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Imperious demands. Resisted by D. Dud-
Coercion condemned and concession pleaded
General uncertainty and diversity of opinion. - Montgomery. - Alleged in-
consistency. Barrett. - Republican hopes. - Slaveholding changes.
Remedies sought. Republican disclaimers. —Northern yielding and
concessions. — Trimble, Stokes. Three facts. Committee of Thirty-
Proposed amendment. - Brief debate.
Work among the people. South Carolina. - Convention. Secession or.
dinance adopted and signed. — Address and declaration. — Alleged causes.
-Governor's proclamation and cabinet. Mississippi convention and
ordinance. River blockade. Florida. Alabama.
vere struggle. Toombs. -Adverse vote. - Johnson, Hill, Stephens.
States represented. — Howell Cobb. - Committee on pro-
government. Report. Proffered loan. - Choice of President
and Vice-President. Committee on permanent constitution. - Confed-
Secessionists at first in a minority. How their numbers were increased.
The Comte de Paris. — His testimony. — Demoralizing influence of slav-
The process. Three classes. - Conditions of Rebel success.
Co-operation, combination, preparation. — Central cabal. — Letter of
Judge Evans. Volunteers. - Violence, or the crushing-out process.
Contingencies. — Virginia. - Solicitude concerning her course. Visit
and estimate of Memminger. - Governor Letcher. — Legislature. — Con-
Convention succumbs.. Treaty. Richmond made the capital. — Letter
of Mason. West Virginia. - Admitted by Congress. -Tennessee.
Vote against secession. - Coercion opposed. — Legislature. Yields.
Popular vote. - East Tennessee. · Brownlow. - North Carolina. - Ap-
Withdrawal of South Carolina delegation. — Mis-
sissippi. — Alabama "ordinance" and call for a convention. - Speech of
Cobb. Withdrawal of Louisiana. - Speeches of Miles Taylor and Bou-
ligney. Scenes in the Senate. Speeches of Yulee and Mallory.
Clement C. Clay, Fitzpatrick, and Jefferson Davis. - Southern griev-
ances. — Action in regard to retiring members. - Diverse opinions.
Seward and Fessenden. Leave-taking of Slidell. — Arrogant boasts.
Prediction of Rebel Secretary of War. - Secession purposes.- Letter to Gov-
ernor Hicks. Secession banner. - Mr. Stephens. -Statements of South-
ern presses and speakers. "Richmond Examiner."- Duff Green.
of the Secretary of War. -Report of committee. - Presence of troops. -
Branch's resolution. Defeated. Cochrane and Kunkel.- - President's
message. - Rebel disclaimers. - Davis and Stephens. - Anxiety still ex-
ists. Rumors. Meeting in Willard's Hall. - Precautions. - Facts 161-172
Popular apprehension. — Letter of Mayor of Washington. — Counting of
Mr. Lincoln leaves Springfield. - Speech. - Indianapolis.
Columbus. Pittsburgh.— New York. - Mayor Wood. - Trenton.
Philadelphia. - Flag-raising and speech. Threats of assassination.
Statement to Mr. Lossing. Arrival in Washington.
and precautions. - Inauguration. - Thurlow Weed and General Scott.
Inaugural address. Conciliatory but firm. Affecting peroration. -
Its importance. Confident expectations of the
Rebels. Governor Hicks's character and avowals. - Maryland conserva-
tive and Southern. Secession measures and menaces.
consistency. Dilemma. - Patriotic support. - Anna E. Carroll. Gov-
ernor's persistency. -Neutrality. - Legislature convened. - Governor's
reasons and message. - Appeals to the President. - Seward's reply. —
Christian delegation. - President's reply. — Increasing loyalty. — Ken-
tucky and Missouri desire neutrality. - Governor Magoffin's message. ·
Guthrie's views. - Governor's proclamation. - Kentucky retained in the
ity. Francis P. Blair and Nathaniel Lyon. - Earnest and successful
Commissioners appointed. - Visit Washington. - Letter to Secretary Sew-
to Governor Pickens. Charges of breaches of faith and duplicity. — Pa-
cific hopes of the Secretary. - Commissioners' defiant reply. - Anderson's
letter. Cabinet meeting. Montgomery Blair.-G. B. Fox visits
Charleston.Fleet for landing supplies. — Appropriations by South
- Evacuation of Sumter demanded. - President's
message to Governor Pickens. Despatches. Beauregard's demand.
Anderson's response deemed insufficient. - Notice of attack. — Fire
opened. - Speeches of Gilchrist and Pryor. — Bombardment. - Heroic
Its sudden dissipation. - President's proclama-
-Call for troops. - Responses of governors. - Great uprising.
Meetings in Philadelphia and New York. -Speeches in Union Square.
Dickinson, Coddington, Walker, Baker, Cushing, Mitchell, Douglas.
Harmony of sentiment and action. -
- President's message. - Acceptable. - Bills and resolution by Mr. Wil-
son. Employment of volunteers. - F. P. Blair.
Hickman, Campbell. — Vallandigham's amendment. — Senate bill passed.
- Increase of regular army. - Holman's speech. — Amendment. --- Bill
passed. Reorganization of army. Powell's amendment. Breckin-
ridge. Supplementary bill for increase of the army. — Resolution making
valid acts of the President. - Debate thereon. - Kennedy, Baker, Wilson,
Breckinridge, Law, Johnson, Sherman, Trumbull. — Other bills.
for arming loyal citizens in disloyal States. - Governor Morton. - Bill
increasing pay of private soldiers. Important amendment. -
Original purposes of the war. - Republican avowals. - Vote of the House.
-The impracticability of such a policy. Slaves made contraband of
war. - General Butler. - Letter of Secretary of War. - Northern misap-
prehension. Slaves made useful to the Rebels. Bill of Mr. Trumbull
for confiscation. — Amendment making free the slaves employed by Rebels.
Debate thereon. - Breckinridge, Trumbull, Wilson, McDougall, Ten
Eyck, Pearce. - Passed the Senate. - Reported in the House. - Debate.
— Bingham, Bennett, Crittenden. — New and difficult question. — Diven's
proposition. - Speech of Thaddeus Stevens. - Bill recommitted. - Re-
MESSAGE, AND REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENTS.
Important meeting. War accepted. President's message. Undefined
policy on the slavery issue. - Hopeful. - Report of Secretary of War.
Great and rapid increase of the army. - Congratulations. Bull Run.
No ground for discouragement. Sanitary agencies. - Escaping slaves.
-Report of Navy. - Three lines of operations. Wide field. - Large
additions. Fugitives. Report of Treasury. Elaborate. - Plans an-
nounced and reasons. - Great success in raising means. - Loans. - Tax-
National responsibility. - Infamous laws. - Mr. Wilson's bill. Wilmot.
New section. - Bill passed. - County jail and its disgraceful condition.
- Testimony of Wilson and Sumner. - Wilson's resolution. - Fessenden,
Hale. Mr. Clark's resolution. Bill of Mr. Grimes. Democratic op-
position. Powell, Pearce, Carlile.
ignorance. - Disgraceful and unjust laws. - Mr. Grimes's bill.- Passage.
- Lovejoy's supplementary bill. — Miss Miner's school. - Bill for incor-
poration. - Debate. — Grimes, Morrill. - Passage of Grimes's bill for
education in the county. Mr. Patterson.
Location of the national capital a slaveholding triumph. Early petitions
for the abolition of slavery in the District. Unsuccessful. - Mr. Wil-
son's resolution. - Committee. His bills for the abolition of slavery and
the repeal of the slave laws. - Debate. - New departure. - Purpose sim-
ple and immediate, and not ulterior. - Speeches of Wilmot, Wilkinson,
Sumner, Fessenden, and Wilson in favor. — Opposed in violent speeches
by Davis, Saulsbury, Powell, and Bayard. - Factious amendments.—
Coupled with colonization. — Insisted on by Davis and Saulsbury. Able
speech from Mr. Hale. — Constitutionality defended by Mr. Fessenden.
Passed. - Opposed in the House by Crittenden, Wickliffe, and Vallan-
digham, and defended by Bingham, Fessenden, Van Horn, Ashley, Hutch-
ins, Blake, and Rollins. — Amendments proposed and lost. - Passed
and approved. - President's objections. — Met by a new bill.. 270-284
THE SURRENDER OF FUGITIVE SLAVES BY ARMY OFFICERS.
Repressive character of slavery.
Universal desire to be free. - Escape of
General Butler. - Contraband of war.
Different policies of different commanders. - Prejudice of soldiers against
Trying position of the President. — Lovejoy's resolution at
extra session. Regular session. - Resolutions in both houses. - Sum-
the House. — Bill reported by Blair. — Mallory, Wickliffe, Grider. —
Change of policy inevitable. — Speech of Bingham. - House bill in the
Senate. Saulsbury's amendment. - Davis, Anthony. - Bill making
new rule of war passed. -Resolution offered by Mr. Wilson. - Debated.