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published himself; and that thofe tracts which are parts of a regular feries, and illuftrate each other, should be ranged in fucceffion without the intervention of other matter: Such are the Drapier's Letters, and fome other papers published upon the fame cccafion, which have not only in the Irish edition, but in every other, been fo mixed as to mifrepresent some facts and obfcure others: Such alfo are the tracts on the Sacramental Teft, which are now first put together in regular order, as they should always be read, by those who would fee their whole ftrength and propriety.
As to the pieces which have no connexion with each other, fome have thought that the Serious and the comic fhould have been put in feparate claffes; but this is not the method which was taken by the Dean himself, or by Mr. Pope when they published the miscellany, in which the tranfition From grave to gay, from lively to severe, appears frequently to be the effect rather of choice than accident, However, as the
Our miscellany is now quite printed, I am prodigioufly pleased with this joint volume, in which methinks we
look like friends fide by fide, ferious and merry by turns→→→ diverting others just as we diverted ourselves. Letter of Pope to Swift, March 8, 1726-7.
reader will have the whole in his poffeffion, he may perfue either the grave or the gay with very little trouble, and without lofing any pleasure or intelligence which he would have gained from a different arrangement.
Among the mifcellanies is the hiftory of John Bull, a political allegory, which is now farther opened by a fhort narrative of the facts upon which it is founded, whether fuppofitious or true, at the foot of the page.
The notes which have been published with former editions have for the most part been retained, because they were intended to have been written, if not by the Dean, yet by Some friend who knew his particular view in the paffage they were intended to illuftrate, or the truth of the fact which they afferted; however, this has fince appeared not always to have been the cafe; for there is not the leaft reafon to believe that Stella was related to Sir William Temple, or that he was vifited by King William at Moor Park, although both thefe facts are afferted, one in a note on the letter to Lord Palmerston, Vol. XII. p. 200, the other in a note on a letter to Dr. Sheridan, Vol. XII. p. 227.
The notes which have been added to this edition, contain, among other things, an biftory of the author's works, which would have made a confiderable part of his life; but as the occafion on which particular pieces were written, and the events which they produced, could not be related in a feries, without frequent references and quotations, it was thought more eligible to put them together; in the text innumerable passages have been restored, which were evidently corrupt in every other edition, whether printed in England or Ireland.
Among the notes will be found fome remarks on thofe of another writer, for which no apology can be thought necessary, if it be confidered that the fame act is juftice if the fubject is a criminal, which would have been murder if executed on the innocent.
Lord Orrery has been fo far from acting upon the principle on which Mr. Pope framed this petition in his universal prayer,
To hide the faults I fee,
That where he has not found the appearance of a fault, be bas laboured hard to make
one, an inftance of which will be found in his remark upon a maxim of Cadenus to Vaneffa.
That Virtue pleas'd by being shown, Knows nothing which it dares not own. He taught her, fays his lordship, that vice
foon as it defied fhame, was immediately changed into virtue; but the most obvious and natural meaning is juft contrary. That we defire to conceal no act which upon reflection we do not difcover to be vicious, becaufe virtue is pleafed in proportion as it is difplayed; and indeed thefe verfes could not be fuppofed an apology for lewdness, if bis lordship believed his own affertion, that the Dean was "Not to be fwayed by deliberate evil."
Lord Orrery has alfo fuppofed the Dean himself to have been the editor of at least fix volumes of the Irish edition of his works, but the contrary will incontestably appear upon a comparison of that edition with this, as well by thofe paffages, which were altered under colour of correction, as by thofe in which accidental imperfections were suffered to remain. Of thefe paffages the fol
lowing are felected from Gulliver's Travels, because the correction of this part of the work, efpecially with respect to dates and numbers, is boafted in an advertisement prefixed, and becaufe being divided into chapters, the places referred to will be more eafily found.
In the following fentence, they have, is fubftituted for he hath:
"Whoever makes ill returns to his "benefactor, must needs be a common enemy to the rest of mankind, from whom THEY HAVE received no obligations. Voyage to Lilliput, Chap. VI. The children of the Lilliputians are faid to be apprenticed at seven years of age inftead of eleven, which is evidently wrong, as the author fuppofes the age of fifteen with them, to answer that of one and twenty with us, a proportion which will be nearly kept by fuppofing them to be apprenticed at eleven, and to ferve five Ibid.
Gulliver fays, that he arrived in the Downs from Lilliput, on the 13th of April, 1702, and that he took shipping again on the 20th of June following, twọ