enlighten our own minds; He must light up, as it were, our understandings; He must give us strength to speak the truth as it is in JESUS; and He alone can bring conviction to the minds of those who hear. I therefore, Sir, most earnestly pray myself, and I most earnestly entreat the whole of the present assembly to join me in that prayer, that the Holy Spirit of our God may descend upon this Meeting, and upon all Meetings convened for similar purposes. "I pray that the Holy Spirit may be given to the directors of all the different Missionary Societies, that they may conduct their several Missions in such a manner as may be most useful. I pray too that the Holy SPIRIT
may, in a most abundant measure, he poured out upon all Missionaries. 0, Sir, I feel for these good men : they are exposed to many difficulties. In a far country, remote from their relations and friends, harassed by the most anxious fears and apprehensions, and often exposed to cruel persecution, how can they stand, unless supported by the arm of God ? May the blessed Spirit enlighten their minds, and fortify and cheer and encourage their souls! I also pray that the same Holy Spirit may be given to the poor heathen, to whom the Gospel of our blessed Lord is preached, and that their hearts may be opened, like the heart of Lydia, to receive the truth in the love of it.” Dr. S. then gave some interesting details respecting the progress of the Missionary cause in Germany, Switzerland, and other parts of the Continent. He referred to the Missionaries formerly sent out by the Directors of the Danish East-India Mission at Copenhagen, and observed, that if they had sent none but the immortal SCHWARTZ, their memory would, on his account, be handed down to a grateful posterity. He spoke also of the patient and persevering labours of the Moravian Brethren, and enlarged particularly on the importance of the Missionary Institution at Basle, in Switzerland, and on the light which has been kindled, and the Missionary spirit which is now called forth on the Continent, by the publications of the Society there. These happy effects, he stated, are owing, in a considerable degree, under the blessing of God, to the exertions of MR. BLUMHARDT, who was present in the Meeting of that day. They began a small Missionary Seminary at Basle, and, in the first year, they collected only abont fifty pounds; but, in six years they have collected five thousand pounds. They began with only two Missionaries, and they scarcely knew where to put them; but now they have a Mission-house, in which there are twenty-six hopeful Missionaries, preparing for the service of the Heathen ; and he, ÞR. S., should never forget the delight he experienced at the consecration of that Mission-house. When he saw, at that time, nearly twenty young Missionaries, men of the right stamp and spirit,men endued, he believed, with power froin on high,-men thrust out by the love of their adorable Saviour,--and when he saw the Clergy of the city, and some of the Magistrates, heartily united in the great cause, he was filled with unfeigned gratitude to God. They have now extended their influence into various parts of Germany and Switzerland; and even in I'rotestant France, some persons have come forward, who have caught the Missionary flame, and considerable sums have been collected and received from them. A number of respectable young Merchants, in the city of Basle, said to theroselves, “What can we do for the promotion of the Missionary cause?' They agreed that each of them would contribute a certain sum of money, and put it together, to forin a small capital for trade; and that whatever they might lose, the loss should be their own, but what. ever they might gain, should be devoted to the funds of the Mission. He concluded by saying, that if only a few of the poor heathen should be led to JESUS CHRIST, in consequence of the united exertions of this day, and of the prayers and supplications that were now offered up at home, he should bless the hour that he had been permitted to spend with this Society.
The REV. THEOPHILUS BLUMHARDT, Inspector of the Missionary Institution at Basle, seconded the Motion in the following terms :-“It is truly gratifying to me, Sir, to see such a day, and to be in such an assembly. To a foreigner, who is come from Switzerland, but a few days since, to your blessed shores, you will give kind allowance, if he feels himself unable to express to you in proper terms the feelings of his heart. Were it my business, Sir, to plead a 'cause which is doubtful in its origin, and only supported by arguments of human wisdom, I would be the first to confess to you publicly that such a matter would have found in me a inost unable supporter. But such a Motion as this, on such a day as this, and in such an assembly as this, needs no arguments. It needs only the feelings of a sincere heart, much interested in your glorious cause. I did not come to your blessed shores, Sir, to speak in your midst, but to hear, to see, to learn, and to rejoice with you, and with the thousands of the people of God. Since about twenty years, I was a constant reader of your Missionary Publications ; and, I may say, a sincere friend of your Missionary work. I am really astonished to hear the great and marvellous deeds of the LORD, which your Report has detailed before us; but I am much more delighted to see the harmony of this assembly, and to feel the christian sympathy that pervades all these minds. Do we want inore or stronger argument, to prove the value of the Holy Spiri's influence, than to hear such a Report, and see such an assembly? Truly, I may say, I am in the situation of the Queen of Arabia, who came io hear the wisdoin of SOLOMON, and to witness his glory; and I feel constrained to use her words. I cane to your blessed shures with great expectations, from what I have heard of you in your publications ; but it was not the half which was told me.' Blessed be God, the Father of Mercy! I would consider the different Missionary Societies as branches proceeding from the tree of life; and every one of these branches of the tree of life has its own clusters, its own fruits, its own glory. But let us never forget, that we all are in Christ, the same trunk, and borne by the same root; and the root of the Missionary Tree is the spirit of prayer, the Spirit of God, who dwells in the minds of all believers. I am much delighted to hear, that tens of thousands of our British friends pray for us on the Continent; and I am more delighted to say, that hundreds of thousands of my countrymen pray for you. May the Lord bless the work of your hands! May it blossom like the rose in the desert! I humbly trust that the day, the great day, is approaching, when there will be but one Missionary Society in the world, and when every being will be a member of it, full of love and holy sympathy. May the day be approaching in a short time!”
The Fifth Resolution was as follows :-" That the thanks of this Meeting be given to the AUXILIARY and BRANCH SOCIETIES throughout the kingdom; to the Auxiliary Societies which have been recently established on several Foreign STATIONS ; to those Ladies, who in different places have employed their zeal and influence to increase the Funds of the Institution ; to the JUVENILE SOCIEUES, in which the feeling and energy of our youth are consecrated to this sacred service; and to the SUBSCRIBERS, and other Friends to the Wesleyan Missionary Fund, both at home and abroad, by whose liberality the means of supplying the moral wants of our fellow- men have been greatly increased."-It was proposed by the REV. SAMUEL LOWELL, of Bristol; who said, that though he was unexpectedly called to speak on this occasion, and was aware how ill it would become him to come before the assembly in the character of an egotist, he was heartily glad that such an opportunity was afforded him of expressing his unabated and unabating esteem for the Methodist Society, and his love to the all-important cause of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. Indeed, did he not feel bis obligation to the Methodist Society, in the earlier part of his life, he would be unworthy of the name of man, more unworthy of the name of Christian, and most of all unworthy of the name of a Christian Minister. The Founder of the Methodist Society paid him a condescending attention, when he was a mere stripling, and suffered him to rank, young as he then was, among the number of bis correspondents, forty-three or forty-five years ago. There was scarcely a Travelling Preacher in the Connexion with whom he was not at that time on terms of intimacy. And though now nearly forty years have elapsed since Providence led him to other connexious, his heart was not cooled; he still loved our people, and he loved them in all the proportion in which he thought he saw in them the image of Him who was meek and lowly in heart. He hoped to be forgiven, if he said, that though he had lived to see many of his old friends successively numbered with the dead, and his faith had followed their
spirits as they ascended on high, yet be felt what he should never be able to ex. press, when he was informed of the reinoval of the last of those old friends, whose name, he was sure, couloi not be heard in that place without emotion. For considerably more than forty years he was in the habits of endearing friendship with the learned, the holy, the apostolic Joseph BENSON; and he could not help saying, he felt a sort of personal obligation by the publication of the Tribute to his Memory delivered in this place on the occasion of his death. Strangers would say, that that Character of him was composed under the influence of partial friendship; but his testimony was, and he well knew what he said, and whereof he affirmed, that “the half was not told.” He deemed it one of the happiest events of his life, that Divine Providence permitted him to take an active part in the formation of the London Missionary Society; and he hoped that He who had pity upon him, and had put him among his children, had given him a spirit that induced him to say with all bis powers, “Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.” He hailed all those Institutions, which have in view the diffusion of christian light and knowledge, “and yours, Sir,” said Mr. L., has a high claim to this noble litle. I therefore rejoice greatly in what I have this day seen and heard. The cause in which we are severally engaged, is a cause that is beloved in Heaven itself. It is peculiarly dear to Him, whose we are, and whom we serve. It has upon it the stamp of Heaven; it is dyed in the blood of the Cross; and the virtues of the Cross will ensure its success. Benevolent exertions, which have their origin in mere human opinions, are often transient and unavailing : but those which originate with Him who sees the end from the beginning, and are stimulated by the influences of his Holy Spirit, must be permanent and efficient. They will be efficient beyond all we can ask or think. Such is the contidence we feel respecting our Missionary efforts. They have for their authority the commands of Him whom we call our Master and Lord; they are astonishingly protected by Divine Providence; and they shall proceed, till all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God."
LIEUT. GORDON, R. N., seconded this Resolution. He hoped to have been allowed to escape from taking so public a part in behalf of a cause which, like the Ark, he felt almost afraid to touch; but, being thus called forward, he prayed that the same Spirit, who put a word into the mouth of wayward BALAAM, would put a word into his mouth. With respect to the Auxiliary and Branch Societies, mentioned in the Resolution, their own conduct had given the best illustration of their activity, and the Report that day read to the Society was a better certificate of their claims to its gratitude, than it would be in his power, or even in that of the most eloquent person who had addressed that meeting, to pronounce. They desired not, however, that commendation, which yet it was our duty not to withhold; for their exertions had emanated from christian principles ; and if they had discovered their good works, it was only that their Father in heaven might be glorified. The Chairman had opened the meeting by referring to the ascendant influence of Great Britain in the scale of nations. Her commerce now opens channels of religious communication with every colony: and her Islands, Towns, and Cities, form so many depositories, from which the sacred influence of the Gospel may be conveyed, as from the heart of the system, to the nations now sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death. The Wesleyan Missionary Society, in common with other similar Institutions, had discovered to Great Britain, and to the world, what the divine intention was respecting the ascendency which Britain thus providentially possesses. It was pouring the water of life into many long-neglected spots, which had never before been exhilarated by one drop of that water. He congratulated it on being engaged in the only work upon which angelic intelligences, upon which the spirits of just men made perfect, and the Son of God himself, look with complacency. It is the only work which prevents the flames of judgment from destroying the world ; and in the national agitations now existing in certain parts of the world, we recognized the earthquake and the fire which precede the still small voice that is to tell the nations, now lying in their blood, to arise and live. He would say to that Society, and to all engaged in the glorious cause, “ Go on; slacken not your hand; but press forward, in dependance on Him who has said that his word shall not return to him void, but shall accomplish the thing for which he sends it. Hold not back your hand, till all the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our God and his CHRIST." He had felt himself much cheered by the Resolution which preceded the one he seconded. In that explicit acknowledgement of the necessity of the divine influence, the Society had gone wisely to work ; for it thereby recognized what is the only source of human success, and what every one who knows any thing of himself, and of the means by which God carries on his cause in the world, will cordially join in praying for. The more we live in dependance on that influence from on highs, the more we shall succeed. He too rejoiced to look around him, and to see present on that day many individuals of different communions. He himself belonged to another communion ; but he felt, us a Christian, particular delight in finding himself surrounded by those engaged in the same cause far more efficiently than himself. He had often been struck with a comparison in the Scriptures, which says that, the Church of Christ is “terrible as an army with banners.” In an army were found many banners ; but in every army, whether the English or any other, some one prevails : in the English army the Union Flag waves over all. He hoped the day was approaching when the churches would merge in millennial union, and when the knowledge of the Lord should cover the earth. He most heartily seconded the Motion.
The REV. GEORGE MARSDEN, President of the Conference for the present year, moved the Sixth Resolution, which was, “ Thal the thanks of this Meeting be given to Joseph BUTTERWORTH, Esq., M.P., and the Rev. GEORGE Morley, the General Treasurers, for their diligent attention to the duties of their office during the past year; and that the Society very cordially requests a continuance of their services." —He observed that a peculiar solemnity, and yet a solemnity of a pleasing kind, had appeared to him to characterize this Meeting, during the speeches of those who preceded him. Indeed, he was happy to find that of late a very blessed and religious influence had rested on most of the Missionary Meetings which he had attended; and he had remarked that where that was the case, these meetings were, even in a pecuniary view, the most productive. From the statement just read, it appeared that the Treasurers were in advance; but that should not occasion any discouraging fears. The recent Collections in Yorkshire and Lancashire, at almost every meeting, had exceeded those of former years; several of them by at least one third. He had no doubt that the arrears would be discharged; and that we should have money in hand. Yet he recollected, that Dr.CLARKE had said, in bis Sermon on Friday, that we ought not to have a Fund, while we had forty men of God ready and anxious to engage in the Missionary field. He was sure it would not be the wish of our Treasurers uselessly to hoard up money, while the perishing heathen are crying out for aid, and holy men are offering their services. Freely they receive, and as freely they will distribute. There had appeared to him to be a remarkable Providence in finding for our Missionary work, both at home and abroad, suitable agents and instruments. Here the Speaker enumerated several of the Society's Missionaries, whom he considered to be remarkably adapted to the Stations in which they severally labour, and to whom, he said, though averse from idle compliment, he could not but pay the tribute of his respect. He also expressed his concurrence in the very just testimonies paid that day to other Societies. He rejoiced that God had put high honour upon the Church Missionary Society, the Baptist Missionary Society, the London Missionary Society, the Moravian Missionary Society, and the Scottish Missionary Society. And he was very glad to find that some members of another class of Christians, the Friends or Quakers, have of late indirectly embarked in this blessed canse. Thus all the religious bodies in our land, who acknowledge Christ as the head,” are entering into this work. By these various efforts, many of those situations, which a person, who should sit down to examine a map of the world, would at first sight select as the most promising stations for Missionaries, were in fact, under the guidance of Divine Providence, already occupied. He was particularly happy that there was a probability of openings for the Gospel in South America. "As to Africa, he prayed that the Missionaries who have begun in the South might work their way towards the North, and that those now in the West might march Eastward, till, by and by, they should all meet in the centre.--He mentioned that a British Soldier, a member of our Society, was called with his regiment to Malta. He had there lent to a youth, who observed him reading the New Testament, the copy he was perusing. The youth was astonished by what he learned in the book of God. The truth was divinely applied to his heart; he became a real Christian, and, in process of time, a preacher of the Gospel; and there are now two congregations in Malta, to which the Gospel is regularly preached by him and others. While, in some parts of Asia, the Missionaries of the older Societies were making progress as messengers of mercy, and thus promoting the best interests of their fellow creatures, he was glad that God had in his Providence directed the Scottish Missionary Society to send their la bourers to the Northern part of that continent; and he hoped that the time was drawing near, when every part of the globe shall be visited by Christian Missionaries, and the standard of the cross be crected in every place. Some of his happiest moments had been those which he had formerly spent with the Committee of this