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that already done, he reproves them about their Marriage of Strangers, and of several Wives, or of taking Concubines, Mal. ii. 11, 14, 16. and their robbing God of their Tythes, chap. iii. &C. and their polluting the Altar, and Neglect of offering God the best, chap. i. which were the very. Things which Nehemiah corrected in his last Reformation.
Thus far the Holy Scripture has delivered down to us the History of the Transactions of God with Men, and particularly with his own People, the Nation of Israel, in a long and continued Succession of Events, from the Creation of the World to the Return of the Jews from the Captivity of Babylon, and the settling of the Church and State under Nehemiah, whom the King of Persia made Governor over the Land.
There are several other historical Matters related in Scripture, which belong to particular Persons ; the most considerable of them are the Histories of Job and Jonah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and Esther.
CH A P. XIV.
IQ: W HO was Job ? A. A most religious
2 Man in the Land of Uz, who had ten Children, and very great Riches, Jobi, 1, 2, 3.'
2 Q. In what Age of the IVorld” is Job supposed to have lived ? A. In, or before the Days of Mofes, because there is not the least Intination
e their Mirth, and provoked them, left their
of any of the Transactions of God with Ifraeliin the whole Book of Job. ..
3 Q. What particular Act of Piety is related concerning him in his prosperous State ? A. When his Children had been feasting each other in their turns, Job offered Sacrifices for them, left they should have finned and provoked God in the Seafons of their Mirth, ver. 4, 5.
4 Q. What were the Afiliations that fell upons Job? A. God permitted the Devil, by kindling of Lightning, and by stirring up Robbers and Plunderers among his Heathen Neighbours, to bereave him of all his Cattle and his Wealth in one Day, and to destroy all his Children, even seven Sons and three Daughters, by a Tempest which blew down the House in which they were feasting, ver. 6-19.
5 Q. Was the Devil suffered to vent his Malice upon the Perfon of Job A. Yes, God permitted him to smite 706 with sore Boils from the Sole of his Foot to the Crown of his Head, Job ii, 6, 7.
6 Q. What was the Design of God in these Propidences toward Job? A. To try the Strength of his Piety, and to set him up as an Example of Patience, both in the Exercise of it, and in the Rewards of it, Job xxiii. 10. James v. II.
7 Q. What was the Behaviour of Job under this Trial? A. He blessed the Name of the Lord, and did not murmur at his Providence, Yob i. 20, 21, 22. and ii. 10.'
8Q. What was a further Aggravation of Job's Distress? A. That his Wife tempted him to abandon all Religion, because God suffered him to be thus afflicted, Job.ii. 9, 10.
9 Q. Had Job any Comforter? A. Three Friends came from the neighbouring Places to mourn with him and comfort him, ver. İl.
10 Q. How long did his Patince continue in this perfeet Exercise of it? A. Seven Days he sat down in Alhes, and was silent under the Hand of God, ver. 13.
11. Wherein did any Impatience of Job at first appear? A. In cursing the Day on which he was born, Job. iii.
12 Ő What were the Sentiments of Job's three Friends on this mournful Occasion, and how did they carry it towards him? When they saw him to be so dreadfully afflicted, they rafhly concluded he had been guilty of very great Sins, notwith-'. ftanding his outward Profession of Piety, and therefore they severely reproved him for his grievous Complaints, chap. iv, &c.
13. Q. How did Job answer to their Charges? A. He maintained against them all this great Truth, that God did sometimes afflict those who were innocent, for wise and un searchable Reasons; and he vindicated his own Innocence, placing his Trust in God, chap. ix, &c.
14 Q. Wherein did Job fail in his Duty towards God in this Matter ? A. Under the Violence of his Distress, and the unjust Accusations of his Friends, he sometimes spoke Words of unreasonable Despair, and sometimes he used ralh and unbecoming Language against the great God, and vindicated himself too much, as though he had been perfectly innocent before God as well as before Men, chap. vi, and vii, &C.
15 Q. How was the Controversy between Job and his Friendscompromised at laft? A. Elibu, a fourth Friend, who was younger than the rest,
and had come to visit him, took a middle Way to end this Controversy, and spoke more agreea ably to the Truth: And though he reproved the three Friends for asserting that God would never afflict any innocent Man so much as Job was afficted, yet he severely reproved 7 ob for insisting so much on his own Innocence before God, chap. xxxii, xxxiii, &C.
16'Q. What was the Foundation of Elihu's Argument on this Occasion ? A. The supreme Majesty and Holiness of God, the Meanness and Sinfulness of the best of Men in his Sight, his sovereign Dominion over all things, and the Unsearchableness of his Wisdom and Conduct toward Men, chap. *xxii. and xxxvi. C.
17 Q. How did God himself manifestly engage in deciding this Controversy ? Ai He greatly confirmed the Sentiments and Opinions of Elihu,, by asserting and displaying his own fupreme Wisdom and Power, his Grandeur and Dominion over all things, by a Voice out of the Whirlwind, chap. XXXVRC.
18 Q: What Effect had this upon his Servant Job! Ă. 7ob confessed his Folly, abhorred himfelf for his Sin under the Apprehension of the Holiness and the Majesty of God, and repented in Duft and Ashes, fob xlii. I-6.
19 Q. How did God deal with the three Friends of Job? A. He disapproved of their false Accufations of Job, and their wrong Sentiments concerning. God himself and his Conduct, and bid them offer a Sacrifice of Atonement, and job to pray for them, ver. 7, 8.
20 Q. What Tokens of Approbation and Favour did God thew to Job ? Ă. While 7 ob prayed for - his Friends, God released him from all his Amictions, and afterward gave him ten Children, as
he had at first, he doubled his Estate, and pro. longed his Life to four Generations, Chap. xlii. 10-17.
The History of JONA N.
V lived about the Time of Jeroboam the second, the King of Israel, Jonab'i. 1. 2 Kings xiv, 25: There is no Need of particular Citations, of Chapter and Verse for the History of Yonah, fince the whole is contained in four short Chapters.
2 Q. Whither did God fend him? A. He was fent to Nineveh, to pronounce Destruction upon that great City for their Wickedness.
3 Q. How did Jonah disobey God? A. He took shipping and fled toward Tarshish from the Presence of the Lord, because he supposed that the Mercy of God would spare Nineveh after he had pronounced Destruction upon it, and then he should be counted a false Prophet.
4 Q. What befel him in this Voyage? A. There · arose a terrible Tempelt, which endangered the
Ship; and Jonah being conscious of his own Guilt, advised the Sailors to cast him into the Sea, and then the Storm ceased. .
5 Q: What became of Jonah ? A. A great Fish swallowed him up, and he continued in the Bowels of the Fish three Days and three Nights.
6 Q. Did he ever come to the Shore again? 4. At his Repentance and earnest Prayer, God