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dered all that lived any where in Egypt, to be brought in Chains to Alexandria to be lain by his Elephants. . · 24 Q. And were they destroyed according to the King's Appointment? . A. The Elephants being made Drunk with Wine and Frankincense, and let loose upon them, instead of falling upon the Jews, they turned all their Rage upon the Spectators, and destroyed great Numbers of them.

25 Q. Wbat Influence had this upon the King? A. He durft no longer prosecute his Rage against them, but fearing the Vengeance of the God of Israel upon himself, he revoked his cruel Decrees, restored their Privileges, and gave Leave to put to death the Jews that had abandoned their Religion, and worshipped Idols.

Note, This Story is found in that which is called the third Book of Maccabees, written by some ancient Jeru under that Title, because it gives an Account of the Persecution and Deliverance of the Jews as the first and second Book of Maccabees do ; though this was transacted long before the Name of Maccabeus arose, and therefore it ought rather to have been called the firft Book than the third.' It is not found among our Apocryphal Books, because it was never inserted in the Vulgar Latin Version of the Bible, but it is found in many of the Manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint, and particularly that of the Alexandrian Manuscript in the King's Library.


Sect. IV. Of the Jewish Affairs under


IQ. DID the Jews afterwards at Jerusalem

continue under the Government of the Ptolemies who were Kings of Egypt ? A. When Ptolemy Philopator was dead, and Ptolemy Epi. phanes came to the Crown, the Jews having been greatly persecuted by the Ptolemies, submitted themselves to Antiochus the Great, King of Syria ; and when he came to Jerusalem in a solemn Pro. ceffion, they went to meet him, and received him gladly.

20. How did Antiochus reward them? A. He granted them many Privileges, as he had done to their Countrymen who were settled in Babylonia and Mefopotamia, having always found the Men of that Nation faithful to him. • 3.0. What Confidence did he put in them on this Account? A. He transported several of them from Babylonia to the Leller Afia to keep his Forts and Garrisons, and gave them good Settlements there ; whence sprang a good part of the Jews that were found in that country in the Apostles Times.

4 Q. What remarkable Event fell out in the Days of Seleucus Philopator, Son and. Succeffor to Antiochus the Great ? A: Simon, a Benjamite, being made Governor of the Temple, fome Differences arose between him and Onias the third, the High-Priest, an excellent Man, concerning some Disorders in the City :, and when Simon could not obtain his Will, he informed


Apollonius the Governor of the Province under Sex leucus, that great Treasures were hid in the Tem: ple; whereupon Heliodorus the Treasurer was sent to seize them. . .

5 Q. How did the Hand of God appear against Heliodorus in his Attempt to enter the Temple? A. The Priests and the People made great Out-cries and Supplications to God, upon which Heliodorus is reported to have seen a Vision of a Horse with a terrible Rider upon him, who fmote Heliodorus with his Fore-feet, and two young Men appeared who scourged him forely; upon which Heliodorus fell suddenly to the Ground in Darkness and Confusion ; but being restored by the Prayers of O. nias, he acknowledged the Power of God, and departed from the City. . ...... .!

Read this Story more at large, 2 Maccabees, Chap. iï. I confefs it seems to have something a little fare bulous in the Air of it, as also other Stories in that Book.

6 Q. How caine so goodi a Man as Onias to be turned out of the Priefhood ? A. When Antiochus Epiphanes succeeded his Brother Seleucủs in the Kingdom of Syria, Haron bribed him with a large Sum of Money to turn out his own Brother Onias, banish him to Antiocb, and confer the Priesthood on himself; not that he affected it as it was a Religious Office, but as it included the Power of Civil Government, 2 Mac, iv. 7.

7 . What did this wicked Jaron do when he was High-Priest ? A. He erected a Place of Exercise at Jerusalem, for training up Youthac

cording to the Fashion of the Greeks, and made - as many of them as he could forsake the Reli

gious Customs and Usages of their Fore-fathers,

and and conform themselves in many things to the Customs and Ceremonies of the Heathens, ver. 9; &c.

8 Q. What became of this Jason? A. A few Years after, when he employed Menelaus his Brother to pay his Tribute at the Syrian Court, he was supplanted by him ; for Menelaus by Bribery obtained the Priesthood, and put Jafon to flight.

9 Q. Did Menelaus behave himself better in his Office? A. He was worse than Jafon; he ftole some of the Vessels of Gold out of the Temple, he went to Antioch, where he was reproved by Onias, who was yet living, for his Wickedness, and out of Revenge procured Onias to be flain.

10 Q. What was done at Jerusalem in the mean Time? A. Lyfimachus being left as a Deputy by Menelaus, practised many Sacrileges on the Vessels of the Temple, which occafioned a great Insurrection in the City, wherein Multitudes of the Party of Lyfimachus were wounded and flain, and the Church Robber himself was. killed.

11 Q. Did Jason ever return again to Jerusa. lem? A. When there was a false Report of the Death of Antiochus, Fajon with a thousand Men affaulted the City, and flew many Citizens, but was at last put to fight, and being driven from Country to Country, and from City to City, he perished in a strange Land, without the Honour of à Burial, 2 Mac. v. 5–10.

12 l. Did Antiochus the King suffer there things to pass unresented ? A. Upon the Report of such a Tumult in Jerusalem, he imagined that Judea had revolted, and he came upon the City, and ordered his Men of War not to spare young or


old, and there were fourscore Thousand destroyed in the Space of three Days.

132. What Profaneness was Antiochus guilty of in the Temple ? A. Being conducted by Menelaus into the Temple, he took away the remaining holy Vessels, the Altar of Incense the Golden Table and the Candlestick; he tore off the Golden Ornaments of the Temple, and robbed it of the hidden Treasures, he offered a large Sow (that unclean and forbidden Beast) on the Altar of Burnt-offering, and left Jerufalem overwhelmed in Blood and Mourning. .

14 Q. Did he pursue this Mischief and Madness any longer ? A. Two Years after he sent Apollonius, his Collector of Tribute, with a thousand Men, who fell suddenly on the City on the Sabbath while they were at Worship, and New the Citizens and the Priests; he made the Sacrifices cease, led the Women and Children captive, pulled down the Houses and the Walls, built a Castle or Fortress on a high Hill in the City of David over against the Temple, to overlook and annoy them, and placed a Garrison therein, and laid up the Spoils of the City there i s : 15 Q. What further Instances of Rage did An: tiochus soew against the Jewish Religion ? A. He iffued out an Order that all his Dominions should be of one Religion, chiefly designing to distress the Jews : He forbid their Children to be cir cumcised, and forbid all Burnt-offerings and Sacrifices in the Temple to the God of Ifrael: He called it the Temple of Jupiter Olympius, set up his Image on the Altar, and facrificed to it ; he commanded the People to profane the Sabbath, he set up Altars and Groves, and Chapels of Idols throughout the Cities, and required them


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