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and made her Queen in the Room of his former: Queen Valbti, ver. 16, 17. · Note, This Abafuerus is supposed by Dr. Prideaux, and that with great Probability, to be that second Ar. taxerxes, King of Persia, who was called Longimanus, and who, perhaps, being influenced by Epher and More decai, gave a Decree for Ezra to promote the Building. of the Temple at Jerusalem, after the Captivity in Bas bylon. See Chap. xiii. 2.9. and 13.
4 Q. What was the Occasion of Vashti's Dife grace ? A. When the King had made a most magnificent Feast for all his Nobles and Princes, he sent for Vahti,.to shew the Princes her Beauty, and to grace the Festival, but she refused to come, Eft. i. 10, 11, 12
Q. What Service did Mordecai do for the King, which laid a Foundation for his future Ado vancement ? A. He gave Information against two: of the Chamberlains who had conspired against the King, upon which they were tried and hanged, Ef. ii, 21, 22, 23.
6 Q. Who was made the King's chief Favourite a little after this Time ? A: Haman of the Seed of Agag the Amalekite, Ef. ii. 1, 2.
7 Q. Wherein did Mordecai offend Haman? A. He refused to bow before him, and do reverence to him, as the King's Servants did at Court, ver. 2.
8 Q. How did Haman attempt to revenge him. felf? A. By persuading the King to send Orders to destroy all the Jews that were in all his Dominions, ver. 6, &c.
9 Q. What did Mordecai do on this Occasion? A. He desired Esther the Queen to venture into the King's Presence, though the were not called, in
order to petition the King for the Lives' of her People the Jews, Eft. iv.
10 l Did Esther comply with his Request ? A. Though she knew it was Death by the Law to venture into the King's Presence, unless he held out his golden Sceptre to her, yet having first fasted and prayed to God three Days, and appointed the Jezus in Shushan to fast and pray, she ventured to approach the King, EA. v. I.
MiQ. What Success did Queen Esther find? A. The King held out his golden Sceptre to her, and promised to grant her Request, even to the half of his Kingdom, Eft. v. 1, 2, 3. i
12 Q. What was Esther's first Request to the King ? A. That the King and Haman would come to a Banquet which the Queen had prepared for them ; which Request also she repeated the next Day, El. v. 3-8.
iz l. How was Haman employed on that Day? A. He rejoiced at the Invitation that Eliber gave. him, and set up a Gallows for Mordecai fifty Cubits high, expecting that at his Desire the King would order Mordecai to be hanged thereon, ver. 9-14.
14 Q. How did: the King pass the Time that Night ? A. He could not sleep, and he had the Book of Records read to entertain him, wherein was written Mordecai's Information of the Con. fpiracy against the King, Ef. vi. 1, 2.
15 Q. What Effect had this on the King ? A. When he enquired, and found that Mordecai had received no. Recompence for his Faithfulnefs, he ordered Haman to array him in Royal Apparel, to fet him on the King's own Horse, and do the highest Honours to him in a publick Procession through the City, ver, 6- 1..
16 Q. In what remarkable Hour did Haman receive this Order from the King ? A. At that very Time when he was come to Court to speak to the King, to hang Mordecai on the Gallows he had set up, ver. 4, 5.. .
17 Q. When the King and Haman were coine to the Banquet, what was Queen Ether's further Rsquest? A. That the Nation of the ferus, which were her Kindred, might be delivered from the general Massacre that Haman had contrived for them, Ef. vii. 1–7.
180. IVhat change of Affairs ensued on this peo tition to the King ? A. The King commanded Haman to be hanged on the Gallows he had prepared for Modecai, he put Mordecai into Hamun's Place at Court, and sent Orders throughout his Dominions for the Jews to defend themselves, Ef. yii. 9, 10. and viii. 1-17.
19 Q. Why was not the Order for the Slaughter of the Jews rather reversed ? A. Because what is written in the King's Name, and sealed wiih his Ring, could not be reversed according to the Laws of the Government, ver. 8. and God ordered it thus in his Providence, for the publick Deftruction of their Enemies.
20 Q. How did the Jews defend themselves in the Day designed for their general Slaughter ? A. They few seventy-five thousand of those that rose up against them, and the ten Sons of Haman among the rest, Est. ix. 1-16.
21 Q. What Memorial of this great Deliverance was preserved amongst the Jews ? A. All the Jews agreed, by and with the Authority of Esther and Mordecai, to keep the 14th and 15th Day of the Month Adar, every Year, as a Day of Thankfgiving for this Salvation, ver. 20–32.
22 Q. What was the Name of this Festival? A: These two Days were called the Days of Purim, from Pur, which fignifies a Lot, because Haman had cast Lots, in a fuperstitious Manner, to find out what Month or Day was the most lucky to ex: ecute his bloody Device against the Jews, Ef. ix. 26, 27. and iii. 7.
23 Q. How does this Hiftory appear to be a true Account of Things, since there is not the least Hint: who was the Writer of it; nor is the Name of God: - in it ? A. Because 'tis delivered down to us among
the sacred Writings, by the Jews themselves, who were the Keepers of the Oracles of God, Rom. iii, 2. And because this Feast of Purim is observed by the Jews to this Day, in Memory of this Deli. verance.
CH A P. XIX.
A Continuation of the History of the Governo ment and Church of the Jews, from the End of the Old Testament, to the Times of CHRIST.
T HE learned Dr., Prideaux hath writI ten two large and valuable Volumes,
which he calls the Connexion of the HiStory of the Old and New Testament; wherein he gives us an Account of all the most credible Things that he can find in ancient Historians, relating to the Jews and their Cuftoms, as well as their History, during the Period of Time between the end of the Old Testament and the beginning of the New: He intermingles also a large Collection of Historical Matters relating to Perfia, Babylon, Egypt, Syria, Afia minor, Greece, Rome, and all the more known and remarkable Nations. of the Earth, wherein the great Affairs of the four Monarchies of the World were transacted. This renders his Work a little too tedious to those who .expected nothing more than a mere Continuation of the Jewish History to the Times of our Sa-. viour.