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dustrious while under your confinement : but, on gaining your liberty, you may regain your characters, prove comforts to your families, useful members of society, and finally come to your graves in peace.--Amen.

At 3 o'clock, the Gentlemen of the Corporation sat down under a temporary shed, and partook of a plain cold collation they had risen, the workmen and the keepers enjoyed the repast; and these were succeeded by one hundred and thirty-three prisoners, labouring on the Island, who were permitted to set down at the table, once more to make a comfortable meal. It had its intended effect; gratitude beamed in every countenance; and it is hoped this indulgence will ensure their greater submission and industry in performing their labour.--When their meal was finished, Mr. Woodruff their keeper, gave a signal for them to arise; and while standing, the Chaplain advanced to the head of the table, and thus addressed them

Men, you have now received a strong expression of the sympathy and good will of the Honorable the Corporation, in giving you the indulgence of this unexpected refreshment; and I have no question, but that each of you, feel the warmth of gratitude glowing in your bosoms. A sight like this, I presume, was never before beheld whether in America, or in Europe ! may it have its most salutary effect upon every heart. Many of you have left families at home, absorbed in grief through your misconduct; but, could they hear of the indulgence you have this day received, the tear of gratitude would start from their eyes.--Let us therefore return thanks.

Great God, accept our thanks for the favour which these unfortunates have now received from thine indulgent hand. We render unto thee our praise, that thou hast taught America, how to season justice with mercy; and let it have its due influence upon every man before thee, to restrain them from evil, and guide them in the paths of virtue. Send home thy consoling smiles upon the families from whom these unfortunates are separated, and when the

time of their liberation shall arrive, give them thy grace to walk . in thy fear, and prove useful members of society, through Jesus

Christ our Lord, Amen.

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Note.—This Island, is one mile and three quarters in length, and about six hundred feet in width; containing one hundred and ten acres. The soil is excellent, and suited to purposes of various cultivation. It also contains ample quarries of granite stone of a superior quality, highly adapted to the purposes of building ; and ist abundande, wielwill yield a supply for me ages to come. The small Island, at the North East end, contains about four acres.

The Penitentiary now erecting, will be 200 feet in length, and 50 in breadth. In the interiour will be a double tier of cells for sleeping, each three and a half feet by seven, four stories high, forming in the whole 240 cells.









February, 1817.


From the New-York Christian Herald.

Education is of great importance to the mind of man. Our mental powers are naturally enveloped in shades of ignorance, because we are born in sin. Education, like the rays of the sun, opens the bud of intellect, expands its flowers, to emit their fragrance for the benefit of mankind. For many years, this city has been eminent in acts of benevolence to the various classes of the indigent, and, especially, to the children of the poor. Many are the charity schools which have been established in connexion with the churches of various religious denominations; and, unquestionably, have proved a valuable blessing to the rising generation. Yonder stands the Orphan Asylum, which takes its first rank in the class of benevolent Institutions. Beneath that hospitable roof, children, without father, and without mother, are clasped in the arms of kindness; sheltered from the blasts of adversity; their tender minds instructed in useful learning; and to them the charming sentiments of the Gospel are explained and enforced, in hope, through the benediction of God, they may be made wise unto salvation through faith as it is in Christ Jesus, and become useful members in the community. Still, great is the number of the children of the poor and needy, who are destitute of the means of instruction; and for want of precept and example, are abandoned to idleness, vice, and the profanation of the Lord's day. To remedy this growing evil, Sunday Schools have recently been established ; and it is devoutly wished that the Lord of the Sabbath day may so crown these pious efforts with his smiles, that they may prove extensive and lasting benefits to rising generations! It must be confessed, that this Institution is founded upon the

pure principles of humanity and patriotism. Besides, it has a powerful example, drawn from the Bible. Moses, the servant of the Lord, having conducted the Israelites nearly forty years in the wilderness, knowing the day approached that he must die, gave to that people his last directions for their future conduct. One of the most remarkable, is recorded in Deuteronomy xxxi. 12, 13.-Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and the stranger that is within thy gates, that they may learn, and fear the Lord your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: and that their children, which have not known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear the Lord your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. This requisition, you will readily perceive, was in favour of the more ignorant Israelites; its benevolence extended to the stranger; the children were expressly included, especially those who were entirely ignorant and knew not any thing. The purposes for which they were to be collected were, to hear and to learn, fear and obey the Lord their God. The reason to enforce the duty was, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. This text may be truly called a Sunday School DIRECTORY; and admirably corresponds with the religious liberty and extensive benevolence of America. For here, the foreigner, the stranger of every class and nation, mutually partakes with our citizens in every moral benefit. The ignorant children of the needy, especially they that know not any thing, are in our Sunday Schools instructed to remember their Creator in the days of their youth, to obey their parents in the Lord, and to be serviceable to their fellow creatures. Indeed, we may apply the reason of Moses as a sufficient motive to persevere in this good work. It is as much as to say, Do all the good you can while you live; for you will soon go over the Jordan of death, to inherit the land of everlasting rest.

As this is the first ANNIVERSARY of the INSTITUTION, on request of its MANAGERS, I shall now, with fidelity and affection address the children, who are now assembled.

CHILDREN, Be persuaded, that the generous patrons of this Society are deeply interested in your welfare. They are convinced, that without some degree of education, you will not be able to act a useful part in life, whether for yourselves, or the good of others. You therefore are taught to read, by which you may not only become conversant with business; but be able to understand the will of your God in the Holy Scriptures. These are benefits which you ought most highly to esteem! For you cannot but know, that the mind of youth, instructed in useful and sacred knowledge, is a fruitful source of pleasure and interest to itself; while the ignorant and thoughtless are as useless to themselves, as they are to their fellow creatures. To aid in promoting this happiness in you, is the pious ambition of the Managers of the Sunday Schools; the consideration of which will, of course, inspire you with gratitude and esteem.

Let me give you a few advices for your general conduct and behaviour. Cultivate the greatest attention and diligence in the school, without which the labours of your Teachers to instruct you will be in vain. The time allotted for your learning may be short. The necessities of your parents may require your aid in the family, or to place you out in situations to procure your own living. As therefore your present learning will then be of the greatest advantage, be assured that without attention and diligence, this valuable benefit cannot be obtained. Be clean in your persons, and exemplary in your conduct, whether in or out

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