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entered into a free and interesting con-
12th. We had a solemn and a delightful time this evening in Macquarie Street Chapel. All the Brethren were together, and Brother LEIGH preached his farewell sermon, to a numerous and affected auditory. We afterwards partook of the LORD's Supper, and felt much of the presence and the power of GOD. Brother L.'s text was Philip. i. 27. His parting counsel was truly spiritual, and will, I trust, be lastingly useful to
those who heard it.
15th. I spent the evening with Mr. and MRS. LEIGH, who have just received very painful tidings from New Zealand. War is raging among the natives with dreadful fury. Brother and Sister L. are kept from fear by the grace of GoD; and are still determined, by his help, to enter among these savage hordes, and offer to them the salvation of the Gospel. May the GoD of Missions be their guide, and their defence from the fury of men!
28th. I met all the Classes for the renewal of tickets. The work of GoD seems deepening in their souls. We joined in fervent prayer for a general revival of religion.
31st.-At four o'clock this morning we accompanied our dear Brother and Sister LEIGH to their ship, where we took our leave. A favourable breeze springing up, they were soon carried from the harbour, and entered on the mighty ocean. May they have a prosperous voyage by the will of God!-We to-day held our District-Meeting, and closed the year at a very profitable watch-night. A much larger congre gation attended than was ever before seen at such a time in New South Wales.
NEW ZEALAND.-The reference to the state of these islanders in MR. MANSFIELD'S Journal will prepare our readers for the following Letters from MR. LEIGH. The circumstances in which he is placed give him a special claim upon the earnest prayers of the Friends of Missions, both for his personal protection from the violence of savage men, and for the success of his labours. The wretched state of the inhabitants presents a deeply-affecting picture of the effects of human corruption, and of the necessity of the Gospel. In no place are its pacific influences more pathetically invoked by the groans and sufferings of the victims of barbarous cruelty and infuriate passions; and in no part of the earth will its triumphs, as the Gospel of peace and salvation, be more strongly marked, or appeal with more powerful and delightful effect to the feelings of our common humanity. For difficulties and dangers, in such a Mission, our minds must be prepared; but the relations which follow will give the case of these heathen a deeper interest in our pity and our zeal; and the prayers and contributions of our friends will, we doubt not, ultimately receive an abundant reward, in the moral changes which our divine religion will there effect. Even in New Zealand, the promise shall be fulfilled, "They shall not hurt nor destroy."
Extracts of Letters from MR. LEIGH, dated New Zealand, Feb. 25 and 27, 1822.
THE Father of all mercies, and GOD of all grace, has conducted me and my dear wife in peace and safety to this distant part of the world; for which, and for innumerable mercies, we join in ascribing praise to God.
On the 1st of January, 1822, we sailed in the brig Active, from Sydney, and in three weeks we landed in New Zealand. We found the settlers, and Missionaries who belong to the Church Missionary Establishment, all well. The REV. S.
MARSDEN had given me a letter of introduction to MR. W. HALL. After I had delivered the letter, 1 learned that MR. MARSDEN had kindly requested MR. HALL and his Brethren to advise me, and to afford me all the assistance in their power, which I found them very willing to do.
Before I left New South Wales, I had heard that the New Zealanders were at war among themselves; and so I found it on my arrival. When SHUNGEE returned from England to Sydney, on his way to New Zealand, he met with several of his countrymen. SHUNGEE in formed them, that 1, and several of my Brethren, were appointed for New Zealand; with which they were much pleased, and agreed that we should reside at Mercury Bay, near the River Thames.
Soon after SHUNGEE had arrived, he was informed, that in his absence one of his relations had been slain by some of his friends at Mercury Bay, and the River Thames. This report was too true. SHUNGEE immediately declared war against the people, although they were relations. The Chief who belonged to Mercury Bay, and with whom SHUNGEE had sailed from New South Wales to New Zealand, carnestly desired reconciliation, but in vain. Nothing but war could satisfy SHUNGEE. He soon collected three thousand fighting men, and commenced his march. The battle was dreadful, and many fell on both sides; but SHUNGEE proved victorious, and returned to the Bay of Islands in great triumph.
After my arrival in New Zealand, I learned that SHUNGEE and his party slew one thousand men, three hundred of whom they roasted, and eat, before they left the field of battle. SHUNGEE killed the Chief abovementioned; after which he cut off his head, poured the blood into his hands, and drank it. This account I had from SHUNGEE and WHYCATOA, who related it with the greatest satisfaction.
In war, the New Zealanders give no quarter to the men, and take all the women and children prisoners. These they divide among themselves, according to the number of men killed. The slaves are conducted to the villages of those who have taken them captive, and are compelled to labour for their owners, and are sometimes used in the most afflicting manner, being frequently killed and eaten, as an act of revenge.
SHUNGEE and his party have killed more than twenty slaves since their return from war, most of whom they have roasted and eaten.
When the slaves meet together they often weep for hours, lamenting the loss of their friends, and their own captivity. Before they separate, they cut themselves on the face, breast, and arms, until they are covered with blood. Such scenes are very afflicting to a European beholder, but they have no such effect on the New Zealanders.
Since my arrival in New Zealand, I have conversed with SHUNGEE and several other Chiefs on the subject of my residence among them. SHUNGEE observes, that it will not be safe for me to proceed to Mercury Bay, or to any place near it for the present, as he intends to kill all the people at that place and the River Thames: he recommends a place called Ho-do-do, near the North Cape.
SHUNGEE and his friends are at war again. Since I landed here, not less than one thousand fighting men have left the Bay for the River Thames, and not less than two thousand more are near us, who are preparing to march in a few days to the same place. SHUNGEE is at the head of this party, and will go with them to battle.
The Chiefs of Ho-do-do having heard of my arrival, and the wish of SHUNGEE that I should reside among them, came to the Bay of Islands, and are now with me. They say it will be "very good" for me to live with them after the war is over.-Four other Chiefs are also come, requesting me to reside among them. Indeed there is not a tribe in New Zealand who would not rejoice in having a Missionary with them. I cannot say
they desire this from a pure desire to be instructed in the truth of the Gospel, for they have no knowledge of its worth at present. Nevertheless, I believe the LORD intends that this noble race of people should soon know the things which belong to their peace.
The great obstacle to the spread of the Gospel here, is the great delight the people take in war. They never forgive an offence without satisfaction; and as offences frequently arise among them,
Our encouragements to attempt the introduction of the Gospel among the numerous tribes in New Zealand are, however, not a few.
Their houses are near each other. A village contains from one to two hundred dwellings, and in every village a Missionary may have one, two, or three congregations, as he may judge best for convenience and instruction.
The New Zealanders are willing to have their children instructed to read any book we may think best, or, as they say, To crack hear the Book-a-Book-a. I have
also found that the old people are not against joining their children in repeating letters and words. For several weeks I have visited the children and their parents by the sea-shore, collected both young and old, parents and children, formed them into a circle, and then began myself to repeat a letter, and to spell a word, when they all repeated after me both letters and words for half an hour together. Indeed I have always found the New Zealanders willing to listen to any subject; and I have no doubt but the English language may be introduced without much difficulty.
It being the desire of SHUNGEE, and the principal Chiefs, that I and my Brethren should reside at Ho-do-do, a place near the North Cape, and about one hundred miles from the Church Mission Establishment, I intend as soon as possible to visit the place, to see if it be suitable for a Missionary establishment. My intention is to visit all the native villages I can; and as soon as I have
gained a knowledge of the language sufficiently to preach to them, I will endeavour to make known to them the love of God in the gift of JESUS CHRIST our LORD.
My hopes and prospects of success brighten daily. I should not hesitate a moment on going to any part of New Zealand, if in so doing I should not be acting against the general advice of those who have had much more experience than myself in these things. However, as soon as Brother WHITE arrives, I intend to begin a settlement without delay; and I hope to have the pleasure by the next conveyance, of sending you a pleasing account of the same, and of our safety and prosperity.
MRS. LEIGH has this morning spent some time in teaching several young native females to read and pray. The their exercises, and are very willing to young people are much pleased with learn. May the GOD and FATHER of our LORD JESUS CHRIST bless our attempts to do good among these Heathen Tribes!
MISSIONS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA.
CAMIES BERG, LITTLE NAMACQUALAND.-Extract from the Journal of
SEPT. 13th, 1821.-I endeavoured to
17th. By the request of my people, I accompanied them as far as the Veld Coret, to assist them in settling some dispute which had long existed between them and a neighbouring Boor.
Friday, 18th.-On my road home I met Brother BROADBENT, on his way from Cape Town, in want of a little assistance to climb the mountain, which he very soon obtained from our people. This afternoon I arrived at Lily Fountain, and was much gratified in finding my wife surrounded with her sable tribe, busy in knitting, making caps, &c. Some of these young females have already made considerable progress, and one young female Hottentot has made her father a very strong night-cap, which pleases the old man much. My wife would be very thankful if some of our liberal friends in England would send her a good quantity of strong cotton and knitting-needles.
Monday, 21st.-Class-meeting-PETER said, "What Mynheer preached about on Friday evening exactly agreed
PETER referred to a discourse of mine with my state before I knew GOD."— heathen without GOD. This afternoon respecting the wretched state of the we were at work in the smith's shop, repairing the bands of our waggon, &c. As we have no mechanics amongst us, I feel thankful that I know sufficient to render myself useful at any African labour with my own hands, provided station; and I am quite willing to that, by so doing, I can in any sion. measure further the object of our mis
making a new hedge, and enclosing a Wednesday, 23d.—I was employed in piece of ground to enlarge our garden.
25th.-Divine service was held as usual. We had a love-feast in the afternoon; on which occasion several spoke of the goodness of the LORD, and of having obtained an interest in the blood of CHRIST, the forgiveness of sins.
October 7th.-Divine Service was held this forenoon. The LORD gave me liberty of speech; and I trust, both Christians nefited. Monday, a Dutch lady visited and Heathens, so called, were much beus, who seems to have lost a good deal of prejudice against Missionaries, and the instruction of the natives.
when the Namacquas are upon the sta9th. The School for the young people,
tian, was well attended. Of course you are aware, that in the winter months they are obliged to separate for the sake of finding pasture for their cattle.
Tuesday. This evening three Dutch ladies (Boors' daughters) were at preaching, and after service expressed themselves as much satisfied. By a kind and friendly conduct towards the Farmers, I have no doubt we shall be able to bring some of them to attend the preaching of the word.
Thursday, 18th.-I sent off several of our people with a waggon to the Cape to fetch one of the Brethren, having received instructions to this effect.
Nov. 4th. This afternoon several female Hottentots came to my dwellinghouse, and expressed a strong desire to be baptized in the name of the LORD. Their sincerity I doubt not; but I must give them a trial for some months, as I would not be too hasty to baptize the Heathen. The fact is, in this country they consider it an honour to be baptized, and are always wishful to get the name of Criste Menchen, (or Christians,) whether GOD has begun a work of grace upon their hearts or not.
Thursday.-I called a general meeting of young and old, rich and poor, in order to impress upon their minds the necessity of keeping together upon the station during the summer months, that the young people might have more opportunities of hearing the word, and of receiving instruction in the school. The Meeting closed agreeably, and those who were not resident at the station, promised to come as soon as possible with their families.
10th. This morning I found that the frost had done my garden considerable damage, and destroyed nearly the whole of my wheat, which was very promising, and which cost me much labour and anxiety to get it into the ground, and, when sown, much trouble to preserve it from being destroyed by cattle. The failure of our harvest last year was a very serious evil; but the loss of our wheat this year also is much more so,
and has rendered the distress of some of our poor Namacquas great indeed. We are not the only sufferers in this respect, as from very recent letters I learn that the blight has appeared more or less in the wheat through the colony, even as far as the country which the English settlers occupy on the eastern side of Africa. May the LORD undertake the cause of our poor people, and send them help! Several families came to the Institution to-day, with their horses and pack-oxen.
11th. We had a Prayer-meeting this morning, and forenoon-preaching as usual. Our service was remarkably lively; so much so, that I was under the necessity of making my discourse very short, in consequence of the cries and tears of several Namacquas, who appeared to feel the burthen of sin. I gave out several hymns, and some of our Namacquas prayed alternately for the salvation of their friends, with a zeal and devotion which would have delighted you, had you been present. On leaving the chapel, I found six Namacquas prostrate upon the ground, the language of whose hearts seemed to be that of the trembling Jailor, or of JACOB wrestling with the Angel of the Covenant. At our Lovefeast this afternoon, several of our people gave a clear and distinct account of their conversion to GOD. One aged Namacqua, in particular, enlivened our Meeting much by a warm and forcible address to his countrymen, in which he displayed much native cloquence.
Friday. Some bastard Hottentots came to our station, and expressed a very strong desire for a Missionary to reside amongst them. Their residence is about seventy miles N. W. of the Camies Berg, and not far from the sea. I told them that their numbers were not sufficient to have a Missionary to reside amongst them, but that I would visit them on horseback very soon. If, after having seen their place, I thought it eligible, I could consider it as one of our outposts, to be visited in the winter months when they could remain together.
CAPE TOWN.-The following Extract of a Letter from MR. THRELFALL, dated Cape Town, April 17, 1822, written upon his arrival there from England, contains a brief, but acceptable account of the recently established Mission there.
I ARRIVED here on the 4th of this month. I found the Brethren and their wives in tolerable health. The chapel is nearly finished, and will be a convenient place for the slaves. The school for the slaves is pretty well attended, and the children are kept in good order. The Missionaries are indefatigable.
They have either the school, or preaching, to attend to every night, excepting Saturdays. Adults as well as children attend;-their progress in reading is considerable; they sing very well. The second evening I attended the children's school, I could not refrain from tears; all appeared so interested and diligent.
WEST INDIA MISSIONS.
DOMINICA.-Extracts from the Journal of MR. TRUSCOTT.
walked to Layou Bay, and preached to a dozen persons from Heb. ix. 27.
NOVEMBER 2d, 1821.-This evening to six communicants. This evening I I visited Clark-Hall estate; at seven o'clock about 120 of the people collected together in the Manager's house; they heard with great attention while I endeavoured to illustrate and apply Matt. v. 6. Glory be to GOD, there is a prospect of much good amongst this people. I took tea with the Manager, and re
3d. This morning I visited York Valley estate; but most of the people were gone to their grounds, not having been informed that I intended to visit them however, I found about thirty in their houses, who soon came together to the Manager's house, and to whom I preached from Luke x. 42; they heard with attention, and promised to attend regularly in future on the Sabbath-day, at St. Joseph's. I returned to St. Joseph's about noon.
4th, (Sunday.)-This has been a good day; I have experienced much peace and joy in the HOLY GHOST. This forenoon I had a large congregation from the estates up the Layou Valley: our house was completely filled, and some could not get in; they heard with attention while I preached from 1 Sam. ii. 30. After preaching, I met the catechumens, and gave the LORD's-Supper
Extract of a Letter from MR. CATTS, MR. HARRISON, myself, and family, arrived here from the District-Meeting on Thursday the 21st instant. We had a very rough passage, but, through divine mercy, landed all in tolerable health in the midst of a kind and affectionate people. This made us forget our troubles, thank GOD, and take courage. MR. HARRISON took the earliest opportunity of going to St. Joseph's, the place of his residence, after we had called to pay our respects to the President. In a note, he mentions that he preached there in English last Sunday, and published for preaching in French next Sunday after the English service.
9th. I heard this week that our poor people are greatly distressed atthe idea of my leaving them; some of them said, "If Massa will stand with all we, we will build him a chapel."
10th. Last evening I visited Machoucherce estate, and preached to a large congregation, who collected together in the boiling-house: they heard with much attention, and appeared highly pleased with my visit. I preached from Matt. xi. 28. I proposed many questions to them concerning their present state, and their views of divine truth, to all of which they answered with great readiness. I find by this method I keep their attention fixed on what I say.
16th. This afternoon I rode to ClarkHall estate, and preached to about one hundred, who were collected in the Manager's house, from John iii. 3. They heard with great attention. After preaching, I collected all the negro children around me, and catechised them, and taught them to pray; with which they and their parents were highly pleased. I think this the best method that I can adopt for the present.
dated Roseau, Dominica, Feb. 28, 1822. I have preached here three times in English, and intend, GoD willing, to preach in French this evening.
March 1st.-I preached in French last night. The congregation was very large; it thronged the house, covered the gallery, and, it being a damp evening, many sheltered themselves in the neighbouring houses to hear as well as they could. All were attentive and orderly, and several wept much. No doubt scores, probably hundreds, of these poor French people had never heard the Gospel before. Their priest is a Spaniard, who speaks French very imperfectly.
MISSIONS IN THE BRITISH-AMERICAN COLONIES. CANADA. Extract of a Letter from MR. H. POPE, dated Shipton, Oct. 28, 1821.
MESSRS. WILLIAMS and DE PUTRON, no doubt, transmitted to you all necessary information relative to this Circuit, during the four years they laboured here. In the course of the last summer
the LORD has graciously favoured us with many refreshing seasons. Many backsliders have been reclaimed, and believers excited to diligent perseverance in their holy calling; while several, in