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ETTE, little. FY, to make. IC, ical, made of; like; one who. ICE, that which. IC, ics, like; made of; the science or art of. ID, being. ILE, belonging to; easily; fit to be. INE, of; pertaining to. ION, the act of; state of being. ISE, ize, to make; to give. ISM, denoting tenets, or doctrines. IST, ite, one who; one who is. ITY, ty, state or quality of being. IVE, one who, having the power. KIN, little. LET, little. LING, little. MENT, that which; act; state of being. MONY, state of being. OR, one who; that which.

ORY, place

where; that which; belonging to; of. OSE, ous, full of. SHIP, the office of; state of. SOME, somewhat; full of. STER, one who. TUDE, state of being. ULE, little. URE,

act or state of; that which. WARD, in the direction of.

To the Teacher.-Give the pupils frequent practice, both oral and written, in word-analysis and word-building. In this way make use of all the roots, prefixes, and suffixes given in the preceding lists. Designate a root, and let the pupils, with the aid of a dictionary and the lists of prefixes and suffixes, make as many words derived from that root as they can. The following is a good form for written exercises:

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to send through; to send from one to another.

to place after; to put off.

to turn back; to change to the opposite.
can be read.

the act of joining; the state of being joined.
one who cries out to another; one who makes a

full to overflowing; more than is needed.

state of being turned against; that which is against; calamity.

the act of speaking roundabout; using more
words than necessary.

full of not believing; disposed to not believe.
the state of not sticking together; want of con-

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Ex officio. By virtue of his of- Quid pro quo.

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Sine die. Without day.

Sine qua non.

For and against.

Pro tempore. For the time.

An equivalent.

An indispensable

Time flies.

Solid earth.

A constant com


Sub rosa. Privately.
Tempus fugit.

Terra firma.
Vade mecum.


The last condition.

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Au revoir. Farewell till we meet Hors de combat. Not in a condi


tion to fight.

Beau monde. The fashionable Jeu d'esprit. A witticism.

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Bon jour. Good-day.

Bon mot. A witticism.

Café. A coffee house.
Carte blanche. Full power.
Chef d'œuvre. A master-piece.
Comme il faut. As it should be.
Coup d'état.
A stroke of policy.
Cuisine. A kitchen; cookery.
Début. First appearance.
Douceur. A bribe.

Eau de Cologne. Cologne water.
Eclat. Splendor; brilliancy.
Elite. A select body of persons.
Encore. Again.

En masse. In a body.

Ennui. Weariness.

En route. On the way.
Entrée. Entry; a side dish.
Entre nous. Between ourselves.
Esprit de corps. The animating
spirit of a collective body.

Exposé. An exposure.

Façade. A front view.

Laissez faire. Let alone.

Menu. A bill of fare.

Naïveté. Native simplicity.
Née. Born.

Négligé. Undress.

Noblesse oblige. Rank imposes obligation.

Nom de plume. An assumed title.
On dit. They say.

Par excellence. Pre-eminently.
Parvenu. An upstart.
Pot-pourri. A medley.

Protégé. One protected by another.

Qui vive. Who goes there? On the alert.

Raison d'être. Reason for being. Résumé. A summing up.

Robe de chambre. A dressing

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Savant. A man of science.

Savoir faire. Tact; skill.
Séance. A sitting.

Tête-à-tête. Face to face; in close

Tout ensemble. The whole taken together.

Fait accompli. A thing already Trousseau. A wedding outfit.

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Additional Abbreviations

An abbreviation is usually formed by taking the first letter, the first and last letters, or the first syllable of a word, followed by a period.

A. or @. To or at.

A. B. Bachelor of Arts.

Acct. Account.
Adj. Adjective.

Adv. Adverb.

Aet. Aged.
Amt. Amount.
Anon. Anonymous.

Bal. Balance.

B. C. Before Christ.
Bu. or bush. Bushel.

C. E. Civil Engineer.
Chap. Chapter.

C. H. Court-house.
Clk. Clerk.

Co. Company; County.

E. East.

Ed. Editor, Edition.

e. g. (exempli gratia). For ex-

Eng. England, English.
Esq. Esquire.

et al. And others.

etc. And so forth.

Ex. Example, Exception, Exodus.

Fahr. Fahrenheit.
Fur. or fur. Furlong.

Gr. or gr. Grain or grains.

H. B. M. His or Her Britannic

Hhd. or hhd. Hogshead, or hogs-

C. O. D. Cash (or collect) on de- Hon. Honorable.


Cr. Credit, Creditor.

Cts. or cts. Cents.

Cwt. or cwt. Hundred weight.

D. C. District of Columbia; From
the beginning.

D. D. Doctor of Divinity.
Dept. Department.
Dict. Dictionary.

D. L. 0. Dead Letter Office.

Do. or do. (ditto). The same.

Doz. or doz. Dozen.

Dr. Debtor, Doctor.

D. V. God willing

H. R. House of Representatives.

Id. or id. (idem). The same.
I.e. or i.e. (id est). That is.
I. H. S. (Jesus Hominum Salva-
tor). Jesus the Saviour of Men.
in cog. Unknown.

inst. Instant (the present month).
Int. or int. Interest.

It, or Ital. Italic, Italian.

Jr. or jr. Junior.

L., 1., or £. Pound sterling.
1. c. lower case.
LL.D. Doctor of Laws.

Dwt. or dwt. Pennyweight, or long. Longitude.


L. S. Place of the Seal.

M. Marquis, Monsieur, Thousand, Pub. Published, Publisher.

Meridian, or Noon.

M. A. Master of Arts.

M. C. Member of Congress.

M. D. Doctor of Medicine. Mdse. Merchandise.

Messrs. Gentlemen.

Mlle. Mademoiselle.

Mme. Madame.

Mos. or mos. Months.

M. P. Member of Parliament.

Mr. Master, Mister.

Mrs. Mistress or Missis.

MS. Manuscript.

MSS. Manuscripts.

Mt. Mount.

N. Noon, North.

N. B. (Nota Bene). Note well.
N. E. North-east.

Nem. con. No one contradicting.
No, or no. (Numero). Number.
Nos. or nos. Numbers.

N. S. Nova Scotia, New Style.
N, W. North-west.

0. S. Old Style.

Payt. or payt. Payment.
P. or p. Page.
pp. Pages.

Per annum. By the year.
Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy.

P. M. Postmaster. (Post meridiem). Afternoon.

P. 0. Post-Office.

Pres. President.

Pro tem. or pro tem. (pro tem

pore). For the time being. Prox. or prox. (Proximo),

the next month.

P.S. Postscript.

Pub. Doc. Public Document.
Pwt. or pwt. Pennyweight.

Q. Question, Query.

Q. E. D. (Quod Erat Demonstrandum). Which was to be proved. Qt. Quart, Quantity.

R. R, Railroad.

R. or Rec. Recipe.

Recpt. Receipt.

Rep. Representative.

Rev. Reverend, Review.

Sc. or sc. (Scilicet). To wit; Being understood.

St. Saint, Street, Strait.
S. W. South-west.

Sec. Secretary.

Sq. or sq. Square.

SS. or ss. (Scilicet). Namely.
Supt. Superintendent.

Ult. or ult. (Ultimo). Of the last month.

U. S. A. United States of Amer-
ica, United States Army.
U. S. N. United States Navy.
U. S. S. United States Senate.

Vid. or vid. (vide). See.
Viz. or viz. Namely.

Vol. or vol. Volume.

V. P. Vice-President.

Vs. or vs. (versus). Against; In opposition.

W. West.

Wt. or wt. Weight.


Xmas. Christmas.

Yds. or yds. Yards.

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