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Blood is the Soul or Life of the Beast, and it is Blood that maketh Atonement for the Soul or Life of Man. See Lev. xvii.
69 Q. What was the Design of Sacrifices of Corn, Wine and Oil? A. These were called Meat offerings and Drink-offerings, and they were appointed chiefly to give thanks to God for Mercies received.
70 Q. What was the Design of killing and burn. ing living Creatures in Sacrifice? A. Some might be designed perhaps by way of Thanksgiving, but most of them were to make Atonement for Sins or Trespasses against the Law of the Jews, or to purify the Unclean from some Ceremonial Defilement, Heb. ix. 7, 13, 22. .
71 Q. How could the killing and burning of living Creatures make Atonement for Sin? A. It is not possible (as St. Paul assures us) that the Blood of Bulls and Goats fhould really take away Sins committed against God as the Lord of Conscience: But when a Man among the Fews had offended God, considered as King of the Nation, by some civil Trespass against the Laws of the Land, God was pleased to accept of the Suffering or Death of the Beast instead of the Death or Suffering of the Man: Or if a Perfon fell into some Ceremonial Defilements, he was to be purified by the Blood of a Beast : And this was an Emblem, or Type and Token that the Sin of Man deserved Death, and that God considered as the Lord of Conscience would forgive Sin, and would accept of the Sufferings and Death of his Son in due tiine as a real Sacrifice of Atonement in the room of the Sinner See Heb, ix. and x. i Pet. i. 19. and ii, 24. See Quest. 6, 7, 8, of this Chapter. . . . .. 1
72 Q. With what Fire were the Sacrifices burnt? A. With Fire which came down at first froni
Heaven on the Altar, and it was kept always burning on the Altar for sacred Uses, i. e. to light the Lamps, to burn Incense, and to kindle other Fires in their Worship, Lev. ix. 24. and vi. 13:
73Q. Who were those Persons that dared to use : other Fire in Worship than what God appointed? A Nadab and Abihui, the Sons of Aaron, burnt Incense with strange Fire, Lev. X.
74 Q. What was their Punishment ? A. There went out a Fire from the Lord, and devoured them, Lcv. m. 1, 2,
75 Q. When were these various Sacrifices to be offered? A. Daily, Weekly, Monthly, and Yearly, and on many special Occasions, as God revealed to Mofes...
76 Q. What was the daily Sacrifice? A. A young Lamb every Morning and every Evening for a Burnt-offering, together with a Meat-offering and Drink-offering, Num. xxviii. 3, &C.
7. Q. What was the Defign of it? A. To keep the People in Remembrance that for their daily Sins they needed continual Atonement and Pardon, and that God required continual Thanksgiving for his daily Mercieda e ins
78.0. What more the Weekly, Monthly and Yearly Sacrifices ?. 4. Such as were required on the several holy Times, or the Festivals and Fasts which God appoinred.'.;.
79 Q. What was that special Sacrifice which was offered to make the purifying Water, called the Water of Separation ? A. A red Heifer was to be pain and burnt without the Camp, with her Skin, Flesh, and Blood, with Cedar-Wood, Hylo fop, and Scarlet ; and all the Ashes were to be ga. thered and laid up in a clean Place without the Camp, Num, xix.
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80 Q. How was the Water of Separation to be made ? A. Some of the Ashes of the burnt Heifer were to be put in a Vessel, and to be mingled with running Water, Num. xix. 17.
81 Q. What was the Use of it? A. To purify Persons, or Things, or Places, which were defiled by touching a human dead Body, or the Bone of a Man, or a Grave, ver. 11–16.
82 Q. How muft it be applied to the defiled Thing or Person in order to cleanse them?' A. Some clean Person must take Hyssop and dip it in the Water, and sprinkle it upon the Tent, and upon the Persons and Vessels that were unclean, ver. 18. Pfal. li. 7. Heb. ix. 13.
830. After the Water of Purification, tell on me now, what was the Holy anointing Oil? A. It was a kind of liquid Ointment, compounded of Myrrh, Cinnamon, and other rich Spices, with Oil-Olive, by the Art of the Apothecary; and there was none to be made like it on pain of Death, Ex. xxx. 23-33. - 84 Q. What was the Use of this holy Oil? A. All the Vessels of the Tabernacle were to be anointed with it, as well as Aaron the High-Priest, and his Sons, Ex. xxx. 26. .
85 Q. What was the Incense or holy Perfume? A. It was a Composition of sweet Spices with Frankinsenfe; nor was any to be made like it on pain of Death, Ex. xxx. 34-38. .86 Q. What was the Use of this Incense or Pets fume ? A. Some of it was to be beat to Powder and laid before the Ark in the most holy Place before the Lord, Exod. xxx. 36. And it was this Incense of sweet Spices which was burnt daily on the Altar of Incense. See Ex, XXX, 7, 8, 9. and XXXV. 15. and xxxvii. 29.
87 Q. What is the last fort of holy Things relating to the Jewish IVorship? A. The Instruments and Veslels which were used in their Sacrifices, and in any other part of their Religion ; and they were made chiefly of Gold, Silver, Brass, and Wood.
88 Q. IVhat Instruments were made of Gold? 1. The Golden Censer belonging to the most holy Place; The Vessels belonging to the Table of Shew-bread, viz. the Bowls, and Dilhes, and Spoons, and Covers ; The Vessels belonging to the Candlesticks and Lamps, viz. The Snuffers and Snuff-dishes, &c. Heb. ix. 4. Ex.xxxvii, 16, 23.
89 Q. What Instruments were made of Silver? A. Besides the Hooks and Fillets of the Pillars of the Court, and the Sockets of some of the Pillars, and of all the Boards of the Tabernacle which were of Siver, Ex.xxvi. 19,&c. and xxvii, 10,&c. there were Chargers and Bowls of Silver offered by the Princes for the Use of the Sanctuary, Nuni, vii. 13. and Trumpets of Silver, Num. X. 2. .
90 Q. What were the Instruments of Brafs? A. Those which belonged to the Alar of Burnt-Offering, viz. the Pots, Shovels,, Basons, and Flelhhooks and Fire-pans, besides the Brazen Grate of Net-work, Ex. xxxviii. 3, 4. Also the common Censers for Incense were supposed to be Vessels of Brass fit to hold Fire, Num. xvi. 17, 37.
91 Q. What were the Instruments of IVood? 1. The Staves fitted for the Golden Rings to bear both the Ark, the Incense Altar, and the Golden Table, were all made of Shittim-Wood and overlaid with Gold, Ex. xxxvii. 4, 15, 28. but the Staves to bear the Altar of Burnt-Offering were overlaid with Brass, Ex. xxxviii. 6.
Sect. V. Of the Holy Times and Holy.
92 Q. H AVING surveyed the Holy Things of
11 the Jews, let us enquire what were the chief of the Holy Times or Days appointed to them? A. "The Weekly Sabbaths, the New-Moons, the Feast of the Passover, the Feast of Pentecost, the Feast of Trumpets, the Great Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles. See most or all these Holy Times prescribed in Lev. xxiii, and the several Sacrifices belonging to them in Num. xxvüli, and xxix.
93 Q. What was the weekly Sabbath ? A. The seventh Day of every Week was a Day of holy Rest from all the common Labours of Life, and a Day of assembling or Worship, which is called an holy Convocation, Exod. xx. 8, 10. Lev. xxiii. 2, 3.
94 Q. What special publick Service was done on this Day? A. The daily Sacrifice was doubled, Num. xxviii. 9. and it is very probable that some Portions of the Law were to be read, and perhaps expounded chiefly by the Priests and Levites, as was practised afterward in the Synagogues, Aets xv. 21. and perhaps also this might be done at least in following Times on all Days of holy Convoca. tion. · 95 Q. Why was this Day fančtified or made holy? A. Partly from God's resting from the Work of Creation on the feventh Day, and partly in Remembrance of the Ifraelites Deliverance and Rest from their Navish Labours in Egypt, Exod. xx. 11. Deut. v. 15. .