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with their Wings stretched out to cover the Meru cy-leat, and their Faces toward each other, and toward the Mercy-seat also, Exod. xv. 17-21.
Note, A Cherub is used in Scripture to denote fome angelick Power under the Figure of some strange Ani: mal: It is described always like a living Creature with Wings, and probably with cloven Feet too; but whether it be rather in the shape of an Ox or of a Man the Learned are not agreed : perhaps it was sometimes nearer to one Form, and sometimes to another.
38 Q. Why was ther Covering of the Ark called the Mercy-seat? A. Because God dwelt on it as the God of Israel, between the Cherubs, in a Body of Light, or a bright Cloud, and appeared there as a God of Mercy, accepting their Sacrifices and their Prayers, Exod. xxv, 22. Lev. xvi. 2. Num. vii. 89. Pfal. 1xxx. 1. This Light was called by the Yews the Shecinah, or the Habitation of God, and sometimes the Glory, Rom. ix. 4.
39 Q. Where were the Ark and the Mercy-feat placed ? A. In the Holy of Holies within the Vail, Exod. xxvi. 33, 34.
40 Q. What was the Altar of Incense-? A: An Altar made of Wood, covered with Gold, with a Crown or Ledge of Gold round about it, Ex. XXX,
41 Q. What was done here? A: Incense or Perfume of sweet Spices was burnt and offered upon it every Morning and Evening, Ex. XXX. 7, 8,
42 Q. What was the Table ? A. The Table was made of: Wood, covered with Gold, and had a golden Crown or Ledge round it with golden Dishes and Spoons, Ex. xxv. 23-30.
43 Q. What was put on this Table? A. Twelve Cakes of Bread were set there fresh every Sabbath, and it was called Shew-bread, Lev. xxiv: 56
44 l What was the Candlestick? A. It was made of pure Gold like a Pillar or Shaft, with three Branches on each side, and thus it would hold one Lamp on the top, and fix Lamp on the Branches, Exod. xxv. 31.
.45.Q. When were thefe Lamps dressed? A. Every Morning and every Evening they were dressed and fupplied with pure Oil, to burn always before the Lord, Ex. xxvii. 20. and xxx. 7, 8.
46 Q. Where were the Altar of Incense, the Table of Show-bread, and the Candlestick 'placed ? A. In the Holy Place."
47 Q. What was the Altar of Burnt-Offering ? A. It was made of Wood, and overlaid with Brass, with Shovels, and Fire-pans, and Basons, and other Vessels belonging to it, Ex. xxvii. 1-5.
48 Q. Wbat was the Use of it? A. All the Burnt-Offerings and Sacrifices were offered upon it, Ex. xxxviii. 1.
49 Q. What was one of the chief Glories of it? A. That the first Sacrifice that was offered upon it was burnt by Fire from Heaven, and that Fire was always kept burning there for holy Uses, Lev. ix. 24. and vi. 13.
50 Q. What was the Laver ? 4. A vast Verfel of Brass containing a large Quantity of Water, Ex. xxx. 18-21. :51 Q: What was the Defign of it? A. For the Priests to wash their Hands and their Feet when they went to do Service in the Tabernacle, Exod. Xxx. 18-21. · 52 Q. Where did the Altar of Burnt Offering and the Laver fland? A. In the Court of the Ta bernacle under the open Sky, Ex. xl. 29, 30. ;
53 Q. Having seen the holy Things that belonged to the Tabernacle, let us now. enquire what were
the Priests holy Garments ? A. The common Priests had a Vest called an Ephod, and some peculiar Garments of fine Linnen appointed them when they ministered in the Tabernacle ; but the Garments of the High-Priest were very peculiar, and exceeding rich and glorious, 1 Sam. xxii. 18. Exod. xxxix. 1, 27, 41.
54 Q. What were the High-Prieft's chief Gar. ments? A. These six or seven, (viz.) The Ephod, with the Breast plate and Girdle of curious Work, the Robe of the Ephod, the embroidered Linnen Coat, and the Mitre with a golden Plate, Exod, Xxviii. 4. i
Note here, The common Priests had such a linnen Coat and Girdle, but not embroidered, and such a Mitre of Linnen, but without a golden Plate, Exod. xxviii. 40. : 1:55.Q. What was the Ephód? A. It was a fort of short Veft without Sleeves to be worn above all the other Garments; it was made of fine Linnen, with blue, 'purple, and scarlet, interwoven with Plates and Wires of Gold, Exod. xxxix. 2, 3.
56 Q. What was the Breaft-plate ? A. It was made of the same Work as the Ephod, of a span square, with twelve Jewels fet in Gold, ranked in four Rows and fastened to the Ephod, Ex. xxxix. 8, 9, 1o. .... . .. . .. !
57 Q. IV hat was engraven on thofe Jewels? A. The twelve Names of the Children of Israel, that the High-Priest might bear them on his Breast as a Memorial before the Lord,-Exod. xxviii. 32. and xxxix. 14.
; 58:Q. What was the Uriin and Thummim on thé Breaft-plate?“ A. It was fomething whereby the Mind and Will of God were made known to the Migh-Priest when he enquired in Cases of Difficulty, Exod. xxviii. 30. Num. xxvii. 31. .
Note here, On this Ephod was the Urim and Thummim in the Breaft-plate, which are sometimes called the Oracle, because the High-Priest by consulting this in any Inquiry of Importance found the Mind of God, and told it to the Inquirer. But we know not now what this Urim and Thummim were, or by what Signs or Tokens, or in what Manner the Mind of God was made known on or by this Breast-plate to the Priests ; whether the Answer was given by a particular Lustre on such Letters on the Breast-plate as spelled out distinct Words,' or whether by a Voice from the Ephod, or from the Mercy-feat, is not hitherto agreed by the Learned, and their Conjectures about it are yery yarious and uncertain.
59 Q. What was the Girdle of the Ephod? À. A curious linnen Girdle of embroidered Work, to bind the Ephod with other Garments close to the Body, Exod. xxviii. 8. and some suppose it to have been fastened to the Ephod. . 60 Q. What was the Robe of the Ephodt? A. It was an upper Garment woven all of blue, with wrought Pomgranates, and golden Bells hanging on the Hem of it, to make a sound when the HighPriest went into the Holy Plaçe, Exod. xxxix. 31, 33, &c. engi
titoli 3361 Q. What was the Coat? A. An under Garment, closer to the Body, made of Linnen and finely embroidered, Exod, xxviii. 4, 39. ..!
62 Q. What was the Mitre ? A. It was a Cap of fine Linnen, with a Plate of pure Gold fastened on the fore-part of it with a Lace of blue, Exod. xxviii, xxxvi, and xxxix. 28, 30.
63 Q. What was engraven on ibis Plate? A. HOLINESS TO THE LORD, because, Aaron was to bear the Iniquity of their holy Things, that they might be accepted before the Lord, Exod. xxxix. 28, 30, 31. and xxviii. 36–38. 64 Q. Thus much for the holy Garments : Now
let us hear what are the Sacrifices that were appointed, which are also numbered among the holy Things? A. All Sacrifies were Offerings made to God: Some were of Corn, or Wine, or Oil; and others were Offerings of living Creatures, Birds or Beasts, which were generally to be lain : But all Sacrifices must be perfect in their kind, and without a Blemish, Lev. xxii. 19, 20.
Note, There is one single Exception to this Rule, Lev. xxii. 23. where a Bullock or a Lamb, which had no other Blemish but some small natural Imperfection or Superfluity, might be offered in the Case of a mère Free-Will Offering, but in no other Cases : The current Language of Scripture seems every where else so plainly to require Sacrifices without a Blemish, that some Commentators think this Text must be explained some other way.
65 Q. Where were these Sacrifices to be offered? A. In no other Place but at the Door of the Taber'nacle, or the Temple, Lev. xvii. 8, 9. Deut. xii. 13.
66 Q. But do we not read of Gideon, and Samuel, and David, and Elijah building Altars and offering Sacrifices in other Places? A. This was not lawful to be done but by Prophets and infpired Men, or at God's express Command." · 67'Q. How were the Sacrifices offered to God?
A. In some Sacrifices the whole was burnt on the Altar; in others, a part was burnt, and other parts were given to the Priests for their Subsistence : and in some Sacrifices the Person who offered them was allowed to partake also. See the seven forft Chapters of Leviticus. ...i s v in: * 68 Q. That was done with the Blood of the live ing Creatures that were sacrificed? A. The Blood was never to be eaten, but to be poured out or sprinkled according to God's Appointment, for the