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to offer the Flesh of Swine and other unclean Beasts, and then to eat it; and he destroyed the Books of the Law wherefoever they were found.

· Note, This Image of Jupiter set up on the Altar by Antiochus Epiphanes, is supposed to be the Abomination that maketh defolate, foretold by Daniel, chap. xi. ver. 31. as the Roman Ensign with the Eagle on it, which was the Bird of Jupiter set up in the Temple, was the Abomination of Defolation which Daniel foretels, Dan. ix. 27. and xii. 11. and which our Saviour refers to, Matth.xxiv. 15. Abomination is the common Name for an Idol in the Old Testament, and when such are set up in the Sanctuary, it may be well called Defoe låtion, for the Priests are driven away, and the true Worship of God ceases.

Obferve yet further, that this Antiochus Epiphanes is called by some the Jervish Antichrist, because several of the same things are foretold of him by the Prophet Daniel, which are also predicted of the Roman Antichrift in the Christian Church by the Apostle John.

, 16 Q. Did any of the Israelites.comply with his Commands? A. Though there were Multitudes who would not defile themselves, and break the Law of God, yet too many of them for fear, and some out of Ambition to please the King, conformed to his Religion, and sacrificed, and burnt Incense to Idols in the Streets of the Cities of Judea.

i7 Q. How did the King punish those that refufed? A. He put the Men to death every Month, he few several Women that had caused their Chilren to be circumcised, hanged the Infants about their Necks, and killed thofe chat circumcised them. This Persecution may be seen more at large, Mac. Chap. i. and ii. and 2 Mac, vi.

· 18 Q. What did the Samaritans do on this Oce cafion? A. When the Jews were in Prosperity, they challenged Kindred with the Jews, but they disowned them when they were under Persecution: And therefore on this Occasion they made an Apology to Antiochus the King for having heretofore used the Jewish Rites, but now having renounced them, they complied with the Heathen Religion, and desired their Temple on Mount Gerizim might be made the Temple of the Grecian Jupiter, the Defender of Strangers, 2 Maccab. vi. .

SECT. V. Of MATTATHIAS, the Fa.

ther of the MACCABE E S, and the great Reformer.

IQ: W HEN the Persecution was so violent

W in Judea ; was there any eminent publick Opposition made to it by any of the Jews? A, Mat. tatbias, a Priest of the Course of Joarib, who dwelt at Modin, was complimented by the King's Officers, and tempted to comply with Heathen Worship there, according to the King's Command. ment; but he boldly renounced their Superstitions, and declared his Resolution to die in the Religion of the Yews, i Mac, ji.

22. What Infance did he give of his Gourage and Zeal? A. When one of the Jews came to facrifice on the Heathen Alcar which was at Medin, he could not forbear to shew his Indignation, as a Zealot, but ran and flew the Man upon the Altar, and at the same Time killed the King's chief Ofe' ficer there who came to enforce these wicked Commands.

3 Q. In what manner did he maintain his bold Enterprize ? A. He cried with a loud Voice through the City, Whosoever is zealous of the Law let him follow me. So he and his Sons Aed to the Mountains, and a great Number of Jews Aed with them, and hid themselves in the Wilderness.

4 Q. Did not the King's Army pursue them? A. Yes, and camped against them, and attacked a considerable Number of them on the Sabbathday?

's Q. And did the Jews make no Resistance ? A. None at all, because it was the Sabbath ; but they said, Let us all die in our Innocency: Whercupon a thousand People were flain.

6 Q. Did Mattathias and his Friends approve of this Conduct ? A. It seems as if their Zeal at first approved of it; but upon better Confideration they decreed, it was lawful and necessary for them to defend themselves, if they were attacked again on the Sabbath-day.

Note, This Decree was ratified by the Consent of all the Priests and Elders amongst them, and it was fent to all others through the Land, and was made a Rule in their following Wars.

7 Q. What did King Antiochus do when he heard of this bold and publick Refiftance made to his Commands and his Government? A. He executed very great Cruelties on all the Jews that fell into his Hands who would not forsake the Laws of Moles; fince the mere terror of Death did not affrighe them.

8 Q. What very remarkable Instances do we find in History of this Gruelty? Å, Seven Brethren

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with their Mother, were terribly tormented, to constrain them to eat Swine's Flesh, which the Law of Mofes forbids.

9 Q. How did they endure their Torments? A. With great Couragė one after another in a long Succeffion they bore the various Tortures that were inflicted on them, and declared they were ready to-suffer rather than tranfgrefs the Laws of their Fathers.

10 Q. What Tortures were those which the King executed upon them? A. A. great Variety of exquisite and bloody Cruelties: Their Limbs were cut off, their Tongues were cut out, they were fryed in Frying-pans, the Skins of the Head was torn off with the Hair, and they died under the Anguish and Violence of these Torments, while the Mother at the same time looked on, and encouraged them all to suffer boldly, in opposition to the Intreaties, Threatnings, and Commands of the King.

II Q. In what manner did me encourage her Sons in their Sufferings ? A. By the tenderest Speeches of an affectionate Mother to her Sons, fhe beseeched them to fear God, and not Man, and to endure, in hope of a happy Resurrection, when she should receive them all again in Mercy.

12 Q. Did she herself also suffer the Torment ? A. When she had seen all her Sons die like Martyrs before her, the finished that fad Spectacle, and died also for her Religion, 2 Mac. vii.

13 Q. What did Mattathias do all this while in the Mountains ? A. He still encouraged the Jews to join with him, and among others, there were many of the Affideans, who were zealous for the Law, resorted to him.

Father of to these, AA. A or the bit of a

Sect. 5. Father of the MACCABEES. 193

14 Q. Who were these Affideans, or Chasideans, as it ought to be written? A. A Sect among the Jews who were called Chasidim, or the Pious, who were not only zealous of the Law, but of many other Constitutions and Traditions, and forms of Mortification beyond what the Law required; whereas those who contented themselves with what was written in the Law, were called Zadikim, or the Righteous. :

15 . What Exploits did Mattathias and his Friends perform? A. They went round about the Towns and Villages, pulled down the Heathen Altars, and circumcised the Children; they few and put to fight many of their Enemies, and recovered several Copies of the Jewish Law.

16 Q. When Mattathias died, who succeeded him? A. Just before his Death he made a noble Speech to his five Sons to encourage them in the Defence of their Religion and their Country, he recommended his Son Simon as a Man of Counsel, but he made his Son Judas, surnamed Maccabeus, their Captain.

17 l How came he to be called Maccabeus ? A. The Motto of his Standard was the first Letters of that Hebrew Sentence, Exod. xv. 11. Mi Camoka Baelim Jehovah, i, e. Who is like to thee among the Gods, O Lord? which Letters were formed into the artificial Word Maccabi, and all that fought under his Standard were called Maccabees. : Note, This has been a common Practice among the Fews to frame Words in this Manner. So Rabbi Mole's Ben Maimon, i, e. the Son of Maimon, is called Ram. bam, Rabbi Solomon Jarchi is called Raj. Nor is the Use of the first Letters of Words for such kind of purposes unknown among Heathens or Chriflians. The Let

ters

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