« PreviousContinue »
BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS, IN MR. JOWETT's “ Christian Re. In the village of Ashmounin, close searches,"
a Review of which ap- adjoining, an Italian, Signor FOURNI, pears in our last Number and in that superintends a Nitre Factory for the for the present Month, we observe Bashaw. It is collected, by a triple numerous interesting Illustrations of process, from the rubbish of old Scripture, drawn from the scenes cities. Hermopolis is such ; of which he visited, and from the which, not a single house, nor even customs of the people of Egypt, and one stone upon another, remains, other places. We select, in this except the above-mentioned ruin. article, some of the most important. Signor Fourni had just received an
The following are from the Journal order for 3000 quintals, to be preof his voyage on the Nile:
pared with haste. For this purpose CUCUMBERS.-" Extensive fields of lie was building small reservoirs and ripe melous and cucumbers adorned ducts, with old picked bricks, gatherilie sides of the river. They grew ed from ruins ; and wbich are better in such abundance, that the sailors than the modern baked bricks. A freely belped themselves. Some great number of young persons of guard, however, is placed upon them. both sexes were engaged in the work, Occasionally, but at long and deso- carrying burdens. To give vivacity Jate intervals, we may observe a little to their proceedings, they are rehut, made of reeds, just capable of quired to sing ; and, to keep them containing one man; being, in fact, diligent, there were task-masters, little more than a fence against a standing at intervals of about ten north wind. In these I have ob- feet, with whips in their hands, which served, sometimes, a poor old man, they used very freely. We seemed perhaps lame, feebly protecting the to behold the manners of the ancient property. It exactly illustrates (sai. Egyptians : Exodus v." i. 8: •And the daughter of Zion is SEPULCHRES. - HIEROGLYPHICS.left.......... as a lodge in a garden of “Further in the recesses of the cucumbers.' The abundance of mountains, are the more maguiticeat these most necessary vegetables tombs of the Kings; each consisting brings to mind the murmurs of the of many chambers, adorned with Israelites, Numbers xi. 5, 6: “We bieroglyphics. The scene briuys remember........ the cucumbers, and many allusions of Scripture to the the melons, and the leeks, and the mind; such as Mark v. 2, 3, 5; but onions, and the garlick : but now particularly Isaiah xxii. 16: Thou our soul is dried away.'"
hast bewed thee out a Sepulchre SUGAR-CANE.-“We moored near here, as he that beweth him out a Radamun, which lies between Minïe Sepulchre on high, and that graveth and Manfélout, to see the factory of a habitation for himself in a rock;' an Englishman, Mr. Brine; where for many of the smaller sepalehres we were kindly received. There are are excavated nearly half way up many thousands of acres of sugar- the mountain, which is very bigb. cane in these parts. Allusion to this The Kings have their magnificeut production is made in Jeremiah vi, abodes nearer the foot of the moun20: "To what purpose cometh there tain ; and seem, according to Isaiah to me incense from Sheba, and the xiv. 18, to have taken a pride in sweet cane from a far country?' It resting as magnificently in death as is also mentioned in Isai. xliii. 24: they had done in life.-'All the • Thou hast bought me no sweet cane kings of the nations, even all of with money.' The West Indies them, lie in glory; every one in ho were not then known."
own house." The stuccoed wail EGYPTIAN LABOURERS. “ From within are covered with hierogly. hence, we rowed, about three miles, phics. They cannot be better den to fermopolis, to see the first magni- scribed than in the words of Ezekiel ficent relic of Egyptian Architecture. viü. 8–10: "Then said he dato me,
Son of Man, dig now in the wall: their hands, which have not only and when I had digged in the wall, served, as it may be hoped, the behold a door. And he said unto me, higher purpose of ministering daily Goin; and behold the wicked abomi- to the spiritual life, but have shown, nations that they do here. So I went by the manner in which they have in and saw; and behold every form of been marked throughout, that they creeping things and abominable have been their constant guides beasts, and all the idols of the house through the scenes which they have of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall visited.” round about.' The Israelites were BUFFALOES. -“ At Molubis, on the but copyists: the master-sketches east bank of the Nile, I observed a are to be seen in all the ancient cattle-fair. Several buffaloes were temples and tombs of Egypt.-- It is swimming, from the opposite side, remarkable that Scripture gives no across the water. Their unwieldy explanation of the particular meaning body sinks deep in the water, so that of the hieroglyphics. Moses, no only part of the neck is level with doubt, who was learned in all the the surface ; while their uplifted head wisdom of the Egyptians,' must have just raises the snorting nostrils above understood their sacred science; yet the water. Often, a little Arab boy hefurnishes us with nospecificclue- takes his passage across the Nile nothing but the general condemnation pon the back of this animal ; setting of them, as idolatrous in the highest bis feet on the shoulders, holding degree: Deut. iv. 15, &c. The wis- fast by the horns, and thus keeping dom of man seems, in this cradle of liis balance. As the buffaloes rose the sciences, to have betrayed its out of the water on the bank, I was genuine tendency; and the monu- struck with their large bony size, ments of Egypt are a durable com- compared with the little that liad apment on the first chapter of the peared of them while in the water. Epistle to the Romans."
Their emerging brought to mind the “ March 20. HARVEST.--The bar. passages in Gen. xli. 1, 2: “Behold, Jey-harvest was getting in. This he stood by the river: and, behold, may explain Jer. viii. 20: as the there came up out of the river harvest precedes the summer, it is seven well-favoured kine and fatput first in the description : "The fleshed; and they fed in a meadow.' harvest is past, the summer is ended, It was the very scene, and the very and we are not saved."
Corn.««• The earth broughtforth Under the head of Scripture-Illus- by handfuls : ' Gen. xli. 47. This I trations, Mr. Jowett has the follow. witnessed. I plucked up at random, ing.-The Author thus introduces a few stalks out of the thick cornthem :
fields. We counted the number of “Some notices, in illustration of the stalks, which sprouted from single Scriptures, have occurred in the pre- grains of seed; carefully pulling to ceding Journal. The Author will here pieces each root, in order to see that subjoin others of this nature. The it was but one plant. The first had circumstances struck him forcibly, seven stalks; the next, three; the as portions of that mass of evidence next, nine ; then eighteen ; then which is furnished, both to the truth fourteen. Each stalk would bear an and the meaning of the sacred ear.” records, not only by the unchanging BRICKS MADE WITH STRAW.-"At face of nature, but by the indelible one place, the people were making character of Eastern manners. It is bricks, with straw cut into small a remarkable fact, the value of which, pieces, and miogled with the clay to in testimony to the Scriptures, the bind it. Hence it is, that, when vilChristian will know how to appre- lages built of these bricks fall into ciate, that the Bible is the very text- rubbish, which is often the case, the book of the most intelligent travellers roads are full of small particles of ir these countries. The Author has straws, extremely offensive to the seen copies of the sacred volume in eyes in a high wind. They were, in
short, engaged exactly as the Israel. those who are under them shall be ites used to be, making bricks with fulfilled. They strikingly illustrate straw; and for a similar purpose, - the case of the officers, placed by to build extensive granaries for the the Egyptian task-masters over the Bashaw; treasure-cities for Pharaou: children of Israel; and, like theirs, Exod. i. 11."
the Mállems often find their case is ARK OF MUD AND REEDS.-" Our evil. See Exod. v. 6—29." boat was ballasted with earth taken RISING OF TUE NILE," Jeremiah from the river-banks, --very stiff and xlvi. 7, 8, is a fine image, taken from rich soil, without stones. With this the rising of the Nile.'' same mud the sides of the boat were Forests.--" Verses 22 and 23 of plastered, at those parts in the fore- the same chapter point out one of the half of the vessel where moveable most effectual ways of subduing planks were placed, in order to raise Egypt. The countless multitude of ihe gunnel higher: the mud filled date-trees, which form even forests up the crevices, and prevented the about some of the villages, furnish a water froin gushing in, as would great source of subsistence to the otherwise be the case, This mud people. To cut these down (as it is was so rich and slimy, and when dry said the French were proceeding so firm and impervious, that, together to do, and would have done, but with the strong reed that grows on that the people surrendered at the the banks, it is easy to conceive how prospect of this utter ruin,) would the mother of Moses constructed a be to cut off the support of the present, little ark which would float: she and the hopes of a future generation. then placed it among the Angs, in Nothing could be more terrible than order ihat the stream might not carry this denunciation against Egypt, it down: Exod. ii. 3."
• They shall march with an army, TASK-MASTERS.-" The Mállems and come against her with axes as transact business between the Ba. bewers of wood: they shall cut shaw and the peasants. He punishes down her forest, saith the LORD, them, if the peasants prove that though it cannot be searched; bethey oppress ; and yet he re- cause they are more than the grass. quires from them that the work of hoppers, and are innumerable."
OBSERVATIONS ON INFIDELITY. (Extracted from the SERMONS of the Rev. ANDREW THOMSON, of Edinburgh.)
It is amidst trials and sorrows the aid of the Almighty Physician? that Infidelity appears in its justest Impose upon me whatever hardships and most frightful aspect. When you please ; give me notbing but the subjected to the multifarious ills bread of sorrow to eat; take from which flesh is heir to, what is there me the friends in whom I had to uphold our spirit, but the disco. placed my confidence; lay me in veries and the prospects that are the cold hut of poverty, and on the unfolded to us by Revelation ? What, thorny bed of disease; set death for this purpose, can be compared before me in all its terrors ;-do all with the belief that every thing here this, and only let me trust in my below is under the management of Saviour, and “pillow my head en infinite wisdom and goodness, and the bosom of Omnipotence ;” and I that there is an immortality of bliss will “fear no evil;”I will rise awaiting us in another world ? If superior to my affliction; I will this conviction be taken away, what “rejoice in my tribulation.” But is it that we can have recourse to, let infidelity interpose between God in which the mind may patiently and my soul, and draw its impene. and safely repose in the season of trable veil over a future state of adversity? Where is the balm which existence, and limit all my trust to I may apply with effect to my the creatures of a day, and all my wounded heart, after I have rejected expectations to a few years, as un
certain as they are short;--and how pathise with me in my distress, and shall I bear up with fortitude, or with speak to me of immortality, and, at cheerfulness, under the burden of the very moment, his constitutional distress ? Or where shall I find one kindness may be triumphing over drop of consolation to put into the his cold blooded and gloomy specubitter draught which has been given lations. But his speculations have me to drink? I look over the whole shed a misery over my heart, which range of this wilderness in which I no language of his can dissipate, and dwell; but I see not one covert from which makes his most affectionate the storm, nor one leaf for the heal. words sound in my ear like the words ing of my soul, por one cup of cold of mockery and scorn. He has dewater to refresh me in the weariness stroyed me, and he cannot save me, and the faintings of my pilgrimage. and he cannot comfort me. At his
The very conduct of 'Infidels, in bidding I have renounced that SAspreading their system with so viour in whom I once trusted and much eagerness and industry, affords was happy; and have banished that a striking proof that its intluence is COMFORTER, who once dwelt with essentially hostile to human happi. me, and would have dwelt with me
For what is their conduct ? as a Comforter for ever. And he Why, they allow that religion con- now pities me!--as if his most pitying tributes largely to the comfort of tones could charm away the anguish man,--that in this respect, as well as of my bosom, and make me forget with respect to morality, it would that it was he himself who planted be a great evil were it to lose its it there, and planted it so deep, and hold over their affections,—and that nourished it so well, that nothing those are no friends to the world who but the power of that Heaven, whose would shake or destroy their belief power I have denied, is able to pluck in it. And yet, in the very face of it out! Yes ; after he has destroyed this acknowledgment, they scruple my belief in the superintending not to publish their doubts and their Providence of God,-after he has unbelief concerning it among their taught me that the prospect of an fellow-men, and with all the cool hereafter is but the baseless fabric deliberation of philosophy, and some- of a vision,--after he has bred and times with all the keenness and nourished in me a contempt for that ardour of a zealot, to do the very Sacred Volume which alone throws thing wbich they profess to depre- light over this benighted world, cate as pernicious to the well-being after having argued me out of my and comfort of the species. Whether faith by his sophistries, or laughed they are sincere in this profession, me out of it by his ridicule,-after or whether they are only trifling having thus wrung from my soul with the sense and feeling of man- every drop of consolation, and dried kind, still it demonstrates the hard- up my very spirit within me,--yes, ening influence of their principles; after having accomplished this, in and from principles, which make the season of my health and my those who hold them so reckless of prosperity, he would come to me the peace, and order, and bappiness while I'mourn, and treat me like a of their brethren, what can be reason- drivelling idiot, whom he may sport ably expected, but every thing which with, because he bas ruined me, is most destructive of human com- and to whom, in the plenitude of fort ?
his compassion, too late, and too It is true, the Infidel may be very unavailing, he may talk of truths humane in the intercourse of life'; in which he himself does not believe, but, after all, what dependence can and which he has long exhorted me, be placed upon that humanity of and has at last persuaded me, to his, which deals out bread to the cast away, as the dreams and dehungry, and clothing to the naked, Jusions of human folly! From such and yet would sacritice to literary comforters, may Heaven preserve vanity, or to something worse, what- me! My soul, come not thou into ever can give support in trial, and their secrets. Unto their assembly, consolation at death? He may sym- mive honour, be not thou united!
EXTRACT OF A LETTER TO A FRIEND, ON SPECIAL PRAYER FOR THE OUT-POURING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. I cannot but feel confident that deavours; it has been calling its you would read with peculiar satis- members to active services; it has faction the various papers which have been employing its resources of appeared in the Magazine, respecting eloquence, of wealth, of popularity. "a general union of Christians in It bas invited notice. It “haih prayer for the out-pouring of the cried without, uttering its voice in Holy Spirit.” And as it is there re- the streets, in the chief place of concommended to make it the subject of course. The publicity of some late correspondence amongst friends, 1 Institutions wanted just such a counam endeavouring according to my terpoise as is now recommended, slender ability, to give some efficiency desired, and sought for. “He that to the plan, not only by writing more, hath an ear, let him hear what the but by thinking more, reading more, SPIRIT saith into the churches." speaking more, praying more, and Shall we not soon see gathered togebelieving more, on the subject. In ther in one all things in Curist, both all this, God testifies his approba. which are in heaven, and which are tion, by affording unusual manifesta- on earth? May we not regard this tion of his gracious presence. It movement in the church, “as the seems to me to be a new way of spirit of life from God” sent to be glorifying God. We speak of the the forerunner of that precious dispensation of the Law, and the promise, “The glory of the LORD dispensation of the Gospel. But is shall be revealed, and all fesh shall not this eminently the dispensation see it together?" Yes, “all the of the Spirit ? Perhaps you will ends of the earth shall see the salvasay, the dispensation of the Gospel is tion of our God.” " For it shall the dispensation of the Spirit. Yet, come to pass in the last days,” (saith let me ask, are there not seasons God), “I will pour out my SPIRIT of more signal and extraordinary upon all flesh.” Ought we not to manifestations of grace ? Though comfort one another with these the Spirit has never forsaken the words ? O my friend, use all your church since his first appearance in interest, and employ your utmost it, yet have we not reason to expect endeavours, to excite attention to that the ministration of the Spirit will this important object. The worldly be still more glorious than heretofore ? spirit will fight hard against it. The What then may we not now hope Laodicean spirit will supinely mutfor? Ifall Christians cordially unite ter, “ Disturb not our repose,” aud
pray for a more abundant out- deliver many plausible barangues on pouring of the Spirit, we shall soon the danger of enthusiasm. Yea, I see glorious days of the Son of Man cannot but think that bell will muswith power! May we not now anti- ter all its legions to oppose a plan cipate the near approach of the golden which promises such essential benefit age of the church? This key will to the church, and is of such vital open to us all the blessings of the interest to every member of it. But Gospel. Let but the Spirit and the let us cordially unite with every sin
Come, LORD Jesus,” cere and spiritual disciple of our and he will reply, “Behold, I come LORD; and " wait for the Promise of quickly.” The church has been em- the Father,” till we are “endued ploying itself lately in zealous en- with power from on high."
A CAUTION TO THE METHODISTS.
live; and that if, after two or three It is well known, that the members months' probation, they give eviof the Methodist Societies are ad. dence of a real desire to flee from initted on trial by a Note from one the wrath to come, they then reof the Travelling Preachers, stau ceive a Ticket. According to the